͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                          . ¹Ǥڤ
                         . ǵڶؤҶdzڳ
      [] ҹ  ҵ ¹Ǥڤ ǵڶؤҶ.  -
ػڻڵ:- ͵  ҳ  ءڢDZڲ  Ҩ
ͷص,   , ͡  ͹ԡ.  
ʵڵҸԡ Ҩ¹  - ʾྻ ҳ ػ
ԡ ໵ ھջ ڵ ء ˵  ҹһҷԡ
ԯڰ໵  ڸԵ ڤ ҳ ๵  Ҫ
͵ڶ ˵, í ͡ԡ   ʵڵԡ  ҷ વ
෹ڵ.  , ͭڻ ԡڡԳԵ صڵ - ʹڵ. Ͷ 
͡ Ҩ " ʡڡ DZڲԡ Ԩڨ ԡ ໵ , - ءڡ
 ҡ ͵ " Թ൵ ͹  "ҵ
طھҷ ͻڻء ๶".  "Ҹ" سԵ ҹ.
  ڰʡس -   ;ڵ Ե ¹ڵ . ڰʡ
Ҫ -  ҡ ŧڦԵ ǹ ػ Ե ͹չ 
. ͶҨ   "ҵ շҹ ڰ˹ҹ  ʡڡ
ʡŪھط êڪ ˵ , ˻ ҵ ͵ҹ ö, êڪ ˵
, ءڢ DZڲԻ໹ Եع".     Ҩ
 .   Ҩ  " ҵ - êڪ ".
ҳêڪ Ҩҵ.  ҵ  ͵ بڨ,    ˵һ
"DZڲҪ DZڲҪ" DZڲҷ  بڨ, ˹ ھط,
ͭڭڶ کҵ.
@ԧö:  .    ..,.    ʵ   .. صڵ
@ . Ե    .  ʡس   ..,. ػڳҪ   . 
       ʻصڵ ڰ˹ҹ Ե ʪڪظ - ص
ǹڵآ ڵ ǵ ͭڭ  Ե í 
ڨدڰ.  ڶ êڪ ˵ Ҩ ê ԭڨ. 
"ڰ Ҫ" ҡ . ڻ  ൹ Եڵ
"ڰ˹ù"  ,  ʡïڰڻ. ڰ Ҫ 
,  Ҫ ڨڰ  Ե  .  ïڰ
íڭ  ʧڤǵڶ ʧڤҹ ͵ Էڸ յ ػڷǭڨ
. Ҥ ҹ Ҫҹڨ Ҫʭڨ ͵  "ڷ
 Ҫ ŷ, ڷԡ Ҫ".
      ඡ ڬ ҳԪ ڱ ˵ ڰ˹
Ҥ, ڳҡíڨ ˵ Ҫҹ . Ҫ " Ҥڶ"
ʾھ ǵڵ - بک. ҳ ҵ.  ڶ ʾھ ǵڵ بکԵ
"ҡ íڭ ʷڸ  Եڵ ö" .  "Ҹ"
ڻԨک.   Ծھ -   ڻ ع ҷù
ǵ ʪ.  ҳ ڵ  í  . Ҫ
"ڰ˹ïڰ Ҥҹ ҳԪҹ ͪڪ اڡ حڨ" 
໵ "͵ڶ  ڰ Ե". ǻ ͷԯڰԵڵ  .
ڰ⹻  ʡŹ   "ͪڪ ҳ Ҥҹ
ҳԪҹ اڡ حڨ, - Ծھ   ҵ". 
ҳҪ ڰ˹ Ţ  "   ڰ   ʵ  
ٻ ԭڨ ͨک ػڻڪ, ˻ ڢ໵  ǵ ". -
@ԧö:  . ʹڹظ   ..,.    ʵ   . Ԩڨ
@ . حڨҵ   . ڢ໵حڨ ǵحڨ
ʻ  Ţ .   ԡ  ʹڵҹ Ҩ
ڰ˹ ͵ˤڦ ͨڨڵآ ھ ػڻڪ ʷ -
dz೹.   Ҫ "  " ڵ
ͯڰ ڵóڱ Ԣ໵  óڱ  ھ ڢԻԵ
ҢҨ  Ң̡ʷ ໵ ͯڰ Ң ؤ
ڢԻԵ ǵඹ వ Ҫطڷԡ ŭੵ "ҳí
෶"  , Ţڨ ͷ " ڳҡ 
ڨ൹ ໡ڢԵ".
