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บทนำ พระวินัยปิฎก พระสุตตันตปิฎก พระอภิธรรมปิฎก ค้นพระไตรปิฎก ชาดก หนังสือธรรมะ
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Atthakatha Book 26 : PALI ROMAN U.A. (paramatthadī.)

                       8. Suppavāsāsuttavaṇṇanā
      [18] Aṭṭhame kuṇḍiyāyanti 3- evannāmake koliyānaṃ nagare. Kuṇḍadhānavaneti
tassa nagarassa avidūre kuṇḍadhānasaṅkhāte vane.
      Pubbe kira kuṇḍo nāma eko yakkho tasmiṃ vanasaṇḍe vāsaṃ kaphpesi,
kuṇḍadhānamissena ca balikammena tusatīti tassa tathā tattha baliṃ upaharanti,
tenetaṃ vanasaṇḍaṃ kuṇḍadhānavanantveva paññāyittha. Tassa avidūre ekā gāmapatikā 4-
ahosi, sāpi tassa yakkhassa āṇāpavattiṭṭhāne niviṭṭhattā teneva paripālitattā
kuṇḍiyāti 5- vohariyittha. Aparabhāge tattha koliyarājāno nagaraṃ kāresuṃ, tampi
purimavohārena kuṇḍiyātveva vuccati. Tasmiñca vanasaṇḍe koliyarājāno bhagavato
bhikkhusaṃghassa ca vasantathāya vihāraṃ patiṭṭhāpesuṃ, tampi kuṇḍadhānavanantveva
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. amatapadaṃ  2 khu.dha. 25/21/19,27/2419/524 (syā)
@3 cha.Ma. kuṇḍikāyanti  4 Sī. vāmapathikā  5 cha.Ma. kuṇḍikāti, evamuparipi
Paññāyittha. Atha bhagavā janapadacārikaṃ caranto anukkamena taṃ vihāraṃ patvā tattha
vihāsi. Tena vuttaṃ "ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kuṇḍiyāyaṃ viharati kuṇḍadhānavane"ti.
      Suppavāsāti tassā upāsikāya nāmaṃ. Koliyadhītāti koliyarājaputtī. Sā
hi bhagavato aggupaṭṭhāyikā paṇītadāyikānaṃ sāvikānaṃ etadagge ṭhapitā sotāpannā
ariyasāvikā. Yaṃ hi kiñci bhagavato yuttarūpaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ bhesajjaṃ vā na
tattha aññāhi saṃvidhātabbaṃ atthi, sabbaṃ taṃ sayameva atatno paññāya vicāretvā
sakkaccaṃ sampādetvā upaneti. Devasikañca aṭṭhasataṃ saṃghabhattapāṭipuggalikabhattāni
deti. Yo koci bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā taṃ kalaṃ piṇḍāya paviṭṭho rittahattho na
gacchati. Evaṃ muttacāgā payatapāṇī vossaggaratā yācayogā dānasaṃvibhāgaratā.
Assā kucchiyaṃ purimabuddhesu katādhākāro pacchimabhaviko sāvakabodhisatto paṭisandhiṃ
gaṇhi. Sā taṃ gabbhaṃ kenacideva pāpakammena satta vassāni kucchinā parihari,
sattāhañca mūḷhagabbhā ahosi. Tena vuttaṃ "satta vassāni gabbhaṃ dhāreti
sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhā"ti.
      Tattha satta vassānīti satta saṃvacchāni, accantasaṃyoge ca idaṃ upayogavacanaṃ.
Gabbhaṃ dhāretīti gabbhaṃ vahati, gabbhinī hotīti attho. Sattāhaṃ mūḷahagabbhāti
satta ahāni byākulagabbhā. Gabbho hi paripakko sampajjamāno vijāyanakāle
kammajavātehi sañcāletvā parivattito uddhaṃpādo adhosiro hutvā yonimukhābhimukho
hoti, evaṃ so katthaci kalaggo bahi nikkhamati. Vipajjamāno pana viparivattanavasena
yonimaggaṃ pidahitvā tiriyaṃ nipajjati, sayameva vā yonimaggo pidahati so tattha
kammajavātehi aparāparaṃ parivattamāno byākulo mūḷhagabbhoti vuccati, tassāpi
satta divase evaṃ ahosi, tena vuttaṃ "sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhā"ti.
      Ayañca gabbho sīvalitthero, tassa kathaṃ satta vassāni gabbhāvāsadukkhaṃ,
sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhabhāvappatti, mātu cassāpi sotāpannāya ariyasāvikāya tathā
Dukkhānubhavanaṃ jātanti? vuccate:- atīte kāsikarāje bārāṇasiyaṃ rajjaṃ
kārente eko kosalarājā mahantena balenāgantvā bārāṇasiṃ gahetvā taṃ
rājānaṃ māretvā tassa aggamahesiṃ attano aggamahesiṃ akāsi. Bārāṇasirañño
pana putto pitu maraṇakāle niddhamanadvārena palāyitvā attano ñātimittabandhave
ekajajhaṃ katvā anukkamena balaṃ saṃharitvā bārāṇasiṃ āgantvā avidūre
mahantaṃ khandhāvāraṃ bandhitvā tassa rañño paṇṇaṃ pesesi "rajjaṃ vā detu,
yuddhaṃ vā"ti. Rājakumārassa mātā sāsanaṃ sutvā "yuddhena kammaṃ natthi,
sabbadisāsu sañcāraṃ pacchinditvā bārāṇasinagaraṃ parivāretu, tato
dārūdakabhattaparikkhayena 1- kilantā nagare manussā vināva yuddhena rājānaṃ gahetvā
dassantī"ti paṇṇaṃ pesesi. So mātu sāsanaṃ sutvā cattāri mahādvārāni
rakkhanto satta vassāni nagaraṃ uparundhi, nagare manussā cūḷadvārena
nikkhamitvā dārūdakādīni āharanti, sabbakiccāni karonti.
      Atha rājakumārassa mātā taṃ pavattiṃ sutvā "bālo mama putto upāyaṃ
na jānāti, gacchatha, assa 2- cūḷadvārāni pidahitvā 3- nagaraṃ uparundhatūti
vadethā"ti puttassa gūḷhasāsanaṃ pahiṇi, so mātu sāsanaṃ sutvā satta divase tathā
akāsi. Nāgarā bahi nikkhamituṃ alabhantā sattame divase tassa rañño sīsaṃ
gahetvā kumārassa adaṃsu. Kumāro nagaraṃ pavisitvā rajjaṃ aggahesi. So tadā
satta vassāni nagararundhanakammanissandena etarahi satta vassāni mātukucchisaṅkhātāya
lohitakumbhiyā vasi, avasesato pana sattāhaṃ nagarūparundhanena sattāhaṃ
mūḷhagabbhabhāvaṃ āpajji. Jātakaṭṭhakathāyaṃ pana "satta divasāni nagaraṃ rundhitvā
gahitakammanissandena satta vassāni lohitakumbhiyaṃ vasitvā sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhabhāvaṃ
āpajjī"ti vuttaṃ. Yaṃ pana so padumuttarasammāsambuddhapādamūle "lābhīnaṃ
@Footnote: 1 Sī. dārudakādinā vā bhattaparikkhayena vā  2 Ma. satta divase  3 cha.Ma. pidhāya
Aggo bhaveyyan"ti mahādānaṃ datvā patthanaṃ akāsi, yañca vipassissa bhagavato
kāle nāgarehi saddhiṃ sahassagghanikaṃ guḷadadhiṃ datvā patthanaṃ akāsi, tassānubhāvena
lābhīnaṃ aggo jāto. Suppāvāsāpi "nagaraṃ rundhitvā gaṇha tātā"ti
pesitabhāvena satta vassāni kucchinā gabbhaṃ pariharitvā sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhā
jātā. Evaṃ te mātāputtā attano kammassa anurūpaṃ īdisaṃ dukkhaṃ paṭisaṃvediṃsu.
      Tīhi vitakkehīti taranattayassa guṇānussatipaṭisaṃyuttehi tīhi sammāvitakkehi.
Adhivāsetīti mūḷhagabbhatāya uppannadukkhaṃ sahati. Sā hi bhagavato sambuddhabhāvaṃ,
ariyasaṃghassa supaṭipattiṃ, nibbānassa ca dukkhanissaraṇabhāvaṃ anussarantī attano
uppajjamānadukkhaṃ amanasikaraṇeneva abhibhavitvā khamati. Tena vuttaṃ "tīhi vitakkehi
adhivāsetī"ti.
      Sammāsambuddho vatātiādi tesaṃ vitakkānaṃ pavattiākāradassanaṃ.
Tassattho:- yo bhagyavantatādīhi kāraṇehi bhagavā lokanātho sammā aviparītaṃ sāmaṃ
sayameva sabbadhamme aho vata buddho, so bhagavā evarūpassa etarahi mayā
anubhaviyamānassa aññassa ca evaṃjātikassa sakalassa vaṭṭadukkhassa pahānāya
accantaṃ anuppādanirodhāya dhammaṃ katheti, aviparītadhammaṃ katheti.
Aviparītadhammadesanatāya hi satthu sammāsambodhisiddhi. Tassa yathāvuttaguṇassa bhagavato
dhammassavanante jātattā sīladiṭṭhisāmaññena saṃhatattā ca sāvasaṃghoti laddhanāmo
aṭṭhaariyapuggalasamūho supaṭipanno vata aho vata sammāpaṭipanno, yo ariyasaṃgho
evarūpassa īdisassa vaṭṭadukkhassa pahānāya anuppādanirodhāya anivattipaṭipadaṃ
paṭipanno. Susukhaṃ vata aho vata suṭṭhu sukhaṃ sabbasaṅkhatanissaṭaṃ nibbānaṃ, yasmiṃ
nibbāne īdisaṃ vaṭṭadukkhaṃ na upalabbhatīti. Ettha ca paṭipajjamānāpi
paṭipannāicceva vuttā paṭipattiyā anivattibhāvato. Athavā uppannasaddo viya
Paṭipannasaddo vattamānatthopi veditabbo. Tenevāha "sotāpattiphalasacchikiriyāya
paṭipanno"ti.
      Sāmikanti attano patiṃ koliyarājaputtaṃ. Āmantesīti abhāsi. Mama vacanena
bhagavato pāde sirasā vandāhīti mayhaṃ vacanena cakkalakkhaṇappaṭimaṇḍitāni
vikasitapadumasassirīkāni bhagavato caraṇāni tava sirasā vandāhi, uttamaṅgena
abhivādanaṃ karohīti attho. Appābādhantiādīsu ābādhoti visabhāgavedanā vuccati,
yā ekadese uppajjitvāpi sakalasarīraṃ ayapaṭṭena ābandhitvā viya gaṇhāti.
Ātaṅkoti kicchajīvitakaro rogo. Athavā yāpetabbarogo. Ātaṅko, itaro
ābādho. Khuddako vā rogo ātaṅko, balavā ābādho. Keci pana
"ajjhattasamuṭṭhāno ābādho, bahiddhāsamuṭṭhāno ātaṅko"ti  vadanti. Tadubhayassāpi
abhāvaṃ pucchāti vadati. Gilānasseva ca uṭṭhānaṃ nāma garukaṃ hoti, kāye balaṃ
na hoti, tasmā niggelaññatāya lahuparivattisaṅkhātaṃ kāyassa lahuṭṭhānaṃ
sarīrabalañca pucchāti vadati. Phāsuvihāranti ṭhānanisinnagamanasayanasaṅkhātesu catūsu
iriyāpathesu sukhavihārañca pucchāti vadati. Athassa pucchatabbākāraṃ dassentī
"suppavāsā bhante"tiādimāha. Evañca vadehīti idāni vattabbākāraṃ nidasseti.
