͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڤ.)

                           . ԧصڵ
                            Էҹdzڳ
     []  صڵ ԧڤصڵ.  ͹صڵҹdzڳ:-
      Źڷ໵ ǹڵ  ҹ . 
  ԡڢԵڵ  ͯ˵ඹ  ҡù ⤻ïگšصڵ
 . ൹ ǹڵ بڨ. Źڷҹਵڶ һ ͷ,
൹ Źڷ⻵ بڨ.
     ؾ  ͭ Ҫ ڶ ҹ̹ڶ Ҥ
෹   Էڷ ͡ڡ. Ԫ⹻ "ص Ҫ"
ػڼҷ     ڡ. Ͷ Ҥู ͭ
ءڢ ʻ ԡڢԵ í  Ҥک,  
ءڢǵ "í Ե " ̡ʹ Ҥڵ ڳ
ʷڷ. Ҫ تڬ. ʻ ǵ.    "
̡  Ե Թڹ" ̡ҹ ڶ һ , ʭڨ
.    ٵ "Źڷ" ʧڢ . Źڷҵ
 ̡ҹ ͵ .
@ԧö:  .. ҤҷԢҹڨ         .., . ͻ
     ൹   ¹ҵ    Ҫ ⤨ä
  Źڷ õ, ൹ ¹. ԧڤ ˻Իص⵵
ԧڤ⡵  . ˻ ص⵵ ˻Իص.   Ե
˻, ԷڷԵ Ե   ڵ ⡯ ͵ڶ. 
ǵ ԯڤ ػ ʵһ, һ ʵһڹ. ص
 ʷ ͻڻʹ. Ͷ  ҵһԵ ԡڢ  Ƿڵ
"ҵ ʵڶ ػʧڡ, ʹһ ڤҹ ҡʻ
յ ػʧڡ".   "ڶ  ҡ ҹ
ػʧڡԨڨ, ҹ ʹڵԡ ڵ  ǹڷԵھ ˵, ͹Ե
ǹڷڵ ԯ تڪ, ڹءҹ ҹ ˹ڵ,  շԵھ ˵,
ڶ Թڹ ǵڶҹ ʹڵ ùڵ,  Թڹ 
 ˵,  ʵ  ػڻڪ,  ڵԵ
ûԳڱҵҷչ ҵھҹ ˹ڵ.  ʹ ͵ µ, ڶ 
ҡ ҹ ػʧڡԨڨ". Ե  Ǫ Ƿڵһ ҵһԵ
 ػ๵ ʡڢ.
     Ͷ Ե ó Ի " صڵ ҷ ҵ
ǯگ" Թ൵ ع Թ " ҵ "  ҷ
,  ͵ڶ ͪҹ  ʵ, Ͷ  ʵڶ  ǡ
 Ե " " بکʹڵ.  " Ե ` ʹ
'  Ƿ" ǡڢ. Ͷ  "  Ե ͵ 
໵,    ໵"  ʹڵ.  طڸ
س  ʵ". Ͷ  ڵ໵ "ҵ 
د   " . ó Իڹ  
Ǫ ͹ó ˵.   ˻Իص  Ե Ǩ
͹ù  ͡.  " د Ҫ ԡڢԵ" ҷ
صڵ. ضطڷҵ  . Էҹ  ʹ õڶ ʹڵҷ.
     [] յ   ԯ, յ ԡڢڵڵ 
͹ڵ ǵڵ⹻  بڨ. ͷڷ  ҵ  Է
ͷڷ, ڨ» طڸڢع š ࡹ ͵  ҹ
 "ͪڪ ԧڤš ˻Իصڵ Թ ԧڤصڵڵ
, Ҫ   ʼ ʵ, ڵھ  ͵ڶ" 
 ԡڢԵ Ҫ Գڱ , ʹ    ͷڷ.
൹ صڵ "ͷڷ  ". ͵Ǩҵ   Է Ե
ʵڶ  ʵ,  ʵ. Ͷ   ڼʹ
ԡҹ һ  آ Ե "Թڹ  ˻Իصڵ" - ҷԡ
͵Ǩ.
                            dzڳ
     [] ¶ҡ  ൵     Ǩ ص
Թ "   Ե   Եھ" صڵ,   
͵, ͭ  ࡹ   Եھ. ˹ڷ ࡹ
Եھ  بکԵ յ.   بک ¶ҡ
 ൵ ҷ. ڶ ¶ҵ Իҵڵ.  ҵ Է
بکһ. ҵ   ʵڵ ʹڵ,  ҵ
بڨڵ. յ . ͻآҹյ Թآҹ. ʵ  ʵһ
. طڷʻһһ⵵  طڷ һ  .
