͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ طڸ.. (õڶ.)

                       . ⤵طڸdzڳ
                           ùԷҹ
            Էҹ  ҡ        طڸ dzڳ
            ͹ءڡ ڻڵ           dzڳ.
     ڶ ҡ ⾸ʵ ջڡҷչ ʵ طڸҹ ʹڵ
͸ԡ ù ڻʵҸԡҹ ڵ ʧҹ Ҥ.
ʻ    ໵  ھطڸ ͭ ط
 ڶ. Ե ջڡҷչ ʵ طڸҹ ʹڵ ŷڸҡ
 ⾸ʵ ๹ -:-
          "ʵڵ ԧڤڻڵ        ˵ ʵڶ÷ʹ
           ھڪ سڻڵ         ͸ԡ  ڷ
           ͯҹ          Թ Ԫڬ" -
 ͯ  ๵ ջڡûҷ Թù "˹ڷ طڸ
, ԨԹ  "   "ԨԹ ҷڢ, 
ҹԹ" ҹԵҷ طڸá ԯ,  ù
 ʹڵõڵ Ҥ, Ҥک    Թҹ
⾸ʵڵҹ ҹ dzڳԵ:-
          " ʾھڤڻڹ        ⾸ µ 
            զڸҹ            ڻ⡯Ի.
           ը ػڻڪڵ           šڵ 
           Ԫڬ ػڻԻ       ˹ڵ ̡ڨԡ.
@ԧö:  .,.                .. /, طҹ.. 
            ˹ڵ طڷ ҳ      ػڻڪڵһ ؤڤ
           ҹ          ڨڸ  ǹڵ .
           ʵǡŵ ڶ          ǹڵ ٤ڢԡ
           Եڶ  کڵ         ⵾­ڪڱ.
            ǹڵ һڹ        ⾸ µ 
           صڵ ҹڵ         ʾھڶ طڸ⤨.
           Ԩکҷԯ  ǹڵ        ·ʹ
           ҹһ ʤ          ʭ ٻڪ.
           طڸ         ˵   Ԫڪ
           ๡ڢԹڹ ʻڻ      صڵ 
           ùڵ šڶ       ùڵ ʾھ". -
      ҹ ͸Ԥڵ Ҥ.  Ҥک ʹڵõڵ
:-
          "ਵ             ԭ آ آ
           һ ҹ          ʵڵڢڵ ڻ" -
 һԡڻҷչ һحҹ  ػ  Ե
Ե Ծھڵ.
                          ԷùԷҹ
     Ե -   ⾸ʵ طڸ  طҷ.
š  ճ ҹ ػڻڪڵ. ¶Է? ڻ
طڸ ڡǵڵŹڵ. ڶ "ʵ ͨڨ¹ ڻدҹ
@ԧö:  .. /          .. /           . Ե
ʵ" š  Ǩ صڵ ԡԳڳ طآ -
ٹ ˵ حکҹ õڵǵڶǵڶ ͵ ٻʸ ص
ʻ Ԩùڵ  ਹڵ "   ʵ
ͨڨ¹ ڻدҹ ʵ,   Թʵ, طⷻ
ʵ, ­ڨ һ   ھҪ رڱʹڵ
Թʹڵ,  š šԹ ʵ, ڵ  Ƕ,
س, طԵ, ໡ڢ  Ƕ, ҵ, Ե ػ˶, 
યһ ˶". Է ڻ .
     " ͨڨ¹  ʾھؾط  ػڻڪʵ"
šǵ "   ͨڨ¹ ط 
ػڻڪʵ" ؤʹڵ Գڱڵ. Է طڸ .
     " ͨڨ¹ ڡǵڵҪ ػڻڪʵ" ǵ "
 ʵ ͨڨ¹ ڡǵڵҪ ػڻڪʵ" ؤʹڵ
Գڱڵ. Է ڡǵڵ . -
      طڸʷڷ ص ʡŷʨڡǵ ͡
ʹڹԻԵ "  ʵ ط ʵ"  ػʧڡԵ
Ҩڵ, Ҩҹ   ؾھԵ ػڻ Ҩڵ. 
 ʾھһ  ࡡڡ ҪʡڡʹڵԵعԵǵڵ-
Ҿ ʷڸ ͡ڡ ʹڹԻԵ Ե ػڻڹصԹԵڵ
⾸ʵڵ ʹڵԡ ڵ "    Ե, ù
  ʡڡڻڵҷԡ ڻڵ ඹ Ե, šԵڶóڶ
  ʾھص ඹ ԻԵ, طڸڵ:-
@ԧö:  .,. طآ         طڷ. . 
          "       ػڻڪ ҵءبک
           ǡ ¹       تڬ  " -
Ҩ.
     Ͷ ʵ ǵ  Ҩ ǵҹ ԭ ͷ
ŷջʡŪ๵ڵػԨ੷ʹ ڨ šҹ . ڶ
"  ,  "   . ڶ ʵ
طڸ DZڲԵء    ˵. ?   ʵڵҹ
ҵԪóҹ  ¹ڵ, طڸҹڨ ʹ šڢصڵ 
ڶ,  "͹Ԩڨ ءڢڵ" ඹڵҹ "  - ඹڵ"
 ʵھ  ʷڸҵھ ڵ,    ˵,  ʵ
͹ҹԡ ʹ ˵.   ͡. ʵ ٹءŻ 
 ˵. ?  ʵڵ ʹڹ ˹ڵ, ʹڹҹڨ
Թ ҷ  ԯ, ط ڱҪ  Իڻ Ԥک.
 ʻ ͡. ʵ   ˯ ʵ 
طڸ ء  .   ʵ . Ͷ ʵ
"ԾھڵԵھ"  .
      ջ ࡹ ʻ ڵ ҷ ࡵ "
 طڸ  Ծھڵڵ, ھط Ծھڵڵ" ջ .
      "ھط  , ªʻ,   
 طڸ Ծھڵڵ" ͡ ࡹ ڬ .
"ǵڶ  , ڶ  ԾھڵԵھ" ԯ.
@ԧö:  .طڸ. //                     .,. 
       ࡹ "طڸ  ʡ  طڷ  
Ծھڵڵ. š  ڵ¡    Ծھڵڵ,
͵ ڵ¡ š, ڶ Ծھڵ, ط⸷  Ҫ
Ե  ʵ"  .
      ҵ ࡹ "طڸҵ   Ҹصڵ  ˵,
ڻʵ  Ե ҵ  ͢ڱڨ ˵.
­ڨ    ͷ,   ҵ ʵ, Եڵ 
ٵ, ʹڹ ҹ ػ ʵڵ ҹ" .
     Ե  ڨԸ š ࡵ "  
طڸ" ҹ ԭ  "ک "  ǵ
વ Եǵ  Ե ڷǹ . ʾھ
 ڷǹ ͵ڶ.   ǵ "  ؤ ک" ؾ
š ҹ Ԩùڵ.    ǵ 
ҹ   Ԩù Ե   بک
صڵ˹ڢ൹ ʹڸ . һ  ҵ بک
ʹڸԤڤ˹ڢ ͡ڻ ʡŷšҵ ʧڡڻ. ǵڵ
ؾھԵڵҹ ҵ.
      Եʹڸԡ ⾸ʵڵ  ⾸ʵڵҵ 
ػڷǹóڶ ڤ˵ڶ ڵ ǻصڵ áڢ . ⾸ʵڵ
ҵ  ҤԵڵ ػڻڪ, ڤʤڤڻڵ    آԹ
͡Źڵ. ⾸ʵڵڨ ͵ڵ بکԤ Իڻʹ õ
صڱصڵ  ʵ.  ⾸ʵ൹ Եبک  ਵ¤ʷ
˵,  ʡڡ ͭ ʵ൹ Ե  حڪԵ , 
⾸ʵڵҵ ʵڵ˪ ⾸ʵ   Ե Ծھڵ. ¶
 ͭ Եڶ   ͻڻһ ͵ԡڡԵһ Թڹһ Իڹһ
Ԫ¹ڵ,   ⾸ʵڵҵ. ⾸ʵڵҵ  ⾸ʵڵ  
بکԹ Ե Ե Ԫµ.  ⾸ʵڵҵ .