      Paramanti vacanasampaṭicchanaṃ. Tena sādhu bhadde yathāvuttaṃ, paṭipajjāmīti
dasseti. Koliyaputtoti suppavāsāya sāmiko koliyarājaputto. Sukhinī hotūti sadevake
loke aggadakkhiṇeyyo satthā suppavāsāya pesitavandanaṃ sampaṭicchitvā tadanantaraṃ
attano mettāvihārasamuṭṭhāpakaṃ 1- buddhāciṇṇaṃ sukhūpasaṃhāraṃ tassā sāmaññato
pakāsetvā puna tassā puttassa ca gabbhavipattimūlakadukkhuppattipaṭikkhepamukhena
sukhūpasaṃhāraṃ nidassento "sukhinī .pe. Arogā, arogaṃ puttaṃ
vijāyatū"ti āha.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. mettāvihārasaṃsūcakaṃ
      Saha vacanāti bhagavato vacanena saheva. Yasmiṃ kāle bhagavā tathā avoca,
tasmiṃyeva kāle tampi kammaṃ parikkhayaṃ agamāsi, tassa parikkhīṇabhāvaṃ oloketvā
satthā tathā abhāsi. Apare pana vadanti:- sace tathā satthā nācikkhissa,
tato parampi kiñci kālaṃ tassā taṃ dukkhaṃ anubandhissa. Yasmā pana bhagavatā
"sukhinī arogā arogañca puttaṃ vijāyatū"ti vuttaṃ, tasmā tassa vacanasamakālameva
so gabbho byākulabhāvaṃ vijahitvā sukheneva bahi nikkhami, evaṃ tesaṃ mātāputtānaṃ
sotthi ahosi. Acinteyyo hi buddhānaṃ buddhānubhāvo. Yathā hi
paṭācārāya piyavippayogasambhūtena sokena ummādaṃ patvā:-
           "ubho puttā kālakatā        panthe mayhaṃ patī mato
            mātā pitā ca bhātā ca      ekacitakamhi jhāyare"ti 1-
vatvā jātarūpeneva carantiyā "satiṃ paṭilabhāhi bhaginī"ti bhagavato vacanasamantarameva
ummādo vūpasami, tathā suppiyāpi upāsikā attanāva attano ūruyaṃ katena
mahāvaṇena vuṭṭhātuṃ asakkontī sayanapiṭṭhe nipannā "āgantvā maṃ vandatū"ti
vacanasamantarameva vaṇe pākatike jāte sayameva gantavā bhagavantaṃ vandītievamādīni
vatthūni idha udāharitabbānīti.
      Evaṃ bhanteti bhante yathā bhagavā saputtāya mātuyā 2- arogabhāvaṃ
āsiṃsanto āha "sukhinī arogā arogaṃ puttaṃ vijāyatū"ti, taṃ evameva. Na hi
kadāci buddhānaṃ bhagavantānaṃ vacanassa aññathābhāvoti adhippāyo. Keci pana
"evamatthū"ti vadanti, apare "hotū"ti padassa atthaṃ ānetvā vaṇṇayanti.
Abhinanditvāti karavīkarutamañjunā brahmassarena bhagavatā vuccamāne tasmiṃ
vacane pītisomanassapaṭilābhato abhimukhabhāvena nanditvā. Anumoditvāti tato
pacchāpi sammodanaṃ uppādetvā, cittena vā abhinanditvā vācāya anumoditvā,
@Footnote: 1 khu.apa. 33/160/322  2 Sī. tassā
Vacanasampattiyā vā abhinanditvā atthasampattiyā anumoditvā. Sakaṃ gharaṃ paccāyāsīti
attano gharaṃ paṭigañchi. 1- Ye pana "yena sakaṃ gharan"ti paṭhanti, tesaṃ yadipi
yatasaddānaṃ sambandhabhāvato  "tenā"ti padaṃ vuttameva hoti, tathāpi
"paṭiyāyitvā"ti pāṭhaseso yojetabbo hoti.
      Vijātanti pajātaṃ, pasutanti attho. Acchariyanti andhassa pabbatārohanaṃ
viya niccaṃ na hotīti acchariyaṃ, ayaṃ tāva saddanayo. Aṭṭhakathāsu pana "accharāyoggaṃ
acchariyan"ti vuttaṃ, accharaṃ paharituṃ yuttanti attho. Vatāti sambhāvane,
aho acchariyanti attho. Bhoti dhammālapanaṃ. Abhūtapubbaṃ tathāgato, tathavāditāya tathāgato,
tathākāritāya tathāgato, abhibhavanaṭṭhena tathāgato.
      Kathaṃ bhagavā tathā āgatoti tathāgato? yathā sabbalokahitāya ussukkamāpannā
Purimakā sammāsambuddhā āgatāti. Kiṃ vuttaṃ hoti? yena abhinīhārena te bhagavanto
Āgatama, tena aṭṭhaguṇasamannāgatena ayampi bhagavā āgato. Yathā ca te bhagavanto
dānapāramiṃ pūretvā sīlanekkhammapaññāvīriyakhantasaccaadhiṭṭhānamettāupekkhāpāramīti
imā dasa pāramiyo dasa upapāramiyo dasa paramatthapāramiyoti
samatiṃsapāramiyo pūretvā buddhicariyāya koṭiṃ patvā āgatā,
tathā ayampi bhagavā āgato. Yathā ca te bhagavanto cattāro
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. paṭigacchi
Satipaṭṭhāne .pe. Ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bhāvetvā brūhetvā āgatā, tathā
ayampi bhagavā āgato. Evaṃ tathā āgato tathāgato. (1)
      Kathaṃ tathā gatoti tathāgato? yathā sampatijātā te bhagavanto samehi
pādehi paṭhaviyaṃ patiṭṭhāya uttarābhimukhā sattapadavītihārena gatā, setacchatte
dhāriyamāne sabbāva disā anuvilokesuṃ, āsabhivācaṃ bhāsasiṃsu loke attano
jeṭṭhaseṭṭhabhāvaṃ pakāsentā, tañca gamanaṃ tathaṃ ahosi avitathaṃ anekesaṃ
visesādhigamānaṃ pubbanimittabhāvena, tathā ayampi bhagavā gato, tañacassa gamanaṃ
tathaṃ ahosi avitathaṃ tesaññeva visesādhigamānaṃ pubbanimittabhāvena. Evaṃ tathā
gatoti tathāgato.
      Yathā vā te bhagavanto nekkhammena kāmacchandaṃ pahāya gatā,
abyāpadena byāpādaṃ, ālokasaññāya thinamiddhaṃ, avikkhepena uddhaccakukkuccaṃ,
dhammavavatthānena vicikicchaṃ pahāya gatā, ñāṇena avijjaṃ padāletvā, pāmojjena
aratiṃ vinodetvā, aṭṭhasamāpattīhi aṭṭhārasahi mahāvipassanāhi catūhi ca
ariyamaggehi taṃ taṃ paṭipakkhaṃ pahāya gatā, evaṃ ayampi bhagavā gato. Evampi
tathā gatoti gatharagato. (2)
      Kathaṃ tathalakkhaṇaṃ āgatoti tathāgato? paṭhavīdhātuyā kakkhaḷalakkhaṇaṃ,
āpodhātuyā paggharaṇalakkhaṇaṃ, atajodhātuyā uṇhattalakkhaṇaṃ, vāyodhātuyā
vitthambhanalakkhaṇaṃ, ākāsadhātuyā asamphuṭṭhalakkhaṇaṃ, rūpassa ruppanalakkhaṇaṃ, vedanāya
vedayitalakkhaṇaṃ, saññāya sañjānanalakkhaṇaṃ, saṅkhārānaṃ abhisaṅkharaṇalakkhaṇaṃ,
viññāṇassa vijānanalakkhaṇanti evaṃ pañcannaṃ khandhānaṃ dvādasannaṃ āyatanānaṃ
aṭṭhārasannaṃ dhātūnaṃ bāvīsatiyā indriyānaṃ catunnaṃ saccānaṃ dvādasapadikassa
paccayākārassa catunnaṃ satipaṭṭhānānaṃ catunnaṃ sammappadhānānaṃ catunnaṃ iddhipādānaṃ
Pañcannaṃ indriyānaṃ pañcannaṃ balānaṃ sattannaṃ bojjhaṅgānaṃ ariyassa aṭṭhaṅgikassa
maggassa sattannaṃ visuddhīnaṃ amatogadhassa nibbānassāti evaṃ tassa tassa dhammassa
yaṃ sabhāvasarasalakkhaṇaṃ, taṃ tathaṃ avitathaṃ anaññethaṃ lakkhaṇaṃ ñāṇagatiyā āgato
avirajjhitvā patto adhigatoti tathāgato. Evaṃ tathalakkhaṇaṃ āgatoti. Tathāgato (3)
      kathaṃ tathadhamme yāthāvato abhisambuddhoti tathāgato? tathadhammā nāma
cattāri ariyasaccāni. Yathāha:- "cattārīmāni bhikkhave tathāni avitathāni
anaññāthāni. Katamāni cattāri? `idaṃ dukkhan'ti bhikkhave tathametaṃ avitathametaṃ
anaññathametan"ti 1- vitthāro. Tāni ca bhagavā abhisambuddho, tasmā tathānaṃ
abhisambuddhattā tathāgato.
      Apica jarāmaraṇassa jātipaccayasambhūtasamudāgataṭṭho tatho avitatho anaññatho
.pe. Saṅkhārānaṃ avijjāpaccayasambhūtasamudāgataṭṭho tatho avitatho anaññatho,
tathā avijjāya saṅkhārānaṃ paccayaṭṭho .pe. Jātiyā jarāmaraṇassa paccayaṭṭho
tatho avitatho anaññatho, taṃ sabbaṃ bhagavā abhisambuddho, tasmāpi tathānaṃ
abhisambuddhattā tathāgato, abhisambuddhattho hi ettha gatasaddoti. Evaṃ tathadhamme
yāthāvato abhisambuddhoti  tathāgato. (4)
      Kathaṃ tathadassitāya tathāgato? yaṃ sadevake .pe. Sadevamanussāya
pajāya aparimāṇāsu lokadhātūsu aparimāṇānaṃ sattānaṃ cakkhudvāre āpathamāgacchantaṃ
rūpārammaṇaṃ nāma atthi, taṃ bhagavā sabbākārato jānāti passati.
Evaṃ jānatā 2- passatā ca tena iṭṭhāniṭṭhādivasena vā 2- diṭṭhasutamutaviññātesu
labbhamānapadavasena vā "katamanti rūpaṃ rūpāyatanaṃ, yaṃ rūpaṃ catunnaṃ mahābhūtānaṃ
upādāya vaṇṇanibhāsanidassanaṃ sappaṭighaṃ nīlaṃ pītakan"tiādinā 3- nayena anekehi
@Footnote: 1-1 saṃ.mahā. 19/1090/375  2-2 Sī. passatā tena iṭṭhānaṃ vasena vā
@3 abhi.saṅa. 34/617/188
Nāmehi terasahi vārehi dvipaññāsāya nayehi vibhajjamānaṃ tathameva hoti, vitathaṃ
natthi. Esa nayo sotadvārādīsu āpāthamāgacchantesu saddādīsu, vuttañhetaṃ
bhagavatā:-
           "yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa .pe. Sadevamanussāya
        diṭṭhaṃ sutaṃ mutaṃ viññātaṃ pattaṃ pariyesitaṃ anuvicaritaṃ manasā, tamahaṃ
        jānāmi, tamahaṃ abbhaññāsaṃ, 1- taṃ tathāgatassa viditaṃ. Taṃ tathāgato na
        upaṭṭhāsī"ti 2-
      evaṃ tathadassitāya tathāgato. Tattha tathadassīatthe tathāgatoti padasambhavo
veditabbo. (5)
      Kathaṃ tathavāditāya tathāgato? yaṃ rattiṃ bhagavā anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ
abhisambuddho, yañca rattiṃ anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyi, etthantare
pañcattālīsavassaparimāṇakālaṃ yaṃ bhagavatā bhāsitaṃ lapitaṃ suttageyyādi, sabbantaṃ
paripuṇṇaṃ rāgamadādinimmadanaṃ ekasadisaṃ tathaṃ avitathaṃ. Tenāha:-
           "yañca cunda rattiṃ tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ
        abhisambujjhati, yañca rattiṃ anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyati,
        yaṃ etasmiṃ antare bhāsati lapati niddisati, sabbantaṃ tatheva ca
        hoti, no aññathā, tasmā `tathāgato'ti vuccatā"ti. 3-
      Gadaattho ettha gatasaddo. Evaṃ tathavāditāya tathāgato.