       ڵ ҳí ͷ.  Ţ ਵ 
ʹڹԻ൵  Ҫڤ ŭک ԹڷԵ ǰ ͻ๵
ؤڤ Ե ͯڰ Ң  "  Ң
̹šҹ   Ң " ڡ ص ͡Ң̡
͵ڵ Թڹ ,  Ң Ի, ڵóڱ 
  .  ;ڵ ھ  Եû ,
ʾھڶ . ͡ ھ զ ˵ Եڶ
ͯڰ˵ .  ھ Ҫڤ »ڻ Ե -
,   Ҫ ͧڤ Ըع, ءࢻ, - "ҡ
í ͷԯڰ ڰ˹Ҫ ٻ ڳҡ , صڵ
ٻ Եڵ ҵع" ͵ڵ . Ҫ  - ໵
͡ ھ ͤڦ, ʾྻ ͹ڦ  .  Թ "ک
ʹ൹  Եڳҡ ͵á ʵ  ǯگ, ¹ 
@ԧö:  . صڵšʷ   . 
@ .. ءࢻڨ ͡   . 
 ͹ ڳҡ ,      ¹".
൹  ¹   ػڻڪԵ ҳ õ. Ͷ í
͵ "ǵڶصڵõ ͭڭ صڵõ ڶ, ˹ڷ ǵڶصڵõ
ػڻڹ  ". :-
          "ط  ػڻ             Ե ʾھҳԹ
             ػڻ             آ ʾھҳԹ
              ػڻ             حڭࢵڵ ͹صڵù"
 Ҷ  ˵ڵ,  ͡ԡڢ Իڵԭڨ dzڳ
ҵԧڤࡹ Ԣ໵ ʵڵõ ؤ ڢԻԵ  ؤڤ 
ؤ,  ä, ä Եڤ, Եڤ
dzڳ, dzڳ ê, ê ڵ, ڵ ,
 ؤڤ  ڢԻԵ  ʹ వ ŭੵ
ڵó dzڳڸ - dzڳŧڡ - ʭکڹ - õ
 ػ ŧڡ ڭ໵ ŧ  ໵ ʵک൹
๹ ʾھڸػڼҷ ٪ ҹ ʾھǨ
صʵҹ  -  ͵ڵ êڪ,  ڤ ŧڡ໵
 .    ڵҪٹ ڳҡ  "
ʡڡù  ڳҡ ʵ".  ص   Ҫ
ڤ Ҥڵ  ڰ˹ êڪ,  .
      ڰ⹻ ص ڤ Ҥڵ  હ 
ʵ   Ҥ  ʹڹԻҵ໵ Ҫڤ ǰ
@ԧö:  . ʳڳڸ   . ʳڳŧڡ
@ . ŻԨکڹ   . 
ͻ๵  Ե  ؤڤ Ե ͹ػؾྐྵ ʾھؤ
Ե dzڳ Ţ Ե "ڻʵ ͵Է  
ڳҡõ " ͵ڵ ص "صؾھ ǵ س `ط
 ػڻ', ¹ڹٹ ڵ طڸڨ  ڨ ¹"
Թ൵   "طڸõҹ   ػڻڹҹ, 
ҵھ ڭ".   "  Ҫ ˶,  ڵ
ǵڵ ҹ".
       ʻ ڨ Ҫҹ ෵ "·
ط  ػڻ, ع ʹ ڶ, ·  ػڻ,
Ҥ" Ԥڤ. í  Ҥ ک Ҫҹ ǹڷԵ "ڻ
ک" . ҵ  ڶ طڸػڻҷ  ع Ҥڵ 
յ.  "Ҹ" ڻԨکԵ ͤ.  ʾྻ ʾھڶ
͡õڵʹ ڵ ҳ ڵ. ڻ   
ԹԾھ.  " ط  ط" ʡ Գڱڵ
آ  بک.   "ط ԹԾھ" Ҩԡڢ. 