     һ    بکԹ ⾸ʵڵ Ե Իسڳ
ҵԦ ڵء ط⸷Ҫ  "Ԩک Ҫ
Ƿ˹ ڵع". Ҫ "Ҹ" ڻԨکԵ ǵڶ 
Ƿ˹ ǭڪ  õ Իسڳءҡҷ
ŧڡ໵ ǡԡ շ໵ ˵ ٵ ˵ ù
. Թڹ  ҹ ͹ڵ ¹չ  ھԹǹ
 ڤǹ ͵ڶ,      ͤڤҢ ʾھ
͡Լ . Ңڵ  ػڼڵ  õԡ-
ص طԵ ͹صڵڪ - ءǸ ػҹùڷ-
ڷǹʷ ǹ   ǹԵ Եڵػڻڪ.
                   Ե ŪҵԨԹ
                   Եڤ ǹ Թ
                   ʷ ҹ ¹Թ
                   ڻԹҵè ھԹ.
     ڨ í ਵ  ˵  ھԹǹ . 
ڤ ڵ  تǯگڢڸ ػڼŻŧڡ 
Ң Եء ,  Ң ; ˷ 
@ԧö:  . ٵʭڨҷ
ھҹ ص  õ ػ. Ͷ   Ң
ھاڤتڪŹ ŷǵڵǯگڤԹ ǡԹ ڢ೹
õԡù ù ͤڤ.   Ң ˵ Ե ԵŸä
ŨڷŢ   ͨïԵԡ ͨڨԻ   ڷǹҵ  
  èԵڶ.   ҵ , Ͷ ҳԻҡ
ԡڢԻԵ Ҫ ԡڡ.  Ң ˵ ԯҹ  
دҹ .
     ڢ ڵ طڸԵڵ Ҿ dzڳ ҷ
Ҥڵ ൹ dzڳŹ ⾸ʵڵ ڻԨکԵ ҵ  ໵
"͵ڵ  , ʡ  ص ػڻ" . ¶ 
ͭ ʵڵ ҵءبک ԡڢڵ ԡڡŹ بԹ ڢԵ ԡڢڵ,
  ⾸ʵ. ⾸ʵ   ˵   õ
Ե ҵ بکǹ ࡹ بԹ ڢ ط 
ԡǵ ԡڢԵڵõ  è ҵءبک ԡڢ.  ʹൻ
⾸ʵڵ  ⾸ʵڵҵ  ʡڡõڶ ҡ  ط
ԡڢԵ ⾸ʵڵ  ҵ  ص .
     Ͷ  dzڳŹ Ԥڤ˵ Եҹ ҹ ˵ڶ ڵ
Ҫ ڤ آڼ ͪԹڻdz , 
˵ڶ  ءŨھࡹ , ҹ ˵ڶ بڨԵ 
ԯ õڶ  , ๡ҹ ڡҹ ͡ڤҹ
. ڶ  ڸػڼҷ ٪ҹ "һ 
ʷ ͵ڶ ڶ,  صڵԵ" .    ͹ࡵ
͵ڵ ʷ ͷ صڵ÷ ʵڵյù ͤ. ک
   , ҡʹ.  ,  . ˷ ,
 ط. Ҫ  ҡʹ ک  ŧڡµ
  ط   .  ʵڵ  
"ͤ š"ҷԡ -  Ҩ Ԩکù ˹ҷ .
     ⾸ʵ   ͵ڵ ҵءبک ԡڢڵ Ҩ
Ԩک ʸڵ, ʹڵõڵ,  ͵ڵǵ.
ʸڵ  ҵءبک ԡڢڵڵ ʡ Ҫ Ҥڵ
ڷ ˵ ໵ ,  د  ԡڢ. Ͷ  ҵ
"ҵ   ˵ Ҥ" بک. "ʸ ". Ե ʸ
˵ Ҥڵ "ʸ " .
     ʹڵõڵ  ҵءبک ԡڢڵ ڢԳ˵ڶ
õ "͵ڶ    ԭڨ  , ҹ " Ƿ
ԡڢ. Ͷ ҵ "ʸ  Ծھ ҵ" صڵ ˵ڶ
͵ڵ ˵ڶ  ʵڶԡ .
       ͵ڵ  ˹ҷ յ  ⾸ʵ 
͵ڵ ҵءبک ԡڢڵ Ҩ Ԩک. ҵڢ೻
ǵڵ ؾھԵڵҹ ҵ.    ҡ ⾸ʵ
ھԹ    ҵ  ҹ  ط
  - Ҫ ⾸ء  Ըԡ  ҵ,
ڶ  صڻ  ͱڲªڻ  Ԥصڻ
 ªڻ .  ʵڵ ˪ҵ  ˹ڵ.
@ԧö:  .. //, .. //        . Ҫҹ ڶ
     ¹ һ ˵ ǵڶػ ͤ. 
"ǵڶع ط⸷Ҫ ص ⾸ շԵ ط
ʵ" ǵ ˯د ʧڦ ءࢻҷչ ǵ൹ڵ
.   ط⸷Ҫ ٻ ͯһڵ  -
 һ ڵԨڨ  õڶ ǵǹ ڵ ڶ
 Թ  ǵ دҹ ̹ڵ  " ó
دҹ طԵ˷ ̶,   ó බ" بک. 
ǵ  " ط⸷í ص ,  ⾸
շԵ ط ص ڡ ǵʵ, ' ͹ڵٻ طڸ
Ե ' Թ ೹ د".
     Ͷ һ  ǵҹ Ǩ ص ʹõš
š  ûԹʹ Ե   շ. 
ʹڶ Ҫҹ "ص   Ҫ ,  "
. Ҫ ŧڡµڵ  ໵ ŵһ ǹڷ໵
. һ ҷ ǵڵԵ Ԫڪŵ  ԵŸá
һ  ԯ. ⾸ʵ൹  ൹ڵǹ ǹڷԵ 
ͭ ͵ڶ.  һ دʹ ⾸ʵڵ ͭڪ ڤ.
Ҫ  ͨک  ͵ڵ صڵ ǹڷ. һ ⾸ʵڵ
šڢڻڵ  "ʵ   ط, ط  ʵ"
Ǫવ ػù " ط ʵ" ͹Ҥ
"ͨک» ¹" Ե ͡.
@ԧö:  . 
      " طڸٵ    , " ػù
" , ͹ڵ   طڸ൹ طڸʹ ڵ
ี ʡڡ ٻ Ծھڵ"  "ٻ 
ͨک» طڸٵ   , ˵ ǵ  ҹ ʵ"
÷.    "ҡ  Է Ե ع
÷Ե,     ҡ »صڵ ⡨ ͹ڵ ʵ"
بک. һ  "ඵ ͹ڵ, ¹ ط ʵ".
"Ͷ   Եڶ". "ٻ ͨک» طڸٵ  
, ˵ ǵ  ҹ ʵյ ͵ڵҹ ͹ʨ ÷"
.