      Apica āgadanaṃ āgado, vacananti attho. Tatho avitatho aviparīto
āgado assāti dakārassa takāraṃ katvā tathāgatoti evamettha padasiddhi
veditabbā. (6)
@Footnote: 1 ka. abhiññāsiṃ  2 aṅa.catukka. 21/24/29  3 dī.pā. 12/188/117
      Kathaṃ tathākāritāya tathāgato? bhagavato hi vācāya kāyo anulometi,
kāyassapi vācā, tasmā yathāvārī tathākārī, yathākādī tathāvādī ca hoti,
evambhūtassa cassa yathā vācā, kāyohi tathā gato pavattoti attho. Yathā ca,
kāyo vācāpi tathā gatā pavattāti tathāgato. Tenāha:-
           "yathāvādī bhikkhave tathāgago tathākārī yathākārī tathāvādī.
        Iti yathāvādī tathākārī, yathākārī tathāvādī. Tasmā `tathāgato'ti
        vuccatī"ti. 1-
      Evaṃ tathākāritāya tathāgato. (7)
      Kathaṃ abhibhavanaṭṭhena tabhāgato? yasmā upari bhavaggaṃ heṭṭhā avīciṃ
pariyantaṃ karitvā tiriyaṃ aparimāṇāsu lokadhātūsu lokadhātūsu sabbasatte abhibhavati
sīlenapi samādhināpi paññāyapi vimuttiyāpi vimuttiñāṇadassanenapi, na tassa
tulā vā pamāṇaṃ vā atthi, athakho atulo appameyyo anuttaro devadevo
sakkānaṃ atisakko, brahmānaṃ atibrahmā sabbasattuttamo, tasmā tathāgato.
Tenāha:-
           "sadevake bhikkhave loke .pe. Sadevamanussāya tathāgato
        abhibhū anabhibhūto aññadatthudaso vasavatti, tasmā `tathāgato'ti
        vuccatī"ti. 1-
      Tatrāyaṃ padasiddhi:- agado viya agado, desanāvilāso ceva puññassayo
ca. Tena so mahānubhāvo bhisakko viya dibbāgadena sappe sabbaparappavādino
sadevakañca lokaṃ abhibhavati. Iti sabbalokābhibhavane tatho avitatho aviparīto
yathāvuttova agado etassāti dakārassa takāraṃ katvā tathāgatoti veditabbo.
Evaṃ abhibhavanaṭṭhena tathāgato. (8)
@Footnote: 1 aṅa.catukka. 21/23/28
      Apica tathāya gatoti tathāgato, tathaṃ gatoti tathāgato. Tattha sakalalokaṃ
tīraṇapariññāya tathāya gato avigatoti 1- tathāgato. Jhalakasamudayaṃ pahānapariññāya
tathāya gato atītoti tathāgato. Lokanirodhaṃ sacchikiriyāya tathāya gato adhigatoti
tathāgato. Lokanirodhagāminiṃ paṭipadaṃ tathaṃ gato paṭipanyoti tathāgato. Vuttañhetaṃ
bhagavatā:-
           "loko bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddho, lokasmā tathāgato
        visaṃyutto. Lokasamudayo bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddho,
        lokasamudayo tathāgatassa pahīno. Lokanirodho bhikkhave tathāgatena
        abhisambuddho, lokanirodho tathāgatassa sacchikato. Lokanirodhagāminī
        paṭipadā bhikkhave tathāgatena abhisambuddhā, lokanirodhagāminī
        paṭipadā tathāgatassa bhāvitā. Yaṃ bhikkhave sadevakassa lokassa
        .pe. Sabbaṃ taṃ tathāgatena abhisambuddhaṃ. Tasmā `tathāgato'ti
        vuccatī"ti. 2-
      Aparehipi aṭṭhahi kāraṇehi bhagavā tathāgato:- tathāya āgatoti tathāgato,
tathāya gatoti tatharagato, tathāni āgatoti tathāgato, tathā gatoti tathāgato,
tathāvidhoti tathāgato, tathā pavattitoti tathāgato, tathehi agatoti tathāgato,
tathāgatabhāvena tathāgato.
      Kathaṃ tathāya āgatoti tathāgato? yā sā 3- bhagavatā sumedhabhūtena
Dīpaṅkaradasabalassa pādamūle:-
             "manussattaṃ liṅgasampatti     hetu satthāradassanaṃ
               pabbajjā guṇasampatti      adhikāro ca chandatā
               aṭṭhadhammasamodhānā       abhinīhāro samijjhatī"ti. 4-
@Footnote: 1 Sī. adhigatoti  2 aṅa. catukka. 21/23/27  3 Sī. yathā  4 khu.buddha. 33/59/474
Evaṃ vuttaṃ aṭṭhaṅgasamannāgataṃ abhinīhāraṃ sampādentena "ahaṃ sadevakaṃ lokaṃ
tiṇṇo tāressāmi, mutto mocessāmi, danto dāessāmi, santo samessāmi,
assattho assāsessāmi, parinibbuto parinibbāpessāmi, buddho bodhessāmī"ti
mahāpaṭiññā pavattitā. Vuttañhetaṃ:-
              "kimme ekena tiṇṇena    purisena thāmadassinā
               sabbaññutaṃ pāpuṇitvā      santāressaṃ sadevakaṃ.
               Iminā me adhikārena     katena purisuttame
               sabbaññutaṃ pāpuṇitvā      tāremi janataṃ bahuṃ.
               Saṃsārasotaṃ chinditvā      viddhaṃsetvā tayo bhave
               dhammanāvaṃ samāruyha       santāressaṃ sadevakaṃ.
               Kimme aññātavesena     dhammaṃ sacchikatenidha
               sabbaññutaṃ pāpuṇitvā      buddho hessaṃ sadevake"ti. 1-
      Taṃ panetaṃ mahāpaṭiññaṃ sakalassāpi buddhakaradhammasamudāyassa
pavicayapaccavekkhaṇasamādānānaṃ kāraṇabhūtaṃ avisaṃvādetvā 2- lokanāyako yasmā
mahākappānaṃ satasahassādhikāni cattāri asaṅkhyeyyāni sakkaccaṃ nirantaraṃ
niravasesato dānapāramiādayo samataṃsapāramiyo pūretvā aṅpariccāgādayo pañca
mahāpariccāge pariccajitvā maccādhiṭṭhānādīni cattāri adhiṭṭhānāni paribrūhetvā
puññañāṇasambhāre sambharitvā 3- pubbayogapubbacariyadhammakkhānañātatthācariyādayo
ukkaṃsāpetvā buddhacariyaṃ paramakoṭaga pāpetvā anuttaraṃ sammāsambodhiṃ
abhisambujjhi. Tasmā tasseva sā mahāpaṭiññā tathā avitathā anaññathā, na tassa
vālaggamattampi vitathaṃ atthi. Tathā hi dīpaṅkaradasabalo koṇḍañño maṅgalo .pe. Kassapo
@Footnote: 1 khu.buddha. 33/2(55-55) /421  2 Sī.,ka. abhisaṃvādento  3 Sī.,ka.vaḍḍhetvā
Bhagavāti ime catuvīsati sammāsambuddhā paṭipāṭiyā uppannā "buddho bhavissatī"ti
byākariṃsu. Evaṃ catuvīsatiyā buddhānaṃ santike laddhabyākaraṇo ye te
katābhinīhārehi bodhisattehi laddhabbā ānisaṃsā, te labhitvāva āgatoti tāya
yathāvittāya mahāpaṭiññāya tathāya abhisambuddhabhāvaṃ āgato adhigatoti tathāgato.
Evaṃ tathāya āgatoti tathāgato. (1)
      Kathaṃ tathāya gatoti tathāgato? yāya mahākaruṇāya lokanātho
mahādukkhasambādhaṭipannaṃ sattanikāyaṃ disvā "tassa natthañño koci paṭissaraṇaṃ, ahameva
ito 1- saṃsāradukkhato mutto mocessāmī"ti samussāhitamānaso mahābhinīhāramakāsi.
Katvā ca yathāpaṇidhānaṃ sakalalokahitasamhādanāya ussukkamāpanno attano
kāyajīvitanirapekkho paresaṃ sotapathāgamanamattenapi cittutrāsasamuppādikā atidukkarā
dukkaracariyā samācaranto yathā mahābodhiyā paṭipatti hānabhāgiyā saṅkilesabhāgiyā
ṭhitibhāgiyā vā na hoti, ukho uttaruttari visesabhāgiyāva hoti, tathā
paṭipajjamāno anupubbena niravasese bodhisambhāre sampādetvā 2- abhisambodhaṃ
pāpuṇi. Tato parañca tāyayeva mahākaruṇāya sañcoditamānaso pavivekaratiṃ
paramañca santaṃ vimokkhasukhaṃ pahāya bālajanabahuleloke tehi samuppādiyamānaṃ
vippakāraṃ 3- agaṇetvā vineyyajanassa vinayanena niravasesaṃ buddhakiccaṃ niṭṭhapesi.
Tattha yo bhagavato sattesu mahākaruṇāya samokkamanākāro, so parato āvibhavissati.
Yathā ca buddhabhūtassa lokanāthassa sattesu mahākaruṇā, evaṃ bodhisattabhūtassapi
mahābhinīhārakālādīsūti 4- sabbattha sabbadā ca ekasadisatāya tathā avitathā
anaññathā, tasmā tīsupi avaṭṭhāsu sabsattesu samānarasāya tathāya mahākaruṇāya
sakalalokahitāya gato paṭipannoti tathāgato. Evaṃ tathāya gatoti tathāgato. (2)
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. na'mito  2 Sī.,ka. niravasesaṃ bodhisambhāraṃ samānetvā
@3 cha.Ma. samuppāditaṃ sammānāvamānavippakāraṃ  4 Sī.,Ma....kālādīsupi
      Kathaṃ tathāni āgatoti tathāgato? tathāni nāma cattāri ariyamaggañāṇāni.
Tāni hi idaṃ dukkhaṃ, ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo, ayaṃ dukkhanirodho, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī
paṭipadāti evaṃ sabbañeyyadhammasaṅgāhakānaṃ pavattinivattitadubhayahetubhūtānaṃ catunnaṃ
ariyasaccānaṃ dukkhassa pīḷanaṭṭho saṅkhataṭṭho santāpaṭṭho vipariṇāmaṭṭho, samudayassa
āyūhanaṭṭho nidānaṭṭho saṃyogaṭṭho palibodhaṭṭho, nirodhassa nissaraṇaṭṭho
vivekaṭṭho asaṅkhataṭṭho, amataṭṭho maggassa niyyānaṭṭho, hetavaṭṭho dassanaṭṭho
ādhipateyyaṭṭhotiādīnaṃ tabbibhāgānañca yathābhūtasabhāvāvabodhavibandhakassa
saṅkilesapakkhassa samucchindanena paṭiladdhāya tattha asammohābhisamayasaṅkhātāya
aviparītākārappavattiyā dhammānaṃ sabhāvasarasalakkhaṇassa avisaṃvādanato tathāni avitathāni
anaññathāni, tāni bhagavā anaññaneyyo sayameva āgato adhigato, tasmā
tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
      Yathā ca maggañāṇāni, evaṃ bhagavato tīsu kālesu appaṭihatañāṇāni
catuppaṭisambhidāñāṇāni catuvesārajjañāṇāni pañcagatiparicchedañāṇāni
chaasādhāraṇañāṇāni sattabojjhaṅgavibhāvanañāṇāni aṭṭhamaggaṅgavibhāvanañāṇāni
navānupubbavihārasamāpattiñāṇāni dasabalañāṇāni ca tathabhāve veditabbāni.
