͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                         . Ԫصڵdzڳ
       ·  ԯڵ ڷصڵ. "Ԫصڵ Ԩکڷԡصڵ"Ի
بڨ.  ػڻڵ? Է  صڵ   صڵ,   Ը
ػڻڵ. ڶ ǵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ǵڶ ͹ػڻ ҡ ๵
ڷҷ ھવ ͹حҵ ҵؤ ھڪ ҹڷ -
Թ ڷ, ʡڡ í յ ٻڷ, ҳ
ڷҵ  ڷ ھ. ൹  ¹  ǵڶ õ.
ٻڷ ٻ   ʹ ҷԡ,  ٻڷҵ
 ͡. ҳ ڷһ ໹ ͵ڵ ʷ  ʵ. 
 ٻڵ " ٻ dz೵ ˵, ๡¹ 
ҷչ ʵ"  ػҹ  کڵ, ڻ  Ԩکڵ.
@ԧö:  ͧ.͡. //    . ڷ
 ͻڻʹڹ  ھԵҵ ? ͤ. - ٻڷ 
·  ʨڨ - , Ͷ  ҵһԵ ͡
ھ. ҳ ڷһ   ˵ڵڻ
 ص "   ҵ  һһ ͭ  ҵ
ھԵ, ҵ Թ ء "  ҷڵ
ھԵ,  ʷڸ.
      Ͷ   ҳԻҡ ԷԵ һһ ҳ "ʾھһ
ԡڢع Իү ҷ Ҥکڵ".  ͵ڵ  ڻ
ͭ ʹڵ,   "ڻ  ͵ڵ Ҥڵھ,  ͭ
ʵھ" . ඡ ٻڷ ͤ,   Ե໹
વ "ͯչ  "  Ҷ:-
        "ҵ ب ٵ           
         ؤڦùڵ ڦùڵ       ҹ ԻڶԵ. -
         ͹Եڵڨ        ҹҹڪ -
          ҹ       ػʹڵ " -
 դҶ  ͹ػؾྐྵ ˵ ԯ. ඡ ǵڶ
ڵ ҹ  ҷԹڹʶ عǵڶ ػص ڸػڼҷչ
ҷ ǹڶ વǹ ڵ ǹ ǹڵ
ǹڷԵ  ʹڵ. ԡڢع⦻  ص ԡڢعػ
ک. ڶ   ԡڢع   dzڳ ʹڵ. ػڻҳ 
@ԧö:  .                   .. ʡ¡
@ .. /-/       . ҹҹ ھ
@ .. //, .. //
šʹڹ ھطڸ  ͻڻշ -  ڶ. ٻڻҳԡ
 ؤڤ  šڢԵؾ­ڪԨԵتڪԵࡵҾڻԹڸ
ŧڡõڶ š ػڻڹ ٻ  շڵ, ʻڻҳԡ
๡ ҵ Եڵ ͯڤڹҤ աùԤ
 ص, ٢ڻҳԡһ ҷ٢ ءڡáԡ٢  ,
ڻҳԡ šڢڸҷ  ԭڨ ڢڸ ػԡڢԵ. 
ʾھ  dzڳ ʹڵ. ҳ ڷ ԡڢعػ
һ ๡¹  dzڳ ʹڵҹ  ص ǹڵ
ػڵء ص ԡڢعչ , ԡڢع  ˵ ǹڵ
ػʧڡ.
       ԡ Ҥ ԷԵ گࡹ گ, ҳ 
ҳ Եء    ٻ ๵ ͵ڵ ԷڸԾŹ
ڹطԡ ͵Էʹ Եڶ   ժҹ ԹԹ.
