͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڤ.)

                          . ⻯ҷصڵ
                     ⻯ҷԾھҪǵڶdzڳ
      []  ص  ǵڶ¹ڵ ⻯ҷصڵ. 
͹ػؾھdzڹ. ǵڶ õ વ ͹ҶԳڱԡ 
ǵڶ ػ   વ   ͹ҶԳڱࡹ ˻Թ
 , ڶ õ. ⻯ ԾھҪ⡵  ⻯
ڹԾھҪ.   ԡ   ҷչ
 ڵ⡯Իҳ ڢڸ  ھԵ Եڶҹ Ҩ
.  Ƿڵ ͵ڶҵ »ڻҷ, -   
ڡԵءڢ⻡ڢҵԻڻٵ  ԤšԾھҪҷ  ھԵ
ʹڹԻԵ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ  Ƿڵ - ඹڵ ໹ڵ,   
»ڻҷ⡵ بڨ.   ԹڷءҨʧڢҵ ھءڢڵ -
ԡڢԵڵ ԹڷءҨ.  ๵ڶ  ͡  , ک
һح ԾھҪ    ,  ǡ  ػҷ
ŷڸʹ ͡⡵ بڨ. ԡ  ʹí 
ҹ  ػڼڻ   ԡ ʧڢ
.  »ڻҷ ԹڷءҨ ͡ ԡ.
@ԧö:  .. »ڻҷ           .. Ƿڵ.            . ھءڢڵ
      ʵյ ʼص ʵ. ඡ  ڨ
ʾھصҳ ڶԵ š Ԥڤ˹ ҳ ͹ⵤ
ԾھҪ  " ⻯  ҳ µ,  
ʵ"  ػԡڢ ͷڷ " ͪڪ ڶ , Ͷ 
⻯ øڨ øدҹڨ بکʵ,  ʾھطڸҹ ೹
ʹڷԵ  , Ͷ  Ի˨ڨ¹ Եڵ ˵ڶԻصڵ
˵  ʹڵԡ Ҥʵ,   , ʹ
⻯  ó ʵ, Ե ˵ڶԻص  ʹڵ ھԵ
˵ڵ һسʵ".   ûԪڤ  õڵػگ
ʵ Ԫڪŵʷ ¾ڸ ڸԵ ؤڸûھ ԡڢԻԵ
Ե  dzڳ ء ͡ä  - ڨڦ »ڵ
ʡ Ťव  ǵڶ - Գڱ յ   ǹڵҷ
 ԡڢ. ڶ ʹڸ "Ͷ " ҷ صڵ.
      [] ͵յ ջ ڵ ͵ڵ بʹ 
ࡵ ͵Իڻ  ͵ . ¹ڹٹ˹ڵ »Էջ
 Ի, طڸҹڨ   ڶ, "Է , Է  ,
  ,    "  Եڡؾھ
 طڸҹ ž. ൹ "¹ڹٹ˹", · ˹ڵ ͵.
      [] عڹҷԹҵ بڨ ҹ,  ҹ 
طڸ ʹ ب  ڶʹ ʷⷵ بڨʷڷʷڷ, 
 ԾھҪҹ  د ڵھ  ਵǵڵ  ⾸ǵڵ 
Ҩػڬǵڵ  ¹ԡ    ڶ. ൹   د ҵ
Թڹ " ˵ ,  "   ͭ
˵ڶҷҷչ  þ Եڶջʷáԡҷչ dz  ͭ 
ҷҷҷǵڶ þ  د໵ ͹ػؾྐྵ
@ԧö:  . ͡             .. ǵڶ
Ҫҷ๡Ը èکҹ ඹڵ. ൹ صڵ "عڹҷԹ
بڨʷڷʷڷ ๡Ե èکҹ ඹڵ".
      []  ⻯ ԾھҪ  Ծڪ ࡵ
" ԾھҪ ͵ ͭ ͤ, ­ڨ  ⤵
ҵ  ؤڤ ⪻ٻ ҵ, ʡڡû 
.   ҹ  ⤵  ⤵   
ػ    Ҥ, ͵ Ūڪ ʵ,   
ય ػ ˵" ⵨  ࡹ -  ǹڵ ͷڷ.
൹ صڵ "ͷڷ  ⻯ ԾھҪ  س ع".
