͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
     Ѻǧ   ѺҨ   ѡ   PaliRoman 
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ûԮ Һ ѡ صѹԮ صڵ. . šڢڸǤ

˹ҷ .

ʳڱصڵ صڶ [] ص ͡ ͧ ԡڨ ˵ ԡڢহ ʷڸ ڨ ԡڢ ¹ ڻ ط ڻ õ ڤ ⻡ڢó [] ൹ ¹ ʳ ڻ ͪڬʵ ʵڵʷ ʵԳⰷ ʸڭ Ҫڤ íڭ Ҥู ʹ¹ ھù Թڹ Ҫ ¡ ˻ԡ ⤵ ʡ»ص ʡ¡ ھ ͧ ԡڨ ˵ ԡڢহ ʷڸ ڨ ԡڢ ڻ ͹ػڻ ڻ õ ڤ ⻡ڢó ǹڵ ⤵ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤ ԵԻ ھط ԪڪҨóڻ ؤ šԷ ͹صڵ ʷö ʵڶ ҹ ط ҵ š ǡ á ʾ ԭڭ ʨکԡ ෵ ʵ ҷԡҳ ଡҳ ҹҳ ҵڶ ʾ­ڪ ŻԻسڳ طڸ ʵ Ҹ ٻҹ ˵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʹ ˵յ Ͷ ¡ ˻ԡ ڻ ԡڢԵ դٵ ¹ ڤ ⻡ڢó ൹ػʧڡڵ [] ൹ ¹ ʳ ػԻ ػ ˵ ͷڷ ʳ ˻ ڻ ԡڢԵ դ ¹ ڤ ⻡ڢó ൹ػʧڡ ڵ ¡ ˻ԡ ڻ ԡڢԵ դٵ ¹ ڤ ⻡ڢó ൹ػʧڡڵյ ͵ڶ ⤵ ʡ»ص ʡ¡ ھ ͧ ԡڨ ˵ ԡڢহ ʷڸ ڨ ԡڢ ڻ ͹ػڻ ڻ õ ڤ ⻡ڢó ǹڵ ⤵ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤ ԵԻ ھط ԪڪҨóڻ ؤ šԷ ͹صڵ ʷö ʵڶ ҹ ط ҵ ǹڵ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡڵյ ൹ ¹ ¡ ˻ԡ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ˻ ʳ Ҥڵ ǹ ʳⱻ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡʵյ ʳڱ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ص ¹ ¡ ˻ԡ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ˻ ͵Ǩ ʳ Ҥڵ ǹ ʳⱻ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡʵյ [] ൹ ¹ ҹêڪҹ ҹ ڨڵҹ ʵҹ ڻ ʹڵ ࡹ ó¹ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡʵյ Ͷ ¹ ʳ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ʳڱ ͵Ǩ ʨڨ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡʵյ ˵ ڻ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡյ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡ ˵ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡʵ ʳڱ ʵ ⤵ DZڲʵ ڻ ʳڱ ʵ ⤵ DZڲʵ Թ ह ˵ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ ˵ ǹڵ ʳڱ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʹ ػʧڡԵ ʳ ت ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ڻ ʳ ت ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ Թ ह ˵ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ ˵ ǹڵ ʳڱ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ʳ ͱ ˷ڸ ʳ ͪڬ ڵ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ʹԦڱࡵҹ ҡڢûڻҹ Եʻڨҹ ҡ šµһšڢ ͹ ʳ ʹ ҷ dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ dzڳ Ǩک - ͡ڢطڷǡ ʹ ǭ ʳ رڲ - رڲŹ ڹҤ ʳ ҳ ҳҡڡ Ҩ ڹҤ ʯڰ Ť ͵ڶ ԭڭһ ʳ ٹ Ҩ»Ҩ ճ ҳǡʵҹ ਵ ء ҹҷ ҹҪ ҳǡ Ҥکڵ ʳڱ ʹڵ ڵڶԡ @ԧö: . dzڳ DZڲ . طڸ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͸Եء ǭ ʳ Գ ر ͷڸ ͹ػڻ ⤵ سھ ǭ ʳ í Ҥ ʹ ھ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ǭ ʳ ⻡ڢҵ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ǭ ʳ ڻ ͪڬʵ ʵڵʷ ʵԳⰷ ʸڭ Ҫڤ íڭ Ҥู ʹ¹ ھù Թڹ Ҫ ڻ ʳ ڻ ͪڬʵ ʵڵʷ ʵԳⰷ ʸڭ Ҫڤ íڭ Ҥู ʹ¹ ھù Թڹ Ҫ Թ ह ˵ ʳ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ ˵ ǹڵ ʳڱ ʹ ػʧڡԵعڵ [] ص ʳ ͵Ǩ ൹ سҶ ¶ ǹڵ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ˵ ⤵ ҡ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ⤵ ت ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ⤵ ت ҵ Ե طڸ˳