      ⾸ʵڵ ڨ   ໵ " "
Ҫǹ تڪҵԡู ػڻԵ Ҫڨҹ ҹ ԡԵ
Թڹ ໵ Գڳ Ƿҹ çڤ ͯ 
൵ Ҫ շ໵ ػ વ ʡڡ  "
  ʵ" šڢҹ Ԥڤ.  ҷ ͯ
ڱԵ šڢԤڤˡ .  ʵڵ   ͧڤ
ءڢԻԵ Ǹ ҡ " šڢ ڹҤ ͤ ͪڬʹ
Ҫ ˵ ڡǵڵ, ھ ط".   ʾھ ⤵൹
⡳ڱ   ⾸ʵڵ šڢڻڵ  "͵
ͤ ҹó ڶ, ͡ ǯک ط ʵ"
͡ ͧڤ ءڢԻԵ ͡ʾҡó ҡ. Ͷ  ˹ڵ
ʾھšڶԷڸԡõڵ Էڸⶵ .
     Ͷ   ͵ڵ ҹ ڵ ص ൵
 " š ط⸹Ҫ صڵ ʾھص ڵ
 ,  ,    ھԵ ʾھص 
  ھ".  ʵڵ  ǵء  ¶ҡ
. ⡳ڱҳ  .   Ҫ  Ǩ ص
"   ص ھʵ"  بک. ڵ ؾھԵڵҹ
ҵ. íڨ íڨҵ? Գڳ ҸԵ  ھԵڵ. Ҫ
"  ٻҹ  صڵ ʹڵԡ ҤԵ  ͷڶ" ǵ
 ڢػ Գڳҷչ Ҥóڶ  
صص áڢ .  ڤů ʹڹԻ յ
ҵԡ ͡ ͡ صڵ Ԫҹ " ط  ˵
Ҫ ,  ͡ صڵ ,  ط ʵ, ڵ
 Ԩʵ.  Ҫ ڡǵڵ ʵ, ڵ¡ 
Ԩʵ". Ͷ Ҫ һ ٻڻڹ Ԥʾھ ʯ
ҵ ͷ. ⾸ʵ ͹൹ ù ˵ ط¹ DZڲ.
     ඡ í ǻڻڤ  .  Ҫ ˵
ٵ ˵ ù -  ԡڢ صڵڻ ˵ ͤ.
ԡ  ھء  ʹڷک . 
˯  ¹ ໵ ػ áҢԵ õڵԵҹ
ڸԵ ҳԻҡù ԡڢԻ໵ áڢ ໵ Ҫ ʾھŧڡ
ŧڡԵ ڨ - ڤšóҹ. - ڶ Ҫ
@ԧö: - .,. ڶ       .,. ǻڻڤǻڻ೯
ڤ dzڳڤ ҵ. ڨҷ êڤҷչ ˹ڵ.
 ڤ ªµ. ⾸ʵڵ õ Թڹ ҵ
"í ڻڵ " ͹ҳ  ԡڢڵ.
     Ͷ ⾸ʵ    ࡹ ԭڨ ͷ 
د ŧڡ تԵ ҹһ Ԥڤ˵ ڬҹ Ծھ.
ҵ ڪڪڵ Ԩùڵ ⶡ . ءڢҹ  ǵڵ,
  ھءڢ  ڱ ص  ͯ. ҵ
 "»ص ͡" ह ҳԻҡ ءڢԻԵ ʹڵ
 ŧࡹ Թڹ ڨ ү  ڵ  ǵڵ
í . Ҫ ह Ҥڵ  ү  " 
ҵ صǹڷ" صڵ ǹڷ.
     Ͷ һ ͹ءڡ ط . Ҫ
⾸ʵڵ Գڳ صٹ ͹بک   
. ͡ ԡ ͡ ʵڵԡ ͡ ڨԡ. » ҷ
ؾู ڻҳ . ԡ  ҹڵ .
     Ͷ Ҫ Թ "ص  »ڻ ڵ ໵
êڪ ".  ҡҹ ڳҹ Գ "ص  »ڻ,
ê  ԯ, ʾ ͵ڵ  »ڻڵ ԡ 
 ʹڵ".  í ʹ ص "  ٻڻ,
 ԭڨ Իڻ ҹҵ, ó ҵ  ʡڢʵ,   յ
" . Ҫ  ǵڵ ص صڵ ʹڵԡ ڵ ڶ
. ⾸ʵ " Իڻ ʵ ǯگ" . "ʵڶ  ǯگ ҵ". "൹  ໶" . Ҫ ໵
ͷ.    ໵,  ໵. һ 
ʹ ໵ ŧࡹ Թ  ҷڤد ໵
ڲ ҷڤد  ໵  ˵ඹ  ˵
ڢ೹ ˵ඹ ڲԵ  . ʡŹ ػڻڵҡûڻڵ
. "  ʷ"  ص " ڪ" . Ͷ
"  ҹҶ   ڪ ͧڤ  ʵڶ ڵ »ڻʷ " . ҡ 
ص ǵ ÷ڸԵڵ دҹ .
     Ͷ һ " ҵ ǯگ" . ͯڤž »گ
౹ ԪڬԵ ǯگ".  ԪڬԵ "ͭ  ҵ ǯگ" .
çڤž ʹš ԪڬԵ ǯگյ. ڻ ԪڬԵ "ͭ  ҵ
ǯگ" . "ԷڶԾ طھüš ԪڬԵ ǯگ". ڻ ԪڬԵ
"ͭ  ҵ ǯگ" .  "ءʡҹ" . ʵ
ءʡڻ ʡڻ ԹԪڬԵ ط ͡ڻҳ ڱ
  ͯڻҳ. Ͷ  "ҵԧڤʭ  ԪڬԵ
ǯگ" . "൹  ªڵ ҵԧڤ ڸ໶" ǵ
ªڶ ҵԧڤʭ  ڸ໵ õڵڸ 
ڹ  ڱ Ի.  ڵ ªڶ  ŵ 
.   ͵ڵ,   һ  ǵڵҹ Իڻ
ʾھ .
     Ͷ ҡ ͵ڵ յ ŧڡԵ . ڵ
үԵڶ . ҵ   ͤڤ . һ
ǡ  ǵ  ǵ  Իڻ 
Ԩ ڻڵ ͹ صù صù   
õ. ඡ ⾸ʵ ҹ ڵء ö ൵ "ö
 ҹ " .  "Ҹ" سԵ 
بöáؾھõڵ õԹ áêõԵآ ǡê-
áԵԻ ԵԸԡԡ öʷʷʹ ö
ŧڡԵ ԡطʷdz ͹Ť̪ Ҫҹ ڵ ڤԹڸ
વ ⾸ʵڵ . ⾸ʵ ҹʷ  ö
ҹ .
     Ͷ ǵ "Էڸڶ ھتڬ ʹ,
ؾھԵڵ " ͡ ǻصڵ Ҫڪ ڱڵ
Ե ǧڡڵ ڱ˵ڶ Ǹҹ  .  ⾸ʵ 
ö  ʹڵ.  ⾸ʵ "ö ⡹  һ 
¶ ͭʹ" һҹص - Ҥ بکԵ  Ǩ
ص "õڶ ǵ  ҵ, µ   ҵ  ʵ" -
Ԥڤ˷  ԹǵڵԵ ҷ .
     Ҫ " ó  ص Թǵڵ" بک. "Գڳ 
".  ڻҹҹ Ҫ ͱڲª áڢ . ๡
⾸ʵ ҹ ک   ǵ Ե ҸԵڨ 
@ԧö:  .. //      .. /-/-
  بکԵ Ԥڤ˷ ǵڵԵ ҷ .
Ҫ بکԵ үҹ ʪ. "ھڪ ҹ  Թڹ
ʹ" áڢ DZವ ڵ Ԥصڻ  áڢ
.
     ع ⾸ʵ ͡ ҹ ک  ǵ Ե
ŧڡ   بکԵ Ԥڤ˷ ǵڵԵ ҷ.
Ҫ ǵڵó بکԵ ع áڢ DZವ ªڻ
 áڢ .