      ڶ ʳյ ԡڢ, Ǫڪ Ԩک. ¶
ʳԵ ˵,   յ. ¶  ڬ ʹ 
ǪڪԨکҷڶ ʹ ʳ໵, ػ ʳ໵, ⪡Գڳҹ
حک,  ǪڪԨکҷڶ "ͻڻʷڷ " ԡڢ໹ ¶
ʳԵ ˵,   յ ͵. ͻڻʷڷ ͻڻʷڷ Ԩک,
 շ,  ԯ,  ʧڤԡ ໵. ػʧڡԵھ
ҵ ԸҤڵھ .    ػʧڡ
ڨʵյ -? ͵ڵ رڲ ڶ. ԾھҪ  ط 
طڸ  ͵ڵ ʹڵԡ Ҥ "ͪڪ ҡ ʹڵԡ  ⤵
Ҥ, Իص Ҥ,         ʹڵԡ
کڵ, ʶ ҡ صڵǹ" ͵ڵ ػҡҹ ʹڵ ͵ڵҹ
ءڢԻڵ, ب   ໹ڵ, ⵻ ػ Ե ڵ. 
  ػ   Ƿڵ "ҡ ʵڶ  ⤵
⤵⡻ - ҡ ʹڵԡ Ҥکڵ,  ͭ ڤ. 
  ͡ڢԻ Ե  Ԩک, ըԡ  ö,   
ͻ÷ڸ".  ඡ  "طڸһ  ʹڵԡ - کڵ, 
@ԧö:  ., . ࡹ.         .. ڨʵյ.
@ .. ⤵ǡһ.           . ʹڵ.
ҡ"     ڻڪڵ. س عڵ
⻯ҷ õ ʷڷ շ.
      [] Ҥ ൵ د Ҥ  , ǵ
  Ҥ ҹ ˵,  ⡵ ໵.   ൵
 ?   ؾྻ ڶ ؾ⾵?  ؾ. ҹ
 " کڵ,  Ҥڶ,  ڤ˵ڶ,  Ҥڶ"
ҷ طҨ ˹ڵ,  . ǭڨ  ǵ 
ҹڶ ص շ, دʹ -  ڨؤڤ. ǹڵ 
ػ  ๹ ͹൹  ͻԵ ͡ù  .
? بڨҡչ.  ԾھҪ ͵ڵ Թڹʹ ௵
ǹڵ ๹ ൹ "շ  , Էʹ ڵ"
. ͹ڵҡ Իڻҵ Թڹҹ  ҷ   Ҥ,
͵ ͹ڵ     Իڻ, Ҥڨ   ¹ڵ
 ? Ƿ,    ¹ڵ ๵ յ - ʾھػڻó .
                       ʭҹødzڳ
      [] Ͷ ԾھҪ "õڶ   ǯگʹڹԵ,
 ҡ  ǵڵھ ˵" ໹ "ԯ "
ҷ. ԯ  "   ʵء ʵ, ک
   ʵ ҡ   ͵ ڶ. 
Ҥ Ե  ͭ ءó بکҵ ໵.   بک
"ҹ " ҷ. ڶ ⡵¹ڵ ⡵ 
ਡ ڶ. µڶ  ҹҵԵڶ  ҹԸ 
ǵ൹ڵ,  ٹ "  Ƿ,   Ƿ" ⡵ػڻڵԯҹ -
⡵ҵ بڨ. ʭҹี ͵ڶ յ ػʤڤڵ. ʭҹี
@ԧö:  . د          .. յ         . ⡵Żڻǵڵԯҹ
Եڵ,  ԡ  ػڻڹҵ  ͵. Է   ػڻڵԡó.
·     ҵ  ඵ, ԡڢһ  ໵,  ʡŪھط
 Եڵ ڶõ, Եڶ  ص "  ⤵ ؾھ
.    ʡ ҷ ԭڨ ඵع"  Ҥ
ùڵ ͡ ǹڵ ඹڵ " ⤵ ԡڢһ ,   
 ʡ ໵ع" ͵ڵ ǡҹ ԭڨ ԡڢһ ໹ڵ.
   ͯԸ շԵ ø . Եڶ 
ص "  ⤵ ø  , ڻ  " -
ʹڹԻԵ . ൹ صڵ "ʭҹ  طҷ".
      áਵ  ͡.  ਵڶ   Եڶµ
ھ Եڵڻǵڵ   "ͨԵڵ ʹ" һڵ
ǵ   ڨڻʵҹ ʭ  - ع Ը ػڻڪ,
 ʭػڻ    ˵ ͻʹ "˵ ͻڨ" .