һԨکҷյ -   Ԩک෹. šԪҵ Թڹ
Ըššҹ ԪԹڶ. ­  ÷ ˵յ  ٻ  Ը
 ڨ ҹ  ˹ڵ, ൹ ­  ÷ ˵
  Իڼҷ . ࡻ ڨ ҹ  ˹, ൹
   Ҹ ˵.     ó ؤ
ʤڤ š ػڪ.
@ԧö:  .. "   ......"    .., . ڷһԨکҷյ
                         ءdzڳ
     [] Ե  ʧ໹ ҵԡ ໵ Էҹ 
Եڶù  ڵ ҵ ҷ. ʵ ڨ
 ڻصڵڵ  ҵ . ʡ  ҳ ˹,
ԡڡ  ˹,  ҳҵԻ "" ص.
ͷԹڹҷҹҷػ  . Ͷһùڵ ͻ ͵ڶԷջ ҶҾڸ
Ǩҵ ͵.
                           ҹdzڳ
     [] һ õյ Է    
͡ ҡ ˵,  "һ  õ" ҵԡ ໵һ
ʹҡŵ  á ʹ . ڶ ڷҤ ک⵵
෹  ͤ ک ͡ڵھ ù. ûػ 
. ڶ  "  Ե    ʹڷԯ  ҵ
 ŭڨ    ෵" ڷʹ ԡ ԡ õ, 
ڷҤ ک һ õ .  "  " ʹ
 ػڻڹ⡸ʹ  ԡ ԡ õ,  Ҥ ک
һ õ .   ڷڵ ˵ڵ     ǵ
ԡ ԡ õ,  Ҥ ک һ õ . 
 " Ҫ    ͹ڶ  " 
ԡ ԡ õ,  Ҥ ک һ õ . 
  ԭڨ હ "  ʹڷԯ   " ʹ
͵á ෵, "  " ʹ ͹ - ෵, ˵ڵ
ԹڹҷԹڹ ͪҹ ʨ ͹ - ʨ ͸ԡ ෵, " 
@ԧö:  .., . ٹ            .., . ٹ
ͷ  ͹ڶ "  ʨ ͵á ෵, 
ؾھ⸻ ¶ҹءڡ ڷҤҷչ ک һ õ .
       Եڢ һس⵻ ڷҤҷչ 
ک. ൹ صڵ "   һ  õ".
     µ  ʵ  ͤԤ Եڵʻ ʻ
µ µ.
                          ͻآdzڳ
     [] ڪҷҹҹ⤵ ͵ڶ ҵ 
ԯ ͷ ԳڳڢԵڵ صڵҵ ڨ . ¹ڵ
ػڼ    ص⵵ ڨ . 
ʾھ óʹ ڪ. ҷҹڵ ҷó.  ਵ 
ڪ ǵ,  ͵ ͸Ǩ. ͹⤵  ڪҷҹ
͹ عڻع ó.   ͵ ͹صڵ  ػڻڹ 
 ¹ڵ, ͹ػڻڹ  ػڻڪڵ,  "ҹ ͻآ"
صڵ. ԡԢҨҹ⤵  Ԣ ҹصڵ.
     ڪԨóڵ ڨҷԷʹʹ ڪҤ. ҹ⤵
µ صڵڻصڵ.
                       ҷչdzڳ
     []  ڹ ͻآҹ ҵԡ ໵ Էҹ ҹ
    ˻Իصڵ ҷչҵ ҷ. ڶ ʹڷԯԡҵ
 Եھ, ԸšԹ. ҹյ ҹ. ˻ڻDZڲյ
Ҩҡ  ˵ڶҷԡ  DZڲ. äҹ µڵ
  ͡ڢäҷչ ࢵڵ. ͡Եڵʭڪյ  Ե  ҵ
ùڵ Ե, ͭ  ǵڵھ Ƿڵ, ͡ҵھ - ùڵ. ൹
 ڱڻ ˵ڶҷҷԨ੷ һسڵ, - Ըࡻ ࡻ
͡Եڵ һسڵ, Ե    ͡Եڵʭڪ  ˵.
⡻չԷʹյ ˯ҹ ҹ  ໵ Թʵ, 
"⡻Թ" بڨ, ڵ    ͧڤ Ե Ԩùڵ, ൹
   ⡻Թ Էڸʹ "⡻ԹԷʹ" بڨ. 
ؾھաóյ Ҥ  ʡ ؾھ õ, 
" ؾھաó" بڨ.  ڤ  ؾھ ҵ  ʡ⡵.
͸Ԥڤҹ  ͹آ  ʵ.  ڵ  ó.
                      ԡŨ ҷչdzڳ
     [] ͵ڵһ ͤص áڢ ˵յ  ù
 ҳءگҷչԻ ͡ڡ, Թһ ¡ڢҷԻ Ҥک,   ҹ
کյ  ⹻  Ե ˹ڵ  ˹ڵ . 