ڷ ԡڢع ʷڸ ػʧڡԵ ǹڵ ǹڷԵ ԡڢع -
͹ڵ շԵ ҷ ص  ʤڤ  ٻڻڵ  ع 
  Ե Եٻڨ  "  Եڶ ٻǵ" ͵ڵ
ٻ Ե   õڵ ,    Եڶ
ʵʻڻҳ  . ҵؤ  ط ,
  طڸ, Ͷ  ٻҹ  ڷ   ڷ
 .   Ԫ¹dzڳ, - ʡ Ԫ¹dzڳ, - ڬԵڶdzڳ,
šԵڶdzڳڵ -   ʵԡ ڤ ڱ¹ š˵ڵ
@ԧö:  .. ͻڻշ                         . ԡڢ
@ .. Ԫҵdzڳ       .. Ԫҵdzڳ    .. Եڶdzڳ
 ʵ ҹ ڷ  ó طڸҵҷ
ҡҷ ڻõ Ԫڬҹ - ؤڤڸતبکԡǭڨ .
ڷ  ҵؤ -  " -  ͭڻ ʾھҸ
 " - ͹Ԩڨʭ ʳҵ, - ù  ءڢҹڵʭһ,
  ҷԵڵ ͤ ͻڻó - ص ػ. Ͷ 
" ڢڵ ڷ Եڵ"   ʻڻʹ 
Ҷ :-
        "ҵ ب ٵ             
         ؤڦùڵ ڦùڵ         ҹ ԻڶԵ. -
         ¶ Է  ͵        ¶ ͵  Է
         ҵ - ح      š عҤ -
          ڷ વ      ػʹڵ ".
      Ҷһ ڷ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. Ͷ 
ػڤҸԤڶ ح Իʹҡҹ ඹ  صڵ
.   ͡ ػڻڵ.
      ǵ  Ҫ ù   áڢڸ - Եڶ
صڵدҹ ǵ ԡ յ ǡ ԯ   ҵ
ͨڨ¹  ҹ Ե "ู͡  ⡸"  Ҷ
ǵڶ سڳʯԸյ Ե ǹڵ ໹ڵ ʹ ص
@ԧö:  .. ڪҹ          ..       .. 
@ ..,.          .. ʳ   .. ͻڻó
@ .. //                   ҵ
@ .. عҤ                       .. //
ʵһڹ ص ͯ Ԩڨڵҹ ǵ.  þ ͭ
Ԩڨڵ ԡڢ Ҥ ػڻ. áԨڨڻ  ҵ ʡ⡹
 Իڪյ Ҷǵڶ صڵ.  ҹԻ 
     . Ͷ   ͤڤԡԨڨ
õ  í ԡڢԻһԵ  ʹ 
ԡڢ ͤ ڻ ԡڢ ҷ,  Ҥ -  Ҫ .
ڶ  ڵ "ؾ  ͯصڵʹ ʹ ,
 ҹڪ ҡԡһ ء ڶ". һ ǡ ڨ
ö ص  ͤ. һ  ʹڹԻԵҹ ʹڶ
 صڵ  ԡڢ ҷڶ " Եڵ ھ" - ڨ
Ҷ .  ص ػڻڵ.
      [] ڶ  ҵ ʡٻ ڵھࢹԹù
ک . ·  ԯڵ  һǹ ԯ .
Թ  ط  ¹ڵ  ˯ҤԭڪػҤһǹ
Թ ,  óǹ ¹ . ԭવ õյ
ҹ ҹ ھҹ ԭવ  õ .
        ԭڪҵ ʾھ  ԭҳ
ԭڪ Ź ڷ, ඵڶ ͭ ⡨ ù  ù ,
ͻԨ   "" Ե ػڻڪ دҹ ¸ҵ 
õ, ൹ ڵھ Թ ˵, ʹڵػڻڹǵ -
͵. ൹ "ù" بڨ.  "ԯ" Ե ػڻڪ
@ԧö:  . Ҫ                .. //
@ ..,. ʹڵ ٻڵûҵ
دҹ ¸ҵ  õ, ൹ һ ˵, ػٻԯ๹
ٻҵǵ ͵. ൹ "ԯ" بڨ.  "շ" Ե
ػڻڪ دҹ ¸ҵ  õ, ൹ ˯Ҥԭڪ
Ҥһ  ˵, ǹ ٻҵǵ ͵. ൹
"Թ" بڨ.  "" Ե ػڻڪ دҹ ¸ҵ
 õ, ൹  ó ˵, ǹ ٻҵǵ ͵.