     ع ⾸ʵ ͡ ҹ ک  ǵ Ե
عǵڶ ػص ھԵ  "   ö" ö بک.
ö ԭڨһ طڸػڻҷ  ھԵ  ھԵ  
ҹҵ, ǵҹǹ  "ھ  " ǵ ھڪ
س  dz.
      ⾸ʵ ھڪ ب ػڻ෵  ҹ ͤ.
զء ⾸ʵڵ   ͵ԡڡ Գڳҷ ࡡ ͷڷ.
ҡ  ⾸ʵ ͻڻء ػڻڹڵ عڹ عڹ ҹ
ͨڨ¹ ҹ ک ͹ءڡ ࡡ ͷڷ. զҳ 
"ڵ Եڵҹ ͡  ͤ".  Ҥ Ե
ҹԵ ڤ⻡ڢó ҵ ͯڤ  ڤҵ
շ ͵ڵҹ ŧڡ໵ء. Ͷ ԵڵҨ ʡࡹ
ҹԹ෹ ҳ ʡ  ǻص Ҥڵ 
ڻʷ ص Ծ ŧڡ ŧڡ. Ͷ
ʾھŧڡŧڡ ʾھǨ - ʡҹ ʡҹ ҹҹ ¹,
  " ڷ"ҷǨ صڤԡҷ ҹڻ
ڤǨڶص ǹ  - ʾھŧڡŧڡ ö .
  "ҵ صڵ Ԫҵ" ص ط⸷Ҫ "صڵ
 د ෶" ʹ Գ. ⾸ʵ  ص " , -
ڸ ҵ" . Ҫ "  ص Ǩ" بکԵ  Ǩ
ص "   ڵ `š' ˵" .
     ⾸ʵ⵻  ö ˵ ù ͵
ह  .   ٻ سڻڵ  ͡
⤵  ڵ¡ ػԻҷõŤ  ʹڵ
⾸ʵڵ ٻ  ʭڪҵյ ص:-
         "Ծھص ٹ  ҵ       Ծھ ٹ  Ե
          Ծھص ٹ           շ " -
 طҹ ط.
     ⾸ʵ  ص Թ "  ǹ Ǩ ,  
Ծھҹ ʹ Ԩ, ͪ   ౵ ԡڢ
ھԵ Ծھҹ Ե ǯگ". "  Ҩ ˵"
صڵ  حڨԵ ⤵ ʵʤڦԡ õԡ
صڵ .  "Էڸڶ  Ծڸ˷ ص ڳҡ
" ʪҵ .
@ԧö:  .,. ʾھǨ       .,. ¹
@ .,.           .. /, .. / ()
     ⾸ʵ⵻ ˵ ط¹  ҷ Ե
 Իڪ.   ԻسڳêԡʷبǷ ھ-
ʷʷʹʹ ԵԵ÷ʹ Ե¹ʻ تҵڪҵ-
šدء تҵԵ¸ - õԡùǡêèԵ - 
ԤԻŦ ԡʹڹؤ ڨյҷ  ǵʷ-
ٻ ǵ ҹ ҹ ˵ һ ڻõ
һ¹ڵ ڨյҷԵҹ ª. ⾸ʵ   õڵԵڵ
ڨյҷ ͹ صڵ Էڷ ͡ڡ.
        "ʵڶ ڨҷչ  ,  Էڷ ػ,
Էҹ ڶ " Եҹ ҹ ͪ⬵ڶԵ Իڪ,
ڸŻڻջ  ¹ڵ. ⾸ʵ تڬԵ ¹ԯ ŧࡹ
Թ ͷڷ  Եڶ ڱҹ ǵڶԵ Էڷ¹ڵ
ڦԵ ԹڹŤڵ, ͡ڨ  ҷڵ, ͡ڨ
ҡکڵ, ͡ڨ ԻڻŻڵ, ͡ڨ ǯآ, ͡ڨ ͻʹ,
ҡکھҸҹ. ͡ڨ صڵҡ, ҹٻٻ - ҹ
. ʵ   Իڻ   ڵ  õڵԵ
.   ŧڡµڵ ʵ¹ǹʷ بڻ ҷõ
ͻԷڸáسԵ ҹ ԡڡ ػ. » 
ҷԵڵǹʷ ص ػ. "ػڷص ǵ , ػʯ ǵ "
 Ҩ ǵ. ͵ ھڪ Եڵ .
      "ͪ  Թԡڢ ԡڢԵ ǯگ" ¹
د ջ ڵ " ͵ڶ" .   
@ԧö:  . تҵճ...     .... ب...       . ҹҹٻ
Ի   " »صڵ ". Ͷ һ "
ͪڪ Թԡڢ ԡڢԵء,  ڨ ǷԵ զ ͵Ԫ
Թڸ "  "Ҹ " ڱ ˵ 
ڵ ڸŻڻ Ź گԵҹ ˯ 
 Ե ڶ -  çڤ  "ͪڪ  »صڵ
ԡڢڶ  ڤ ໵ ǯگ"  . 
ڻ ͭ " ڻ ͵Ԥ, ͭ  ҹ
 ڻ   ˵.  ͪ »ص Թԡڢ
ԡڢʵ".  دҹ Ե .  -   ʡšǵڶػ
عڹҷ , ǵ  ʹڹԵ -  ʨ ʵ ͷ.
     ⾸ʵ "صڵ  " Թ൵ Եҹ د
ҵ ʹҹ ڵ  .   ͹ⵤ
ڸŻڻ µ. ҵ ԡҷչ ھ൹ ԻڻԳ
 صڵ ڶ ˵ڶ ໵ Էڷµ. ⾸ʵ 
ҷ Ե ࡵ "ʨ  ˵ڶ ͻ๵ 
صڵ ,  تڬʵ,   Թԡڢ ͹ڵ
ʵ. ط ص Ҥڵ صڵ " Թ൵ ҷ
͵Ե  ջ ڵ  "ҵ   ͪڪ ͡õڵ
 ,    ط ص ǡ š ". 
ŧڦԵ  ԯ .    
ͯ˵ ˵ ໹ ؾู ڹҤ ٻڤǾڻ
@ԧö:  . Ԫڶ      .        . ʹڹتڬԵ
ʾھ ⸵ʧڢʷʷʹdz.  ⾸ʵ õçڤԯԤ
ڹ  Ÿ ໵ ͱڲõڵ  ҷ
ڻ.
       Ҫ ؾ ⾸ʵڵ ʸڶ 
á ࡡ ʹ Եھ õ ڶ ػ
áڢ . ⾸ʵ  ʤ ⡯ʵ  ,
˵ڶԤ ⡯.   Թ "·   µ, -
ͪڪ  ԯ Թ ڹ Ÿ ໵ ൹ ʷڸ
  Իڻ̵ ͯ˵ڶ ҡ ػڻԵ ͵ԡڡ¹".
-  Թ "   ؤڦһµ,  »صڵ  
 ڢԳ˵ඹ ԡڢԻ ػک  ػԵ ҡ
͵ԡڡ".  Թ "   ¶ҹԹڹ
»صڵ ԵŸԹ ๹ ʷڸ ػԵ ҡ 
ԯ".    Թڵ. -  ͸ǵڶ ǵ
ҷ .
        һ "ʵڵ ǵ" Ҥڵ
  :-
           " ԡڢ         ʵڵ 
            Ծھ  ڡõ       ͷڸ ҵ ʵ
ʻԵڵջҹ عڹ ҷջҹ êڪ , ǵڵ
". һ  " ǹ". " ǵڵ".
@ԧö:  .,.  һµ, . ʵ             - .,. ڶ
           "- ҹ Ҫ    ڡ  -
            ͹ڶ êહ      ک    Ը.