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ Թ ह õ ⤵ ҡ ʹ ػʧڡԵ Ͷ ǹڵ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ {.} ⤵ ˹ڵ ҵ ھ ⤵ ٵ íڭ dzڳ ھ Ԥڨ ʯڰڨ ⤵ ù ¾ھ๹ ڹҤ ͤ ͹ ھ ⤵ ͡ҹ ҵһԵٹ آҹ طڵҹ õ ҹ ǵڶҹ ͨک෵ ͤ ͹ ھ ⤵ ʹ ҷ dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ dzڳ Ǩک ͡ڢطڷǡ ʹ ⤵ Ź ڹҤ ⤵ ҳ ҳҡڡ Ҩ ڹҤ ʯڰ Ť ͵ڶ ԭڭһ ⤵ ٹ Ҩ»Ҩ ⤵ ճ Ԥһ ⤵ ҷ ҷ ͻһáڢ ڭ ⤵ بڨҡ ھ Թڹڵ¡ ⤵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͱڲ - ھ ˷ڸ ⤵ ïڰ ê بکԵ Ҥکڵ ⤵ ๡ҹ ǵҹ óڤҹ ⤵ Եڵʷ ;ؤڤ ԵԻ ھط ԪڪҨóڻ ؤ šԷ ͹صڵ ʷö ʵڶ ҹ ط ҵ {.} ⤵ ǵڵһšڢ ڹҤ ⤵ Ҥҷ ʢ - ;ҡد صڵҹ ؾھ ⤵ عڹ ҹ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ⤵ Իڻʹڹ ⤵ Ԥ ʵ Ԥ హڵ ⤵ դդҨ ضصԵڶҹ ͤڤڢµ ¶ ҹ ¶ طҤک ⤵ طҤ Ͷ ͹صڵ ԪڪҨóڻ ⤵ طҤ ⤵ Ҫ Ҥ ʹ ھ ʻص @ԧö: ͷڸҵԻ ͷڸҵԻ ͱڲҵԻ . ˵ҷ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʻ óڤ ⤵ Ҫ ʹ ʻص ʻ óڤ ⤵ ⻡ڢҵ ʻص ʻ óڤ ⤵ í Ҥ ʹ ھ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ⤵ í ʹ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ⤵ ⻡ڢҵ ʡڡ ء ҹ ٪ ͻ ⤵ ڻ ͹ػڻ ڻ õ ڤ ⻡ڢó ࡨ ҡ ࢵڵ Ҥکڵ ͵Զ ˹ڵ ͵Զ ʡڡҵھ ءҵھ ๵ھ વھ ͻਵھ ڻ ⤵ ڻ ͹ػڻ ڻ õ ڤ ⻡ڢó ͵Զҡ ⤵ ͵Զ ʡڡҵ ءҵ ๵ વ ͻԵ Թ ह ˵ ⤵ ҡ ʹ ػʧڡԵ Ͷ ǹڵ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ͵ڵ ⤵ dz һس ⤵ ͵ڵdz ͻҳdz ⤵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] ص ʳڱ ͵Ǩ ¶ ʳ ⤵ dz ʵ ਻ ⤵ ª õ ʷู Żص൹ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ͻ ʹҵ - ൹ ʾ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡҵ {.} Ͷ ʳ ˵ ೹ ʷڸ ¹ ڤ ⻡ڢó ൹ػʧڡ Ͷ ʳڱ ǹʳڱ ਵ Ե طҷ ˭ ⤵ ب ⤵ بکԵ بکԵ⾵ ൹ ʳ ;µ ʡڢ ⤵ ¹ بکԵعڵ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ⤵ ب ҡ೹ Եڵ ⤵ ҡҵ ҡҵ⾵ ൹ @ԧö: . دʹҵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʳ ;µ ʡڢ ⤵ ҡ೹ Եڵ ีعڵ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ˭ ջ ͷ ⤵ ǵ ൹ ʳ ;µ ҹ ⤵ ʹ ػʧڡԵ ջ ͷ ⤵ ǵڵʵյ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ҵ [] Ͷ ʳ ¹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ǵ ʷڸ ҳ յõ ͡ڵ շ ¡һ ˻ԡ ͻ໡ ǹڵ ෵ ͡ڵ շ ͻ໡ ǵ ʷڸ ҳ յõ ͡ڵ շ ͻ໡ ¹ ൹ڪڻ ͡ڵ շ ͻ໡ ⤵ڵ ǵ ͡ڵ շ ͻ໡ سٵ ͡ڵ շ ط ʳ ͵ Եࡹ Թ ˵ ˭