൹ "¹" بڨ.
      ǭڨ -  ⡨ Եڶڹ   ԯ  Թ
 ط  -   ڶ ڶ һ   ھҹ
ԭڪڻóʹ ԭવ õյ بڨ, ڻ 
ԭڪڻóԵ ػڻڪ ¶ص ¹ ˵,   
ԭڪ, ඵڶ ͭ ⡨, حԷ ࡹ ù൹  ù൹
 ʵ൹  ؤڤŹ ,  :-
         ԵڵҹڵҤ        ҹڵ ˵ 
         عҹڵ ҹ      ˵  ԭڪҵ
ڶ .
       Ҷ   ͡ һ Թह -
»̹ ˵,   ⹷ڶ һǵڵ µ,  "
"ҷ һԨکڹ ءڢšڢ ໵,  ó
ҹҷչ ʾھ óҷ "  ԭڪ" 
@ԧö:  . ǭڨ     ..   ·  ԯ, Թ ط 
@ . õ ह
ʹڵԻԨکڹ ͹Ԩڨšڢ  - ڤ ǵڵ " 
ԭڪ"  ͵ڵԡ໹  ͵ڵʭҦԨکڹ ͹ڵšڢ
໵.
      []  šڢڵ·ջ๹ حҹ ඵ ع
ԭҳԭҳʹڶ "ͯԹ ص⵵ - . ʵ:-
   ԭڪ,   طڸ ǵڵҡdzڳ
dzڳʳҹʡʻԨ੷෹ ;һù¹   ʯҸ -
 ͯ    صڵڵ ͯԹ ص⵵, -
 ൹ ͤڤҷڤԵҷԹ ਹ  ʵڻ෹ 
ʹ Եڵڵ Ż ؤڤڸતبکԡŵ ǷԵ.
ڶ ǷԵھ , ·    ڬ  ʡ
ʧڡڲԵ ͯԻڻҳ ,  ڢԡһڵآک
ҷçڤ൹ Եڵ  Ԩک  ,   
آ»   Ԩک Ҩڢ Żضتڪ
¶ٵ  ʵ. Ҥíڪ  તبکԡʧڢ ⨻
Ե ¹ڵ :-
        "ʵ          Եڵ 
         ҹҡԡҡԳڳ         ˯ҹ ٵԡ"
 صڵʵڻ, - Եڵ  :-
        " ʵ ˹ڵ       
         ڸڵ ͯʧڦҵ       ͤ ".
@ԧö:  ..                .. ͯԹص
@ . ʷڸ ͸              .. Եʷ  ʵ
@ .. صڵ ʵڻԵҹ - Իү ǵڶԵҹ - ٵԷؤڤڸҹ ճ
ʯҸԡҹ ͯʵҹԻ ¶ٵ  ʹڵ  ͹ҷԵ 
ڢԡһڵآک. ҹ  - Ҥõ൹ ਹ Եڵ ʾھš
ͻҡҹ ҹڻҹ ;ڵáسҹ بԷؤڤڸતبک»ԡҹ,
ҹԻ Ҩڢع ԪڬԵ  Ե "͹ڵ طû 
Եڵ   "
      [] ڶ ͹ڵ  ͹ڵ. ط  طû.
طùڵ  طʵ ͸Ǩ,  ҹ "طù". صڵ.
¡ҵ ¡Գڱ. ǵڶ⹵ صڵ. ҹٻù ๵
"ǵڶ" صڵ. õ ͸ԡ,  ¡  ǵڶ õ
 વھ.   ˷ҷ. - ʾھ ਵҹԻ ͹ڵҷչ
dzڳʳҹʡʻԨ੷෹ ;һù¹  طڸ
صڵ ǷԵھҹ.