            ʡ ڻ       šҵ 
            عڹ෵    ط  Թ"
.  ǹڵø.
     ʵ ͡ٹʡ ˵ڶ ڡǵڵêڪ ̻Գڱ 
͹໡ ౵ ڡǵڵԹٵ Ҫǹ ԡڢԵ -
سڳ صڵ˹ڢ ǵڵ  ԡڢԵ 
ͻࡵء . Եڡڵ  Ũڡ   Իڻ
ǵڵ. ¶ ʵ ǵڶػ   Իڻ
ǵڵ  ਵ¯ҹ ʵ ڵھڤآ 
  ˵ ʡڡù ù ط¹.  ʵ
ک   ǵ ʯ ءڡʵҹ ,  بک
ʯ, ڢԳ ʯ ءڡʵҹ,  . ͻ ǵ
ԡҷڷسڳøҡ ʡڡùڵ õ ͤ.
Ծھҹ ʧڤյҹ ๡ҹ  ҹ Ǫڪ.
     Թ ط¹ ک ⾸ʵ ͡õ ճ êڪҹ
͵ԡڡ ªԡ ڤ ڵ ҹյ ڻһس. Ͷ ⾸ʵ
յ  ڹ بک "  ". "  ".
"ҡڻ ھڪ  ʵ"   ௹ 
ʭ ͷ.  ŧڦԵ ͯԵڶ  
ͯ. ⾸ʵ ʻԯ  صڵʷ ءһ 
@ԧö: - .  ҹ , ڡ  
ڹ  " ڹ   óҹ  ڨ ҷ
ک,  ھ".  "ڻ  ھ". ⾸ʵ
 " ž  ھԵ,  ǹ" ԡڢڵ õ
óҹ  ڨ Ԩک໵ Թ "  
ػڻ  ˹ڵ,  ह Թڷ" ڢ೹ ˵ඹ
Ե ˵ ˵ඹ  ʷڸ  ˵ Թڷ,
 ǧڤڵ ص ڢԳ ǵڵҹ  - .  
ҹ Ǫ  ҳ ,   ٻ, ع -
óԨڨڻ . ⾸ʵ    ˵ "ʨ
ط , ҡ ԯ,  ,  " ҡ Ի. 
Ծڸ ªڻҳ ҹ ڵ ҡ ͯ.
     Ͷ ʡ Ҫ Ծྐྵ ڢع ࡹ ªࡹ
õ⡯ࡹ  Ԥڤ˵ ǵ ª ʵڵõ ਵ
 ԯ. ¶:-
                 "ੵҹ  äڸԵ
                   ءڢԻ ͤڤؤڤ
                  ๵  Ԥڤ
                  dzڳ⡯ù ". -
     ع ⾸ʵ Թ "ҹ ԡǵڶҹ ˤڦҹ,  
ػڻҹ". Ͷ ʻطڸ ҳ ԡҾ
@ԧö:  .       .. //, .. //-
͡ طڸڵ Թһڻ൹ Եڵǹ Թ "ͪڪ  
Թԡڢ ԡڢ, ԡڢ ˵ ک".
         "Ԩíڨ            ٨  ڸ
          ǹڨ ͯ      صڵ¤ ԡڢ" -
 ͯ ԡڢ Ե ͷ. һ ˷ڸ ʵ
صڵ ھڪ ˵ - үؤ ҡ Ի.  Ҿ
Ԥڤ˵  ҷªԡ ʾھõ ਵ  
͹ ڢԻԵ . Ͷ  ʵ - "ڹ  Ǩ๹
ҵһԵٹ ä " ǵ .   һ
ǹڷԵ ڢԳ  ڡ.   ๹ ʷڸ
ڵҹ ⾸ʵڵ Ǩ س  "ڶ ҹ  ع
 ʹ" ڢػ Ԫ˹ ¤ءڢʵ ʡ⡹
˷¹ ൹   Իط ǵ 
 ǻص ص Ծھڵ.  ػڻڵ ŵڶԹ -
Թҹǵڶͯ ˵ھ. ڹ    . 
 š ص¹ ࡹ  ÷ ǹ
ءࢹ ͤ.
     ⾸ʵ⵻ ھԵ   ͹ػ  ھǹ
͵ڶ,  ʵڵ ھڪࢹ յԹ  ک
ʭڬһڻҹíڪԵŸ ÷ Իسڳêԡ  
@ԧö:  .. /, .. //   - . ڶ      . ŵڶԡԹ
͡⡻ ๡  è  ǹԤڢչ ¹ҹ
ù ͡    ڵҵڤʤ ʹ
 عڷ ҷ ͡ ªԡ ڤ ڵ صڵاڤçڤڤ
ʧڤ ڤ  صڵԵ õصҪԵبҪ Ҫ 
 . Ե   ʻҹ Գڱ . ʡ   
⾸ʵڵ ٻ๹  ԯ    Թ
ԯ ǹ  ʧ. Գڱ ù һ 
 ʵڵ ٻ๹ ʭڪҵյ ҵԵ
⾸ʵڵ ٻʹǪڪԵ˷ .
      ҹ ͭ ͭ "Թڹ   ¹
Ԥˡó سڳ šҤ".  Ե 
 "      سڳ šҤ
ԯؾ,   ࡵء ʹڵҷ ҡ Ҫ
Ҥҹڨ ٵ  ԵҤ".  Ե 
 "   ,   ⡸صʹԷڲ
ûԷʵ  ûʭ ԸҤ".  ʡ
Ե "    ؾھһø,   ʵ¹ҹ,
 Ǫ,  . ͷڸ    ڵ
 ǷǷڤҷ ªڶ Ҥ".  ʾྻ ͻ෵
ͭ ڱԵҵ  " سڳ,   ,
һ ʵ,  һ , ʾھš ʵڶ 
ͨک".
      Ż  Ҥ Ҫ ڵ  ǵڵ
í ھ  "   ڸ  ط
ҤҪ  ¡     ҡ  Գڱ õ".
Ҫ  ص ػԻҷ  һ  ͨک¾صԵڵ
Ҫ ҳ "ک   ʶ,   ʵ,
 ԡڢԵ ͹ڵøʵ,  ǵ ʵ, ҡʹ ʵ,
 ҤҪ ʵ,  تڪԵ ʵ,   ʵ,
¶ŷڸ ԡڢ حڪʵ".
     һʻ ʹڵԹڷ ʹڵҹ ٻ Ҫ ¹ҹ
ҡಹ  ؤڵ ໡ڢ ʡڵ һڵ Ե
ԯ  ԡڢԵ ڱǻھک õڶ
շԵ  ڨǡڢԵ Ծھԡ حڪ.  Ҫ
ڵ  ǵڵ í .  ٵǨ ص ҸԻ
Ҫ Ū ù ڷ ʵڵ ھ
⾸ʵڵ س ʭڪҵʹص ह  ԡڢԵ
ڱǻھ ڵ ҹ  ⾸ʵڵ ʹڵԡ ڵ ൹
ҹح ڸتյ ҵ շԵ ⾸ʵڵ һ
շԵ ʹڶ ⤵ڵҷչ بکԵ ⾸ʵڵ ʾھ
 . ⾸ʵ " Ҫ ǵڶء  ʡ
 ͵ ڶ.   ⾸ ڶ¹ ԡڢ" .
Ҫ ๡ڻù Ҩ⵻  Եڵ Ե "ͷڸ ط
ʵ, طڸ൹     ԪԵ Ҥڵھ" ǵ 
ԯ.
                   Ͷ Ҫ Ҫ
                   Ҫ   
                   Ҫ عҪ
                   ԤҪ ؤ⵻ .
