͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (õڶ.)

                        . Էڸصڵdzڳ
       []  ⻷ ⻷ ⵷ ˷ ʹ
 ŷڸ . ûھ  ˯ڰ ڰҤҹ
ڨªʵԡ Ҥǹ  šʷ ¹ - Ź  
ڹҤ. ڶ Ҥҹ ̹ڰ ط,  ⻷ 
 ʹڷ ضԵ س˷.   ͷ? Ҫ 
õ ໵ ԯڰ. ڶ Թڹ ˡչҹ ͹ڵù
 ⻷ Ҥک.  ضԵ ʹڷ. صڵڻ ਵ:-
           "µ - ԡڢ ⻷ ʹڷ,   -
            ͨ⩷ ⵷ ⵷ ⵷
            ػԵ -  ٵکک, ڡڵҹ 
            ҹ ػڼڵ. ͻԨ ԡڢ ⻷ Թڹ ҹҹ
            ͹ڵԡ Ҥک, ൹ ⻷ ضԵ ʹڷ" -
@ԧö:  .. ó    . صڵԻڼڵ    .     .., . Ͷ
@ . ͹෵        .., . ǹڷԵ ڸҷ      . ǹ
@ . Ź           . µڶ, . , . ·    . 
@ . ػԯ         Թ. . // صڶҪԡ Թյǵڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

آڰ ط , ʹ "⻷" بڨ. Էڸյ ͵ڵ Է ҷ, "Էڸ" ʧڢ . ڵҹ ԭڨԵعڵ ҹԡ , ǻڨ دڰ ʹʹ ص ໵ - ʯڰ˵ڶ Ҩڡ ͻһ ڡԵ "ʷ حڪҹ ʹʹ ʵ" ڭ ڵҹ ԭڨڶ ǹڶ ػʧڡ. ͡ ͯڰյ ʹ ʵ ¾ڸ ڸԵ ˵ඹ ˵ ͯڰ. ڵҹ ءڢһ⹵ - ڵҹ ؾھʷҹ ÷ҹ - . ص ʵ ؤڤڸ ˵, ਵ ǵڵ. ǵڵڻ, ǵ Ե ڨصڵԵ ͯڰ. ڶ Է ҹǵڵ:- طԯڰ ڵ µڶ ڶ - ҹ ԡڢԻԵ ह Ե ͵Եھ, ʾھ - ࡵ Եڵ ҳؤھŵҷչ ǵڶ໵ ԡڢڵ ءڡԵ ǡتڪڰ൹ صڵʧڤ ͻ๵ õھ, ¾ڸ ਵ ûԯ ໵ھ. طүԡ ڶ, ط ءڡدԡ շԵ ʹ ਵ Թڹڰҹ - ͵ڶ, õھ. ͵ڶ, Ե ໵ھ. ط ͵ù൹ ʳԡ Իڻҳڵ ͵Ե ը ͹دڰ໹൹ ʷڷ ͡ù൹ ǵڵԵ Ҥࢹ تڪԵھ, áڢԵ ˵. تڪ൹ ʷڷ ͡ù൹ ʳԡ تવ ҹ ط ءڡدࡹ շԵ ʹ ԡڢԻԵ دڰ ػڱ ʵ ¾ڸ ڸԵ ͻ໵ ҵھڵ. û Ե ڨصڵԵ Ԥکҹط š ͯڰ. һ ҷԡ ڨ Գ @ԧö: .., . دڰʹ ص ໵ .., ؾھһ⹵ @ .., . Ƿҹ .., . µڶ ڶ .., . @ .. ʹڹԯڰҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˷ࡹ ҵ ͵ آdz è, - ڸ صڵż ڻ سڳ ԡԵ آ ԡ , dz⳻ Իڻշ. ǹʳ ͸ǵڶ ǵ ҷԡ ԡڢ šҹ - Ԥڤ˵ ʡ⡹ڵ ٻԵ ٵ - ص " " - ͵ڵ ù ŧڡù ŧڡԵ ǯگԻջ ڪҹ ڷ دڰһҹ ʡ ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ Ե Ҷ . ൹ صڵ "Ͷ ͭڭ ǵ ͪڬ". صҵ ڨ ͻحڪԵ. ԡڢյ Գڱ . ػڨҵ ͵ڶ ڨسǹڢ ¾ھ. ҪԳ೹ ह - ڱ๹ Ǹ๹ ൹ ʡڡ حڪԵ , Ե ʹڸ ǵ " ػڨ" . ڶ ػڨҵ ͵ԡڡ. ҹյ ͵ڶ ǵ Իҵڵ. ҹյ ó ʹڸ Ƿ. ʵڵҹ:- Ե Ҹ ˹ԡࢻ š ͹Եڵ . - ڶ Ե "͵ڵ, ù" ǵڶҹ⵻ - ͹Եڵ. šŻ ʵڵ ùڵ, ;ھطԦԡ- ʨʻڨ ʡŻ, بک ԡڢڵ », ʵ ͹⵻ Ի ùڵ. ҸԻ "Թ ҸԹ ʵڵ ùڵ, ͭ୹" ǵڶҹ ͹Ե. ڢह ʵڵ ùڵ ʵäҷչ ͭڭùһ. Ż " Եھ, ͭڭԹ" ǵڶҹ ͹Ե. ؾھ˻ ʵڵ ùڵ @ԧö: . è .. .., . ٵ @ .., . . ڤह . @ .. ǵڶҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڬڵԡҷչ - ͭڭֻ. ˹ԡࢻ " ҹҹ - ˹ Եھ, ͭڭڶ" ǵڶҹ ͹Եڵ. ͹ⵤ ҵҹ ͵ڵ , Ԥ ҵҹ ͹ⵤ. Ūҹ , Ūҹ ŵ ๡ڻ Եڶõھ. Ի " ൹ Ը ԾھڵԵھ" ǵڶҹ ͹Եڵ. š ص ػ Ծھڵڵ, š ص šҷչ µڶ ڶ Ծھڵڵյ ¹ڵصڵ Իڨ - ڻǵڵ. ڻǵڵ " ó ʵ" ó ҹ. ʵյ Ԩک ڭµ. ҵ Ԩک ڭµ, ڨ ص ԡڢ. ػڨҵ ͵ڶ ó ʹڸ "" . ­ ک - ͵ԡڡ൹ ह ڱ๹ Ǹ๹ ൹ ʡڡ ҵ . ʡڡ ˵ ԨکԵԨکԵ طڸǨ ؤڤԵ , صڤ حڪԵ , íڭ Ե , ԨکԵԨکԵڢ һڵ һڪԵ , ҳڭ͹ҷչ ҵ , س¾ھ ๵ ʾھ ʡڡ ҵعڵ ó ػڨ, ҵԡڡ, ص յ . ԯڰԵҵ ǵ " ԡڢó ඵ, ͡ ඵ, ˵ء ඵ ҹʹ" ͵ڵǵ Ūڪ ڨػڰ໵ Ҿ ͤڤԡڢڸ ڭҹ Ǫҵ ҡ ͯڰ, ʹڸµ صڵ. ԭڨһ Ե, ¹ ඹ Ҥ, ع ˵ ǹڵҷ. ڶ ٵ . ʵ دڰ . ùҵ ڷࡹ. @ԧö: .. ڬԡҷչ .., . ҹҹ @ .. Իڨ ,. Իڨ ..

