͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ʵ-ڵ

                      ʪҵ
       ʵ յ Է ʵڶ વ ù
Ƿڵ Ǹ ʡڡ þ  
       ʵڶ  ԡڢ Է ؾ  Ǹ
ʡڡҵ ǵ ͵յ  
     ͵ ï صڵûڨŹ óҪ  êڪ
   áڢ  һ ڨʵһʻ
ǹ Ե ųھǹڶ ԡڨ
صڵûڨŹ  Ҫ Ե ʻ Գڱ ù
Ҫ ڻһس  Ҫ Ԥ  һ ʹ
ŧڡҵ շ໵ ൹ ù Ե 
Է õڵ   ʶҵ ǵ  ʷڸ
ҹ ڵ ʹҹҹ õ ھԵԡڢ 
ǹڷԵ ԡڢ    ʾྻ  Ҫ
حڪڵ  Ҫ  ͻصڵ ص ඵ  صڵ ػڻڪڵ 
õڵڨ¹ áڢ Էҹ ǹ  
ҵ Ҫҹ һبکԵ í ʡڡ
ԡڢԵ ͹ڵ ڬڵԡ ڤ ͡ڡ ͡
ʳڱک ءڢ ˯ سھԳԯ ʻ շ 
 һ  د Ҫ ҹáڢ ص
ڶ Ҹ ǵ  Ҫ صڵ  dz ҵ 
áڢ   ص ʵ  í
ص ط ⹵ ػù ʵյ  
  ԹڵԵڶ ͪڪ ڨʡ  ǻص
Ե í ͤڤ بک ʹڸ ʵյ 
 ص  ٯ Էҹ Ҫٻ յ
Թ൵ һҹ  ҹ  ԻڪԵ 
کҵ ص  ʡյ   áڢ 
Իڹó  · ʡ  Ҥյ
Ԥ ҷ ǹڵ   ⡻ ǵ൵
हҤڵ Ҫ  áڢԵ ػҡһ
Ҥ⵵ í è໵ í ह һ
ҷ  ڵ շ  Ҫ ˡ ǹڷԵ
͡ڵ Թ չ ä بکԵ  ͵ԢԻڻ
ǵڵ ࡹඹ Ҥڶҵ    Ҫ Ԥ
آԹ Ҹ ǵ  í dzԻ ص
ػڻҵ  د    ص ʵ
 í ص ⹵ Ծھڢع ࡹ Էڸԡǻص
Ե ͤڤ ظ بک Ծھڵʵյ
 ͪҹڵ   Ҩԡڢ ʹڵ ҡ
ڶ Ҥ Ե  ک Ҫҵ 
Ҫ   ʡڡ ڵعڵ ˯د ʹڹԵ ˡһ
ҹ ๵ ʹҹ ԷԵ ͷ    
Ҫ حڪ ʵ  Ծھڢ   
      ⾸ʵ ǵǹ Ե ڶ ʹڸ
   ˳ ʡ   
 ûù DZڲ  ˡһʻ ҹ ͡
 ҹڻ ҡڨ Լҹ  ໵
ڳԡҹ ˵ ԡڡճ  ʳ  ⾸ʵڵ
ʵڵԡ í ڨ ػڻ   Ծھڢصһ 
ڪҵ   Ԩک໵ ڨڵ ٻյ  
ඡ   յ ҹ ڵ ٯ
͡ ԡ ʵ ͡ ػԵ  ˵
 ط ˵ ҡǵڶ ط ԭڨڵ 
 ٯ ͵ڵ  ͡ ڳԡ õյ
   ڳԡ ˻յ  Ūڪ໵ ǹڷԵ
ԡڢԵ    ٯ  Է 
ڨԵ  ҹҵ  ʵ Է  ʵ
ǯگյ Թ൵ í Ҥ ҳš ͡ڵ
ԻԵ ҹ¦ ԹڷԵ ڳ Գҹ ԡԵ 
Ź ࢵ ڳ Ե  ໵
ҷءڢڻ   Իڪ  Ҫ Ҥڵ  ڢԳ
 ʹ ͻԵ  ԡ Ծھڢ յ
ڳŷ ڵ  Իڻ  Թڹ  ͵ڵ
͹ Ե  Իڹ   ڪ 
Ҷ
                  ʵ 
                  ʨ ͻڻ
                ʪڪ ҵһԵ طڵ
                Ǫڪ ʵ  ҵ 
     ڶ ʵյ õ  յ ͡ʵ  Ǫڪ ʵٵ
 ͪڪ µ 
      ص ٯ Եڶع د ص Ҷ
                د   ๹
                   Ի
                 óػ
                ص൹   ҵ 
         صڵҹھڸҶ Թ ǷԵھ 
                ¹ڵ ԡ ڤ˵ڶ
                 ¹ڵ ͹ൻùڵ
                ˹ڵҹ  
                ੵҹ  ùڵ 
           Ե Ҫ ٵ     ͵
           ù ԵԳ      Ǹ  ڵ 
                 Ҫص ¹
                ʧڤ ͭڪ ڤ˵
                 Ԩک Թڷ 
                  ๵ Է¶ 
             Ǩ ص     í صڵ ͷ
           ص  Ե     Ǫڬʶ 
                Ҥک ԡ ڤڸ
                 ˹ڵ  Թڷ
                ͡ڢ  بک ͵ڶ
                ͻ ⡹ո ڪ ͵ڶյ 
     ڶ ⡵  ʨ  Ҩڻ 
óػҵ Ҫ ó Ե  յ 
ص൹ һù ͹ػԵ  ٯһ  
Ը յ ǵ ҳš ԻԵ  ԹڷԵ ˵
   ⡯௹൹ յ    ٵ
ٵ   Ҫҹ ʷڷ  ¹ڵٵ کڵ 
 ԻԻڹ  Ի   Ūڪʵյ
تڬԵ  Ǹ ҳ໹   ҵ
æү ൻ ˵ڶ ͵ڵ Ը๹ کڵٵ  ùڵ
  صڵ  ԹڷԵ ùڵ  Ҫ⹵ ԡڢ
í ʹڵԡ ٵ í Ե हҤڵ ҵ
ŧڡԵ ͵ڵ ͧ շһԵ  õ ͵Ǩ 
ùҵ í  ԵԳյ Ԩڨ   Ҫص⵵
ԡڢ  Ǩ ص óµڪ ҵͧڡ د
 Ҫص  Է¶ҵ ʶ  ҵ ԡڢ 
ٵ    Ǩ ص õ ˹ڵ ⤳
  êڪ  ԡڲڵ ๵ í ͷ 
   դص ʷڸ  ظһ
 Ҥһ  ûҸ  õ  ҵ ൹
ʷڸ ͤ  Ҥکعڵ ҡ ҳ  ʹڵԡ
Ҥ  ˹ڵ ڵ  õ  ⡹ոҵ   Ը
 ͻ ¹   յ بک 
     Ҫ Ǥڤ ͵Թը   ͵ҵ  
ඹ Ҷ
                ­ڨ  ط ʪҵ
                ͤڤԹ ԨԵڻ
                 ҷ µ 
                   ˻յ 
     ڶ ط ʪҵյ ط˹ õ   ҷʹڵ
 ٻ  ԡ Ծھڢءһ   ˻෹
طҨյ Ƿ 
         ˻ԭ ˻յ Ƿڵ
 ʵ ǵ Ҷ
                      