      ص  ี Ԥԧڤһ ʭԡ ˵
"໵Ի  ໵Ի" . Ԥԧڤһ  ڵ - õ
ҸԵԹڷ - .  હ ʡڡҹ س. ʡ
Ҫ "ʡڡҹ   һ ඵ" ھ  ǡ
"һ  ԹڷԵ " .  ڶ . һ 
  Ե ڳ . ص· کڷ೹ Ť -
 ˵ - ͤڤ,  ൹ Ծھʹ د ʭ ص Գڳ
Ǩکҹ ͨڨ¹ ʭ .   -  ԯԤ "Գڳ
Ǩکҹ ͨڨ¹ ø د"  .
        ี Ҷھ¤ ʹڸ "ػڲڵԻ
ͻڲڵԻ" . Ҷھԡ  Ҷھ વ ʵڵ ʨکԹڹ
@ԧö:  .. ҵ                . ػڻڪԵ        .. ͵ڵڵ
@ .., ., . ԵԹڷ     ..           .. ˵
@ ..    ʵ
, ˵ڶکԹڹ ,      ʹڵ.  ع ҡԡ
  ԯԤ "ø د ¹"  .
       ص  ี ¡ڢչ Էڷ ʹڸ "ʹڵ 
 ǵ"ҷ. ¡ڢ  ʾھõڵ ǵٻ ҹ
ڨԵ Ե ⳷  ͡ һҵ Ե ǵڵԵ ػԵ 
د˹ڵ.    ԯԤ "صڵ ø һڹ, طڸ
ø دԵ"  .
        ⻯ ԾھҪ ڱԵҵ. ൹  
ص Իڻ ػڻڪ. "  ٤ , ڵ  
 ໹ڵ, Թ  ู  ࡹ  Եھ,  ع.
൹һ ࡹ ͭ  Եھ,   ͭ ҵ  ʡڡ
ͭ ʾھع.   Ը  , `    -
' ջ  تڪŵ ͪڪ - ҡ ͡" ʾŭ
͹. "  "ҷ.
      ڶ  ٹҵ ͹ó ҵ, ൹  ǹڵ
͹ùڵ ͵ " ٹ ,  ٹ ؤ".  ʹڵ
  øҹ ء Ի ,    ٹ ,
 ؤ  ٹ ҵ ڶҸԻڻ. ٵ ԳڳԵ
  ҹҵյ .   ⢵ Է ԾھҪ " 
 ҹ,   ҹҶ, බ " Ҩ Ƿ.
                    ˵ءʭػڻҷødzڳ
      [] Ͷ  ඹ " ⻯ҷ"ҷ. ڶ
ҵ  . ҷ  ͻ÷ڸڵ  ҷ
÷ڸ,  ڢԵҵ ໵. ˵ ʻڻڨҵ ͵ڶ ˵ػ
@ԧö:  .. -ʷ  ʵ            . ͪڪ 
ڨ» ó , ʡóҵ ͵.   ó ʹ
"ԡڢ ͡" . ڶ ԡڢ ͡ ʭ ػڻڪڵյ ԡڢ
͡ڨ ʭ ¹ڵյ ͵.
      []   ԡڢҵ ҵ Ǩҵ    ԡڢҵ
 Եڶõءµһبکʹ Ǩ. Ͷ  ͸ԡڢ ͸ԨԵڵԡڢ
͸Իԡڢҵ  ԡڢ ˹ڵ.   ʹ  ʭ
˵ء ػڻҷø ໵ طڸػڻҷ ٵ ڵԸ ໹ "Ը
⻯ҷ Ҥ "ҷ. ڶ ͸ԡڢ ͸ԨԵڵԡڢҵ
 ԡڢ ໹ Ҥ,   " ءڢøԹջԻҵ 
⻯ҷ  ͡  " ͵ڶ ҷԯʧڡڻʹ
һڹڵ Ҥҵ ǷԵھ. ʭҵ ڨسԡ⤻
ػڻڹ⤻, -  ڶ ڨسԡ ͹Ҥह ؤڦҵ
ک, ػڻڹ    ǯگ.   
 ʭҵ  ڬҹڤ  ؾ ػڻڹؾھ
ʭ ʷʵڵ  ʭҵ ب,  تڬ, ͹ػڻڹ
ػڻڪյ ͵.