͵ڵһ ͤص ˵ áڢ. صڵһ "ҡ Ե ҡ
 õڵ Ԩõ, ڤ  ¹" Ե صڵյû һ 
ڶ  õڵ ùڵ ͹¾ʹ һسڵ.  صڵû
ͤص áڢ ˵. һ¹ڵ  ʻصڵûԪ õڵ
ó   ح  Ե  Ԩکڵ.  ùڵ. 
һڻ ͤصڵ áڢԵ ˵. ʧڡ  ˵յ ͭ
һػ Թ " ʵ" ʧڡԵ ˵.  
÷ù ҵ, ڶ  ͭ á ÷ԡ  ,  "Թ
" ص ٵ ʹڵڻ  ˵ ԯҵ. ٹڨ ءڢҹڵ
͵ڵ ءڢ, ͵ڵ ʹڵ ǵڵ  ʡڡ, ͭ ؤڤ
@ԧö:  .. ͡ڵھ           .., . һسڵ
ʧڡԵھ - ˵ , Ե  ٹ ءڢҹ áڢ ä
˵.
                     ڪԨó ҷչdzڳ
     []  ڨڵ "  үҷԹڨ ͵ڶ"
بکԵ    Ԥ   ͵ڶ, ڶ ڵھ ˵, 
" ڨʹ " ͪڪ ǵڶڸҷչ ෹ڵ
ʡŷ  ˵, ڨ๹ ͡   
˵, Ͷ دڻڵҷչ Եһ ǻڻҷԡ ǻڻҷչ ͡ùڵ
͹ػڻڹ  ػڻڪڵ,     ͹á 
  Ԩکڵ,  ùڵ, - ൹ ػڻڹһ  Թʹڵ.
 յڵ ҷػ  .  ҹҡó  صڵ.
                      ٵڻҷ ҷչdzڳ
     []  ùڵ "Ե "   ү
   ҵ,  "  ҹ , ˵,
ԡڢ " ڶ  ڸ,  Թ   ǵ.
⹵ ͭ   ¹൹    ү  ͭ
  ídzڳҷԵڵ Ե,  ͹ʨ " ǵ ,  
ǵ  ڶ" ڻڨ ʨ.    Եڵʨ. Ҥ
Ǩ  ˵յ ԹԨک¯ ʡڢԻد  Ǩ  ˵, 
ԯҵ, " ͡ڢʳ ٵ,   Ǩ Եڶ"
ǵڵ ǹڵ. Եڵڨҹ  ˵յ  Եڵڨ  Ƿڵ
"   Żص ٵ Թڹ ص Թڹ ص Ԩ,
  Է ҵ⤵ڵҹ ͹ٻ,     ". 
@ԧö:  .., . ʵ ʾھ ԡŨ õھ ˵       .., . ùڵ
 ص⵻  Ǩ  õ.   ൹ ʷڸ ͡  ԯڵ
 շڵ.  ó ʡڢԻدһ  ඹڵ.  Եڵڨҹ
 ˵.
     ˡҹڵ ˡ     ԡ
˵ء. ˡ     ԡ ҵء. ͻڻڶ
˵յ ͹Ԩک ˵.  óҵ ó  . ͵
 ԡ Թڹһ ͵  Ҥһ  Եھ
ʵ.
                      һԵڵ ҷչdzڳ
     []  - صڵҵ ͡ڢصڵ. ʳڱҵ Եڶʳڱ ڵʳڱ
ʳڱ - šʳڱ. Իҵ ҹʳڱ. ๡ԡҵ
ٻࡹ ǭڨԡ. - ǭڨԡҵ آǭڨ ǭڨԡ. ԡҵ
͡Ҥԡҷԡ.  Եڵ ˹ڵյ   Եڵ
˹ڵ. ͭ ʻڻ ʷڸ   ڸҷ ŧڡԵ ¹
ûԵ١ ٶٻ.  һԵ ػʧڡ.  ԯ 
 ڻ -   ͹ڶ Ԥک.
                        ҷչdzڳ
     [] ͵յڵ   õյ   د
"Ͷ  ڵ ک" ص "͵յڵ, ͯչ Ԫڪڵ ,
ک  ک ҹ" ͤڤ  շ.  ڵ 
ùڵ. Ե  µ. ͵س˹ڵ ҷػ  .
     ˵ ҹʢ ҵ ͡ ҹ  
˵. "ڹʢ"Ի , ǵ. µ  ҵ
@ԧö:  ..  ʷ  ʵ           .., . ʳڱ
@ .. . ǭڨ                .. ڻ­ڨ
Ƿ   ˵,  ʷ ͵ ʵ.
͵ ٵ  Ԩ ػڻ. ûڻʧ⤵ þŵ.