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͡ û ˵ سҷչ ͭڭ, ù ¾ھ๹ ڹҤ ˵. - ˵ ʹ ҷ ʾھڻڵڻ, ŧڡû Ԩک, ൹ ൹ ŧڡ ǻص õ, ù ¾ھ๹ ڹҤ ˵. صڵٻڻ, ൹ . ͹ԡڡԵ ٵ ͡Ե صڵ, ͡õ - ͵. ʹڷԯڰԡ Եҵ ¹ ͷԯڰʨڨ յҤ ͻèԵڵԷٹ ǵ ԡڢ ʻ ҹ ʵԻ ʯڰջ ҹ طڸ ͢ڱ " ԡڢ ҹ ڨ Ծ ڶ¹ڵ ùڵ" ʭڭ ػڻ෹ڵ, ػڻ. ҹ ʹڷԯڰ, Ծ . ʵ ʹڷԯڰ Ե ͹ظ . ԡڨ ʵ ԡ Ե ʹڷԯڰԡ šصڵø ͹ظ. Ե Եڵҹڵ ŷڸھ Ծྻ ҹࡻ ڨ ԡҵ ͡, Եڵҹڵ ŷڸھ šصڵø ʹڷԯԡڵ. ڨ ػ ڻڹһ Եڵҹڵ ԨکԵԨکԵҹǹ ڻڪ. ڢط ԯڰ ͹Եء Եڵ⻯ڰ- ٻҷ ໵ "Է ʪશ" ǵڵھ ˵, ͵ڶڵ ๡⡯ʵҹ Եڵҹ ػڻڪԵ تڬڵ. Ͷ ک ڻһسҵ. ʷػ . ʵһڵڤҹڵ ʵ ڵԼ ػڻڪ, ͹ڵ - ͭڭ Եڵ ڶ. ʼػ µ. ǵڶ ˵ ԡ ʵҷ. ڶ ԡҵ صڵ¹ ԵڻڵԹһ Źڵ ڵھ. طءڢҵ ڨ @ԧö: . ڹҤ ˵ .., . ̵͡ . ڤ ͹ڵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ǵڵءڢ - ص طءڢ. ǵڶء ػ ص ٻ. ҷչ ͵ڶ µ ڨ ŷڸھآ ҷչ , ءڢ صùڵ ͵. ʹڷԯڰ šصڵø ¹ ¹ ͸Ԥ ˵, ൹ ൹ ʷڸ ڵھ Ե ڨǡڢ೹ ڰ⾵ ʹڷԯڰ. ͵ڵ ŷҹ ʹڸ ŵ ͡, ͡ ͡. ͵ڶ ڤ, ͵ڵ ǵڵڵ ෵յ ͵. " " ǵڵ ԻԸ ˵յ Ի. ҷԵڵ ͪڬ໡ڢԵһ ǹʹ ͵ڵ Ե ػ - ˵յ ͻ. ʾԻ ؤڦԵڭҷ ԭڭ " , ͸Ԥ , ʨکԡ " ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ǷԵ⾵ ڨڵ ǷԵ ԭڭյ. ڶ ʧ, Եڶ طڸ - ҹʵdzڳ ص. Էҹ ǵ ͹ ٻ, ù Ե ͵ڶ ͪҹڵ ڨ ԡڢٵҷ. ڶ ڨҵ "ڨ ԡڢ ԡ صڵ ǵ, طءڢ, ٻ" ʾھ ھ ǷԵ. ǵ ͻԻسڳڨ ԡڢ ˵, ڨ ڰ ڬ, ڰ . ͻ :- ͻԻسڳ , ڰ ڬ, ʵ ڰ . - ǵ Ƿ. ǻ ͡ ʵڵڰʡ ھԵ ҹ - ͵ԡڡ ûھ ˵, ͨûھ⵵ Ƿ. Թ¹ڵ ڨ Թ­ڨ. ໵ ʹ . @ԧö: .. ڵھءڢ .. ػ . ػ¹ @ طڸ. / ͹ʵԹԷ: ҹʵԡ .. @ .., . ҷҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˵ڶ ԯҹ صڵҹ, Թ¹ Թ»ԯ, Ե ԯ Ե Իڵ ͸ع Ҥյ Ƿ. ʡڢյ һ. ࡡ í ⡯ʵ ⡯ ˵, ͵ڵҹ ˹ ໵ Ҥ ʹڵ. ڶ ҷҹ ͻʡڢҹ ҵؤҵԡҹ ͡ʵ ʵ. Ҥҵ Է ǵ "਻ ڡ õ Թڹ ˵, ˵ - طڸն ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ڵ " . بک ԡڢ بک ԡڢٵ áóʹ ڱԵ - . ͡ʭڭ⹵ ͵ڶ " ˯ ھ ʵ ؤڤ "ҷԹ ¹ ͡ ʾ ͡ڢҹ ʾھ ҹ ǵڶٵ ڨڢڸ "͡" بڨڵ. "ʵ ؤڤ Եڶ " ʭڭ ͵ڶ" ʭڭ, ͡ ʭڭ - ͡ʭڭ, ڨ ʵڵؤڤҷʭڭ⹵ ͵. ͡ ԯڰԵҵ ڨ ͯڰҡ ԯڰԵ. õ Ҥʹ ԯڰ ˵, د ʹ, ʹ, ԯڰʹ, ͹ʹ, ԹԾ - ҹʹ, ͹ԯڰҤ - ԨԡԨکʹ, ԡࢻ طڸڨʹ ԯڰ ˵յ. - ͡ ͻԭڭҵ ڨ ԭڭ ͻԪҹԵ. ¤¹ڵ ڨ⹵ ڨ ¤ ¤ ࢻ ػࢻ ػڡ ;ڵ Ҥکڵ, ó - Ҥکڵյ - ͵. Ҷ ԡ - Ե. ԭڭҵ ҵԭڭ óԭڭ ҹԭڭҵ ԭڭ ԪҹԵ. ڶ ҵԭڭ? ڨڢ Ԫҹҵ " ٻڢ ԭڭҳڢ, ҹ @ԧö: .. . ˵ .. Ե .., . ͡ ʭڭ⹵ @ .. ԹԾ .. ͹ԯڰڤ Ե-ʷ ʵ @ . .. کڵյ . ԡ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

šڢʻڨػڰҹڰҹҹ", ҵԭڭ. óԭڭ? ҵ ڨڢ õ ͹Ԩڨ ءڢ ä⵵ Ҩڵ ҡ, óԭڭ. ҹԭڭ? Ե ͤڤह ڨ ڷҤ ˵, ҹԭڭ. ͡ڢҵ ڭյ ԭڭ ڨڢ ԪҹԵ ճ ԡڢ ͡ڢҵ ؤڤ ڭ. ͡ڢҵùڵ ʹ á ǷԵھ, ͡ڢҵھ ඵھ ؤڤ ڭ, ʵյ ͵. Թڵ ͡ڢҵھ? "" "" ¹ ࡹ ⤵൹ ʵھ. ˵յ ճ ˵. ¹ Ǫڪҵ ¹ "ह õ" "ʹ د" "˹ " ҵ ⡨ , ó ճ ڶ. Ԫҹ յ ٻ ճ ҹ, "ҹ" . ҹ, Ͷ " ҹ" . ¡ڢҵ ǵ Ż . Ե ʹڷԯڰ šصڵø . Ҹٵ Ҩ Ի. ڭյ ͵ڵҹ " " "" "" ڭ. ൹ ""ҷ ҹ Ե. ҹ Ե ˹ڵ. ෶ ൹ҵ ؤڤ ๹ ¹ ࡹ ؤڤŹ ʷڸ "ࡹ һس, ҵ һس, ط ⤵൹, Żʹ, dzڳ⻡ڢõ, ʨਹ, ص೹" . Ե » ػڲҶ ԡ Ե. Ըٵ . "ู͡ ٻʧڤ"ҷ - ⡯ڰ "Ը" - ص. "Ը ǹڵ Ƿڵ, Ը ڭǹڵ Ƿڵ"ҷ - ҡ. - " ԡڢ Ը, ? յ Ը, @ԧö: . ʧڤ. // ٻڱ .. . ʤ. // ڷصڵ @ . , ͯڰԹ ˹ ٻڵ͡Էdzڳ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʷյ Ը, յ Ը"ҷ - "Ը" ص, Ըһ . ൹ صڵ " Ըٵ ". ԡڻ⹵ ؤڤ ʧࢻ , Եڶ ڻ ŵ. յ ˵յ չҹ ճ " ʷ" "" "" ˵յ ʵ. ک صڵ. Ե » ػڲҶ ʹڷԯڰ šصڵø . ʧڢڵ "ʧڢ ¹ õ"ҷ - ڭ "ʧڢ" Ҥ. "͵ڶ ⡨ طڷ ʧڢ , ˵ ڤ ԡ ೵ع" - ͵ڶ . "ʭڭҹԷҹ ڨʧڢ"ҷ - ⡯ڰ. " ҹ ʧڢ ڭ" - ͵ڶ ڳڵ "ʧڢ" Ҥ. Ըһ ͸Ի໵. ʧڢڵ - :- õ د ˵ ڳڵ ճ յ. ҹڬҵ Ըҹ ػ. ʹహ ҵءبک "ҹ" بڨ, µ ʹڸʹ ػکյԻ ͵. ͹Ҥ ͵յǨ. ͨ੪ڪյ Թڷ. Թڹڶڵ ڵ ԹڷԵ Ե. ͹Ԧڵ Էڷءڢ. ʹڵ Եڵ. ҹҵ šҹ. Ҫڬعڵ ͸Ԥکڵ Թڷڵ ʹڵ. ǵڵҹ ͵յǨ. Ը ҵ Ը . ʾھٵ , ¹, ڨ , ʵڵ ԭڭҳڰԵ, ʵڵ, Ե ʾػ ʵڵ ٻ ճ ػڪҹ ػڹ - ʹڵյ ͵. Ҷ ʹڷԯڰԡ šصڵø . @ԧö: . . // Ըصڵ . . // šسǤڤ,- @ / Ǥڤ () . . // ;ҡصڵ @ . صڵ // ҷصڤ . ʧڤ. // ԡࢻڱ @ .. ǵ .. ػڻڪҹ ػڻڹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڨ Ҷ ص һ ǵ ͵ڶ š, ೹ ൵ҷ. ڶ һ ҵ Ҷ ʡšʹ ඵ ǯگ ͯڰڤԡڤʹ. ʡšʹ Ǩҵ ؾھԸ ǨبԵ Ե. ҵ Ը بԵ Ե. ¹ ԭڨ ʾھࡵ Ը بԵ Ե. ʡš ˹ڵ. ҵ Թ آԡҹ ԡڢԵ. ʵ ڻ⹵ Թ ʡšá - ʵڻڭ Ե. ءڢ Ƕ ͹ڶʭԵڵ Թ ͵ڵҹ Է. Ե ǵ " ͹ Ǫવ - ʵڻ ʷڸ ʡš Ҫҹ " Ƿ. ͯڰڤԡڤʹ :- ˵ոʹ . ʹһ ǵ ¶үڰ Ե ʹҹù ҳ ʵ ʵһڵԼ ԯڰ ͵ڵ ͸Ԥ ͯڰڤԡڤ ʹڵ . ڶ Ǩҵ Ҩ Ե, ͧڤ ˵յ ҵ ڤڻصڵԵڵ - Ե. ¹ ԭڨ ʾھࡵ ҡ , Ҫ Ҩҡڵڢԡڵ ˵. ʵҵ Թ ʵҸ Ե. ڻ⹵ ෹ ҷԯڰ ʧڡ. ءڢ Ƕҵ ¹ ͹ڵǪڪ. - Ե ͹ ͹ػ ڬ Ի Ե Ҫҹ ҵ ǵ Ҥ ڸҷ વ ڢԳ ڡյ. Էڸصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ. ڷǤ ص. ----------- @ԧö: .....ó .. Ǫવ @ . ڤڻصڵ..., .. ڤڻصڵ Եڵ . ͹ڵǪڪ


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=11&A=1000&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=11&A=1000&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=15&i=44 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=15&A=248 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=15&A=209 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=15&A=209 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_15

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com