      ǡյآآʨڨʭ    ˵յ 
ڬҹ ǡյآʧڢҵ آʭ ʨڨ ˵, ٵ ˵յ
͵.  Ͷ کڷҷԡڤڻҹʹ آ   ٵ ʨڨ
 ʭҵ آʨڨʭ, ǡ յ ڻصڵ آʨڨʭҵ
ǡյآآʨڨʭ,   ͵ڶյ ǡյآآʨڨʭյ
ڶ ͵ .   ʾھڶ.
       ԡڢҵ ͵ڶ  ڬҹ һڪ 
͸ԯ˹  د˹  ԡڢ,    ԡڢԵھ ԡڢҵ
بڨ. ൹ ԡڢʧڢ൹ ڬ๹  ͡ ǡյآآʨڨʭ
@ԧö:  .....û, ػԻ
ػڻڪ.   ͡ ʭ تڬյ ͵.  ԡڢҵ 
Ǩҵ  ڬҹʧڢҵ ͡ ԡڢҵ  . ൹ػ¹
ʾھڶ  ͵ .
      []   ͯ һڵ - ͧڤ ʹ
طڸҹ ˵,  Իصڵʷҹ ڶ, һ ʹ 
ǡҹ ˵, Էڨ "ʭ ʭ"  ͧڤ ʹ طڸ, 
ҡԭڨµ ʭ ʵ ع  ʭڤڵ ʵ
"  ⻯ҷ ԡڢ  ʭڤ ʵ" .
      ڶ   ⻯ҷ ԡڢٵ   ⻯ҷ ԡڢ.
Ը ʭ ˵յ Ը  ʡʭ ˵,    , ͵ڵ
ڬҹʭ ʭ ˵յ ͵.   ص  صҵ
 ԡڢ  ڬҹ ص صªڬ, ⵻ ص ªڬ๵
   ҹʭ ʡʭ ʡʭ ص ͹ػؾྐྵ ʭڤ ʵ.
ʭڤڵ ҡԭڨµ بڨ. ? šҹ Ԩڨԡһڵչ -
ͤڤڵ. ҡԭڨµһڵ   ʭҹʭµ ø
һڪڵ. Ե  šҹ Ԩڨԡһڵչ - ͤڤڵ ʭڤڵ
بڨ,  ʵ һسҵյ ͵.
      Էҹ ʭҹø ʵ " ʭ Ե"ҷ.
ڶ  ʧڢ¹ڵ   ҹ һڪ ൵ ,
عڻع ໵յ ͵. ػһڵ͵ڶ ԡڡڵ  ʧڢõ
.    ʭ تعڵ  ҡԭڨµʭ ت.
ͭ  ԡҵ ͭ  ԡ ǧڤʭ ػڻ.   
൵   ʧڢõյ ͵ڶ  ൹  ൵,
ʧڢù ʧڢõ.  ԡڢ ҡԭڨµ د
ʭҹʭµ һڪԵ "͡  Եڵ
@ԧö:  ..,. ͯһڵ   .. Ԩڨáһڵչ, . Ԩڨһڵչ
" ڹ ڶ, ػԹøһڵԵڶ 
ڹ ͵ڶ,  صڵҨԡڢ೹ ໵:-
     Եئହ  ڵ ک صڵ  ˵, 
յ  ҷ ʹ Ҥ   " Գڱ 
" بک.  "ء " ŷڸ Ҩԡڢ. ¹ 
Եئହ ⵻ Ҥ⵻ ڶ ⤻ ڶ. ڶ ʹ 
ҡԭڨµһڵ ھ, Ե  ʭҹʭµһڵ,
صڵ  øһڵ, ʹ  Եئ ԡԵ
صڵҨԡڢ  ҡԭڨµ د ʭҹʭµ
һڪԵ "͡  Եڵ " Եئ ԡԵ
ػԹøһڵԵڶ ԡ,  ൹  ൵,
ʧڢù ʧڢõ.   ʭҵ  ҹʭ تڬڵ. ͭ
ҵ ͭ  ԡ ǧڤʭ  ػڻڪڵ.  ø ʵյ
  Ի ԡڢ ʭǷԵø ʵ Թڷ .
      ͹ػؾھʭҹøڻҹһڵյ - ͵ڶ յ
ػʤڤڵ, ڻҹ ø෹ ͹ڵԡ  صڵ.
͹ػԻү ڻҹʭҹøһڵյ  ๵ڶ. һ
ڻҹʭҹøһڵյ ڻҹڵ ͹ ʭҹøһڵ
ڻҹڵ  ڱԵ ԡڢ ʭҹøһڵյ  ʵ.