͹ڶҵ ͹ڶԵ. ءµҵ د µ ڸک.
ط Գ Ԥ˵յ  ط  շ - Գ Ԥ˵.
     õڵدҹԹҵ õڵ ͹دҹŹ. ͵Է ٵ
Է ͵ ҵڵ   ǵ   ùڵ. Ե ʯ൵
 ǵ Ԩڨڵ. ͵ض ͨਹڵ ҳǵ  ؤڤ
͵ڶ ͵ԡڡڵ,   ԯڵ.
     Գ µ Գ⵻ صڵ. -  آ -  µյ  
آ  ˵, آڤ ˵. Թ ह ڶ  -
"൹ ʵ ͵ڵ   ҵھ, ùڵ رڲ  ڶ.
Ըš  һسҵ".
                          Եڵٻdzڳ
      [] Էҹ    ͹ ػڻڪ, ͭҹ
  ҹ ҹԨ ҹ  ࡨ ػڷ  ࡨ ػʤڤ, ʾ
   ػڻڪڵ.  "ٻ   Եھ"
 Եڵٻ Ե ʵ ڵ ˻Իصڵ Եڵҵ
ҷ. ڶ ͭڶõ  بک˵ Ҥڵ ͡ʹ ԭڨ
õ. Ǩջ Ǩ Ǩ    ˵.
͹ػڻҳյ ͹ػڻ . ͻµ ҹ ͻ  ˵.
     []  ڵ Ե ʵ ع ڶ ࡡ 
    ˻Իصڵҵ ҷ. ڶ ͭڶ
˵յ ͡ʹ  ˵.   Եڵ˵ Ҥڵ
@ԧö:  . շ               .. صڵ
@ . آ                 .. . ʵ
ǵڶүҷչ dzڳ ʵ,  "͵    dzڳ ʵ"
ͭ ʵ  ෵. ͻ໹ Ԩکյ §ڡԭڨ ͻڻ  
ʹڵԡ  .  Ԩڨ õյ ͵ڵ  ػڻ 
  ص   Ԩڨ õ,  ʾھ  õ,  ػڻ
õ,  ҵ Ե  . ǵ ͵ڶóҵ
Եڵʹڶʹ  ǵ, ͵ڵ ͵ڶ ڨʹ - ǵ.
     [] ͵൹ ʹڶõյ  Ҥ "  - 
Ҥ, ҡ    ͵ Իڼڹ, ٹ Ǿժҷչ
໵ ڤ ࡹڵ շ, - ͪڪ  ʾھ ճ" 
͵൹ ʧڤҵ. ͹Ҥ൹ҵ "  ҡ  һ
ʵ, Ե ҷ, ʧڤ  ҡ ʧڤ ҵ
ڶ "  ͹Ҥ൹ ʧڤҵ. õڶࡹҵ ˵ڶԡڢ
 ʻԯ  Թ   "  Ը շ" Ƿ.
һ ү ʵ "¡ ǵ  ͹بک ͭ - 
 ڶ" Ƿ,  õڶࡹ ʧڤҵ . ڨػڻ
Ԩ ʹ ʵյ "ʡ௹  ͵" ص "Ҹ ͻԨ -
ڡ Թڹ, ͡ Թ" - ҷչ Ƿ.
      [] һ ͹تҹҵյ ҳҵԻҵҷ §ڡԭڨ ҵ
ص "Ҹ  " ͹تҹҵ. ೻  .
     []  ˵յ "ء  ǹڵ,  ڶ
ک" ص Ҹٵ ک.   ʾھڶ.
     [] Ե ԭҵ "Եڵٻ "  ҹԵ.
@ԧö:  .. ڨʹ    .., .       .., . շ
@ . ͭ            .., . Ҹ ͻԨ  ʵ   .. Թ
                           ˷Եڵdzڳ
     []   Ե һԵ ʵ Էҹ
Ե ҳԵ ʹ ع ڵ ˻Իصڵҵ ҷ.
ڶ ˷ҵ عڷ˷.
     [] ڵ áڢյ ڪ Ե   
   Իڹ  " Իڹ ⡨ ʹػ
"  շԵ طڸ ˵ ک. ڵ
һ¹ڵ     ˵  Ե  , - 
͹áڢ, "⡨ §ڡԭڨ - "  Ե   áڢ.
յҵ ԭڨ  ػڻ " , ҷ   
"   ù - ó ˵. ڷԤس ڵ Ԩڨó
ػڻ  ͵ڵ ʹڵԡ Ҥ  Ƿ " Ҥ".
Ҫ  ͵ڶյ.  ŷڸ ǯگյ.  һ⳵. " 
  ͡һ೹ Իڻڪ, -  ",  µڵ Ƿ,
 Ԥس ෵.
