͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ʷڸ.)

                      . ڤҳԷdzڳ
     [] ڤҳԷ Ԩکҷԯ دҵյ ԯҹ»ڻ๹
ب੷ʹ ʯ - Ԩکҷԯ دҵ. ǵڵյ
Ԩکҷԯڻ¤ʹ  Ԩکҷԯػ¹  ػڻڪ  Ԩک-
ԯ ͹ǵڵ ҹ . ൹ ෡ʻڻҹ صڵ ˵.
Ը  ͡ڨ.  ԯ  ͡ Ե,
͡ ؤڤ   ҹ Եҵ ෡. ԯ  ҹ ԯ-
ڻص  ʧڢԡԵ  ԯ ˪ҵ   طڸڨ
ԡ ⹵ڵڻڵ  ,  ʧڢԡԵ  ԯ
˪ҵ   Թ طڸڨ ԡ ⹵ڵڻڵ   ડʹ
¹ڵ. ԯԡ  ൹  ͡ ؤڤ Ե ͻ¤
    ԨԡԨک Թ طڸڨ ԡ ⹵ڵڻڵ 
 ๡ʹ ¹ڵ. յ ǵڵ , 
ԯ ͹ǵڵ ડ   ٻ,
دҹ   ڨ  Ԩکҷԯҷԡʻڨ ͹Ҥ
ػڻڪԵ Իҡڢ. Էڸ  ʾھԵյ ¶صڵ-
ڸ  ʾھʧڢùԵ. Ԩکʧڡڻ دҵյ ʵһڵ-
ह ҵ  ԯڻص, ԨԡԨکˤ ҵ ڨ
Ե ͻ¤ҡŨԵ  Ԩکʧڡڻ دҵ.
     ԨکҨ دҵյ ҷ  ͻ¤»س-
ڼڻ  دҵ. Ԩکҡڵ دҵյ ҳҵԻҵҷԹڹҷҹ-
ԨکҨ دҵ. Ԩک Ҫ دҵյ ˹ Ż Եڵ
@ԧö:  ʯ (ʾھڶ)
Իԡ ԪԤʹ Ҫ˵  ʵڵ Ǩա
دҵ. ԨکԨکʵԨکҸ دҹ Ԩکʧڡڻد
صڵ ǷԵھ. Ԩکʵյ  ʵ Իڢҡù ػڻڪҹ
ŨԵڵػڻҷڵ. ػڤڵ "ʹ ҷԯ"ҷչ ͯ
ڤڤҹ ¶ ڬҹ  žڵ,  žڵ. ڶ
 ҷԯ Ԩکҷԯ ˵յ ҷԯ. ʧڡڻҷ»
Ԩکʧڡڻҷչ ˹ ǷԵھ.  ʹ  ʯ
ԯԤҹ չڵ ػڤڵ¹ ҵھ ԯ  ڶ.
     ڶ ҷԯյ   ˵յ? ¶  ͵ڶ  ˵ 
, ͤ ͤ بڨ,  Ԩکҷԯ ͵ڶ  ˵  ,
 ҷԯ  . ·  ҹڵǵ ˵, ػڤڵ 
ҷԯ Ԩڨ һڪ, ڤڤҹ  Իùڵ.  ҷԯ
ʡԨڨ ҵھ, ڤڤҹ Իõھҹյ. ʡԨڨ ਵڶ ҷԯ
¶ ໵ھ. ػڤڵǪ    ͵ڶ, 
ԯԯ ԯ,   ҹ ˵յ ҷԯ. ʵһڵڤ 
ҷԯ Ԩکҷԯ ˵. ʵһڹ  ʡҤڤǪ 
͵ڶ,  ҹ ˵յ ҷԯ.  ʵڵ͡ŨԵڵ˪ ʧڡ
͵ڶ,  Ե Ҩڤ⨻ ͵ڶ, §ڤ⨻ ͵ڶ, ڨ»
͵ڶ, ˪ҵ ͵ڶ, ʵ ͵ڶ, ˪ҵԵൡڤ ͵ڶ, 
Ԩکʧڡڻҷ . ʡҤ ʧڡڻҷ  ๹
ʧڡڻҷµ ǷԵھ.  ʡҤ ͯڤҹ ʡԨڨ ˹ڵ.
ʡҤ ͹ҤڤǪ  ͵ڶ,  ԯԯ ԯ. 
ʵڵ Ե ˪ҵ ʧڡڻҷ ͵ڶ.  ๹ ͹Ҥ
ͯڹ ͧڤҹ ʡԨڨ ǷԵھ. ͹Ҥ ˵ڵڤǪ 
͵ڶ,  ԯԯ ԯ. ҹ  ڨ ͡ŨԵڵҹ,  ˪ҵ
ʧڡڻҷ ͵ڶ.  ๹ ˵ڵ ͯڹ ͧڤҹ ʡԨڨ
ǷԵھ.
     ԡҵ Ǩշ յԡڡ ڨǹ ٵ.
Ҥʭҵ عҤʧڢҵ ʭ.    ʭવյ
ʭڵ بڨ. Ԧʭҵ һҷʭ.   
˭յ Ԧڵ بڨ.    ʹڵ ͹ʹڵյ ͹.
ͳˤҵ ͹ٵ, آٵҵ ͵.   ͵ڶ ˤʷ.