      Tatrāyaṃ vibhāvanā:- yaṃ hi kiñci aparimāṇāsu lokadhātūsu aparimāṇānaṃ
sattānaṃ hīnādibhedabhinnāsu atītāsu khandhāyatanadhātūsu sabhāvakiccādi avaṭṭhāvisesādi
khandhapaṭibaddhanāmagottādi ca jānitabbaṃ. Anindriyabaddhesu ca
atisukhumatirokuḍḍavidūrapadesesupi 1- rūpadhammesu yo taṃtaṃpaccayavisesehi saddhiṃ
paccayuppannānaṃ vaṇṇasaṇṭhānagandharasaphassādiviseso, tattha sabbattheva hatthatale
ṭhapitaāmalake viya paccakkhato appaṭihataṃ bhagavato ñāṇaṃ pavattati, tathā anāgatāsu
paccuppannāsu cāti imāni tīsu kālesu appaṭihatañāṇāni nāma. Yathāha:-
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. atisukhumatirohita...
           "atītaṃse buddhassa bhagavato appaṭihataṃ ñāṇaṃ, anāgataṃse
        buddhassa bhagavato appaṭihataṃ ñāṇaṃ, paccuppannaṃse buddhassa bhagavato
        appaṭihataṃ ñāṇan"ti. 1-
      Tāni panetāni tattha tattha dhammānaṃ sabhāvasarasalakkhaṇassa avisaṃvādanato
tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni, tāni bhagavā sayambhuñāṇena adhigañchīti. Evampi
tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
      Tathā atthapaṭisambhidā dhammapaṭisambhidā niruttipaṭisambhidā paṭibhāna-
paṭisambhidāti catasso paṭisambhidā. Tattha atthappabhedassa sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthāna-
karaṇasamatthaṃ atthappabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā. Dhammappabhedassa
sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ dhammappabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
Niruttippabhedassa sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ niruttābhilāpe pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
niruttipaṭisambhidā. Paṭibhānappabhedassa sallakkhaṇavibhāvanavavatthānakaraṇasamatthaṃ
paṭibhānappabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā. Vuttañhetaṃ:-
           "atthe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, dhamme ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā,
        tatra dhammaniruttābhilāpe ñāṇaṃ niruttipaṭisambhidā, ñāṇesu ñāṇaṃ
        paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā"ti. 2-
      Ettha ca hetuanusārena araṇīyato adhigantabbato ca saṅkhepato hetuphalaṃ
attho nāma, pabhedato pana yaṅkiñci paccayuppannaṃ nibbānaṃ bhāsitattho vipāko
kiriyāti ime pañca dhammā attho, taṃ atthaṃ paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ atthe
pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā. Dhammoti saṅkhepato paccayo. So hi yasmā taṃ
taṃ atthaṃ vidahati pavatteti ceva pāpeti ca, tasmā dhammoti vuccati, pabhedato pana
@Footnote: 1 khu.paṭi. 31/669/577 (syā)  2 abhi.vi. 35/718/359
Yo koci phalanibbattanako hetu ariyamaggo bhāsitaṃ kusalaṃ akusalanti ime pañca
dhammā dhammo, taṃ dhammaṃ paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ dhamme pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ
dhammapaṭisambhidā. Vuttampi cetaṃ:-
           "dukkhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā. Dukkhasamudaye ñāṇaṃ
        dhammapaṭisambhidā, dukkhanirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, dukkhanirodhagāminiyā
        paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā"ti. 1-
      Athavā hetumhi ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā, hetuphale ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā.
Ye dhammā jātā bhūtā sañjātā nibbattā abhinibbattā pātubhūtā, imesu
dhammesu ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā. Yamhā dhammā te dhammā jātā bhūtā sañjātā
nibbattā abhinibbattā pātubhūtā, tesu dhammesu ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
Jarāmaraṇe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, jarāmaraṇasamudaye ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
Jarāmaraṇanirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā, jarāmaraṇanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya
ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā. Jātiyā, bhave upādāne, taṇhāya, vedanāya, phasse,
saḷāyatane, nāmarūpe, viññāṇe, saṅkhāresu ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā,
saṅkhārasamudaye ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā. Saṅkhāranirodhe ñāṇaṃ atthapaṭisambhidā.
Saṅkhātanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā.
           "idha bhikkhu dhammaṃ jānāti suttaṃ geyyaṃ .pe. Vedallaṃ, ayaṃ
        vuccati dhammapaṭisambhidā. So tassa tasseva bhāsitassa atthaṃ jānāti
       `ayaṃ imassa bhāsitassa attho, ayaṃ imasaṃsa bhāsitassa attho'ti, ayaṃ
        vuccati atthapaṭisambhidā. 2-
           Katame dhammā kusalā, yasmiṃ samaye kāmāvacaraṃ kusalaṃ cittaṃ
        uppannaṃ hoti somanassasahagataṃ ñāṇasampayuttaṃ rūpārammaṇaṃ vā
@Footnote: 1 abhi.vi. 35/719/359  2 abhi.vi. 35/724/361
        .pe. Dhammārammaṇaṃ vā yaṃ yaṃ vā panārabbha, tasmiṃ samaye phasso
        hoti .pe. Avikkhepo hoti. Ime dhammā kusalā. Imesu dhammesu
        ñāṇaṃ dhammapaṭisambhidā. Tesaṃ vipāke ñāṇaṃ
        atthapaṭisambhidā"tiādi 1- vitthāro.
      Yā panetasmiṃ atthe ca dhamme ca sabhāvanirutti abyabhicāravohāro
abhilāpo, tasmiṃ sabhāvaniruttābhilāpe māgadhikāya sabbasattānaṃ mūlabhāsāya "ayaṃ
sabhāvanirutti, ayaṃ asabhāvaniruttī"ti pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ niruttipaṭisambhidā.
Yathāvuttesu tesu ñāṇesu gocarakiccato vitthārato pavattaṃ sabbampi taṃ ñāṇaṃ
ārammaṇaṃ katvā paccavekkhantassa tasmiṃ ñāṇe pabhedagataṃ ñāṇaṃ paṭibhānapaṭisambhidā.
Iti imāni cattāri paṭisambhidāñāṇāni sayameva bhagavatā adhigatāni
atthadhammādhike tasmaga tasmiṃ attano visaye avisaṃvādanavasena aviparītākārappavattiyā
tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
      Tathā yaṅkiñci ñeyyaṃ nāma, sabbantaṃ bhagavatā sabbākārena ñātaṃ diṭṭhaṃ
adhigataṃ abhasisambuddhaṃ. Tathā hissa abhiññeyyā dhammā abhiññeyyato buddhā,
pariññeyyā dhammā pariññeyyato, pahātabbā dhammā pahātabbato, sacchikātabbā
dhammā sacchikātabbato, bhāvetabbā dhammā bhāvetabbato, yato naṃ koci
samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā devo vā māro vā brahmā vā "ime nāma te
dhammā anabhisambuddhā"ti saha dhammena anuyuñjituṃ samattho natthi.
      Yaṅkiñci pahātabbaṃ nāma, sabbantaṃ bhagavato anavasesato bodhimūleyeva
pahīnaṃ anuppattidhammaṃ, na tassa pahānāya uttari karaṇīyaṃ atthi. Tathā hissa
@Footnote: 1 abhi.vi. 35/725/362
Lobhadosamohaviparītamanasikāraahirikānottappathinamiddhakodhūpanāhamakkhapalāsaissā-
macchariyamāyāsāṭheyyathambhasārambhamānātimānamadappamādatividhākusalamūladuccaritavisama-
viparītasaññāmalavitakkapapañcaesanātaṇhācatubbidhavipariyesaāsavaganthaoghayogāgati-
taṇhupādānapañcābhinandananīvaraṇacetokhilacetasovīnibandhachavivādamūlasattānusaya-
aṭṭhamicchattanavaāghātavatthutaṇhāmūlakadasaakusalakammapathaekavīsatianesanadvāsaṭṭhidiṭṭhigata-
aṭṭhasatataṇhāvicaritādippabhedaṃ diyaḍḍhakilesasahassaṃ saha vāsanāya pahīnaṃ samucchinnaṃ
samūhataṃ, yato naṃ koci samaṇo vā .pe. Brahmā vā "ime nāma te
kilesā appahīnā"ti saha dhammena anuyuñjituṃ samattho natthi.
      Ye cime bhagavati kammavipākakilesūpavādaāṇāvītikkamappabhedā antarāyikā
vuttā, alameva te paṭisevato ekantena antarāyāya, yato naṃ koci samaṇo
vā .pe. Brahmā vā "nālante paṭisevato antarāyāyā"ti 1- saha dhammena
anuyuñjituṃ samattho natthi.
      Yo ca bhagavatā niravasesavaṭṭadukkhanissaraṇāya sīlasamādhipaññāya saṅgaho
sattakoṭṭhāsiko sattatiṃsappabhedo ariyamaggapubbaṅgamo anuttaro niyyāniko
dhammo desito, so ekanteneva niyyāti, paṭipannassa vaṭṭadukkhato mokkhāya
hoti, yato naṃ koci samaṇo vā .pe. Brahmā vā "niyyāniko dhammoti
tayā desito na niyyātī"ti saha dhammena anuyuñjituṃ samattho natthīti.
Vuttañhetaṃ "sammāsambuddhassa te paṭijānato ime dhammā anabhisambuddhā"ti 2-
vitthāro. Evametāni attano ñāṇappahānadesanāvisesānaṃ avitathabhāvāvabodhanato
aviparītākārappavattitāni bhagavato catuvesārajjañāṇāni tathāni avitathāni
anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
      Tathā nirayagati tiracchānagati petagati manussagati devagatīti pañca gatiyo,
tāsu sañjīvādayo aṭṭha mahānirayā kukkuḷādayo soḷasa ussadanirayā
@Footnote: 1 vi. mahāvi. 2/418,429/307,315  2 Ma.mū. 12/150/110
Lokantarikanirayoti sabbepime ekantadukakhatāya nirassādaṭṭhena 1- nirayā, yathākammunā
gantabbato gati cāti nirayagati, tibbandhakārasītanarakāpi 2- etesveva antogadhā.
Kimikīṭasarīsapapakkhisoṇasiṅgālādayo tiriyaṃ añchitabhāvena tiracchānā, te eva
gatīti tiracchānagati. Khuppipāsitattā paradattūpajīvinijjhāmataṇhikādayo
dukkhabahulatāyapākaṭasukhato itā vigatāti petā, te eva gatīti petagati,
kālakañcikādiasurāpi etesveva antogadhā. Parittadīpavāsīhi saddhiṃ
jambudīpādicatumahādīpavāsino manaso ussannatāya manussā, te eva gatīti manussagati.
Cātumahārājikato paṭṭhāya yāva nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagāti ime chabbīsati devanikāyā
dibbanti attano iddhānubhāvena kīḷanti jotanti cāti devā, te eva gatīti
devagati.
