͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڶ.)

                      . ˷ջ¹dzڳ
       [] عһ ·          ˷ջ 
            ûҹ         ͹  .
       []  ⡨ ͵ ҹҵ       ͹õ 
            ڻ ʨ Ҩԡڢ       õ   õҹ.
       [] ʾ ڱ         
            ؾھص         û յ.
    #[] ͡ҷ ˷ջ յ  һ. ⾸ʵ 
 ջ  ͵ڵ  ڱµһ  صڵԵ ػʧڡԵ
 Ť೹  Ԫ˹. õڵ     
ڦԵ Ե ԵԹڷ ء dzڳõ "˷ջ"
ҡ . ûҹյ Ҹԡҹ ҹ, ͨڨڵ
ػ¤Ǩ. ͹  ˹ڵ ڵʹ  ͸ԡŸ 
͹õ ʹ   ͨ. ھԵ ʵڵ -  
ʵ   .   ͹õ .
       һ ๡ʵ ͵ڵ ๡ڢڬ
 Ե Ը  ? ضتڪ ڨ. 
 ع  ͤ ͪڬյ?  ๡ڢڬ¹   
ھ, Ͷ ¹ԡù ͹õ ػڻڪ,   ෵ʡ⡹⵻
ڨ ŭڨ ʷڷԵ  ˹ڵ   ͤ ԡڢ 
, ع - ڶ ǵ, "  ǵ ˷ջ" 
ͻҷ Ԥبک ͵ڵ õڵڻ¹. ͻ  ھڪһح 
ԭ طڸҷ ʵڶ,   ͹دԵ, һ һ ءࢹ һ
ʹ  ÷⹻  ,   ʪ.
صڵ˵:-
                  "ʷڸ ԡڢ ع ǵ
                     - ǵ
                  ͵ ҷ Ԥبک
                  ͡  
                  ԭػڻʵڶ  ʵ  ҹ
                  ڻ ح ". -
    #[]  ⡨ ͵ ҹҵյ ͵  ͹õ 
õԵԵڵ ⡨   ҹҵ. ?   ʨ Ҩԡڢ 
ҹ Ե õ õ ǵڵյ ʨԻ  ,   ⡨ 
͵ ҹҵյ.
@ԧö:  . ʵڵڵ   . · ع   .   ()   ..
@//
    #[] ʾյ һʻھڪ ҹԡڢ .
ڱµ . µ ԡ ھԵ  Եڵ
. յ ҹ . ؾھص, û յ
ⵡʹ ͵ڵ ؾھ ص û ,  صڵ⵵.
      ͹ػؾھԡ:- ͵ ï ھ ھ  Ҫ êڪ
.  ⾸ʵ ͭ Ԥ յ⡯ 
ص ص Ծھڵ,  ջ . ҷ 
ص    ,  ڱ .  
ͻ ҵһԵٹ ͨڨ¹    ҷҹ ǵ൵ 
 ҵԵڵԪ ÷ڵ ǹڵ ԡڢԵ ǹڵڻ
  ھԵ حکҨ ǹżù ໹ ûҹ
, کڷ ԡڢ ʡڢ,  ҹڵڻ  Ծھ.
      ųھǹڶ ԡ ùڵ ï ڻһس.
á Ԥ ջ¹  ڱ  ʵ.  
 ʹڵԡ ػʧڡ.    ͵ڵ ڳ õ 
ڨ ػ.  ڶ ճ ڵ ҹ Ե  һبکԵ
ԡ ùڵ ҳ ͵صڵ . ڶ ջ ¶ùڵ
Ե ع  Ԥ ڱ ͵ڵ  ʹڵԡ .
ڱµһ  .
     ඡ   ͹⵹ ԡ   ҷ
ԡڢ Ծط  áڢ  ͹ؾ Էڸ๹
ԡڢԵ ह ҹ Ե һ ڳŷ ڱԡ
౵ .  ڱԡ  " د õڵ ԡ 
 һʹ " વ ඵ  ҷ í .
Ҫ ͹ػԡڢԵ " صڵʶ" .  ҹ ๵ 
û. һ    ʵ.  ھ , ڻ 
ʵ.   , ڻ  ʵ. һ "   
ؾھ" Թ.  ҵҳ ػڻڪ. ൹ ؾھ ͷڷ:-
  ڵ DZڲջص ص Ե ءڢکҹ ڵ ͡
ڢԡ ˵ ʡԡ Ź  Ԫڬ.   һ  
͡ .  " ʡڡ  һ بڨԵع"  Ҫ 
"   صڵʵءڶ,  ö".    