ʡҤ  Ҥһҷ   ͳٵ ͸Ԩڨػڻڵ
 دҹڷ .   Żضتڪ   Գ 
ػڻڪڵ, Ҩ ˨ ػڻڪڵ. ػڻڪҹ  Żضتڪ 
ڷڵ ùڵ ෹ڵ ͹ڸ͹ڸ ùڵ  ػڻڪڵ,  
 չڵ ڷڷ ءҡ ص ػڻڪڵ, յԡڡ ໵
ڶ  ˹ڵ.  ٵ ͹Ҥह ¹ڵ. ٻҤҵ ٻ
ڷҤ. ٻҤҵ ٻ ڷҤ. ҹҵ عڹšڢ. طڸڨҵ
ٻšڢ. Ԫڪҵ ͹ڸšڢ. Ҥҹҵ ٻҤٻҤʹ
ǵڵҤҹ.
     [] Էҹ ڤҳdzڳ ù ͪҵ ໵յҷ. ڶ
ͪҵ ໵յ ൹, ҹह بڨյ ͵ڵ ʹڵ ҵ൹
൹ ൹ šصڵì๹ ڤջؤڤ ͪҵ    ໵
˵ بکԹڷյ, ൹ ೹  šصڵ ҹڵ بڨյ ͵.
ҹ ŵҵ  ڤڻص Եڡҷ  
ڢʧڢ   ʹ ŵ  չ
ҹҷԯ  ڻ. ҹ  Ը ٻԪڬҹڨ
šڢٻԪڬҹڨ. š»ڬҹҷԡ ԳҷٻԪڬҹ ҹ,
Իʹʧڢҹ šڢٻԪڬҹ ҹ, šصڵ Ծھ
šڢٻԪڬҹ ҹ. Ը  ⤵عһ Ҹó
šڢٻԪڬҹ ͹Ե Ҹ೹ ʬһ ҹ صڵ.
ڢ ๵ڶ Ծھҹ د ͸بڨ   د
بڨ.
     ҷԵ ¶  Իʵյ ͻڻٻâԡҸչ ͭù
ҸԹ  ԵڵҸҹ  ک ¶ Իʵ . بڨµ
ʷ Իʹ بڨ⹵. Ի   ҷ˵ Իʹ
 ٢ٵ ҷ,    ԹԷڸ . 
 ٢ٵ ˵ Ի   ҷ. Ի ع Ҹ
Ե ԵڵҸҹڨ  ,  Իʹڵ ͵. Ը
ʷ ҷ˹ بڨ⹵.  µڶһ ҶҾڸҹǵڵ๹ ਡ
, ͵  õ . Իʹ    ٵ 
Իʹҹ ؤڸ ʵ ڤҵ ˵, 
ڤڶڵ ·  ˵,  Իʹ   
, Իʹ ٵ  ˵յ ͵.   Իʹ
ڤآա  ڤڢ  ҹҤ ؤڸ ǵڵ 
  ⡯ ʹڵ ҹҤ,  ڸ ҵ ؤڸ,
ͭ ͹ǵڵ  ҵ ͵. Եڶ 
ؤڸ ʵ.
     ءڢ ʧڢ ,  Ե ʹ.  دԵ ,
ʵ  ڵ ءڢ ʧڢ,   Ծھҹڵ Իڹ
 Ծھҹʹ ڤҳ  دԵ  .  
    Ծھҹ ๹ ʵ, յ ͵. Ծھҹ
 ͵ڻ ʷʹڵ ,   ó  ͵ڶյԻ ,
ؾھҤ  ˵ ˹ ˵ Ի ڪ Իڪµյ
ڵ بڨ.
     ڢ ҹҵյ ڢڻǵڵ ʹ ҹҵ, ڨǡڢ-
ʹ ҹҵ. " د ,  دҹ ڵ ڢ,
 دҹ ͹ ڵ ڢ,  دҹ Իڻʷڸ
ڵ ڢ"  ػ ڢ - Ҥ ڢ ǷԵھ.
 Եڶ  Ҥ. ҹൡڵⷵ  ڢҹ ҹ-
 ͡  . دҹڢʹ   ͡ڵ, ڤ-
ʹ ҹڵ, ࡡһ  ڤ ͹ػʹ෹ ҹڵ,
ڤǹ ͡ڵ ǷԵھ. Թڹ ҳҹ ŵҵ ʹʧڢҵ
 ǹʧڢҵ ҵ  Թڹ ҳҹ ŵ. ʹڵ 
ʵһڵ.    Ծھҹʹ ʹڵ ص. ⤵
 ԭڨһ  Ծھҹ ʵ, ¶  í ʹڵԡ ࡹ
ó¹ Ҥ   öԡ ùڵ ˵ڶԡڢڸ Ҫҹ һ
"ԯ  Ҫ" د  ڵھԨڨ ͡ڵ " "
,  Ծھҹ  ڵھ ʻڻҹ "
ʹ" بڨ.   ҳ ڤ Ǫڪ ԯ. ǹҵ
@ԧö:  .. //
ڤڵ.   ह ԯ  ǹʹ ػڻڪ,
 ͷԯؾھ ԭڨ ʵ,  "ǹ" بڨ. ˯  ǹ-
ڤ ͻԹԯԵڵ "Թڹ ҳҹ" ǵ ʵһڵʡҤ-
͹Ҥڤ ʹڸ "ҹ ŵ" صڵ, ˵ڵڤ
 ǹڤ ԹԯԵڵ "Թڹ ҳҹ " صڵڵ ǷԵھ.
                     ڤҳԷdzڳ ԯԵ.
                          -------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=47&A=6611 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=47&A=6611 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=31&i=143 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=31&A=1646 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=31&A=1964 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=31&A=1964 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_31

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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