      Էҹ Ը  øһڵԡ ඵھ.  
ʾھҡù  طڸ ǹҹҸԡ Ե,  ڶ
Ե ˵ھ.
        ⻯ҷ ԾھҪ ø ඵ Ͷ 
ҷ  ͭڶ  Ԫҹ໵ "  "ҷ.
ԾھҪ⡻ " ͪڪ ҡ  ໵   ٻ   
@ԧö:  .....һڵԹڵ
صؾھ" Ԫҹ " ˵ " ǵ ع ʡڡڨ 
 ؤڤԵ ʹ "   "ҷ. Ͷ
 "ؤڤԵ " ͹تҹ " ⻯ҷ" .
      [] Ͷ ԾھҪ "ǵ `ҡԭڨµ ʭڤ'
صڵ, ͵  ʭڤ, ط һڵػ ʭڤ ͵ڶ"
Թ൵ ڶ بک "͡ "ҷ. һ 
ʪ. ڶ ضٻյ ٹԻ. ¶ ¶  ⻯ҷ ø ʵյ
աԳҷ ¹ ¹ ೹, ڬҹҷչ  ¹ ¹ ๹. Է
صڵ ˵:-   ա೹ ó൹ - աԳһڵ ͡
һڪ ʭҹø ʵ ͡ ʭڤ, Ͷ  , 
, ʵ, , ʵ  һڪ ʭҹø
ʵ, ʵ ʭڤҹ.   ʡ. ػ 
ڬ๹  ó൹ - ͡ ʭҹø ʵ ͡ ʭڤ. Ͷ
 ,  , ʵ, , ʵ  һڪ -
ʭҹø ʵ, ʵ ʭڤҹ.   ʬҹһڵػ.
Ե ͡ һڪʹ  ʾھڻ ʭڪҹšڢ೹ ʧڤ˵ 
͡ ʭڤ ˵, ͻһ һڪʹ ٹ.
      [] ʭ  ൵  øһڪ ԡڢ
ʭ   ػڻڪյ بک.  "ʭҷ"
ҡ. ڶ ʭҵ ҹʭ. ҳڵ Իʹҳ. ͻ ,
ʭҵ Իʹ. - ҳڵ ڤҳ. ͻ , ʭҵ ڤʭ.
ҳڵ ҳ.
      Իԯǵ :-   ԡڢ ڵ, ⻯
˯ ǹڵ ø بک. Էҹ ø دҹ بک " ø
د˹ڵ   ˵ڵʭ ػڻڪ, ط ڨǡڢҳ"
@ԧö:  .. ó൹       ..    ʵ         .. Իʹ ʭ
Ƿ. Ͷ   ʭ  ػڻڪ, ک ڨǡڢҳ.
 "ʭҷ"ҷ. ڶ ʭػڻҷҵ ˵ڵ-
ʭ ػڻҷ, ک "Է ˵ڵŹ"  ڨǡڢҳػڻ
˵. Էڻڨ   Ҹʭһڨ   ڨǡڢҳ
ػڻڹڵ.
                        ʭ͵ڵdzڳ
      [] Էҹ ԾھҪ ¶  ١ ⸷ࡹ
໵  ͹ڻԵ ҷ ŹڸԵ  û⵻
آ  Թڷ, ह ٶҹ ڵ آ Թڷ.  ǵ
ʳآšڢ˵ ʹ һԵԵڵڱ⵻ ø¹
û⵻ ڶ آ Թڷ - ٶҹʷ ͵ڵ ŷڸ ˵
 بک "ʭ     ͵ڵ"ҷ.
Ͷҹ ˵ ҡҵء  "  ǹ"ҷ. 
 "ٻ ͵ڵ" ŷڸ ⹻ " ʹ ء,  
ҷ ŷڸ  Էڸʵ" Թ൵ ͵ڵ ŷڸ ù "ԡ
"ҷ. Ͷ  ڶ  ʹ "   "ҷ.
ڶ  ʹڵڵ  ʹ.   ͵ ػ¤Ǩ. 
ʹڵ ͵ڵҹ ڨҤک ൵ -   ͵ڶ ͵. عڹڨ
ڸҹ ͡ػڻ෡øڵ ԭڨһ  ʭ ػڻڪ,  تڬ.
ͻһ ػҷ  "ͭ  ʭ ػڻڪڵ, ͭ  ʭ
تڬڵ" صڵ.