 صڵʵ áڢ  ڡ.
      ˷ջ "÷ԯ  " ڱ ʹڵԡ
Ҥک  ǵڵ ص  ҹ ڵ ͡ڵ  " 
" بکԵ "͡" ص "͵ڵ ⹻ áڢԵ ʡڢ
 ʡڢ" بک.    ,    í ػ 
⹻ ͵ڶյ. " ʹ ҷ    آ"
ǵ ˷ջ   շ. áڢ  ǵڵ í
. Ҫ "͹  " ह ڶ ڵ "
    Թ" ջ¹ بک. "Ҫ  һ
áڢ Թ". "    á  
".   ʸԵ Ҩԡڢ. Ͷ ջ "í 
Թ Եھ.
                          Ҹ
                       ʭ ھ  Ҹ
                       Ҫ  Ҹ ͹
                   ڱ ⡸   Ҹ"- -
ҷչ ǵ  .
     Ҫ ڱµһ Է  " ö" ҳ.
 ùڵ Ե ʡڢ. ڱ  "Ҫ  ؾ ʹ
ٻ  ,    Ե  ʡڡ, ਻  Ե
ҵء, ਹ     Թڷ". Ҫ 
.  ͹ ,  ڨ  .   آ ʡԡ
˵ ڢԡ Ǩڨڤ ,   ͹  .  ൹
೹ Ե ͵ڵ ءڢ ,  ڻ  ⵵. Ҫ
һ ǹڷԵ ໵   ໹ Ԫڤ. 
  ҳڱ  .  Ҫҹ ػ 
. ջ   dz ء Ե ͵ڵ ڱ¹
Ե ڳ . ൹ صڵ:-
      #[] "ʾ ڱ       
            ؾھص        û .
       []  ػԵҹ        äػһ
            һبکԵҹ Ҥک        ʡ".
    #[] ڶ һبکԵҹҵ   ڱµһ һبکԵ. 
 ʡڵ    ¹ ڱ¾೹ Ե ʡ
 ʹڵ  ڳ,  ػҤک.
@ԧö:  .. //, /, /, /
     []   ڳ ʹڵ   . 
ص دԵ ʻصڵ ؤڸżҳԵҷչ ҷ ڳ
ڵ ջ¹ ǹڷԵ  Ե ҹ µ ҳڱ
ǵڵ س շ. Ͷ ص ­ڵ  ڡ⡯
ळڱࡹ . ڶ ਡ   ʵ. ù  ˵ळڱ
ڵ ԡ  ڶ .  ͪҹ  ˵ڶ .
     Ͷ  ط  ˵ - .  ह بک  .
Ͷ ҵһԵ ʻ໹    ءڢԻԵ һ ҷ
Իڪ໵ " ู  ൹  صڵ  ä ö" .
 " ʸ  ҹ,  Ǫڪ , ھ". "൹ 
   ڵ  ʨڨ ö". һ "Ҹ ʨڨ
" ǵ ­ڵ  ˵ڶ ໵ ʨڨ ͡. ൹
صڵ:-
      #[] "      ҷ صڵ
              Ҥڵ     Ҥک عҤ.
       []        Թ ʡ
             ǯگءڢԻ       ⡻.
       []   ǯگ ڤ     ʹ 
             ˵ඹ        صڵڤ .
       []   ط      ʻ ʾ
            ػ ໹        ͱ á .
@ԧö:  . ˵ڶ
      [] ˷ ʹ -      
            ൹ ءڢ          ءڢ.
      []  Եҹ      ءڢ ʡ -
             ͡          ͤڤ ʨڨصڵ".
    #[] ڶ Ҥک عҤڵ ͵ԶԤ Ԥ.
    #[] ǯگءڢԻڵ Իǯگʳҹ "ǯگ" ŷڸ
ळڱء ͹ءڢԻ, ळڱء ̹⵵ ͵. ⡻յ 
 ص ԡŤ൹ ळڱࡹ ڶ Ե ʻڻ  Ե
.
    #[] ǯگ ڤ, ʹ⵵ ൹ ǯ௹  ڤ ʹ.
 ˵ඹ, صڵڤ յ ԡ ൹ ͵ڵ ˵ඹ
  .
    #[] ʾ⵵ ʾŹ ͵ڵ Ǥ  ػڻڪʻ.
ͱ á ೵  Եڢ    .