" ÷ڸҹ - Ҥڵ ʹڵڻ  " ҹ "
 ⡨ ǵ Թڹ ͵ڶ" بک.  ػʡ ͵ڶ,
óڵ ԯڰҵھ, ڨ ҹ ҷҵھҹ, ͯڰڤڹҤ
 ػԵ, ҹ ҵھ, ھԵھڵ.  ص 
Ҥ ڨ ໵ ʾ ھ. Ҥ ҵ  ˵
ڰ˹ïڰ ڡ. ҵ  ⾸ءڢڵҷչ. 
@ԧö:  . ïڰҹ
  á - Թ¸ íڨ ˵ ڡ,
͹ػؾྐྵ   ڵ "ط  ػڻ  ԹԾھ "
í ਵ ǵ Թҷ Ҩԡڢ. Ҫ  ػʧڡԵ
 ص  ໵ ਵ ԯڰ໵ ⾸ءڢ ໵
óڵ ڨ  Ԩڨ ԯڰ ͯڰڤ໵ ʶ ػʹ
ҹҷչ ෹ ǵء  Ǩ Ծھڵ. ൻ
 ھԵ ضتڪš   í 
ڻڪ.
       ͡ طڸڵ  ໵ ҡ ǵ ͹ػڻ
š Ե Ҩ ʹí Ե Ե ص 
 "",  һšڢ ڹҤ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä,
Ե  ͨڨ¹ Եڰ ͯڰ. һ Ҹԡ-
 -  ǵڶ  - Ծھڵ.  
યڰ  - ʹڵ Իڻ ؤڤ , Ե 
 ʹڵࡵ   ع ʾ Ҥک. Ҫһ
,  ʹ ê ԭڨ.  һ  ,
Ҫ Ե Թڹڨ ͭڭڨ   ͷ. ʻ - á
 ʹڵ Իڻ ؤڤ.   í  "ھ
Ҫ". Ҩ    Ե   ˵, 
ھԵڶҵ.  Ҫ ھյ. Ҫ õ  ʡ⡹
" ҵ  ʹڰ Ҫ ھ" Ҩ. Ҩ
@ԧö:  .. ó   . , ػԻ
@ ..    . Ҩ   .. 
ʻ   ʷڸ һʻھڪ ھԵ
Ҫ , Ҫ  ڨ ػڰ˵,  ҵڨ ػڰҹ
ک.
      ඡ ͹ Ҩ  "  
һ, Ԫڻҵ Ҩ ͡ ک, ڵʹʹ 
ٻ ھԵҹ" Ҩ "Ҹ" ڻԨکԵ í .
Ҫ ԡڢڵ  õ õ  ʡ⡹ ʵҹ һҹ
   ҳ "µڶ Ԥ  Ԩک, ڶ 
 ෶".  Ҩ ҸԡʪŻ 
͹ؤڤ صڵê ڢԳ ͤ. ڶ ˵
 ҹ ʧڤյԡ ¹Ǥڤ Էҹ ໹ 
Ҷ .
      ڶ ҹ ҵ ïڰ , ǵڶ⵵ صڵ ˵.
ҡԭڨڭڵ ͡ԭڨ, Ԥڤٻó ǡڵ صڵ ˵.
      []  ʡ , ̡ -
ʡ  ̡ - ҵ Թڹڻ Ҫٹ - ʹ  ʹ
ï, ଵ ͸Իڻ. ⤸աŵ ⤸  . µڶ
⤸ Ը ԪڪԵ ªڻҳ ͹ڵ÷ջ ʾھ ԯڰǹʭکڹ,
µڶ ؾ ڤҷ ,  ʵ ͸Իڻ. 
    " ؾھ ھԵػڻ" - ڨҹ
. ڨ Ԥڤ˳ڶ ʡí ʵ, ̡í -
@ԧö:  ..,. ̡   . Թڹ ͹ڸҪҹ
@ . ͹ػؾھ  ھԵػ⻵   ..,. ̡í
ʵ ͷ,  ڨ  ͭڭڨ ªڵڵ ʾھڻ
ڨªڵ  ͷ.   êڪڵ   ˵.
ڨ ڶ  õ ǵڶ  ͭڭ ڻ ໵
⤨ä ʵ ͤ. ح੹  Ź ҵ حکҨ 
ǹżŹ .  صڵ " ػ,   Ի ".