     Ͷ ⾸ʵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ԡ  íڨ 
طڨ صڵ ػʧڡԵ ͯ һڵ Ծھ൵ "
 ⾸" -  һڵǹ ͹ŧڡԵ һҹ Եء
 ڵ " ǵ "   ػڵ
һҹ . šڢԤڤˡҹ ڵ صڵ ⡳ڱ
 ҵ  ڨ   ھԵ ԤҪҹ
ԡڢҨ ùڵ ڶ ⾸ʵڵ ڻһس. Ͷ  ھҹ
һҹ ˹ڵ "Էҹ ط ʵ, Էҹ ط ʵ"
dzڪҷԡ ǵڵԻڵ ػҹ ʹڵԡǨ .
⾸ʵ⵻ "⡯Իڻڵ ءڡ " ͡ŵڱҷ յԹ.
ʾھʻ ػ੷ ͡. ǵһ  Ծ⾪ ػҹ
ڢԻ.
     Ͷ  õ ǻڻڵ dzڳdz
 dz , ǵڵ һšڢҹ Ԩکڹҹ .
Ͷ ⾸ʵ ءڡáԡ ͹ڵ ڵ "  ⾸"
ԡ  õ Ԥ Գڱ Ե  .
Ͷ ǵڵ һšڢҹ ҡԡҹ ,  dzڳdz
. Ͷ ڨǤڤ ԡڢ   " ھҹ ءڡáԡ
@ԧö:  . ⾸ҵ
ù⵻ ʾھص ԪڬԵ ʡڢ, Էҹ ԤҪҹ
Գڱ Ե ԡ    ʡڢʵ, 
 ҹԾ,   Թ" һ  ҳ Ի
ͤ.
     Ͷ һ Ңسڳ  ʹҹԤ - ʹҡدھԡ -
 Ծھڵ تҵ  ԡ .  ڻҷҵ Թڹ
ڢԵڵԾ⾪ ػ حڪԵ dzڳҵ ˵ íڪ
ʵ ԻԵ ̹ҤҪ ػڵ . Ͷ ⾸ʵ íڪҵ
ԡŧڡ      ¹
ǵ ŧڡ൹ ह ⾸ءڢ . ǹҤ¡ڢԷڸҷ
Ծ ҤڸŻ ٪.   ʵڶ  Գ -
Գ ҷ Ի Ҥک һ ҡ  ͯ
Գد ͷ. ⾸ʵ Գ ˵ Եڪʧڡ Ҩùڵ
Թê ʡ˷ - سյ յک ԸˤڻҵԵ
ڷԵ Ң ŧڡ ڨڵ յ íڪҹ 
ؤҹ èҹԪµʵڶ⾸ءڢػڵ ʵڶҪ ԡڢڵ
ڢԳ  ؾھصڵ÷  ҹ Գҹ ͤ ˵
.  طڷ˵ ŧ . ҹ  Գҹ Եڵù
ŢҤԵҹ  . ⾸ʵ ڶ طڷ˵ Գʹڶ
- ʹڸԻŧڡ تԵ çڤڹҤ ͸ԯԵ dzڳ
Եêڢڸ   ˵ڶ ⾸ԡڢڸ ԯ  ػ
ԩ൹  ⾸Ң  շ. dzڳdz   -
⾸ͧڡ ҹ dzڳ   ԡڢԵڵ è.
@ԧö:  . ʹҹչԤ       .,. ʹҹաدھԡ
@ .,.       .,. Ԫ˷      - .,. ڶ
     ⾸ʵ  ڶ Թ ǵڵ ǻص "Էڸڶ
 ԡڡԵء,  ҹԡڡԵ " þ
ڶ ਵ þҷ ԡڢ.   ʹ  
ҷª ,  ڢԳ   , ک 
ڡ̻¹ڵ  Ե, طڸ ªؾྸ .  
عڹڵ ʷ ª  عڷ¹ʷ 
µ.   ʡ Ҫ Ԫصڵ  ʧڢ  ͯ.
  ʧ ˵ڶʵ . ڨ ڸھǻص Ԥصµ
ǻڱճ ҷ ҷ ڤصڵҹ յҹ  ͯ.
 Ҫ Ԥصµ ÷êԡԡ Ծھ ˵
ڷ ڷ ժ ͯ.   ڻ ªԵڶ ص
سڳڷ ʵکڵ  طڸ õ ͯ. ҡ̻
ҤҪ յ Ҥү  صʧڤյҹ - ǵ൹
ʵڵ  ͯ.  ڡ ǵ ҹ
ԡٻسڳҷ ٪ҹ Ҹء ǵڵҹ ͯ.
     Ͷ  ǻص ±ڲªʵԡ Ԣʷ ب÷ʹ
  õԵó óó Ե 
໵ ͤڤԵڤ೹ ҹظҹ ͤڤ. ûһ Լ-
ʵڵʾ Եż - ʧڡءعڵػŤ¡¡ڻڡ
ˢڤ˾¤ڦҹäڪ١Ƿ ʻʷçڤҷǷ
 ҹٻک ¡ڢҨʷʡ 
@ԧö:  . صʵҹ      .,....
ʵڵ ⾸ʵڵ ⾸ Թڹ ͪ⬵ڶҹ ڵ Ե
 ʹ طԡڢҹ ͯ.
      þ ⾸ڱػʧڡ  ʡڡҷչ ⡻ ҵ
ʡڢ. آآ . ʡ  Ҫ 
Ԫصڵʧڢ ԯ  Ե ڡآǯگ ͯ. Ҿ
ʵکڵ ڡ⡯ ໵ š ͤ. , ҤҪ
ʾھүҹ ౵  تڪԵ ڨªʵԡ ԡҤǹ
ڵ ˵ඹ آ ԷԵ Իڪ. ͡ǵһ ڶ ҵ ڶ
 . һ  ح Ҿ  ͡ շ.
"Էҹ  Ҥʵ"  ๡ٻҹ ͹ԯҹ عڹԵڵҹ
ҵ.
                   ڵڸ  طڸ
                   šڸ  ǵڵ
                   ءڡ ڵ Ի 
                   ڸ   .
                   ਵڻ ਵ ¶
                    ¤  Թ
                    ҵ˵ Ҥ
                   ڻ ҹʸ  .
                   طڸٵ طڷ
                     
                   ٯҹ ҹҵҹ
                    - չ  .
@ԧö:  . ੵ
                      ڵ
                   Ԧگʷ  
                   Եڶ  ùڸ
                   ڸٻ  Եڶ.
                     ͹ԯ
                   ҡʤ Ԥڨ 
                   ๡ٻ  عڹԵڵ
                    Ҥ ڵ.
                     ˹ڵء
                       ʧڦ
                   ҵ ʷڷ ͹ءڻҹ
                   ͡ ʷڸ çڤ.
                   - کһ  طڵٻ
                   Է ҹ
                   ͹ڵ  ʾ ๡
                   ˵    ҵ . -
                   ˧ڤҹ  
                    Ԥҹ  
                    þ 
                    յ շ.
     Ͷ  "Էڸڶ ໵ " ҵ ó
ҳ ع ͧڤáءڡءŹڸد  Էڸ
@ԧö: -  .,.  Ҷ  ʵ
⾸ʵڵ ໵ ʡ⡹ طڸҹ "  ԯ, 
ԷڸڶԷڸڶ ö, ˶ ˹ Թڷ ڸ  حڨ ໶"
û ҳ໵ ­ڨ   շԵ ࡹ ù
 ¹ ⾸ʵڵ ػʧڡԵ " Էڸڶ د ŧڡ"
. ûһ ʵڵ ͵ . - Ͷ һ "
 Ե  ŧڡڶ "ҷչ Ǩҹ ǵ ڢԳ˵ڶ
 Թڹ. ڢ طڷҸԡҹ ʵªҹ
ʹڸáҹ ҵطҹ  ໵ ڵ عصҸԡª-
ʵʾ  һ  ڻԵڶ. ػҡ ๡ҹ
Ԫڪŵ  ʹ  . Ͷ ŷ ڳࡹ . 