      [-]   " ԭਵڶ ͡ڻ ٻ صڵʷ
͵ڶ, ͭڶ بԻԻ  - " ;ڵáس ʵ
Էҹ  ;ڵáس  ԡڢس໹ ҡ  ʹ
ؾ صڵڨ ʧڤԵ "Ͷ  " Ҷҷ.
      ڶ Ͷҵ ¹ڵùԷʹ, ͻùһ ¹ ب
ҵ صڵ ˵. ҵ  .  յ
@ԧö:  .,. ڶҹ, .. دԵҹ
@ .. ǯԵҹ             . ڢԡһڵآک Ԩکڹ
@ ˷ҵҷ              .. بԻԻ
͡ڢԨکԷڷڳکԷڷʧکԷڷآǨڨڤ. ب ǵյ
ʾھšҡҹڻûؤڤڸતبکب ǵ ʹڷ ڦõ,  ͭ
ԭڨ ͤبڷҷԤڸҵ  صڵҷõҵ . ʾھҵ ڨ 
ʾھ õڵڻ һ ؾھ˻ ¹˻ ԯ⵻ ک⵻յ. Թڵ
بյ ? "͡ڢ ͡ڢԤٶ"ҷ. ͵   ͡ڢԨکԷ
ͻյʷ ͡ڢԤٶ, ڳکԷ ⪪ʷ ڳٶ,
ʨکԷ ؾھʷ ԧڦҹԡ ǵ, ࢹ  ,  յ ?
͡ Եڵ, · ;ڸԵڵ ػڻԵ ˵,   յ ͸Իڻ.
 ҵ   Եڵ, ڻ  طû ͡ڶûڻҳ
 ԯ, ڻ ͡ .  ๵ dzڳҷ طڸ -
صڵ¹ ǷԵھ. " " ʷ෹ ˭ڨ ͭڨ ٻ
طԵҷب յ ʵ.  ʵڵ  ب ʵ
ŭ  ؤڤŭ  ʭ   صڵ  ҹ
Ǩ๹ ͹Ե ͻù ¹ ʾھһ  بǹ
ʹ  " ʷԡ". ڶ ʷԡҵ  
ų ԡ ,  "ǵ ʾھ" Թ ʷڸ ھ.
      []   ¶   ڨ ڱŭڨ
طŭڨ - ೹ ʷڸ دԵ ءڢآ ࢵ  ̵,
һ - Եյҷ  હ ͤڤԹ ڨ  Եյҷ
دԵ "͡ڢ ͡ڢԤٶ"ҷԹ ෹ ԡڢڵ ͡ڢҷչ
ࢵ  ̵, һ ʹ   ب ʵ
@ԧö:  طڸ. / ()            . ڱŭڨ ءڢŭڨ
@ .. ʷ  ʵ
Էҹ   صڵڤ  ͵ԯ ਹڵ
ǹڷҹڻ ǹڷ  ùڵ, һ õ بԵ 
ب ʹ "Ͷ  ʹ"  Ҷ.
      ڶ ùڵ Էڷ. ڶاڤ Եڵ ԵҾء 
ڶاڤԵ. ڨ ๵ ڶاڤ طڸ صڵ ǷԵھ.
   ŵ   ҹԸسԵ ڻ
بڨԹڵԵԹڵ   ,  ب ԯ ڵ һڵ Ի
ҷԯҹ . ?  Ԫڪ áڢ
ʨڨԨکҷࡹ ˹ áڢ ⨷ ǵڵ, " ҷ, 
Թ,  " ⵵ ͸Իڻ.   ͹ԯó -
Ԫڪҵ.
      []   ԭҳʹ  ʵ Էҹ
ԭҳʹ ʵ,   ڡǵڵí  ¶صڵس
˵,  ʾھڻ - ڻڵ -  ʵ Էҹ
Իڵ ʵ "·    ʵ" Ҷ.