     []  Ҩԡڢյ ͵ڵ  ԤڤԵ - صڵ
ͭ ͡ඵ  Ҩԡڢ.  Ԥ˵յ ൹ Ե 
¶ ͭ  ҹҵ,  áڢ. һ  Ԫ˵յ ػڻ 
 Ԩڨ. Ե ͵ڶҵ ͵ڵ Ե   ͵ڶ
Ԩڨڵ ˵, ͵ڵ Ե ͤ೵һ   õ.
     [] һ õյ  ʹ   ҵ 
, ڨ ҹ  ͡š  յ õ. 
ʵյ ҳ   ڨ   š
@ԧö:  ..               . ԭڨ Եڵ
@ . ู              .. Իڼڪ       .. ԤڤԵ
ǵڵ, ҹ  ح   յ   વ.
ص ǵյ صؾھ آ Իس ó ǵ. ʤڤ ڤڵ
   ʤ Ծھڵڵյ  ʤڤ ڤ Ҩԡڢ.
     [] ǹ  ڷյ  ǹ DZڲ -
صڵ  Ԫ  ٻ Ԫح   ص  
ڷ, ͹ڵ ˵. ǹҵ DZڲ - ٻ ҷڻڵ 
»    ص  ڷ, ͵ڵ ˵. dzڳ
ҹ õյ "   ҷ تڪҵ " 
ص "  , ٻ   ҷ  ت  ڻ
" ҷ Ǩ  ͵ڵ  dzڳ ҹ õ.
dzڳ ҹ ʵյ " د Ƿ, Ե , , 
 ٻ ҷ ت ڻ"  ͵ڵ ¡
 dzڳ ҹ ʵ.
     []  ͤڤ ʵյ õڵ ھڶ  ͤڤ
 è.
      ҹҵ ͵ڵҹ  ͻ̵  
 ڻԳ౹ڵ -  ùڵ.  ⵵ ¶ 
ػڼҹ dzڳڸ  - س౹ Ի ê - Ե
͹ػؾྐྵ ڡڻҳ ػ õ,  ͹ػؾྐྵ ˹ڵ 
ùڵ.  ʹڹԨ ¹ڵյ   Ԩ کڵ. ?
͹ػؾྐྵ ػԡ DZڲ  . ൹ "ٻµյ. -
¶  ػµ,  Ԩ ¹ڵյ ͵. ˵ҵ Ե.
⵵ صڵ   µڵ  ʳ.
@ԧö:  .., . رڲ     .. رڲ        .. ڻ
@ . . DZಹڵ     .. ⻶        .. 
@ .. ػµյ,
     Էҹ ¶  ʳ໵,  ҷ ෹ -
ظ  व ҷ. ڶ  Եڵҹ ڶյ  
 Եڵҹ ڶ , Ԫڪҹҹ ໵.   
ʹڵ,  Ե  ʡ⡵,  Ե.
     ࡹ  حҵ ࡹ ⡯ʹ  ح.
  ªµ  ⡯ dzԪڪҷԡ - .
صڶڨ Ըҵ صڶ ⡯- . һ
ʵյ ҹ  -  ʾھ ͡ʷ ǵڵ, Ҩ Ҫҷʹ
һһ ػڻڪڵ,   ػڻڹ һ ʵյ "͡
⡯ Ը" .    ⡯
˵  ҵھڵ. " ح" صڵ⡯. 
Ե ԡڢٹ ڸԡҷչ ҹ - ҵھ ʡùһԵҷչ
ǵڵ ҵھ
                       һԨکҷڱdzڳ
     [] Ե  ͵ڵࡹ ह  ˻Իصڵ
   ͡    ҹ ͻآ
Ǫવ  Եڵҹ ǹ  ʳ໵ ó ù
ࡹ Ҫǹ ǵ, ҹڨ ͹ڵ ͤڤԡڢ  èյ
Ǫڪ¸Ǫڪڶ Եھǹڶڨ ҷ  Էҹ
Եھ   ʹ ڨ ˻Իصڵҵ ҷ.
     ڶ һԨکҷյ ¶   Ҥ  Ҥک,
 ˵ Ծ,  ù "һԨکҷ" بڨ. "õڶ
 ҵһԵ ǷԵھ" ҷ ҵһԵ ؾھٻԵ õڶ
@ԧö:  .., . Ƿ    .. ҳԪڪҷԡ     .., . Ը໵
@ .., .   ʵ   .. ҹ  ʵ
ҵ ǷԵھ. Ҩ ڢµ ڢԳ ҵ. صڵ
ԯ ͹ؾڸʹ ک ҵ. Եڵڨ  ʻ Եڵ
   ءڢ صڵõ,  صڵ ҵ. ʡ
ҷ ԯҹʹ ˯ ҵ.   ػ
Եǹ ػ ҵ ǷԵھ.