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⤵ ب ⤵ بکԵ بکԵ⾵ ൹ ʳ ;µ ʡڢ ⤵ ¹ بکԵعڵ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ⤵ ب ҡ೹ Եڵ ⤵ ҡҵ ҡҵ⾵ ൹ ʳ ;µ ʡڢ ⤵ ҡ೹ Եڵ ีعڵ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ǵ ⤵ Ҩ Ԫڪ ب ͷڸ Եڵ ҡ೹ҵ [] Ͷ ʳڱ ਵ ⵻Եڡڭ ͵ ˭ڭ ʳ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ࡹ Ե൹ ¹ٹ ʳڱ Ҩ Ԫڪ ب¹ڵ Ͷ ʳڱ ͵Ǩ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ Ͷ ʳڱ ͵ ǵ ԨکԵ ҡڢԵ ͸Ի໵ ԻڶԵ ǵ ⤵ Ҩ Ԫڪ ب ͷڸ Եڵ ҡ೹ ⤵ Ҩ Ԫڪ بک ͷڸ Եڵ ҡ೹ҵ [] Ͷ ʳ ;عڹ ͹ࡵ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ڨ ⤵ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һ ڨ Ը ⤵ ت ˵ ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ͪڬ ˵ ڵ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ʹԦڱࡵҹ ҡڢûڻҹ Եʻڨҹ ҡ šµһšڢ ͹

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˵ ʹ ҷ dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ dzڳ Ǩک ͡ڢطڷǡ ʹ ˵ رڲ رڲŹ ڹҤ ڱ ˵ ص ٪ ڤ˹ڵҹ ⤵ ڨ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ [] ڨڹ ͧڤҹ ʡڡ ͡ ͧڤ Ե ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ ʡڡ ⤵ ⤵ ڨڹ ͧڤҹ dzڳ dz ʵ ⤵ ت ˵ ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ͪڬ ˵ ڵ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ʹԦڱࡵҹ ҡڢûڻҹ Եʻڨҹ ҡ šµһšڢ ͹ ˵ رڲ رڲŹ ڹҤ ڱ ˵ ص ٪ ڤ˹ڵҹ ⤵ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ƿ ҷ һҵ [] عڹ ͧڤҹ ʡڡ ͡ ͧڤ Ե ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ ʡڡ ⤵ ⤵ عڹ ͧڤҹ ڵ ʹڵ ⤵ ت ˵ ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ˵ رڲ رڲŹ ڹҤ ڱ ˵ ص ٪ ڤ˹ڵҹ ⤵ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ [] Գڳ ͧڤҹ ʡڡ ͡ ͧڤ Ե ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ ʡڡ ⤵ ⤵ Գڳ ͧڤҹ ҵ ҵ ʵ ⤵ ˵ رڲ رڲŹ ڹҤ ڱ ˵ ص ٪ ڤ˹ڵҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⤵ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ [] ص ʳڱ ͵Ǩ ʳ Ǩ ʳ Ǩ ͻǷ ʳ dzڳ ͻǷ ͻǷ ҵ ͡ʹ ʳ ⤵ ҷ ͹ػڢڷյ {.} Ͷ ͵Ǩ ҡ ҹ ˵ ͻڻ ʳ ͡ҳҡڡ ʳ ػڻ ʳ ˵ ʳ ೹ ⤵ ʷڸ Ǩ ൵عڵ ԯڰ ʳ ʷڸ ڵ ҡ ҹ ˵ ʳ ҳҡڡ ʳ ڱ ʳ ˵ ʳ ೹ ⤵ ʷڸ Ǩ ൵عڵ ԯڰ ʳ ʷڸ ൵ٵ [] ص ʳ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ԯڰ ⤵ س ⤵ ˵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˸ Ǩ յ Ͷ ʳ ͵Ǩ ǹ Ǩصڶ ǹ Ǩصڶ ͻǷ ʳ dzڳ ͻǷ ͻǷ ҵ ͡ʹ ʳ ⤵ ҷ ͹ػڢڷյ ͻǷ dzڳ ҵ ҵ [] ൹ ¹ ʳڱ Ҥ ͧڤ ҳ Թ ˵ Ͷ ʳ ͵Ǩ ʹڵ ͧڤ ҳǡ ҡ Ҥ¹ڵ ͧڤ ҳ ʹ ҷ dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ dzڳ Ǩک ͡ڢطڷǡ ʹ ͵ڶ dz೹ ໵ ⤵ ͧڤ ҳ ͪڬ ڵ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ʹԦڱࡵҹ ҡڢûڻҹ Եʻڨҹ ҡ šµһšڢ ͹ ਵ ͧڤ ҳ ت ҵ Ե طڸ˳ ʵڵ Եؤ ͡ڢԵ ͹ػڡد ҵ෹ ҵһԵ ҹ ͧڤ ҳ ҳ ͷԹڹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҷ ÷ һ ڪ ͵ڶҹ dz ʵ ڵ ҵ ˵ رڲ رڲŹ ڹҤ ڱ ˵ ص ٪ ڤ˹ڵҹ ͧ ڹҤ ڭ໹ڵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ [] Թڹ ͧڤҹ ʡڡ ͡ ͧڤ Ե ࡹ ͧह ڹҤ ڭ໵ յ Ƿ ҷ һҵ Է ⤵ Ż⸵ ⤵ ڭ ڭһ⸵ µڶ ڶ ڭ µڶ ڭ ڶ ڭ ڭ Żڭҹڨ š ͤڤڢµ ¶һ ⤵ ˵ඹ ˵ڶ ෹ ҷ ⤵ Ż⸵ ڭ ڭһ⸵ µڶ ڶ ڭ µڶ ڭ ڶ ڭ ڭ Żڭҹڨ š ͤڤڢµյ [] Ż⸵ ڭ ڭһ⸵ µڶ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڭ µڶ ڭ ڶ ڭ ڭ Żڭҹڨ š ͤڤڢµ ¶һ ˵ඹ ˵ڶ ෹ ҷ Ż⸵ ڭ ڭһ⸵ µڶ ڶ ڭ µڶ ڭ ڶ ڭ ڭ Żڭҹڨ š ͤڤڢµյ ڭҵ ͵ڵ ⤵ ͵ Ҹ ǵ ǹڵ ⤵ ҵ ͵ Ե ͵ⶵ [] ൹ س Ҹء ԡ յ ʳ ڨ ͵Ǩ Ը Ҥ ػڻڪ ھط (¶ ڭ Եڶõھ) ԡڢ ڻ ˵ Է ҹ ػڻڪ õ ص ҹ ҹ صڶ ҹ ػڻڪ õ ҳʹ Եڵ Թõ ԹԹڹ Էڻ ˵ ڭ һ Եڶڵҵ ҹҵ Էڻ ˵ ڭ ڭҵ [] ص ʳ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԡڡڵ ⤵ ԡڡڵ ⤵ ¶һ ⤵ ԡڡتڪԵ ءڡت Ԩکڹ ڤ Ҩԡ ͹ڸ Ż⪵ ڢ ٻҹ ڢڵյ ⤵ ๡¹ ǹڵ ⤵ ó ک ڨ ԡڢڨ ػʡ ⤵ õ ͪڪ ҳ໵ óڤ ͸ʵ ⤵ ҵ ڵ ʷڸ ԡڢহҵ ͸ سǹ Ͷ ʳ ͸ʹ ԷԵ دڰʹ ǹڵ ෵ ڢԳ ڡ [] Ͷ ʳ õڵ ͨڨ¹ յ ҷ ҷ໵ è ⤵ ԯڰԵ ڵڵ Ͷ ؾھ ʵ ڵҷ ʷڸ ԡڢহ ¹ ʳڱ ʹ ൹ػʧڡ ػʧڡԵ ڭ շ Ͷ ʳ طڸڻآ ԡڢ ൹ ҷ¹ ¹ ˵ڶ ʹڵ ڻ [] Ͷ ʳ ǹڵ صڵ ͹յڵҳ ͭڭ ը ʹ ˵ ͡ڵ շ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