      Tā panetā gatiyo yasmā taṃtaṃkammanibbatto upapattibhavaviseso, tasmā
atthato vipākakkhandhā katattā ca rūpaṃ. Tattha "ayaṃ nāma gati iminā nāma
kammunā jāyati, tassa ca kammassa paccayavisesehi evaṃ vibhāgabhinnattā visuṃ
ete sattanikāyā evaṃ vibhāgabhinnā"ti yathāsakaṃ hetuphalavibhāgaparicchindanavasena
ṭhānaso hetuso bhagavato ñāṇaṃ pavattati. Tenāha bhagavā:-
           "pañca kho imā sāriputta gatiyo. Katamā pañca. Nirayo
        tiracchānayoni pettivisayo manussā devā. Nirayañcāhaṃ sāriputta
        pajānāmi nirayagāmiñca maggaṃ nirayagāminiñca paṭipadaṃ, yathā paṭipanno
        ca kāyassa bhedā parammaraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ
        upapajjati, tañca pajānāmī"tiādi. 3-
      Tāni panetāni bhagavato ñāṇāni tasmiṃ tasmiṃ visaye aviparītākārappavattiyā
avisaṃvādanato tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni
āgatoti tathāgato.
@Footnote: 1 Sī. nirayaṭṭhena  2 Sī.  abbudādi...  3 Ma.mū. 12/153/113-4
      Tathā yaṃ sattānaṃ saddhādiyogavikalāvikalabhāvabodhanena apparajakkhamahārajakkhatādi-
visesavibhāvanaṃ paññāsāya ākārehi pavattaṃ bhagavato indriyaparopariyattañāṇaṃ.
Vuttañhetaṃ:- "saddho puggalo apparajakkho, assaddho puggalo mahārajakkho"ti 1-
vitthāro.
      Yañca "ayaṃ puggalo apparajakkho, ayaṃ sassatadiṭṭhiko, ayaṃ ucchedadiṭṭhiko,
ayaṃ anulomikāyaṃ khantiyaṃ ṭhito, ayaṃ yathābhūtañāṇe ṭhito, ayaṃ kāmāsayo,
na nekkhammādiāsayo, ayaṃ nekkhammāsayo, na kāmādiāsayo"tiādinā
"imassa kāmarāgo ativiya thāmagato, na paṭigho, 2- imassa paṭigho ativiya
thāmagato, na kāmarāgādiko"tiādinā "imassa puññābhisaṅkhāro adhiko,
na apuññābhisaṅkhāro na āneñjābhisaṅkhāro, imassa apuññābhisaṅkhāro
adhiko, na puññābhisaṅkhāro na āneñjābhisaṅkhāro, imassa āneñjābhisaṅkhāro
adhiko, na puññābhisaṅkhāro na apuññābhisaṅkhāro. Imassa kāyasucaritaṃ adhikaṃ,
imassa vacīsucaritaṃ, imassa manosucaritaṃ, ayaṃ kilesāvaraṇena samannāgato, ayaṃ
vipākāvaraṇena samannāgato, ayaṃ na kammāvaraṇena samannāgato, na kilesāvaraṇena
samannāgato, na vipākāvaraṇena samannāgato"tiādinā ca sattānaṃ āsayādīnaṃ
yathābhūtaṃ vibhāvanākārappavattaṃ bhagavato āsayānusayañāṇaṃ. Yaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ:-
           "idha tathāgato sattānaṃ āsayaṃ jānāti, anusayaṃ jānāti, caritaṃ
        jānāti, adhimuttiṃ jānāti, bhabbābhabbe satte jānātī"tiādi. 3-
      Yañca uparimaheṭṭhimapurimapacchimakāyehi dakkhiṇavāmaakkhikaṇṇasotanāsikasota-
aṃsakūṭahatthapādehi aṅguliaṅgulantarehi lomakūpehi ca aggikkhandhaudakadhārāpavattanaṃ
@Footnote: 1 khu.paṭi. 31/270/177
@2 cha.Ma. na paṭighādiko  3 khu.paṭi. 31/113/126
Anaññasādhāraṇaṃ vividhavikubbaniddhinimmāpanakaṃ bhagavato yamakapāṭihāriyañāṇaṃ. Yaṃ
sandhāya vuttaṃ:-
              "idha tathāgato yamakapāṭihāriyaṃ karoti asādhāraṇaṃ sāvakehi,
         uparimakāyato aggikkhandho pavattati, heṭṭhimakāyato udakadhārā pavattati.
         Heṭṭhimakāyato udakadhārā pavattati. Heṭṭhimakāyato aggikkhandho
         pavattati, uparimakāyato udakadhārā pavattatī"tiādi. 1-
    Yañca rāgādīhi jātiādīhi ca anekehi dukkhadhammehi upaddutaṃ sattanikāyaṃ
tato nīharitukāmatāvasena nānānayehi pavattassa bhagavato mahākaruṇokkamanassa
paccayabhūtaṃ mahākaruṇāsamāpattiñāṇaṃ. Yathāha 2- :-
              "katamaṃ tathāgatassa mahākaruṇāsamāpattiyā ñāṇaṃ. Bahukehi
         ākārehi passantānaṃ buddhānaṃ bhagavantānaṃ sattesu mahākaruṇā
         okkamati, āditto lokasannivāsoti passantānaṃ buddhānaṃ bhagavantānaṃ
         sattesu mahākaruṇā okkamati. Uyyutto, payāto, kummaggappaṭipanno
         upanīyati loko addhuvo, atāṇo loko anabhissaro, assako loko,
         sabbaṃ pahāya gamanīyaṃ, ūno loko atitto taṇhādāsoti passantānaṃ
         buddhānaṃ bhagavantānaṃ sattesu mahākaruṇā okkamati.
              Atāṇo 3- lokasannivāso, aleṇo, asaraṇo, asaraṇībhūto.
         Uddhato loko avūpasanto, sasallo lokasannivāso viddho
         puthusallehi, avijjandhakārāvaraṇo kilesapañjarapakkhitto, avijjāgato
         lokasannivāso andhabhūto pariyonaddho tantākulakajāto kulakuṇḍikajāto 4-
         muñjapabbajabhūto apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ saṃsāraṃ nātivattati,
         avijjāvisadosasallitto kilesakalalībhūto, rāgadosamohajaṭājaṭito.
@Footnote: 1 khu.paṭi. 31/116/128  2 khu.paṭi. 31/117/130
@3 cha.Ma. atāyano  4 Sī. gulākuṇḍikajāto
           Taṇhāsaṅghāṭapaṭimukko, taṇhājālena otthato, taṇhāsotena
        vuyhati, taṇhāsaṃyojanena saṃyutto, taṇhānusayena anusaṭo,
        taṇhāsantāpena santappati, taṇhāpariḷāhena pariḍayhati.
           Diṭṭhisaṅghāṭapaṭimukko, diṭṭhijālena otthato, diṭṭhisotena
        vuyhati, diṭṭhisaṃyojanena saṃyutto, diṭṭhānusayena anusaṭo,
        diṭṭhisantāpena santappati, diṭṭhipariḷāhena pariḍayhati.
           Jātiyā anugato, jarāya anusaṭo, byādhinā,
        abhibhūto, maraṇena abbhāhato, dukkhe patiṭṭhito.
           Taṇhāya uḍḍito, jarāpākāraparikkhitto, maccupāsena
        parikkhitto, mahābandhanabaddho, rāgabandhanena dosamohamānadiṭṭhikilesa-
        duccaritabandhanena baddho, mahāsambādhappaṭipanno, mahāpalibodhena
        palibuddho, mahāpapāte patito, mahākantārappaṭipanno,
        mahāsaṃsārappaṭipanno, mahāvidugge samparivattati, mahāpalipe palipanno.
           Abbhāhato lokasannivāso, āditto lokasannivāso
        rāgagginā dosagginā mohagginā jātiyā jarāya maraṇena sokehi
        paridevehi dukkhehi domanassehi upāyāsehi, unnītako lokasannivāso
        haññati niccamatāṇo pattadaṇḍo takkāro, vajjabandhanabaddho
        āghātanapaccupaṭṭhito, anātho lokasannivāso paramakāruññappatto,
        dukkhābhibhūto 1- cirarattaṃ pīḷito, gadhito niccaṃ pipāsito.
           Andho acakkhuko, hatanetto apariṇāyako, vipathapakkhando
        añjasāparaddho, mahoghapakkhando.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. dukkhābhitunno
           Dvīhi diṭṭhigatehi pariyuṭṭhito, tīhi duccaritehi vippaṭipanno,
        catūhi yogehi yojito, catūhi ganthehi ganthito, catūhi upādānehi
        upādiyati, pañcagatisamāruḷho, pañcahi kāmaguṇehi rajjati, pañcahi
        nīvaraṇehi otthato, chahi vivādamūlehi vivadati, chahi taṇhākāyehi
        rajjati, chahi diṭṭhigatehi pariyuṭṭhito, sattahi anusayehi anusaṭo,
        sattahi saṃyojanehi saṃyutto, sattahi mānehi unnato, aṭṭhahi
        lokadhammehi samparivattati, aṭṭhahi micchattehi niyyāto, aṭṭhahi
        purisadosehi dussati, navahi āghātavatthūhi āghātito, navavidhamānehi
        unnato, navahi taṇhāmūlakehi dhammehi rajjati, dasahi kilesavatthūhi
        kilissati, dasahi āghātavatthūhi āghātito, dasahi akusalehi kammapathehi
        samannāgato, dasahi saṃyojanehi saṃyutto, dasahi micchattehi niyyāto
        dasavatthukāya micchādiṭṭhiyā samannāgato, dasavatthukāya antaggāhikāya
        diṭṭhiyā samannāgato, aṭṭhasatataṇhāpapañcehi papañcito, dvāsaṭṭhiyā
        diṭṭhigatehi pariyuṭṭhito lokasannivāsoti passantānaṃ buddhānaṃ
        bhagavantānaṃ sattesu mahākaruṇā okkamati.
           Ahañcamhi tiṇṇo, loko ca atiṇṇo. Ahañcamhi mutto,
        loko ca amutto. Ahañcamhi santo, loko ca asanto. Ahañcamhi
        santo, loko ca asanto. Ahañcamhi assattho, loko ca anassattho.
        Ahañcamhi parinibbuto, loko ca aparinibbuto. Pahomi khvāhaṃ 1-
        tiṇṇo tāretuṃ, mutto mocetuṃ, danto dametuṃ, santo sametuṃ,
        assattho assāsetuṃ, parinibbuto parinibbāpetunti passantānaṃ
        buddhānaṃ bhagavantānaṃ sattesu mahākaruṇā okkamatī"ti. 2-
    Evaṃ ekūnanavutiyā ākārehi vibhajanaṃ gataṃ.
@Footnote: 1 Sī. paho cāhaṃ  2 khu.paṭi. 31/118/134
    Yaṃ pana yāvatā dhammadhātuyā yattakaṃ ñātabbaṃ saṅkhatāsaṅkhatādikassa
sabbassa paropadesanirapekkhaṃ sabbākārena paṭivijjhanasamatthaṃ ākaṅkhamattap-
paṭibaddhavuttianaññasādhāraṇaṃ bhagavato ñāṇaṃ sabbathā anavasesasaṅkhatāsaṅkhatasammatisaccāva-
bodhato sabbaññutañāṇaṃ tatthāvaraṇābhāvato nissaṅgappavattimupādāya
anāvaraṇañāṇanti vuccati. Ekameva hi taṃ ñāṇaṃ visayappavattimukhena aññehi
asādhāraṇabhāvadassanatthaṃ duvidhena uddiṭṭhaṃ. Aññathā sabbaññutānāvaraṇañāṇānaṃ
sādhāraṇatā sabbavisayatā āpajjeyyuṃ, na ca taṃ yuttaṃ kiñcāpi imāya yuttiyā.