      ʵ:-   · ԭҳһ
 ҵԵڵ  طڸҵ dzڳ෹ Թ ҹ
õڶ ԧڤ ڱԵڵ ͻԷ ʵ, Ͷ " ҹ ع دҹ
ʵ" ͡ ͹໡ڢ ˹ڵ ҵ. ڶ ⵵ ͹Ԩڨ
ʵ, ʵյ ˡڵ. ¹  Եڻ વ.
@ԧö:  .. ͹ڶ , . ͹ڶó
@ . ʾھڻû, .. ʾھڻù      .. ڻڵ
طڸҵ⡵ ʳҹԻڵ ʵ. Թ⡵ ҤԻڵ. ¹ 
ٻڻ dzڳ⻡ڢõ Ԩڨ ҹڻ  વ. ͻԷ⸵
˵ھ ʵ. ҹԹڵ ͹ ͸ʵ Ԥبک.
¹ ""  ʭ   વ. ͹໡ڢ
˹ڵ ҵµ ԡ ʵ. ൹  ڻ વ.
      []  Ҷ ͻԹڹԭҳʹ  ʵ
Էҹ Թڹʹһ ʵ "ҷڵ " Ҷ. ڶ  
  ҡҷ سڢ ҳ ʹڵ, ൻ  ҷڵյ
͵. صڵҹ.
      []  " "ҷԹ ¹ حҹʹ,Թ ص"ҷԹ ԭҳʹ, "·   
ʵ"ҷԹ ԭҳʹ  ʵ  Ԩڨآڵح
͡ڵ һ  "   , Ԫڪ áڢ"
Թ  صڵ ʵ Ԫڪࢹ  ǯگ ʵ Էҹ
ڶ ڱԵ صڵ ԭࢹ  ǯگ ʵ "صҹ طڸǨ"
.
      ڶ صҹҵ ¹ . طڸǨڵ Ԩکڷ
طڸǨ. ԡڢٵ ʡ  ضتڪ . ҳҵ ҳ بڨ
Իʹ ͹ԨڨҷԻڻ ǵڵڵ,  ڹҤ⵵ ͵. Ըҵ
.    Ԫҹҵյ     ԭ Ԫҹҵ.
? ¶   ҳ ԷڨԷڨҵ ڱ ࡵ
"͵ڵ -  ͵ڵ  ط ʵ" Ե 
 ع ط  ˹  ڱ ౵,  -Թҷ  ҷ " ҳڢع ࡹ
ҵԭ Ԫҹҵ, "͹Ԩڨ   ءڢ ͹ڵ" ¹
óԭ Ԫҹҵ,  õ - ڤ һس ڶ
ڷҤڻ๹ ҹԭ Ԫҹҵ. ԭҳԭҳʹ
 ʹ ҵԭ Ԫҹҵ, ͹Ԩڨҷʹ ʹ óԭ,
˵ڵह  ڷҤ ǡڲԵ -  ˹ ҹԭ
Ԫҹҵ.
         Ԫҹҵյ ? ¶ٵ ʵ,  ¶ٵ
ʵյ ͵. "ҳ"ҷԹ   ͵ ͵ Է 
طڸǨ ص  ҳǵڵ ˵,   ʾھ ҡ⯻
 ص طڸǨ  ʡڡ ԪҹԵ,   ҳ˵
 ҹ  ڶ  ʵ "صҹ طڸǨ"
. ڷԡڢع ڨ ԻŵڶԵڵ ԡڢ þ ʹһǵڵ
ͤڤ ڻԻڵԻڻڵҹ ԡڢǷʹ  "ԡڢ" .
      [] Էҹ "¶ٵ ʵ" ͵ڶ ¶ ʹ ¶ٵ
ʵ,  ʵ  "¶ Է  ͵, ¶ ͵  Է".