      [] ڶ ҵ  ⤸ա,   ,
ػ¤ ਵ Ǩ,  ػҵ ͵.  ൹ ¹,
­ڭڻյ   ԡҷԹ ʵ  ػڻڪ, 
˵ دھԡ í ʡ ʹڵԡ ͤ "ҷµ  ¹".
 " ҷ, Ҩ ػ๶" . Ҩ»  ͵ڵ
ͤڤ˵ ҹ­ڭ ͡ڻ.   Ǩک Ǩک ҹ.
      [] ­ڭڵ Ҷµ:-   Ǩک Ǩک
ҹ­ڭ ª ͡ Ǩک  ­ڭ ªԵ  
ԡڢ ع  . ԯ  ڳ Ե "دڰ
Թڹ" - ҹ ͹ڪ շ.  Իԯڰ س
   ҵء "   ⤸յ
͹Ǩک ʵ ʪવ, ک  ڨʵҹ ҨԵ  
"  ͭ Ҥک ⳵.
      [-] ؤڦگⷵ ڤڡ๹ گҷ, ԡ
 ԡ, ⤻ڻࡹ  ⤻ڻ, ڳࡹ  ڳء ˨ڨ
گ. آڨ  بکյ آڨ ŭڨ بک "ڨ  
آ, ڨ Ź".
@ԧö:  . Թڹ ҵ
      [-] ͹تҹյ ͹ڭ ʷڷ. ʵڵҵ ʵڵู.
ʧڢԵҵ ǹػڼʵԳҷչ ҷ զ զ  
ڵ ¹  ػڻԵ - ػڼҹ ԡڡԵ Գҹ ʹڶԵ
ҷ ڱٷࡹ Ե ʵڵҷڵ ڵ ͵ڵ ҷ
ʹ ٻ ˹ ҵ صڵ ˵.   ͡Եڵյ ª
Ǩ ͡Եڵ, "  Ҩҹ"  Ҷյ ͸Իڻ.
ءڢ⵵ ʪ.
      [-] ʵյ   Ǩ Ҩ ʨڨ ҵ ڭ
ʵ. ǵҵ  ͸ǵڶ ǵ . طڸ طڸ ҵ -
ط  طڸ .
      [-]   ҹҵյ   ҹҵ. طڸҸԻҵڨҵ
طڸҵڨ. ҳڶҵ ҳ  ͵ڶ.
      [] ҵ ͡ٹ¡. Ծ  ⤸յ
 ͯڰڹ ҹ ͨڨ¹ ط  طҷ. ͻ⨵
͹.
      [] ʾھԭڭҾŻڻ⵵ ʾھԭڭ Żڻ, ʾھ
 ԭڭ  ҹ  . ص⵵   ǵڵ
صڵԵ.
      [-] ʡҵ  . ٵ⭵ һ.
ʵ صڵԻŻ,  õû . Ըõ Ԥ,
ͻڻ صڵ ˵.
@ԧö:  . ͻحکԵ   . طڸҸԻ ҵ
      [-] ڵव Ƿ. ˵ ʶ. ͪҹڵ
ͪҹڵҹ. šڢҵ šڢҹ. ҡڢҵҵ Եҹ, ԵڶԵҹյ
صڵ ˵. ڵҵ ڵҹ, Իسڳҹյ صڵ ˵.  ʵյ
 ͹ʵ.
      [] ҵ ⤵ڵڨ šڢڵ "Ǩ "  ҵԭڨ
⤵ڵڨ šڢڨ.  ʵ  ԨԵ -    .
 بکҵ  ʵڵ  Ե بک.
      [-] µ   ⤵ڵʹ ص.
µ . ਡ⹵     ǹ. ؾھʹյҵ ؾ
ʻ   ھԵ ڨҤǵڵحڭʹ ԵԵڵ.
ʵԹڵ ʵԹԡ , ùڵ - صڵ ˵. ڨ 
ԯڰҵ ͸Իڻ,  ʾھڶ. ⤹ڸڵ ⤸ - . ǹ¹ڵ
ǹ - بڨ, "ǹǵڶԹ" .  ǹǵڶ ھ,
ھ  ࡵ ͹ػڻڵҹ   ʹڹ ҹ ªڵ
 .