Ayaṃ hettha pāḷi:-
           "sabbasaṅkhatamasaṅkhataṃ anavasesaṃ jānātīti sabbaññutañāṇaṃ,
        tattha āvaraṇaṃ natthīti anāvaraṇañāṇaṃ. Atītaṃ sabbaṃ jānātīti sabbaññutañāṇaṃ,
        tattha āvaraṇaṃ natthīti anāvaraṇañāṇaṃ. Anāgataṃ sabbaṃ
        jānātīti sabbaññutañāṇaṃ, tattha āvaraṇaṃ natthīti anāvaraṇañāṇaṃ.
        Paccuppannaṃ sabbaṃ jānātīti sabbaññutañāṇaṃ, tattha āvaraṇaṃ
        natthīti anāvaraṇañāṇan"ti 1- vitthāro.
    Evametāni bhagavato cha asādhāraṇañāṇāni aviparītākārappavattiyā yathāsakavisayassa
avisaṃvādanato tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
Tathā:- "sattime bhikkhave bojjhaṅgā, satisambojjhaṅgo dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo
vīriyasambojjhaṅgo pītisambojjhaṅgo passaddhisambojjhaṅgo samādhisambojjhaṅgo
upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo"ti 2- evaṃ sarūpato, "yāyaṃ lokuttaramaggakkhaṇe uppajjamānā
līnuddhaccapatiṭṭhānāyūhanakāmasukhallikattakilamathānuyogaucchedasassatābhinivesādīnaṃ
@Footnote: 1 khu.paṭi. 31/119/134-135
@2. abhi.vi. 35/466/274, saṃ.mahā. 19/185/64 khu.paṭi. 31/17/327
Anekesaṃ upaddavānaṃ paṭipakkhabhūtā satiādibhedā dhammasāmaggī, yāya ariyasāvako
bujjhati kilesaniddāya uṭṭhahati, cattāri vā saccāni 1- paṭivijjhati, nibbānameva
vā sacchikarotīti, sā dhammasāmaggī bodhīti vuccati, tassā bodhiyā aṅgāti
bojjhaṅgā, ariyasāvako vā yathāvuttāya dhammasāmaggiyā bujjhatīti katvā bodhīti
vuccati, tassa bodhissa aṅgātipi bojjhaṅgāti evaṃ sāmaññalakkhaṇato,
"upaṭṭhānalakkhaṇo satisambojjhaṅgo, pavicayalakkhaṇo dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo,
paggahalakkhaṇo vīriyasambojjhaṅgo, pharaṇalakkhaṇo pītisambojjhaṅgo, upasamalakkhaṇo
passaddhisambojjhaṅgo avikkhepalakkhaṇo samādhisambojjhaṅgo, paṭisaṅkhānalakkhaṇo
upekkhāsambojjhaṅgoti, evaṃ visesalakkhaṇato, "tattha katamo satisambojjhaṅgo,
idha bhikkhu satimā hoti paramena satinepakkena samannāgato, cirakatampi cirabhāsitampi
saritā hoti anussaritā"tiādinā 2- sattannaṃ bojjhaṅgānaṃ aññamaññopakāravasena
ekakkhaṇe pavattidassanato, "tattha katamo satisambojjhaṅgo, atthi ajjhattaṃ
bhikkhave dhammesu sati, atthi bahiddhā dhammesu satī"tiādinā  3- tesaṃ visayavibhāgena
pavattidassanato, "tattha katamo satisambojjhaṅgo, idha bhikkhave bhikkhu satisambojjhaṅgaṃ
bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodhanissitaṃ vossaggapariṇāmin"tiādinā 4-
bhāvanāvidhidassanato, "tattha katame satta sambojjhaṅgā, idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye
lokuttaraṃ jhānaṃ bhāveti .pe. Tasmiṃ samaye satta bojjhaṅgā honti satisambojjhaṅgo
.pe. Upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo. Tattha katamo satisambojjhaṅgo. Yā sati
.pe. Anussatī"tiādinā 5- channavutiyā nayasahassavibhāgehīti evaṃ nānākārato
pavattāni bhagavato sambojjhaṅgavibhāvanañāṇāni tassa tassa atthassa avisaṃvādanato
tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. ariyasaccāni  2 abhi.vi. 35/467/274  3 abhi.vi. 35/469/275
@4 abhi.vi. 35/471/276  5 abhi.vi. 35/473-4/277
    Tathā:- "tattha katamaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṃ, ayameva
ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo. Seyyathidaṃ, sammādiṭṭhi .pe. Sammāsamādhī"ti 1- evaṃ
sarūpato, sabbakilesehi ārakattā ariyabhāvakarattā ariyaphalappaṭilābhakattā ca
ariyo, aṭṭhavidhattā nibbānādhigamāya ekantakāraṇattā ca aṭṭhaṅgiko, kilese
mārento gacchati, nibbānatthikehi maggīyati, sayaṃ vā nibbānaṃ maggatīti maggoti
evaṃ sāmaññalakkhaṇato, "sammā dassanalakkhaṇā sammādiṭṭhi, sammā
abhiniropanalakkhaṇo sammāsaṅkappo, sammā pariggahaṇalakkhaṇā sammāvācā, sammā
samuṭṭhānalakkhaṇo sammākammanto, sammā vodānalakkhaṇo sammāājīvo, sammā
paggahaṇalakkhaṇo sammāvāyāmo, sammā upaṭṭhānalakkhaṇā sammāsati, sammā
avikkhepalakkhaṇo sammāsamādhī"ti evaṃ visesalakkhaṇato, sammādiṭṭhi aññehipi
attano paccanīkakilesehi saddhiṃ micchādiṭṭhiṃ pajahati, nibbānaṃ ārammaṇaṃ karoti,
tappaṭicchādakamohavidhamanena asammohato sampayuttadhamme ca passati. Tathā
sammāsaṅkappādayopi micchāsaṅkappādīni pajahanti, nibbānaṃ ca ārammaṇaṃ karonti,
sahajātadhammānaṃ sammāabhiniropanapariggahaṇasamuṭṭhānavodānapaggahaupaṭṭhānasamādahanāni
ca karontīti evaṃ kiccavibhāgato, sammādiṭṭhi pubbabhāge nānākkhaṇā
visuṃ visuṃ dukkhādiārammaṇā hutvā maggakāle ekakkhaṇā nibbānameva ārammaṇaṃ
katvā kiccato "dukkhe ñāṇan"tiādīni cattāri nāmāni labhati, sammāsaṅkappādayopi
pubbabhāge nānākkhaṇā nānārammaṇā maggakāle ekakkhaṇā ekārammaṇā,
tesu sammāsaṅkappo kiccato nekkhammasaṅkappotiādīni tīṇi nāmāni labhati,
sammāvācādayo tayo pubbabhāge musāvādāveramaṇītiādivibhāgā viratiyopi
cetanāyopi hutvā maggakkhaṇe viratiyova, sammāvāyāmasatiyo kiccato
sammappadhānasatipaṭṭhānavasena cattāri nāmāni labhanti, sammāsamādhi pana maggakkhaṇepi
@Footnote: 1 abhi.vi 35/205/125
Paṭhamajjhānādivasena nānā evāti evaṃ pubbabhāgaparabhāgesu pavattivibhāgato,
"idha bhikkhave bhikkhu sammādiṭṭhiṃ bhāveti vivekanissitan"tiādinā 1- bhāvanāvidhito,
"tattha katamo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, idha bhikkhu yasmiṃ samaye lokuttaraṃ jhānaṃ
bhāveti .pe. Dukkhāpaṭipadaṃ dandhābhiññaṃ, tasmiṃ samaye aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo
hoti sammādiṭṭhi sammāsaṅkappo"tiādinā 2- caturāsītiyā nayasahassavibhāgehīti
evamanekākārato pavattāni bhagavato ariyamaggavibhāvanañāṇāni atthassa avisaṃvādanato
sabbānipi tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
    Tathā paṭhamajjhānasamāpatti yā ca nirodhasamāpattīti etāsu anupaṭipāṭiyā
viharitabbaṭṭhena 3- samāpajjitabbaṭṭhena ca anupubbavihārasamāpattīsu
sampādanapaccavekkhaṇādivasena yathārahaṃ sampayogavasena ca pavattāni bhagavato ñāṇāni
tadatthasiddhiyā tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Tathā "idaṃ imassa ṭhānaṃ,
idamaṭṭhānan"ti aviparītaṃ tassa tassa phalassa kāraṇākāraṇajānanaṃ, tesaṃ tesaṃ
sattānaṃ atītādibhedabhinnassa kammasamādānassa anavasesato yathābhūtaṃ
vipākantarajānanaṃ, āyūhanakkhaṇeyeva tassa tassa sattassa "ayaṃ nirayagāminī paṭipadā
.pe. Ayaṃ nibbānagāminī paṭipadā"ti yāthāvato sāsavānāsavakammavibhāgajānanaṃ,
khandhāyatanādīnaṃ upādinnānupādinnādianekasabhāvaṃ nānāsabhāvaṃ ca tassa lokassa
"imāya nāma dhātuyā ussannattā imasmiṃ dhammappabandhe ayaṃ viseso jāyatī"tiādinā
nayena yathābhūtaṃ dhātunānattajānanaṃ, anavasesato sattānaṃ hīnādiajjhāsayādhimuttijānanaṃ,
saddhādiindriyānaṃ tikkhamudubhāvajānanaṃ, saṅkilesādīhi saddhiṃ
jhānavimokkhādivisesajānanaṃ, sattānaṃ aparimāṇāsu jātīsu tappaṭibandhena saddhiṃ anavasesato
pubbenivutthakkhandhasantatijānanaṃ, hīnādivibhāgehi saddhiṃ cutipaṭisandhijānanaṃ,
"idaṃ dukkhan"tiādinā heṭṭhā vuttanayeneva catusaccajānananti imāni
@Footnote: 1 abhi.vi. 35/449/285  2 abhi.vi. 35/491/285  3 ka. bhāvitabbaṭṭhena
Bhagavato dasabalañāṇāni avirajjhitvā yathāsakaṃ visayāvagāhanato 1- yathādhippetatthasādhanato
ca yathābhūtavuttiyā tathāni avitathāni anaññathāni. Vuttañhetaṃ:-
           "idha tathāgato ṭhānañca ṭhānato aṭṭhānañca aṭṭhānato
        yathābhūtaṃ pajānātī"tiādi. 2-
    Evampi bhagavā tathāni āgatoti tathāgato.
    Yathā cetesaṃ ñāṇānaṃ vasena, evaṃ yathāvuttānaṃ satipaṭṭhānasammappadhānavibhāvanañāṇādīnaṃ
anantāparimeyyabhedānaṃ anaññasādhāraṇānaṃ paññāvisesānaṃ
vasena bhagavā tathāni ñāṇāni āgato adhigatoti tathāgato. Evampi tathāni
āgatoti tathāgato. (3)
    Kathaṃ tathā gatoti tathāgato? yā sā bhagavato abhijāti abhisambodhi
dhammavinayapaññāpanā anupādisesanibbānadhātu, sā tathā. Kiṃ vuttaṃ hoti? yadatthaṃ
lokanāthena abhisambodhi patthitā pavattitā ca, tadatthassa ekantasiddhiyā
avisaṃvādanato aviparītatthavuttiyā tathā avitathā anaññathā. Tathā hi ayaṃ bhagavā
bodhisattabhūto samatiṃsapāramiparipūraṇādikaṃ vuttappabhedaṃ sabbaṃ buddhattahetuṃ
sampādetvā tusitapure ṭhitova buddhakolāhalaṃ sutvā dasasahassacakkavāḷadevatāhi ekato
sannipatitāhi upasaṅkamitvā:-
           "kāloyaṃ te 3- mahāvīra     uppajja mātukucchiyaṃ
            sadevakaṃ tārayanto         bujjhassu amataṃ padan"ti 4-
āyācito uppannapubbanimitto pañca mahāvilokanāni viloketvā "idānāhaṃ
manussayoniyaṃ uppajjitvā abhisambujjhissāmī"ti āsāḷhipuṇṇamāya sakyarājakule
mahāmāyāya deviyā kucchimhi paṭisandhiṃ gahetvā dasa māse devamanussehi mahatā
parihārena parihariyamāno visākhapuṇṇamāya paccūsasamaye abhijātiṃ pāpuṇi.