{.} ͡ڵ Թ ʳ ǹڵ ͵Ǩ ˭ ⤵ ʤ ʹ دڰԵ ǹڵ ⤵ ൹ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ˭ ⤵ ʤ ͭڪ ڤ ʹ ⤵ ڨدڰҹ õ ˭ ⤵ ʤ ǯڰ ح ⤵ ҷ õ ˭ ⤵ ҹ ҹ Ե ǹڵ ⤵ ൹ ʻ ¶ ¶ һ ŷڸ ҡ ˭ ⤵ ҹ ⵷ůڰ ;عڹ ҹ ⤵ ˹ õ ˭ ⤵ ҹ ڵ ͻ ⤵ ҷ õٵ Ͷ ʳڱ ʹڷʵ ҷ໵ صવ ڻʵ دڰʹ ڡյ ʳڱصڵ صڶ ԯڰԵ -------------

ͤûԮѺҺ ѡ ˹ҷ -. https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=9&A=2829&w=&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮѺҺ ѡѹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=9&A=2829&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮ©Ѻǧ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/byitem.php?book=9&item=178&items=21 ҹºûԮѺҨ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/m_siri.php?B=9&siri=4 ֡öҹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=9&i=178 ҹöҺѡ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=4&A=6585 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=4&A=6585 úѭûԮ https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_9 https://84000.org/tipitaka/english/?index_9

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ ѹҤ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡûԮѺҺ ѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س [email protected]