                Ԥڤ Ը ʹڵ
                 áڢ ⤻µڻ
                 ˻ ൹ ˵յ 
     ڶ ҵ šҷ  ҵ ҹԸҹ Լҹ 
 áڢ ⤻µڻ⵵    ٻһ ڳԡ
ù շԵ áڢ ǵ  ⤻µ ͻڻ
൹ ೹    ˻  ˵ 
     Ե  ڻ ˻յ    ʷڷ 
 ڳ بکյ  Ҫ بک   
  ˵ڶ ڳڨ ҹ  ճҵ  
ǵڶ ػ໵ ڨڢ  ڳ  Ե
  ڳԡڡŷڸһʡڱԡ Ե
í   Ҫ ʵڵ Է  Ҷ
                ʨڨ  ͵ Ƿ 
                Ԥڤ Ը ʹڵ
                 áڢ ⤻µڻ
                 ˻ ൹ ˵յ 
      ʵ Թ ٻ í ʹڵ
 ǹڵ Ե ھԵ ùڵ 
 ԡ һبکԵ ͪ ԡڢԵ ھյ 
  ʡڡ  Ҷ
                سڵ   Ҥ
                ๤ ҹ  ʾ
                   
                ˵ع ү  Թⷵ 
     ڶ  ҵ  Ҫ   
 ٯ Ǩ ص ˵ع   ү൵ 
     ǭڨ  ǵ Ե ǹڷԵ ͵ڵҹ ھڪ
͹تҹ໵ Ե Ҷ
                   
                عڹԡڢ  Ң
                ǹڷ ҷҹ  Թڷ
                ͹تҹҶ  ھ ҵ 
     ڶ ൵  ˹   عڹԡڢµ
عڹԡڡڲ 
       í  صڵ  ǨǨҶ ˹ڵ
                حڪ  Ի 
                ʾھڨ   
                ͪ  ٹ ˵ Ҫ
                 ھ ھڪ  ءڢ 
                Թڹٸ  ڶ 
                ؾ   
                 ʷ  
                   