šڢ Թ  . ûһ Է د 
ԡ. -
     Ͷ һʻ   þ ڵڵ»ҷչ ͵ڵ
չҹǹ Էڸʵ  ؾྐྵ ͹Ե ڬ
Ծھڢ ี ڨ ʾھطڸҹ ҨԳ ڨҡ ҳ
͵õ ҹһҹصڶڬҹ Ծھ൵  ҷ  Իʹ
DZವ ڤԻү ͸Ԥ൹ صڶह ʾھ ໵
ʾھطڸ ԪڬԵ ʾھطڸҨԳڳ:-
       "๡ҵ              ʹڸ ͹Ծھ
        ҡ ʹ           ءڢ ҵ عڻع.
@ԧö: - .,.    ʹڵ
        ˡá ԯ             ع   
        ʾھ  ء ڤ       ˡٯ ʧڢ
        ʧڢä Եڵ             ҹ ڬ" -
طҹ ط.
                          ʹڵࡹԷҹ
     طҹ ط๵ Թڹ  ͵ " ڻʵҸԡҹ
ڵ ʧҹ  ŧڡ ó ʹڸ, 
 ŧ Ԫ»ŧ ڤŻŧ, ͵ڶ  Թڹ  ʧڡ
 Իس,    د" ๡⡯ʵʧڢ
һڵ һڪ ʵڵ  շ.  ʹڸ صڵ "Ͷ 
 ʵڵ ͡ŧࡹ շ صڵآǷ". -
     ඡڨҹ ǵҹ "ͪڪһ  ٹ Էڸڶ ڵھԨڨ
͵ڶ. ŧڡ    Ԫ˵" Ե طҷ. Ͷ ʵڶ
ǵҹ Եڡ   Եڡٻڶ  ;ؤڤڵ
ү .  Թ ү¹ ǵҹ Եڡ ٻ
ŧڡ ʡ Ҩչ صڵ÷  " ǵ 
ŧ ʾھصҳ Էڸ" ڵ ʧҹ ڻʵʭڨ
Եҹ չ ҸԤҹ ŧڡڨ ⾸ءڢڨ ͹ ͡ڢ
š ʵڵ յԹ,  ҹ ͹ਵ  ҵ.
@ԧö:  .. /-/       .. //
     Ͷ ŧڡ  Եҹ  ͹ڵ ڡ ໵
õڶک  õڡ ڡ ʵڵ յԹ,  ҹ
õڡਵ  ҵ.
     ص  ʵڵ ⾸ - کصڵ÷ ǵ õ
һ. ڶ ŧࡹ շԵ Ըԯ ԨԹ ʵڵ յԹ,
  ҹ õਵ  ҵ.
       ⾸ ڵ ʵڵҹ յԹ ڨ
ʵڵ ⾸ءڢ ¹ ͪŹ, ൹ػʧڡ. һ 
ԨԹ صڵآڨ Ƿ շ.
     ʵڶ ڶ ʵڵ յԹ بԹڷ ͤ. ڶ
ʵڵǷڷԡ ػڻڹ յҷԻԾ˹ڶ بԹ෹ Ҥહ
ʵڵڢڵ  ԡڢԵ ھҸ ڸد ù  صڵآ
Ƿ ڶ ʵڵ յԹ Ҫµ ػʧڡ. ڶ
صڵآ Ƿ ʵڵ շ. ͵ڵǵ ʵڵʵڵҹ
Իسڳҹ. ͵ڶڵ   آǹ,  ûԪڤ,
áԨڨ - ,  - յǵ. Ͷ ʵڵʵڵڶ
͡ٹʵ  ʡࡹ ҹԹ෹ ػ൹ Ҥŵҷڵ
 ⹵ڵ˷ࡹ  آ Ե  Ҫµ շ.
      ¹ ԡ -   ҳԪ ҵԵ
ǵ ʵڶ ÷ Ե ڶڨ ػԳڱԡڨ ҷ
@ԧö:  .. ⾸         .,.  ҹԨ
@ ҹآ, ҵ.. / ()   .,. ء
"Ԥڤҵ    ͹ءڻ ػҷ" ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ
ͯ.  ʻԤڤ˳ Ƿڵ ڵ ͹ڵԵڵ
"  Ҥ ˵  Ԥڤ˹ڵ,     
Ԥڤ¹" Թ. Ͷ  ͪڬ ԷԵ  
ڵ Ҫ Թڷ ڵ  ػ. 
 ԡڢԻ. ع ؤڤdz  ڵ  ػ. 
 عڹڻ ǻصڵҹ ͹ءڻ ػҷ Ԥڤ˵ ͡ ػ๵
 ڨ    Ԥڤ˵ حڪԵ
͹.   ҵ ҳԪ طڸڨ ڨ ó ڵ
Ҩԡ ػʡ .
     Ͷ ʵڶ ع ͪŹø ڵ ø շ. Ͷ
ڶ Թڹڵ ͸Ԥ  õ ڨǡڢڵ ʾھطڸҹ
ҨԳ "͸Ԥ   "ҷԹ -   ʵء-
ûڻ Ե طҷ. Ͷ  ڻ "ʵ ǵ 
, Թʵ ǵ  " -  ڡ ʡڡʹڵԵ-
ҹõԻùԵǵڵҾ  ˵ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ Ҥڵ
"ʵ   "ҷԹ - ¹ ʹ Ҩ.
     Ͷ ʵڶ  ԭ  "     
¹" Թ൹ طҹ ŧڡ @ԧö:  .. //, .. /, /, , .. //,
@.. //, .. //
@ .. //, .. //, .. //,
@.. //, .. //
@ .. //, .. //, .. //,
@.. //, .. //
ڨǤڤ ԡڢ" ڨǤڤ þ ԡ  "   
͵ ùڵ" Ǫહ "ҳ Ի Ԥ" 
"ڶ ڵ ڡ ǵ" Ի ⾸ڱ
Գڱ ù Ե Իسڳ "ҳ "
ڵҷ ͯªڤ Իڪ. ͹ڵ ˯ػ ػ
 Ҫԡ   ͵ڵ طڸ ҨԡڢԵ 
¹ Ի ͤ.
     ڨǤڤ  Ҥ  Ҥکڵ  " 
 ⤵ ڨ¾ ǵ Իسڳ ճԹڷ
dzڳdz ص Ҥک,  ҷҷչ  , ʹڵ
 " ԡ ͡.   ԵڵҨ  ʾھʵ
⹸ʡʹ óڶ ڵԵڵ ʧڢԻԵ ͸ʡʹ ڵԵ൹
.   ڵԵ൹ د Ҥ ػʧڡ ʡ ԡ
ʳҵ ʡ⡹ڵ ҷҷչ ʾھԨڨҹ ͡. - Եڶá
ԹǤڤҷ صڵ ǷԵھ -
     Ͷ  ͵ڵ طڸ  ڵþطڸ
շԵ صڵ˹ڢڵ ǵڵ ͯ ⡯
 ڨǤڤ  ൵ ڡڻǵڵصڵ . 
ͭ⡳ڱ ʹҹù ҳ ʹ صڵ
ͯ ⡯ ʷڸ ʵһڵԼ ԯ. ൹ صڵ:-
@ԧö: - .,. ڶ
      [] " ھط       ⤵ ʡDZڲ
          ҹ Եҹ           ⾸صڵ.
      [] ع Ҩ ʹ     ڡ ǵڵ
          ͯʹڹ ⡯չ          ".