     []   յ  ҵһԵ  µ
˵ڶ DZವ ࢹ ԧڦҳԡ ͻ๵ ໵ ౵
  ڤ,  ͪڪ  Գ - 
ҷǹһҤڵҹҷ .
     Ԩڨ  յ  ͵ڵ  ໵ ҵһԵٹ
Ҫҷ ػڻڹ Ԩڨ ڵ .  յ
ҵһԵٹ ʹڵ ࢵڵǵڶídzڳҷ Թʵ áڢ⵻ 
-  ҵһԵ ͸ԡ ໵ ԡ ໹⵻,
ʹ Ҥҹ ҡڵҷչ ͹ػکԹڷԵ ǵ൹⵻ 
໵ . Է ʹڸ صڵ " ".
     ªڪ Իڪյ ҵһԵ ͵ڵ  ǵڵ
ԨکһԻ  ԹԨک  ͻص ùڵ,  ªڪ
 ˹ڵ.  ǵڵ  ʹڵ  ùڵ,  
ǵڵյ ͸Իڻ¹ "ªڪ Իڪ" صڵ.
     ڢԳ ͹ػڻյ  ڵԷҹ  ·
 ҹ ͹ػڻ.
     һ ùڵյ ҳҵԻҵҷչ ԯԡڻԡ ҷչ
ǵ "ҵ  ٻ " ùڵ,  ˹ڵ 
ʹڵյ ͹ҶԳڱ  ŭڨ - һ ҷҹҷ ʹڵ.
@ԧö:  .., . Գ  ʵ   .. ʳ  .. ŭڪ, . ŷڸڨ
Իڻ ԡڢ໹ڵյ ͵ڵ  Ե  ҹؤ -
طڸҤҷԻڻ ԡڢ໹ڵ. ໹ҵ ٻҷ ͹໹.
      ªڪ ෹ڵյ   ෹ڵ. ڶ Ԩڨ
µ  . Ԩڨ ෹ڵ  "د د 
Եھ , ¹ Ծھ ˵, Թ  " ෹ڵ.
 ෹ڵ  Ԣҷ ෹ڵ. ͻԨ ک
 ó Իڹ "Թ  " ෹ڵһ 
෹ڵ .
     Ԩکڹ ˵յ  õڶ  Ҥ, ¶ 
Ҥک,  Ե ˵.   صڵ ԻڻԻڹ , ҵһԵ
á  ڤҷ  һԻڹ,  á, ҵһԵٹ
ͻڻٻҵ ͵  Ҥ. صڵ һԻڹ, ҵһԵ
ԻڻԻڹ, ҵһԵ صڵҹ ҹٻҵ ͵  Ҥ. 
ԻڻԻ Ը   ˵. һԻ ʾھ  ˵. ൹
صڵ "Ԩکڹ ˵  ͻڻ".
     ǭڨ  ǵ  ԧڤš ͵Ǩ "  
˻Իصڵ Ե š õڶ  ໵. ҵһԵ 
õڶʷ  ໵. ­  Ե õڶ 
͡ڢҵ,  ͭ".
     [] د๹ҵ ʹ د๹. ͹ࡹ  Ҩ
 Ҥکڵ  ʹ د ڨؤڤ  ˵ڶ ڱ
˵ ʹ ໵ շ໵ ժҷǹҷڢҹ -
ҵھҹ.  ʹڸ صڵ "د๹". ػ๹ҵ  ԡڢڵ
ػҹ๹. Իڻؤڤ˳ -   ڵھ ˵.
ҵ ʷڷԵ ๹ ʷڷԵ س   ҸԤک.
@ԧö:  . Ҥ      .. ժ.....     . Իڻ ˳
Ԩҵ ʢطڷԨ. ͹ࡹ  Ҩ 
د ⢷ڵ  ڵԨڨŻ ҹ ˵
ڨدҹҷչ  ǹڷԵ ڵھ. ԯǵڶҷչ Եھҹ, 
⹷ ڨػ໵ھ. ͼء ػҵھ. ھ൹ ʾھ
͹ԡǵڵ ҵھ. Է ʹڸ صڵ "Ԩ". ʡڡڨ
ԻڻԤڤ೹ҵ ʡڡڨ Ԥڤ˳  ⶡ ˵  
ʪڬ¡ó, ͡ طڸ ˵ھ.
     Թյ ๹ڵյ "ǹ շԵھ,  ҵھ, 
حڪԵھ, һԵڵ Ǫવھ, ҳԵڵ Եھ"  ҷԵھ
 Ҩ ԡڢ໹ڵ - ๹ڵ. ؤڤԵ ໹ڵյ ¶ ؤڤԵ
ҵ,  ͵ڶڨ ­ڪڨ ี ¡ ʵ ໹ڵ.