       [-] Էҹ ͭ ŷڸ ʹ "  
"ҷչ - ǵ һ  Թ ¶  ڵ 
ʭ ڻԯҵ,  ͭ ˵ ͭ ʪવ, ʭһԯҹ
 ǵڵھ Ƿ,  ͭ ˵ ͭ ʪવ Էҹ
@ԧö:  ..  Թڷ         .. ҵ         .....ҷ
͵ڵ ŷڸ Ƿ "ٻ "ҷ. һ   ʭ
ػڻҷø  Ԩک, ͵ڵҹ  ʵ .   
ʹ  " ʹڵڻ"ҷ.  ԾھҪ Ԩکҷ๹
ٵڵ ǵ بڨҹ  ҹڵ ͪҹ "ʡڡ ๵ 
"ҷ. Ͷ    ʭ ػڻҷø ʹ⵻
ʭ ͵ڵҹ Ԩڨ .  "تڪҹ "ҷ.
     ڶ ʧࢻ:-  ͭ ԯ, ͭ ڵ, ͭ
ب, - ͭ  ʹ ǵڵ, ͭ      بڨ
, ͭ   , ͭ Իڵ, صڵصڵ, ͭڶ
   Ҩ¡, ͭ Եڶµ Ҩ. ൹  
ͭԯࡹ ͭڵࡹ ͭبࡹ ͭह ͭҨࡹ تڪҹ
͵ڵ. Ͷ ԾھҪ "ʭ   ͵ڵ ˵, ͭ 
ʭ,  ʵҷ بکʹ" ع "  "ҷ.
     ڶ ⡵ ͵ڵҹ ʹڸ Ƿ.  ˵ ⻯ҷ
͵ڶʭԵڵ ⻯ҷ ͵ ԯԤ  Ըšš͵ڶԵ, 
͵ڵڶõڶԵ.  ʭԵڵ  šصڵøԵ. 
ҷԾ¡ڵ  ԡڢڵʧڢҵ ʹ¡  ҷڵ,
͸ԡڢڵ  ˵.  ԾھԷҵ ǯ ԾھԹڷڶ 
ǵڵ.  Ҥҵ ǯگҤڶ  ǵڵ.  øҵ ǯگ
øóڶ  ǵڵ.  ػҵ ǯگ ٻڶ  ǵڵ.
 ԭҵ ǯگԪҹ ڨڢ  ǵڵ.  ⾸ҵ
ǯگھتڬڶ  ǵڵ.  Ծھҹҵ ҹԾھҹ -
ڨڢ  ǵڵ.
      Է ءڢڵҷ  ໵ ԡ ڨڢڸ ءڢڵ,
 ءڢ ǹ - ʻڻڨ  ءڢڷµ, Թڹ
@ԧö:  .. ب         . ҹԾھҹ        .. ǹ
ͻڻǵڵ ءڢ⸵,  ͯڤ  ءڢøԹջԻҵ
 ҡڵ ͵. ǭڨ  ǵ  " ԾھҪ
ڤҵ  ʨکԡ  ڶ,   ԡڢҨ" Թ൵
س . ԾھҪ⡻  ҡ    ਹ
 "" ҷ.
      [] Ҩ ʹڹԻ⵷ࡹҵ - Ǩ෹. ʭڪٵ
ʭڪԵ - ùڵ د ͡, ػ Ԫڬٵ صڵ ˵. ٵڵ
 Ԫڪҹ. ک ڵ  Ǩ. Եڵ
šصڵø Ե. ڵ šصڵøµ. طڸҹ
 ʨڨԹصڵ   ڶ.   ͷ ˵.
                   Եڵ˵ڶԻصڵ⻯ҷǵڶdzڳ
      [] Ե  ˵ڶԻص⵵   ǵڶ ˵ڶҨ
ص  ʹڵ ھԵ ճ ԯҹ ؤڤ˵ آ
͵ڶڵ  ,  ؾ һʹ  ʵڵ 
ԾԵ  . ʻھطڸ    ¡ ,
ͭ ڤ ͡ ʪڬ¹ڵ.   ͹  Եڵ
ػڻ෵ Ե.   ҷչ ھڪ  ҹ
ʵ  Ƿ.   ص Ե ๡ ҷ Ե
ػڻ  ͵Ǩ "   ٻ Եڵ ػڻڪ `
ڵ  ".  ڵ   ҹ
ʵ ھڪҷչ . Ͷ  ص  Եڵ
êڪԵ - ھڪ .   ǹڵ ԡڢ 
ҹʡ Եڵ Էҹ   ԾԵ ʵڵ  ھ,
ڤҹ ⡯Ե  Ը ඹڵҹ ͹ڵùڵ
@ԧö:  .. Ҩʹڹ⵷ࡹҵ         . Ե        . ǵ൵
 ͻ൵. Ͷ  ⡯Ե ͻ෵.  ǡ 
ԯҵ ʡ⡹ ԾԵ  . ⻯ҷ  
˵.  ԾԵ ˵˨ڨ¹ ⻯ҷ ʹڵԡ . Ͷ 
  "   , ٻ  ʵڶ ʹ ͻڡ⵻, -
, ھԵ Էҹ  ǯگ"  ˵  ʹڵԡ ͤ.