     ڶ ˹ڵ ͵ڵҹ Էڷʵ. ͵յ  . ʡDZڲ⹵
ҡ¡DZڲ. "ʡ»اڤ"Ի . ҹڵ  بڨ. Եҹҵ
௵ Ե, ءڡáԡ ҵ ͵. ͯʹڹ ⡯չڵ
ҳ Ի Ԥ ڡڻǵڵصڵڵ ͭ-
⡳ڱûڻآҹ ͯʹڹ ⡯չ  յ ͵.
     Էҹ  ͵յ ඵ ͹Ҥ  ඹ:-
      [] " íڨ ʹ     Ҥ -
            ǵڵ        ص "-
ҷ.
     ڶ Ҥ  ͻù ¹ ڤҤ 
ڡ ҹ  ڤصڵ - 
յǵڵҹ ҹ. ص ٵ ʵյ ͵. ͹ҤǨ
ǵڵ ʵԵڵ "" ͵յǨ صڵ, Իʹ . 
   շ Ǩ . ع ҷصڵڵʹ -
յǵ ʵ ҹ .   . -
൹ صڵ:-
@ԧö:  .,. ٹ Ҥ         .. /-/-
@ .. / ҷ/-     ..    ʵ
      [] " ͵            Ƿ  ͵ê
             ǵڵ           ".
        ǡʹڹԻ . šʻҷչ ҹ
, Թڹ ͤڤǡҹ ͱڲڵʵҹյ  ͱڲʵҹ
ʹڹԻ . ൹ صڵ:-
      [] " ʹڹԻ         ǡҹ Թ
           ͱڲʵҹ             ԡڢٹ Ҥ".
     ڶ յ  . ͱڲʵҹڵ  ǡҹ
Ҹԡҹ ҷʵҹ. ԡڢٹյ ԡڢٹ .   ڬ
 çڤʹڹԻ ҵڢ طڷ.
     Ͷ  ͵ڵ ǵڵ ʹ:-
     [] "è             ԡڢ ڬ
            ڶԵ ʾھ             ʾھ"-
ҷ.
     ڶ è⹵ ͹ڵطڸ è. ŵ ԤҤҷ-
.  ʾھⷵ Թڵ  ʾھ ڻ ԨکԵ
ڶԵ ʾھ ššصڵآ յ ͵.
     Էҹ ڶԵڶ ʹ:-
     [] "ҡڢҹҹ             ǨکڷԹ
          ʨڨ              ͹ءڻ ҳԹ"-
ҷ.
     ڶ Źڵ ʵһڵԼҷԡ ؾھԸ . ǨکڷԹڵ
ǵһԹ, ǵ Եءҹ. ͹ءڻҵ ͹طڷ.
     [] Էҹ ʨڨڻ  ʹ "ҹ"-
ҷ. ڶ ҹڵ ҹڨ ʵҹڨ.
͡ԹڹڵҷԹ ¹ҵ ͵. Ҷ صڵҹڶ.
     [-] ͡ҷҷҶ Է๵յ  ͡ڶ,
ʹ ʻؤڤ  صڵ. Ͷ  Էҹյ  ػڻ.
͵յ   ʹ. ͻڵҹҵ ͻڻڵ˵ڵ. ­ڪʹڵ
 ͯڤԡ ڤ. ¹ڵҵ ʹڵ. تڬʹڵյ ͹Ҥ
ʨڨ Ԫڬʹڵյ ͵. Եڵ Ҥ.
     Էҹ ͵ڵ ҵҷ ʹ:-
     [] " ǵڶ          Ҫ ط⸷ Ե
           ๵ڵԡ ҵ       յ بڨ.
     [] ͡ٹҹ            ͤ ͪڬ -
          ب ⡯ ⡭ -   ҷصڵ.
     [] ڵҹ            ŧڡ
          ʸ -          ͵.
     [] Ե          ๹ ԡڢ
           - ҹ        ͨ ءڡ .
@ԧö:  .. ͪڬ        ..   
@ .. ڷڨ      .. ھ
     [] ҳ Ի         ڡ ǵڵԵ 
           ⤵ھط          ó ʾھҳԹ.
     []  ػ           ԡڢ ͤڤǡ
          ҹ ػ       ʹڵԡǨ 
           ػڻdzڳ         ԡڢع ͤڤԡ.
     [] Ե  ˵ڶ        ͤڤػҡػʡ
          ڷҵ  صڵ        ͤڤػҡػԡ.
     []  ʵڶ            ⾸صڵ
          ڻ ʷ        ˵ڶؤڤ.
     [] ͻڻ ʵ           Է๵ Ԫڪ
          ǵ ԯ.
     [] Եҹ ءڡ          ک ⾸
          ڻ            ʷڸ ǡ
           ԹԾھ           ͤڤʧڢ"-
ҷ.
         ҷ ԡʵڵԻڨԡ,
ڵ үԵڶ, ʸ   ͤڤ,  ڵ
Ե  ๹ Թԡڢ ԡڢ.  ھҹ ҹ
Ե Ңسڳ  ʹҹԤ - ʹҡدھԡ - յ
ڻҷҵ تҵ  Թڹ ػ حڪԵ 
@ԧö:  .,. ʹҹչԤ       .,. ʹҹաدھԡ
  ¹ ʵڶ¹  Գࡹ Թڹ ͯ
Գد ˵ ʵڶ⾸ءڢ ػڵ ڶ þ Էڸʵ
⾸ յ ʾھ ҡ.
     ڶ ʷڸ ǡ⵵ ʷڸ ǡহ. ԹԾھʹڵ
ԹԾھ. ͤڤʧڢҵ ͤڤ  Թڸڢ¹ ¶
ͤڤ ػҷ Ծھµ,  ڻ ػҷ ԹԾھյ
͵.
     [-] ҹ  ͵൪ҹյ ͤڤǡؤҷչ ҹ ʷ൪ҹ.
ҹ  ʾҹյ ͵ҹ  ÷ʾҹ. س ˵
ҸóҳҷԤس   . ڵʹڵյ ʾھҹ ͵ҹ
صڵڻҹ ͹ڵøʹڵ Թʹڵ.  Եڵ ʾھʧڢҵ
͵ڶ ٵ  ͹͵ Ի. Եڵҵ ԨڨøԵڵ بک.
ʾھ  ʧڢ ¸ ¸ Ҥ ø ص 
͹Ԩڨ, ػڻҷҷԻԻԵڵ ءڢ, ǵڵ ͹ڵ.  ʧڢ
šڢڵ ໵ Իʹ DZವ ʧڢ ͨڨص Ծھҹ
͸Ԥک.   ҡ ͹ʹ Է ҡ ʹ ͻڻ෹
ڻ෶ҵ. ʹһ  ǵҹ ⡯ʵ ͹ػҷ
 Եڵҹ بڨ. ڤ ԯԵ   յǵڵ
.
       ڻҵҷǵڶԵ ʡڻ طڸ ҡ
õڡ ڡ ඵ ҵԪ ǹڷ໵ ҡ ͵Ե
ڵþطڸ շ.  Թ  ǵ š Ԣһڻ
ҵҤ . ʾ ͡ڤԵڵ շ.   ⻡ڢ
. ڢ ط ˯ ǹڵ ک. ء , Եء
 ͡Թڷڵڻ  .   - ʾ ͨک¾صԵڵҵ
ص " ͨک,  ͨک¹" -  د.  ص ʵڶ
" Է  ҵҤ ⻡ڢ , ͵ൻ " 
ͯػڻڵ ʹڵêҵ - .  ʹ ҵڶԡ ҵ. 
 دʹ  .
                   Ե õڶԹ طڸʯ
                      ⤵طڸdzڳ ԯԵ.
                     ԯ ڨʵ طڸ.
                         ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=51&A=8601 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=51&A=8601 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=206 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=8517 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=11194 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=11194 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

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