Եڵ ෹ڵյ " ҡ ͹ µ  
, ͵ šҶ"  س ඵ Եڵ ԯ໹ڵ.
      Եڵҳ ùڵյ Իڻԡڢһ ʾھ áڢ
ùڵ. ؤڤԵԻ     ڵ Իڻ , - ڶ
ڶ ʡڡ ػڻڪ,  Ҩ¹   ˵, س
ඹ⵻ Ҫ Ҩ» Ե Ե͹ ǵ ¹ڵ 
Ҩ س ඵ, - šڻ⳻  ػڻڪ
Ҩʹڵ ˵. ͻԨ  Ԫڪ ԪڻԵ کڵ ͯ  
ʹڵ,   զҵ ҷ   ڵ,  ԡڢ໹ڵһ
 Եڵҳ ùڵ.      ˵,  ڢ ػڻ෵
͵ڵ ʹڵԡ Ҥ "͵  ҡ ͹
ʵ,   ˭ڨ  Ի ҹҡó ڶ, ک 
بک"  ͹ԡ ڤ˹ڵһ  ڶ ʡڡػڻڵ
Եڵҳ ùڵ , ԯ ùڵյ ͵. ڶ 
વھ.
@ԧö:  . . ԡڢ໹ڵ        .., . ʵ       .., . ඹڵ
     [] · ҹҵ  ൵ 
Եҡ๹. ҹҵ - ¶ ʡҷ ඵ -
 ඹڵ,  ̵ ๵ ͡๹. ͹Ԩҵ 
͵ԡڡԵ  ͭ Եڶ ʷڸ Ԩù  ͵Ԩõ , 
͡೹. ʤहҵ Եڶ  ŵһҸʷ - ó
Ե ڵ Ԩõ ҹ تڬڵ, ک ˵ ໵  ب
յ ڵ ʯ ʾھ  ʯ  ˵,  ೹ҵ
͵. ŧڡҹػڻ๹ҵ ͵ڵ ҹ໹ ŧڡ÷๹.
     Եڵҵ Ҥڵҷչ ͹ԡڡԵ 
 Ҹء ೹ د Եڵ. ʧڤԵԪҵ ҹҷ
 Գʹҷ -  ʧڤԵԪ. Ը Ԫ  ԡ 
͵ڵ  ҵԪ. ͹ԨԹյ ԡ حڨԵ ͭ һ 
. - ڵ dzԪڪҷչ -  . ڢ  ˵յ
Ҥڵڻҷҷ ੡ Իس ˵. ͹ҵ ԡʪڪ. ¶
ͭ յ Թڹ Թڹ ˹ڵ Ե Ե, 
ص Իڼࡹ - Ե൹ ʾھԨڨҹ Իڼ෵. Ըһ 
વھ.
     [] صڶ ҷҵ   
ҵ,   ෵ Է ҡ  ͵ڶ, Է ͵ڶ,
˵ کյ  ෵ ๹. ͻû  Իહڵյ
 صڵյ  ,   صڵյ  ڵ -  ڵ
 ͻû .  Իહڵ ¹ڵ ¹ڵ ڤšóҷ -
 ڤҷչ ùڵ. Ըһ  વھ. -
@ԧö:  .. ͹ҹҵ                  . ඵ  ʵ
@ .. ŵʷڻ                  .., . ˳ʹҷ
@ .. ඵ                        .. ҳԪڪҷչ
@ .. Իڼ൹                     .., . ڵػڵ
@ .. ڤšҷ, . ڤšóҷ  ʵ   .. ǷԵھ
     [] ¶Ҿ ڵԸ๹ҵ  ҵھ ,
  ҵھ , Եڶ ҵھ ,  
ҵھ Եڶ ͡õ   ҹ ڵԸ๹.
ڵǵҹػڻ๹ҵ  طڷص,  ͡յ   ͹ٻ
šࢵ ڵҷ๹  Ծھ·๹ . ҹٻ๹ҵ
ͼء  ͡õ ʻڻʪڪҷչ  Ԫڤ๹. ͨکҹ
ҹ हҵ ͨک  Ե  ͢ҷԵ 
 - Ҥ೹.  ʤहҵյ Ԩڨ -   
ʪڪ๹. Ԩڨ ʪڪ  ʡŷ  ùڵ ڵ.
 ¶  ڵ,   ڵ ʪڹ.  ʤ
 ڢڵҷ ŧڡڱҷҷչ  ʪڪ.
     Թڹҷ⹵ ԡ ԭڨ ͤڤ˵  Թڹ
ҷ. ءҵ " ͵  ൹,   ԭڨ
" ͹تڬԵ د˷ ¶   ء ˵,  á.