൹ صڵ "Ե  ˵ڶԻص ⻯  ԾھҪ".
      [] ͹ڸҵ Ҩڢ ڶԵ ͹ڸ,  ǹ
ͨڢء. ǭ   ڢҵ ԵؾԵҹ൹
Ҩڢع ڢ. ͡ԡҵ ͡⡯. ڵҵ Ե. ๡ԡҵ
 ͡⡯,  ⡯ʹ ʵҵ  ʵҵ   صڵҵ
͵.
                          ͡ԡdzڳ
      [] ʹڵ ⻯ҷҵ Է   , 
һԵԯ ͹ҹԡǷʹڶ. ʾ Եڶ ¶  
Ծھҹ,  ͵ڵ ͵ڵ  šٻԡҷʹ ԯ ໹ڵ,
   ҹԡ. ¶ ڵ ص  ҵ  ک,
ͭڶ - ڱ ԡڢԵڵ ǵڵ,  ʵ  . ڶ
͡ڵآ š ҹ ʹڵ õڶ  ͡ڵ ,
کҷչ  ͭҵ  ҹڵ  ʹڵ ö,
ԯؾھҹ    ҹ ʳҹҷչյ. ͻڻүաڵ -
ͻڻүá - óԵ, ͹ҹԡڵ صڵ ˵.
      [] ҳյ  ͭ Եڶ dzڳʳҹҡڻҷ
ʷ.
@ԧö:  .. ͻʡڡ⵻        .. ͭڶ
@ .. ͻڻүáڵ       ..  ͻڻүá 
                        ͵ڵdzڳ
      []    ԯ ͹ҹԡڵ ʵ
͵ڵ ԯ ҹԡ ʵ "   ⻯ҷ"
ҷ. ڶ ͵ڵ ͵ڵǻ, ͵ڶ   
͵ڵǻ   . ԡڵǻ ը 
ùԵǵڵԻҹ  . ͵ڵǻ ڬҹ
 ͡ԯšҹ ٻ . ٻ͵ڵǻ
ҡҹڨµš  ʭҹʭµšҹ
ٻ .
      [] ԡ   ҷ ͡ŨԵڵػڻҷ. Ƿҹ
  Իʹ. һԻ ǻŵڵڵ ڤҼŻҹ
Իԭ Իǭڨ. تڪڵ سյ. յյ ǵد.
 صڵ ˵?  Ǩ " ԭ ʨکԡ ػڻڪ
ʵ", ڶ     ڪ ʵ, յ 
»ʷڸ  ʵ  ػԵ صڵҳڨ   .
ʾھ    "" ǵڵ ص "ػʹ ".
ڶ ڬ تڪҷ   žڵ, صªڬ ؾھŻյʧڢҵ
ڪ ǵڵ,  ڨ žڵ.  յ ǵڵ, 
ڵ žڵ.  ص     ڻҷص -
طڸԻʹһҷڬҹ Ե. ҷԡص -   ʷڸ
Իʹ Ե. صڵص - صڶڬҹԡһڵ Ե. 
⻯ҷص ڪ յǨ  صªڬҹԡһڵ  Եҵ
ǷԵھ.
      [-]   ʵ ͵ڶ ʷ ǹ ˵.
 ʵ  ǵ ʵ ҡ. ¶  "͡ڵآ
͵ڵҹ ʭڪҹҶ"  د "" Ƿڵ,    Ƿҵ ͵.