      [] Ͷ  "  Ҫ DZಹڵ Ҥکڵ,
    Թڷҹ Իҡ کڵ, һ   ʻڻ,
ࢵ   ҳਵ ʻڻ.     ʹ
Ҫ  ʵ, ʾھҹ  Ե Ҥکڵ
صù ๹ Ҥʹڵ" ԡڢ ǵڶ Ҫ
@ԧö:  . Ե   .,. ʵԹڵ ʵԹԡ ùڵ
@ . ⤹ڸ   . ھǹ, . ھǹ
ͤ. ൻ  ǵڶ Ҥڵ  Ե " ط 
ط" ԨԹڵ ڸد ڵ  ԡࢻ  "õڵ
 ءڡدԡ    ǯک Էշ " - "ʾھڭ
ط" ԯڰ . һ ͹ػؾྐྵ ʵ¡ǵڶҷչ ҹ
Ե Ҫ DZಹ ҳਵ . һ 
ǵڶ ԡڢԵ ʾھҹ ҹ ҹ Ե ҳਵ
ͤ. ൹ صڵ "ھԭڨһ ࡵ, ǵڶԭڨ صڵ. ʵ
ǵڶع"ҷ.
      [] ڶ Ҥ ùڵ , Ҫ˹ڵ ͸Իڻ. ҳ
ਵ¹ڵ  - ҳ ػ ؾ ǯڰҹ , ػڻ 
ǵ  .   ù "ҳ ਵ¹"
بڨ.
      [] طڵ    Ǥ ǹڵ ͹ؾڸҹ
 ڤ ,  ڤڨ  کڵ "͵ڶ "
ص ͵ յԻڪҵ  ਵ. ൹ صڵ "Ե
ھع".
      [] ͡ڵ  ˯ⰵ  ҳ ਵ ʡࡹ
һԵڱ Թڹ ǹڵ  "ڨ  ¹"ҷԹ
¹ ǵ   "  ⤵"ҷ ڻ
ʹڶ Ե ͪ યڰ ͡ڵ  ˯ڰԵ ص
⹻ بک. -
@ԧö:  .. /, .. / (), طڸ. / ()
@ .    . ͻبک
      [] ڶ ҷҵ "" -  طڷ. ڵ -
"ҡ Ҩ ҵ " بک. Թڵ ԯڰҤ.
      [-]  ʵڵ ʵҸԡ ʵ. šڢ೵
һšڢ, ͵    Եҷ ͹µ ͸Իڻ. û
 ๵   ⵵ વھ. ڨʵҹ ਵյ
ʷҳǡҹ ڨʵҹ   ਵ. ʸ 
, Ԫڪ Ǩ๵ صڵ ˵.
      [] šڢҹ Ԩ¹ڵ šڢҹ Եڶ, "ҹ ҹ
 ճ šڢҹ" بک.
      [-] بکյ بکҹ.  ʵյ ҷ 
ؤڤ ͵ Ǩ ʵ. -
      [-]   ڨڹ ҹ ҡó ص
  بک "طڸ طڸҸԻҵڨ" . Ͷ  
ҡù "Ԫڪ طڸ" Ҷ. ڶ   ʨ
ͭڭҳٵ Ԫڪ  ,  "Ԫڪ طڸ" . 
 ˵ڵڤԪڪ ͵ڵ ˪ ʷڸʵҸԡڵءµҩڷ
ڹҤ Թڷҹ ͡ʯڰػڵ  طڸ ͸Ի൵, 
"Ԫڪ طڸҸԻҵԹ"ҷ.
      [-]  ෹ ˵ҵ Ͷ  ҡó ص
ػڻڹ һյ ʹڶԵ չ, ¨Եڵҹ ͷڤ ҵ
͵. Ե  ""  Ҷ, Ͷ  ͹ءڻ 
@ԧö:  .  ʵ   . ڻڵ   ..,. ʵյ
"آ" Ҷ. ǵ  " " ʾھڭػó .
ڶ ʾʹڵ ͹ҹ ҹ. ڶ بک Ҥڵ ڶ
ҳ ਵ, ڶ  ,    ͪ 
 بکյ.  ʾھҶ ҡҵ.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ طڷڰ
                          صڵԻҵڰ
               -  ǵڶ - ǵڶؤҶdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
                          ------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=29&A=9468&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=29&A=9468&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=424 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=10810 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=10877 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=10877 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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㹡ó :- 
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