ʵ:- ¶ Է ԭҳԭҳҹ ͹ õ
ԯ շ µ,  ͵ ͵  Ե ԭҳڻ ؾ
@ԧö:  .. ͵ڵࡹ
@ ..    .. Ե   .. ͻڲԵ
 ҹ ͹ . ¶  ͵ ͵   ҹ
ͻ  õ  ԯ  շ   ໵,  Է
ԭҳڻ  ҹ ͻ ʵ. ¶  Է ԭҳ
͵    ʵ,  طڸҵҷػ,  ͵ ͵
ڻ ؾ . ¶ ๵ ͵ ԭҳ  
ʵ, طڸҵҷǭڨ ػ,  Է ԭҳڻ ʵյ.
      ڶ ¶ Է  ͵ڵ ͵ڵ   ҹ
ù   ˵. ¶ ͵  Էڵ ù ͵ڵ
ҹ ù ͪڬڵ Ҥ ˵. ¹ҡù   õ,
 ҹ µڶ  ˵.  ¶ٵ๹ ؾھ
͡Żڻҹ ี -  ͵ڶ - Ի ԡڢ ͹ػؾྐྵ
˵ڵڤ  ʾھکڷҤ વ  ˵,  
"ͪڬڵڨ Էڸ ,  ڷ Ҫ".  Ի ԡڢ
͹ػؾྐྵҵ .
      []  ʡڢ ʵ Էҹ ʡڢ ʹ 
"ڷҤõ ". ʵ:- ԡڢ ˵ڵڤҳ
ڤҹڵü һسҵ, Ͷ ʾھ ڷҤ չڵ "ڷҤõ"
, óǹ յ   ʾھʧڢٻ ʹڵ
ʧڢҵҹ Ծھҹ ǹ ͨڨصڵ dzڳԵ ڬҵ
 بڨ. Ͷ   ԡڢ ˵ڵڤҳ ڤҹڵü
 ڷҤõ  ˵, صڵڻíڨ ڬҵ ǷԵ.
൹ "Է չ, Էڨ๹ ŷڸ" ໵.
@ԧö:  ..,. ี            .. 
      [-]  ԭҳԭҳʹ ҹ 
Իڼڵ ඵ ع ʧࢻʹ   ҹ ͹ڵ¡
ҷ ˹ "Իҷ¹" - Ҷҷ. ڶ ԭڨһ
ͻҷҷ»  ب, ԸҸԡʹ  ءڡԨ੷ʹ ,
  ͭ بٵһ  ųھҷ ʧڢԵ ҹ
๻ ػ¹ڵ,   ʡ,  بԵ -
ʹ⵻ "Իҷ" - .
      ¹ڵ ʡ ʵ. ؤڤ õյ - ؤڤ 
ػڼڸҷ - ʧڢԵ õ. ҹҡسڻԻõ ҷ๡ڻ-
س. ǹ  ⵵ ػڼڸҷ Ԩک෵
௹ڵҹڻ   Իڼ    ԧڦҹԡҷչ,
  ʷԡ ǹ. ڶ ҹ ʶ:- ͵ҷʹ
¹    Եڶ  ⡨   سڳ
ҷԯҹ "˹"  ""  "Ԩ" ҵҷԹ
¹  سڳԵ ,   ҵҷ Ǫ ͵ڵҹ
بڨ ໹,  ͷʹ ໵ ह
ʨڨʹ    سڳǪҹó ҵ.
      ʹһ ڷ ԡڢع Ǥһҷ " ǵ  
,   þ  Ըʹһǵڵ  ػҹ
ҤԹ".  Ԥڤ   ʹ ڹԵ 
@ԧö:  .. Իҷ¹ڵ
@ .. بԵ               .. Իҷ⡵
@ . õյ                     .. ػڼڸҷ
๹ Ի·ʾڵ ˵ڵ ʨکҡ. ص¯๻ 
ʹһ յ ҳҹ  , 
ǡ ͹ҤԼ ڵ,   ԡڢ ʵһڵԼ ԯյ.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ طڷ
                          صڵԻҵ
                       Ԫصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
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öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=28&A=6424 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=28&A=6424 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=312 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=7571 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=7510 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=7510 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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