Եڵdzڳҵ   ڻڵ " ҡ  ʷ
ڶ, -  ͵ڵ   ҹ,  ԡ  ҹ,
  ͹ءڻڵ" سá. Ըһ  વھ.
     [] ൹ ¡ҵ ҷ ڵԵڵ ڨػ໵ ҹ
¡ҷչ ڵҹ  بڨڵ. ڶ ԡڢ յ ä,
á - ˵ طǹ, ԯԻԡҷԡҷԡóڨ
ڵ ¡ . ԡڢ Գڱ ԯ  "ʡڡڨ
Ҥ ෶, ڵ ෶" ҷǨ, Ҹء  ǹڨ
ʡڡڨ ʹڶáóҷչ  ڵ Ǩա . "ҡ ٻ
 ˹ڵ ;һڬ"  Թڵ ڵ ⹡ .
͹ǯõҵ ͻԵõ. ڶ ʾھҹ Եһ ǹڵҹ
@ԧö:  .., .            . Ԩڨ
@ .., . ͵ڶ           .. ó
ͷ ͡ Ե. ʾھҹ  ԷԵһ 
  ǯ. Ե ǹ ˷ Ҥ ʹڵ
ڶյ ǵ ҵھ.  ͹ǯõ  ˵.
     ҹػڻ๹ҵ ڵ حڪԵھ  , 
ǹڵҹ Ҥڵڻ๹ҵ ͵. ೹  ͹ءڻڵյ
"ʾ ʵڵ آԵ ˹ڵ  ä ;һڬ"  Ե೹.
ͻԨ ػҡҹ  ͭ ǹ ʾ ˵ ʹڵһ
೹ ਵ ͹ءڻڵ . ص ·໹ڵյ ¹ 
ص ͵ڶ,  ͵ڶ ඵ ڢ ෹ڵ , ڵ 
Իڪ໹ڵ. Ըһ  વھ.
     [] ⵵ صڵó  ͤ ͪڬʹ.
ڱ⵵ ҹʹ ڱ ص. ˵ آڶ๹
ʳҨ๹   ص. ҳҵ ҹʹ ҳ
ص. ҵصڵյ ըصڵ. ͵ڶ⸵ . دҹ⡵
دҹڻ. ͹ʵ ԡʪ. ͨکԷڷصڵյ - ùڵáóʹ
͢ڱصڵ. յ ҹػڻڵ  ڹҤ.
     ʧڤ⡵  ʧڤǵڶ ʧڤˡ. Եڵõ Եڵ.
Ƿٵ ؾھԹ صڵǨ ҹҵ. ¡   "
¡  ෶, ү ෶, ҹ ڵǵڵ ෶"
صڵǨù  ͵ڵ  Ҥ ڵ   ͵á
 ԡڵҵ ͵. ͻԨ ¡  ڵ Է  յ
Ҥ ¡ Ūڪ Ե ʡ⡹ڵ ͹بڨԵ  Ҩ 
¹ඹ  Ҥ,  Իڼ෹ Ƿ . ¹ ¹  
¡ ͹ - ˵, ࡵ   ෹⵻ Ƿ. ๵ҵ
@ԧö:  ., .. ͨکԹڹصڵ          .., . ٹ
  ͵ڶ ʹ  ๵. Ըҹ óҹ ʹ ๵յ
๵. عڻع ๵յ ͹๵.
     ڶ ڶҵ   ؤڤ. öҳ ⵵ ¶
ҳ ʵ  ҵ, ʵ  ҵ,   ʧڤ ʵ
 ǵڵ, ʵ  ǵڵ. ൹ صڵ "  ʧڤ ,
öҳ ".
      ҵ صڵóҵ · ҵ  ʧڤ صڵ 
, صڵó ҹ  ٪   .
     ʧڤ ൵ ػ¤Ǩ ڨڵ. "ʧڤ " 
. ໡ڢڵյ  ໡ڢڵ.   ǹڵյ ʹ
 ǹڵ
     [] Ե    ʹڸ  ˻Իصڵ Ե
 "ҵ  ", -    . ·  Ե Ǩ ,
  ҵ ʹ ԧڤš بک  ʹ ڶ
໵ Ҫ Գڱ . ԧڤ⡻  ԯ
ڵ⡯Ը طڸ ԡԵ ح  ʤڤ -
. ԭڨ  ص  ԭڨ ԡڵھ -  ,  ͡Ե
ڶ, Թ  صڵ.   ص ¶ҹԯ
Իڪҹ رڲ үԡڢ,  ҹյ.
                  Ե ڤԹ զԡ¯
                       ԧڤصڵdzڳ ԯԵ
                       -------------------
@ԧö:  .. "        ʤڤ        ..    ڵھ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=6&A=3307 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=6&A=3307 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=11&i=172 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=11&A=3923 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=11&A=4147 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=11&A=4147 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_11

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