@Footnote: 1 Sī.,ka. visayāvabodhanato  2 aṅ. dasaka. 24/21/27, abhi.vi. 35/809/409
@3 cha.Ma. kālo deva  4 khu. apa. 33/67/445
    Abhijātikkhaṇe panassa paṭisandhiggahaṇakkhaṇe viya dvattiṃsa pubbanimittāni
pāturahesuṃ. Ayaṃ hi dasasahassī lokadhātu saṅkampi sampakampi sampavedhi, dasasu
cakkavāḷasahassesu appamāṇo obhāso phari, tassa taṃ siriṃ daṭṭhukāmā viya
jaccandhā cakkhūni paṭilabhiṃsu, badhirā saddaṃ suṇiṃsu, mūgā samālapiṃsu, khujjā ujugattā
ahesuṃ, paṅgulā padasā gamanaṃ paṭilabhiṃsu, bandhanagatā sabbe sattā andubandhanādīhi
mucciṃsu, sabbanirayesu aggi nibbāyi, pettivisaye khuppipāsā vūpasami,
tiracchānānaṃ bhayaṃ nāhosi, sabbasattānaṃ rogo vūpasami, sabbasattā piyaṃvadā ahesuṃ,
madhurenākārena assā hasiṃsu, vāraṇā gajjiṃsu, sabbatūriyāni sakaṃ sakaṃ ninnādaṃ
muñciṃsu, aghaṭṭitāni eva manussānaṃ hatthupagādīni ābharaṇāni madhurenākārena
raviṃsu, sabbadisā vippasannā ahesuṃ, sattānaṃ sukhaṃ uppādayamāno mudusītalavāto
vāyi. Akālamegho vassi, paṭhavitopi udakaṃ ubbhijjitvā vissandi, pakkhino
ākāsagamanaṃ vijahiṃsu, nadiyo asandamānā aṭṭhaṃsu, mahāsamudde madhuraṃ udakaṃ
ahosi, upakkilesavimutte sūriye dissamāne eva ākāsagatā sabbā jotiyo jaliṃsu,
ṭhapetvā arūpāvacaradeve avasesā sabbe devā sabbepi nerayikā dissamānarūpā
ahesuṃ, tarukuṭṭakavāṭaselādayo anāvaraṇabhūtā ahesuṃ, sattānaṃ cutūpapātā nāhesuṃ,
sabbaṃ aniṭṭhagandhaṃ abhibhavitvā dibbagandho vāyi, sabbe phalupagā rukkhā phaladharā
sampajjiṃsu, mahāsamuddo sabbatthakameva pañcavaṇṇehi padumehi sañchannatalo
ahosi, thalajajalajādīni sabbapupphāni pupphiṃsu, rukkhānaṃ khandhesu khandhapadumāni,
sākhāsu sākhapadumāni, latāsu latāpadumāni pupphiṃsu, mahītale silātalāni bhinditvā
uparūpari satta satta hutvā daṇḍapadumāni nāma nikkhamiṃsu, ākāse olambakapadumāni
nibbattiṃsu, samantato pupphavassaṃ vassi, ākāse dibbatūriyāni vajjiṃsu,
sakaladasasahassīlokadhātu vaṭṭetvā vissaṭṭhamālāguḷaṃ viya uppīḷetvā baddhamālākalāpo
viya alaṅkatapaṭiyattaṃ mālāsanaṃ viya ca ekamālāmālinī vipphurantavāḷavījanī
Pupphadhūpagandhapavāsitā paramasobhaggappattā ahosi, tāni ca pubbanimittāni upari
adhigatānaṃ anekadhammavisesādhigatānaṃ 1- nimittabhūtāni eva ahesuṃ. Evaṃ
anekacchariyapātubhāvapaṭimaṇḍitā cāyaṃ 2- abhijāti yadatthaṃ anena abhisambodhi abhipatthitā,
tassā abhisambodhiyā ekantasiddhiyā tathāva ahosi avitathā anaññathā.
    Tathā ye buddhaveneyyā bodhaneyyabandhavā, te sabbepi anavasesato
sayameva bhagavatā vinītā. Ye ca sāvakaveneyyā dhammaveneyyā ca, tepi sāvakādīhi
vinītā vinayaṃ gacchanti gamissanti cāti yadatthaṃ bhagavatā abhisambodhi abhipatthitā,
tadatthassa ekantasiddhiyā abhisambodhi tathā avitathā anaññathā.
    Apica yassa yassa ñeyyadhammassa yo yo sabhāvo bujjhitabbo, so
so hatthatale ṭhapitaāmalakaṃ viya āvajjanamattapaṭibaddhena attano ñāṇena
aviparītaṃ anavasesato bhagavatā abhisambuddhoti evampi abhisambodhi tathā avitathā
anaññathā.
    Tathā tesaṃ tesaṃ dhammānaṃ tathā tathā desetabbappakāraṃ tesaṃ tesañca
sattānaṃ āsayānusayacaritādhimuttiṃ sammadeva oloketvā dhammataṃ avijahanteneva
paññattinayavohāramaggaṃ anatidhāvanteneva ca dhammataṃ vibhāvantena yathāparādhaṃ
yathājjhāsayaṃ yathādhammañca anusāsantena bhagavatā veneyyā vinītā ariyabhūmiṃ
sampāpitāti dhammavinayapaññāpanāpissa tadatthasiddhiyā yathābhūtavuttiyā ca tathā
avitathā anaññathā.
    Tathā yā sā bhagavatā anuppattā paṭhaviyādiphassavedanādirūpārūpasabhāvavinimuttā
lujjanabhāvābhāvato lokasabhāvātītā tamasā visaṃsaṭṭhattā kenaci anobhāsanīyā 3-
obhāsābhāvato eva 4- gatiādibhāvarahitā appatiṭṭhā anārammaṇā
@Footnote: 1 Sī. anekadhammavisesādhigamānaṃ, cha.Ma. anekesaṃ visesādhigamānaṃ  2 ka. vāyaṃ
@3 Ma. anogāhaniyā  4 cha.Ma. lokasabhāvābhāvato eva
Amatamahānibbānadhātu khandhasaṅkhātānaṃ upādīnaṃ 1- lesamattassapi abhāvato anupādisesāti
vuccati, yaṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ:-
           "atthi bhikkhave tadāyatanaṃ, yattha neva paṭhavī na āpo na
        tejo na vāyo, na ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ na viññāṇañcāyatanaṃ na
        na ākiñcaññāyatanaṃ na nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṃ, nāyaṃ loko na
        paroloko, na ca ubho candimasūriyā. Tatrāpāhaṃ bhikkhave neva āgatiṃ
        vadāmi na gatiṃ na ṭhitiṃ na cutiṃ na uppattiṃ, appatiṭṭhaṃ appavattaṃ
        anārammaṇamevetaṃ esevanto dukkhassā"ti. 2-
    Sā sabbesampi upādānakkhandhānaṃ atthaṅgamo, sabbasaṅkhārānaṃ samatho,
sabbūpadhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo, sabbadukkhānaṃ vūpasamo, sabbālayānaṃ samugghāto,
sabbavaṭṭānaṃ upacchedo, accantasantilakkhaṇoti yathāvuttasabhāvassa kadācipi
avisaṃvādanato tathā avitathā anaññathā. Evametā abhijātiādikā tathā gato
upagato adhigato paṭipanno pattoti tathāgato. Evaṃ bhagavā tathā gatoti
tathāgato. (4)
    Kathaṃ tathāvidhoti tathāgato? yathāvidhā purimakā sammāsambuddhā, ayampi
bhagavā tathāvidho. Kiṃ vuttaṃ hoti? yathāvidhā te bhagavanto maggasīlena phalasīlena sabbenapi
lokiyalokuttarasīlena, maggasamādhinā phalasamādhinā sabbenapi lokiyalokuttarasamādhinā,
maggapaññāya phalapaññāya sabbāyapi lokiyalokuttarapaññāya, devasikaṃ valañjitabbehi
catuvīsatikoṭisatasahassasamāpattivihārehi, tadaṅgavimuttiyā vikkhambhanavimuttiyā
samucchedavimuttiyā paṭippassaddhivimuttiyā nissaraṇavimuttiyāti saṅkhepato.
Vitthārato pana anantāparimāṇabhedehi acinteyyānubhāvehi
@Footnote: 1 Sī. upādinnānaṃ  2 khu.u. 25/71/212
Sakalasabbaññuguṇehi, ayampi amhākaṃ bhagavā tathāvidho. Sabbesaṃ hi sammāsambuddhānaṃ
āyuvemattaṃ sarīrappamāṇavemattaṃ kulavemattaṃ dukkaracariyāvemattaṃ rasmivemattanti
imehi pañcahi vemattehi siyā vemattaṃ, na pana sīlavisuddhiādīsu 1- visuddhīsu
samathavipassanāpaṭipattiyaṃ attanā paṭiladdhaguṇesu ca kiñci nānākaraṇaṃ atthi, athakho
majjhe bhinnasuvaṇṇaṃ viya aññamaññaṃ nibbisesā te buddhā bhagavanto.
Tasmā yathāvidhā purimakā sammāsambuddhā, ayampi bhagavā tathāvidho. Evaṃ tathāvidhoti
tathāgato. Vidhaattho cettha gatasaddo, tathāhi lokiyā vidhayuttagatasadde pakāratthe
vadanti. (5)
    Kathaṃ tathā pavattitoti tathāgato? anaññasādhāraṇena iddhānubhāvena
samannāgatattā atthapaṭisambhidādīnaṃ ukkaṃsapāramippattiyā anāvaraṇañāṇappaṭilābhena
ca bhagavato kāyappavattiyādīnaṃ katthaci paṭighātābhāvato yathāruci tathā gataṃ gati
gamanaṃ kāyavacīcittappavatti etassāti tathāgato. Evaṃ tathā pavattitoti tathāgato. (6)
    Kathaṃ tathehi agatoti tathāgato? bodhisambhārasambharaṇe 2- tappaṭipakkhappavattisaṅkhātaṃ
natthi etassa gatanti agato. So panassa agatabhāvo maccheradānapāramiādīsu
aviparītaṃ ādīnavānisaṃsapaccavekkhaṇādinayappavattehi ñāṇehīti tathehi
ñāṇehi agatoti tathāgato.
    Athavā kilesābhisaṅkhārappavattisaṅkhātaṃ khandhappavattisaṅkhātameva vā pañcasupi
gatīsu gataṃ gamanaṃ etassa natthīti agato. Saupādisesaanupādisesanibbānappattiyā
svāyamassa agatabhāvo tathehi ariyamaggañāṇehīti evampi bhagavā tathehi agatoti
tathāgato. (7)
    Kathaṃ tathā gatabhāvena tathāgato? tathā gatabhāvenāti ca tathāgatassa sabbhāvena
atthitāyāti attho. Ko panesa tathāgato, yassa atthitāya bhagavā tathāgatoti
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. sīlavisuddhiyādīsu  2 ka. bodhisambharaṇe
Vuccatīti? saddhammo. Saddhammo hi ariyamaggo tāva yathā yuganaddhasamathavipassanābalena
anavasesato kilesapakkhaṃ samūhanantena samucchedappahānavasena gantabbaṃ, tathā gato.