    #[] ˷ ʹ , . ʹҵ ʹ.
൹ҵ ൹ á ह بکԵ  ๹  ءڢ .
   ءڢڵ  á ҵһԵٹڨ ءڢ  , 
   س .
    #[] ˹ڵ   á ҵһԵ   ʨ 
ǶҵҷԹ ¹ ʵ. ʡ๵ ʡǹ. ͤڤڵ
ʯ    صڵ ʨڨ ͡.
@ԧö:  . ͵ʹ ()   ., .. ʡ, ػԻ
     [] Էҹ  ʨڨ ໹ ʵ:-
                  "ʵڵ ʹڹԵ
                  حڶ ͨ 
                  Ͷһ  Ե  Է
                  ҹ Ҹԡҹ.
            [] ͡ ˭ڨ
                  ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ ˵
                  ˵  ǵ ­"-
Ҷ.
    #[] ڶ ʵڵҵ ھԵ  ʵڵ ҹ .
ʹڹԵ⵵ ʷڸ ʹڹҹ. حڶ⡵ ح ͵ڶ,
کڷص. Ͷһ  Եڵ Ͷ  ʵڵ صڵ  
¨ó.
    #[] ͡յ ھڪ ͹Ԩک . ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ
˵ٵ  ͵áҹ ͹õ ʹ൹  ʨ ͪҹһԵ
ʨ, ൹ ʨਹ ­ڵ ʵڶ ˵, Ե ٵ.
       ʵ൹ ʨڨ  ­ڵ  
Ե  .  ͡ڢչ ŵ ҵһԵ ࡵ
" ҵ" ǵ د. ൹ صڵ:-
      [] " ʨ       ह Ǹ
            ;تڬԵҹ د         ҳ".
     ʵ:-  ʨڨ೹  ҹ  ؾ ह
Ǹ ڻ ʭǹ ;تڬԵ  Ԥʵڵ ŷڸʭ 
د.  ҳ  Ǥǹ   յ.
     Էҹ ʵڶ  ͵ڵ ʨڨ ڶ ʹ
"ʨਹ   ڶ,   ʨڨ" .  صڵҹڶ.
ҵ  "ʵڵ ʨڨ  ڻ طڸ
 Ե Ԥ. á Ե ʨڨ  طڸ, ҵ ʨڨ
ԯ  Ե Ԥ" Ҥ.   صڵ:-
                  " ҹ Թڷ Ҩ
                  ҹ ͵Զ ʡ
                   һ  ͻڻµ Ƿ
                  ص  
                  ͡ һ  
                  ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ ˵
                  ˵  ǵ ­.
                   ҵ ٵ
                    ͷ  طԨڨ
                  ԭڨ  ͻڻµ ͪڪ
                  Ե   ڶ ⡨ 
                  ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ ˵
                  ˵  ǵ ­".
     ڶ ʡŵ ʹڶ  Ҥ.  һ  ͻڻµ
Ƿعڵ صһ    ҹ Թڷ,  ˵ 
 ͻڻ  ҹ.    ¨ڢ յ ໵. ൹
ʨਹҵ   ⹻ Իҡ ʷڷԵ ͵ڵ ͹Ԩک ,
͹Ԩکǭڨ    ҹڵ, ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ ˵ٵ ͵.
ԵäҶ ҵҵ صڵ Ż. ٵ⪵ . ҵ , 
 . طԨڨҵ طڸ ڵ, ԡ دԵҵ ͵. Է
صڵ ˵ ҵ ­ڵ ԭڨ    Ե ͻڻǹ  ⡨
 ڶ, ڨ  ͻڻ ໵ ͪڪ   ⡨ ҹһԵؾ,
 ͵ ʨڨ, ൹ ʨਹ ǵڶ ˵ٵ.
      ⾸ʵ     Ե "ҹ ൹ 
ڨ ŭڨ ʷڷԵ ҵھ" ʷڸ ʵ  ͹õ
෵ ҹԭ ػڻ෵ ػ š
.  ڱ ҹڷ ,   Ң, ص
ŵ, ҳڱ Իصڵ, ˷ջ š.
      Ը   ʨڨ,    ˯
صڵ Էڸõھ.  ͹ԨڨҤҷ سҹ
ǵھҵ.
                    ˷ջ¹dzڳ ԯԵ.
                         ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=52&A=6217 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=52&A=6217 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=33&i=239 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=33&A=9368 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=33&A=12143 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=33&A=12143 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_33

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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