                صڵ    Է 
                 ͨک ೹
                ǭڨ   ԷԵ
                 ҷ Ҫ  
                ʨ  
                ͡һҸ  صڵ 
                ع  ͷʡ 
                ¶  յ 
     ڶ ءڢҵ ҵ ھڪ  ûԾڸԡڵ
ءڢ  ھ Ҫ յ  Ҩ  Թڹٸ ҵ
Թڹ        حڪԵھڶ 
⵵ Ԩ       
ҵíҳ ػڻڪ    ¹ڵ ͹ڸ 
¯ ù ๵ھ  ҷʵ ҷ í ʹڵ
ڱ൹  Եھ  ͵ڵ ҳŹ ͪڪ Ե
ŷڸ   ʹڵ յ   
¶Թڵ  ع    ˵ Ͷ 
¶ͪڬ յ صڵ  
     ʵ Ҫҹ Ƿ ͯ Ҷ 
         ͹         ͹ǵڶ ԹڵԵ
         ʪڪ    Ի ˵ һ 
                  ǵڶ ԹڵԵ
         ʪڪ ڻڵ    Ի ˵  
                    Ҹ
                ʭ ھ  Ҹ
                Ҫ  Ҹ ͹
                 ڱ ⡸   Ҹ 
          ڵ     ҹ ڻ
          í     ʡԵڵDZڲ 
                 ڱ  
                Ǥ   Ի
                һԸ   ͵ڶ
                ͹ҹصڻ  ǹڵ ک 
                ͹ҹصڻҹ   ùڵ
                ڪ µҹ 
                ԭٻʵڶҹ آطҹ
                ǹڵ طڸҹҹ ҹ 
                ͤک ԡ ڤڸ
                 ˹ڵ  Թڷ
                ҵ  ͧڡ  Թ
                ҡڲ    
                ء  ھҸ ءԨک
                  Ե ŷڸ Ҫ
                Ԩ੹ ͪڪ Ǹ ص
                ھڪյ 
     ڶ ͹ҵ ࡵ ͹ػõ  ͹ǵڶ
ԹڵԵڵ ǵڶ໵ ͵ŵ ͵õ ԹڵԵ  Ի
˵ һ⡵   ¶  ʪڪ  Իڵ
 Ի ˵ һ  ʭ⵵ ҷ ʭ
    Ҹٵ   ⡸  Ҹ 
ҹҵ ͹ ԭڨ     ҵ
 ǵ  Ǥҵ ह   һԸ
ҵ һԸԵ ¹ ൹ Ե൹   ͵ڶ
ک ͹ҹصڻ ǹڵյ ͵  ڪҵ ҹ ҵ
صڵҹ ҹ صڵҹյ   Ե 
µҹյ ҹ  طڸҹҹյ ڱ ͹ҹ ͹Ǫڪҹ
˹ڵ  ڵ   ھҸ ءԨک ó 
  ŷڸҵ ͵ڵ ҳŹ Ե 
ھڪյ ھڪآԵ  
      ʵ൹   Ҫ  ൵
Ҷ
                ص   ظ
                ͹ءڻ  
                 Ҩ   Ǫڪ
                  ҨԵ յ 
     ڶ ҨԵǵ ҨԵ 
      ھڪ હڵ Ҷ
                 ԡڢҨ صڵ
                  Իھ
                ʾ  Ը ڱ
                ͹Թڷ ໵ ҹڵ 
     ڶ ҵ ھ  Ԩکҷԯԡҹ
ھڪ  ҷԯصڵ ҹԡ ھڪ ھ 
     Ͷ Ҫ Ҷ
                ͨکٻ ǵ ҷʭڨ
                ءڢԵ  ءڢһ ظ
                Ҩ صڵ Ե بڨҹ
                  ùڵ 
     ڶ ҷʭڨҵ ҷ Է    ͨکٻ
ǵ  ءڢԵڵ һ  ءڢԵ  ءڢһ 
     ع  Ҷ
                 Իڻصڵ ͹Ǫڪ
                ԹԾھص š ùڵ
                ڤ Իڪҹ
                  Ե ùڵ 
     ڶ Իڻصڵҵ Ҥҷ Իڻصڵ  ԹԾھصҵ
ʻԾھ๹ Ծھص  ڤڵ   طڸҷչ
ҹ ʹڵ ڤ Իڪҹ  صڵ õ  
ҵ 
     һ Ǩ ص Ҫ ҹҶ
                ͷڸ  Եھ ʻ
                ص  ҹԹڵ
                 صҹ Եҹ
                ͻء յʡ ظҵ 
     ڶ ҹԹڵ⹵ ءóԹڵ  ¹ڵ 
  ʡ   Ե ص ͻء
ҵ Ҫһ  ʹڸ 
     ʵ ҵһԵ ǹڷԵ    ͵ڶ
ҵ Ҫ ͭڪ ڤ˵ ǹڵ ڵ
 ǵ dz೹Ҥڵ ǵ ʵڵ
ھҪ ͵ԡڡԵ ǹڵ  ʡ Ե
ڳ Իھڪ ھ  ڶ  ʡ Ҫ
Ԩԡʹ ǵ ػ  ٯڻ Ҫ ඵ
Եڢ   ʵ ҹԭ Ծھ൵
š  
     ʵڶ  ʹ Ե  ԡڢ ؾ
 Ǹ ʡڡҵ ǵ ҵ   
Ƿ  ҵ  áڢ ջص
ʡ  ҵ 
                   ʪҵ ԯԵ 
                          
                    ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=41&A=1986 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=41&A=1986 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=27&i=2164 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=27&A=8613 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=27&A=9110 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=27&A=9110 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_27

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com