Phaladhammo yathā attano maggānurūpaṃ paṭipassaddhippahānavasena gantabbaṃ, tathā
gato pavatto. Nibbānadhammo pana yathā gato paññāya paṭividdho sakalavaṭṭadukkhavūpasamāya
sampajjati, buddhādīhi tathā gato sacchikatoti tathāgato. Pariyattidhammopi
yathā purimabuddhehi suttageyyādivasena pavattiādippakāsanavasena ca veneyyānaṃ
āsayādianurūpaṃ pavattito, amhākampi bhagavatā tathā gato gadito pavattitoti
vā tathāgato. Yathā bhagavatā desito, tathā bhagavato sāvakehi gato avagatoti
tathāgato. Evaṃ sabbopi saddhammo tathāgato. Tenāha sakko devānamindo:-
             "tathāgataṃ devamanussapūjitaṃ
              dhammaṃ namassāma suvatthi hotū"ti. 1-
Svāssa atthīti bhagavā tathāgato.
      Yathā ca dhammo, evaṃ ariyasaṃghopi yathā attahitāya parahitāya ca paṭipannehi
suvisuddhaṃ pubbabhāgasamathavipassanāpaṭipadaṃ purakkhatvā tena tena maggena gantabbaṃ,
taṃ taṃ tathā gatoti tathāgato. Yathā vā bhagavatā saccapaṭiccasamuppādādayo desitā,
tathāva buddhattā tathā gadanato ca tathāgato. Tenāha sakko devarājā:-
              "tathāgataṃ devamanussapūjitaṃ
               saṃghaṃ namassāma suvatthi hotū"ti. 1-
Svāssa sāvakabhūto atthīti bhagavā tathāgato. Evaṃ tathāgatabhāveneva 2- tathāgatoti. (8)
    Idampi ca tathāgatassa tathāgatabhāvadīpane mukhamattakameva, sabbākārena
pana tathāgatova tathāgatassa tathāgatabhāvaṃ vaṇṇeyya. Idaṃ hi tathāgatapadaṃ mahatthaṃ 3-
@Footnote: 1 khu.khu. 25/17-18/9, khu.su. 25/240-1/380  2 cha.Ma....bhāvena  3 ka. mahantaṃ
Mahāgatikaṃ mahāvisayaṃ, tassa appamādapassa viya tepiṭakampi buddhavacanaṃ yuttito
atthabhāvena āharanto "atitthena 1- dhammakathiko pakkhando"ti na vattabboti.
    Tatthetaṃ vuccati:-
               "yatheva loke purimā mahesino
                sabbaññubhāvaṃ munayo idhāgatā
                tathā ayaṃ sakyamunīpi āgato
                tathāgato vuccati tena cakkhumā.
                Pahāya kāmādimale asesato
                samādhiñāṇehi yathā gatā jinā
                purātanā sakyamunī jutindharo
                tathā gato tena tathāgato mato.
                Tathañca dhātvāyatanādilakkhaṇaṃ
                sabhāvasāmaññavibhāgabhedato
                sayambhuñāṇena jino samāgato 2-
                tathāgato vuccati sakyapuṅgavo.
                Tathāni saccāni samantacakkhunā
                tathā idappaccayatā ca sabbaso
                anaññaneyyā nayato vibhāvitā
                tathā gato tena jino tathāgato.
@Footnote: 1 ka. atiṭṭhena  2 cha.Ma. jinoyamāgato
                Anekabhedāsupi lokadhātusu
                jinassa rūpāyatanādigocare
                vicittabhede tathameva dassanaṃ
                tathāgato tena samantalocano.
                Yato ca dhammaṃ tathameva bhāsati
                karoti vā tassanurūpamattano 1-
                guṇehi lokaṃ abhibhuyyirīyati
                tathāgato tenapi lokanāyako.
                Tathā pariññāya tathāya sabbaso
                avedi lokaṃ pabhavaṃ atikkami
                gato ca paccakkhakriyāya 2- nibbutiṃ
                arīyamaggañca gato tathāgato.
                Tathā paṭiññāya tathāya sabbaso
                hitāya lokassa yato samāgato 3-
                tathāya nātho karuṇāya sabbadā
                gato ca tenāpi jino tathāgato.
                Tathāni ñāṇāni yato samāgato
                yathāsabhāvaṃ visayāvabodhato
                tathābhijātippabhutī tathāgato
                tadatthasampādanato tathāgato.
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. karoti vācāyanurūpamattano 2 cha.Ma. paccakkhakiriyāya
@3 cha.Ma. yatoyamāgato, evamuparipi
                Yathāvidhā te purimā mahesino
                tathāvidhoyampi tathā yathāruci
                pavattavācā tanucittabhāvato
                tathāgato vuccati aggapuggalo.
                Sambodhisambhāravipakkhato pure
                gataṃ na saṃsāragatampi tassa vā 1-
                na catthi nāthassa bhavantadassino
                tathehi tasmā agato tathāgato.
                Tathāgato dhammavaro mahesinā
                yathā pahātabbamalaṃ pahīyati
                tathāgato ariyagaṇopi satthuno 2-
                tathāgato tena samaṅgibhāvato"ti.
    Mahiddhikatāti paramena cittavasībhāvena ca iddhividhayogena
dhammānubhāvaññathattanipphādanasamatthatāsaṅkhātāya mahatiyā iddhiyā samannāgamo mahiddhikatā.
Cirakālasambhūtena suvidūrappaṭipakkhena icchitatthanipphattihetubhūtena mahājutikena
puññatejena samannāgamo mahānubhāvatā. Yatrāti acchariyapasaṃsākotūhalahāsapasādiko
paccattatthe nipāto, tena yuttattā vijāyissatīti anāgatakālavacanaṃ, attho pana
atītakāloyeva. Ayaṃ hettha attho:- yā hi nāma ayaṃ suppavāsā tathā
dukkhanimuggā kicchāpannā bhagavato vacanasamakālameva sukhinī arogā arogaṃ puttaṃ
vijāyīti. Attamanoti sakamano, bhagavati pasādena kilesarahitacittoti attho.
Kilesapariyuṭṭhitaṃ hi cittaṃ vase avattanato attamanoti na sakkā vattunti.
@Footnote: 1 Sī. tassa hi  2 Sī. ariyagaṇo vināyako
Attamanoti vā pītisomanassehi gahitamano. Pamuditoti pāmojjena yutto.
Pītisomanassajātoti jātabalavapītisomanasso. Athāti pacchā, tato katipāhassa
accayena. Satta bhattānīti sattasu divasesu dātabbabhattāni. Svātanāyāti
svātanapuññatthaṃ, yaṃ sve buddhappamukhassa saṃghassa dānavasena payirupāsanavasena
ca bhavissati puññaṃ, tadatthaṃ.
    Athakho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ mahāmoggallānaṃ āmantesīti kasmā
āmantesi? suppavāsāya sāmikassa pasādarakkhaṇatthaṃ. 1- Suppavāsā pana
acalappasādāva, upāsakassa pana pasādarakkhaṇaṃ mahāmoggallānattherassa bhāro.
Tenāha "tuyheso upaṭṭhāko"ti. Tattha tuyhesoti tuyhaṃ eso. Tiṇṇaṃ dhammānaṃ
pāṭibhogoti  mama bhogādīnaṃ tiṇṇaṃ dhammānaṃ ahāniyā avināsāya ayyo
mahāmoggallāno yadi pāṭibhogo yadi paṭibhū, ito satta divase atikkamitvā mama
sakkā dānaṃ dātunti yadi ayyena ñātanti dīpeti. Theropi tassa tesu
divasesu bhogānaṃ jīvitassa ca anupaddavaṃ passitvā āha "dvinnaṃ kho nesaṃ
āvuso dhammānaṃ pāṭibhogo bhogānañca jīvitassa cā"ti. Saddhā panassa
cittapaṭibaddhāti tasseva bhāraṃ karonto "saddhāya pana tvaññeva pāṭibhogo"ti
āha. Apica so upāsako diṭṭhasacco, tassa saddhāya aññathābhāvo natthīti
tathā vuttaṃ. Teneva ca kāraṇena bhagavatā "pacchāpi tvaṃ karissasīti saññāpehī"ti
vuttaṃ. Upāsakopi satthari there ca gāravena ca subbacatāya 2- tassā ca puññena
vaḍḍhiṃ icchanto "karotu suppavāsā koliyadhītā satta bhattāni, pacchāhaṃ
karissāmī"ti anujāni.
    Tañca dārakanti vijātadivasato paṭṭhāya ekādasamaṃ divasaṃ atikkamitvā
tato paraṃ sattāhaṃ buddhappamukhaṃ bhikkhusaṃghaṃ bhojetvā sattame divase taṃ sattavassikaṃ
@Footnote: 1 Sī. pasādarakkhaṇatthaṃ. na suppāvāsāya pasādarakkhaṇatthaṃ  2 Sī. sukhavijātāya
Dārakaṃ bhagavantaṃ bhikkhusaṃghañca vandāpesi. Satta me vassānīti satta me
saṃvaccharāni, accantasaṃyogavasena cetaṃ upayogavacanaṃ. Lohitakumbhiyaṃ vutthānīti mātu
kucchiyaṃ attano gabbhavāsadukkhaṃ sandhāya vadati. Aññānipi evarūpāni satta
puttānīti "aññepi evarūpe satta putte"ti vattabbe liṅgavipallāsavasena
vuttaṃ "evarūpānī"ti. Evaṃ satta vassāni gabbhadhāraṇavasena sattāhaṃ mūḷhagabbhatāya
ca mahantaṃ dukkhaṃ pāpetvā uppajjanakaputteti attho. Etena mātugāmānaṃ
puttalolatāya puttalābhena titti natthīti dasseti.
    Etamatthaṃ viditvāti etaṃ sattadivasādhikāni satta saṃvaccharāni gabbhadhāraṇādivasena
pavattaṃ mahantaṃ dukkhaṃ ekapade visaritvā 1- puttalolatāvasena tāya
vuttamatthaṃ viditvā. Imaṃ udānanti imaṃ cittasukhappamatto viya pamattapuggale
iṭṭhākārena vañcetvā taṇhāsinehassa mahānatthakarabhāvadīpakaṃ 2- udānaṃ udānesi.
    Tattha asātanti amadhuraṃ asundaraṃ aniṭṭhaṃ. Sātarūpenāti iṭṭhasabhāvena.
Piyarūpenāti piyāyitabbabhāvena. Sukhassa rūpenāti sukhasabhāvena. Idaṃ vuttaṃ hoti:-
yasmā asātaṃ appiyaṃ dukkhameva samānaṃ sakalampi vaṭṭagataṃ saṅkhārajātaṃ
appahīnavipallāsattā ayonisomanasikārena iṭṭhaṃ viya piyaṃ viya sukhaṃ viya ca hutvā
upaṭṭhahamānaṃ sativippavāsena pamattapuggalaṃ ativattati abhibhavati ajjhottharati,
tasmā imampi suppavāsaṃ punāpi sattakkhattuṃ evarūpaṃ asātaṃ appiyaṃ dukkhaṃ
sātādipatirūpakena dukkhena puttasaṅkhātapemavatthusukhena 3- ajjhottharatīti.
                       Aṭṭhamasuttavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.
                        ----------------
@Footnote: 1 Sī. viditvā, Ma. ekantamadena vissaritvā
@2 Sī. pahānākārānubhāvadīpakaṃ, ka. pahānatthakarabhāvadīpakaṃ  3 ka.... pemavaṭṭadukkhena



             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 26 page 126-164. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=26&A=2826              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=26&A=2826              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=59              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=1870              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=1875              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=1875              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 25 http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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