@ԧö:  . ү. //       . ү. //       . ү. //
ʻڻүաڵ - ʻڻó, ҹԡڵ ͵.  ˵յ ب ˵,
ڶ   µ ͸Իڻ. ʨ ˵յ  ˵,  
 ʨ ˵յ ͵. ͵ڶ  Ե ͵ڵ ʾھص 
͵ڵ ඵ ͵ڵ  ڵڵ ͵ڵ طڸԵ
ʡڢ, ͵ڵ . Ͷ  ٻҷ ਵڶ ,
͵ڵ  ڵ,   ٻҷ ʵ ٻ 
˹ڵյ ʵء   ˵ ڵʹ ҵڶ
" Եڵ " ҷ.
      [] ǭڨ  ǵ ԻبکԵ Թ¹ڶ ع "
 Եڵ  بع" ҷ. ڶ   յ - ͵
͵ڵ,   ͵ڵ,   ʨ , 
͹Ҥ  ڨػڻ⹵  ͵ڶ  ڶ ʵ:-   
͵յ ,  ͵ ڶ, عڵ  ʧڢ  ,  ʻ 
͵ڵ   ʨ . ͹Ҥڨػڻڹҹ  ҹ
   " ͹Ҥ,  ڨػڻ",  ͵ڶ
ڵ ͵ڵ Ԫҹҵ. ͹Ҥڨػڻػ  .
      [-] Ͷ   ҡ೹ ʷڸ ͵ڵ
ҡó ʹڷԵ "  Եڵ" ҷչ ǵ ع ͻ ڶ
ʹ "¶һ Եڵ  ù" ҷ.  ʧࢻ:-
¶  , ҷ  ҷչ ǹڵ, ڶ    ˵, 
  յ  ǹյҷ  ͭùڵ ʧڢ صڵ  
ک. ?   ػҷ յҷ ˵, -  . Ͷ
 ù   ʧڢ ک. ?   ػҷ ùڵ
ʧڢ صڵ   ˵,  ҵ.   ʾھڶ. 
 Եڵҵ  ͵ڵ Ե   ͵ڵ Ե 
@ԧö:  .. ʻڻүáڵ    .. Ե ʷ  ʵ    ..  ˹ڵ
 ͵ڵ Ե    Եڵ š  ڵҹ
تҹڵҹ ͵ҹ.  šصڵڵҹ Ǩڵҹ
ڵҹ ڳڵڵҹ ͵ҹյ.   ˯  ͵ڵ
ඵ Էҹ ʾھ ڵڵ Ƿ. ?  ڶ
ʵ  ڶ, ح ب  .
      طڸҹ    ԡ  ڶ . ڶ
"ʵ   " ҷԡ ԡ . "͹Ԩڨ
ءڵ ڸ ҵ ¹ҹ ʵԻҹ ڻҹ" ҷԡ
ڶ . ڶ  ʹ "ʵ"  "" 
""  ""  ص ԪҹԵ ԪڬԵ ҵ -
˵ڵ¤ڤ - ˵ ʡ⡵,   ҷ "ʵ"  ""
 ""  ""  ඵ,  ڶʹ "͹Ԩڨ"
 "ءڢ" ҵ ҷ ͭ ص ԪҹԵ ԪڬԵ ҵ -
˵ڵ¤ڤ - ˵ ʡ⡵,  "͹Ԩڨ"  "ءڢ" ҵ
ҷ ͭ ඵ.  ԡ تڬʵڵһ  
ڶ ඵ. ԡ  ี ک ڶ ඵ.
ڶ تڬʵڵһ   ԡ ඵ. ڶ 
ี ک ԡ ඵ.    ڶ ඹڵ
ʹ ٢ҡ ˵.  طڸ  ԡ ඵ ک
ڶ ඹڵ. ԡ ඹڵһ ʨڨ   ඹڵ.
ڶ ඹڵһ ʨڨ   ඹڵ.
           ʨڨҹ ͡ڢ,       ھط Ƿ .
           ڶڨ,           ٻž.
          ʧࡵǨ ʨڨ,          šԡó. -
          ڶǨ ʨڨ,          ҹ ٵšڢ". -
@ԧö: - . ҹԵ                        - . ˵ڵڸڤ
@ .. šصԡó, ....ó      . ٵó
       Ҥ õ ͻʹ⵵  š
šصڵ Ҥ ҹԯԻҹ  ͻʹ õյ
ʹ Թǵ൵ ˵ڵԡ௹ ʹ ԯ.  ʾھڶ
صڵҹڶҵ.
                  Ե ڤԹ զԡ¯ҷصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                              .
                       ------------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=4&A=7890 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=4&A=7890 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=9&i=275 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=9&A=6029 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=9&A=4425 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=9&A=4425 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_9

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