͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

˹ҷ .

. ǵصڵdzڳ ͪڪ ڹʵ ǵصڵ. ػڻڵ? بکԡ ػڻڵ. ൹ د " ػڻ"ҷչ , ڶ "ͪڪ ڹ"ҷ ҵҤù صڵ, "Ե ҵҤ"ҷ ʧڤԡ, "ڨ "ҷ ൹ " "ҷ ǵ, ʾھڻ ๵ "ǵصڵ" بڨ. "ҵҤصڵ" ͡. - ڶ "ͪڪ ڹ"ҷ Ҷ, ػڻڵ:- ڷ ʵ ػڻڪԵ ءҹ ԹԾھص ʻھطڸ ˵ ٪ áԨڨ ͡. ҵ ԡԵ dzڳڢ ͡ڦ ص ͯڰ. - զءطڸҹ . ͻڻءطڸ صù ๹ ͷԯڰ ԹԾھ¹ڵ, ҵػ٪ڻ "ڶ حڭ ʹڵ" ͹ءڻ "ҵ ԡùڵ" ͸ԯڰ˹ڵ, ൹ dzڳdzڳ - ҵ ԡùڵ ¶һ ҡ . ͡ ҵئ ਵ ԯڰ . ª ؾู ԡ໹ . ࡡصڵҹ ڵ ҹ , ͡ ֡Ҫ - ͤڤ, ͡ ص Թڸ , ͡ ʹһԻڻآ ڨ, ͡ ʯڰԻڻآ ҹ. õڵdzڳ ͡ڦ õڵdzڳʻҤ ҹõ ԯڰ ࡡ ʵʤڦԡ. Ե ڵԡҡԨڨ Ź طԨڨڨ ਵ ԯڰ . @ԧö: .. ͡ . ʳڰ @ ..,. dzڳسڳҹ .. ԡҪ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԯڰ ਵ Żصڵ ¡ ԡڢԵ آǡҹ ҹ ʹڵ ھ. զءطڸҹ آǡ ھહڵ ػڻ෹ڵ ෹ڵ, Ե ڵ. Żصڵ " ҹ" بک. " ҹ" "ʸ µڵԸù". ڶ ھ൹ Żص൹ Ҩػڬʹڵ ڨ ҹ Ե ǵڵڻǵڵ õ ҵڢ ճ ҳصڵڵҹ س ڰҹ ؤڤ˵ ¹ íڭ Ե ˵ڵʨکԡ Եھ Եھ, ͵ ʸ. ͵ڵ ͡ ԡ һسԵ ڨ ԡ µڵ ͵ڶ طڸ - ʹ ͹حڪԵھ, ͵ µڵԸùڵ. Ͷ Żصڵ "Թڹ ҹ ʸ ʯڰ" ǵ " , رڲ ʸ Ի, µڵԸ " µڵ . ڭǹ ʡ طڸǨ ڭ Թ ͵ ԹԨک¡ . µڵ ػڻڪ, , ͡ ڨʵ ڨʵ ԡڢ . ʵڶ ʹ ໹ڵ , ع طڸ . ԡڢ ùڵ ҷ ͸ҷ . ͸ҷ ˵ آ, ͪڬҨ Ե ҡ ˵. "Է ʹ ͻڻٻ" , "Թ ԯڰ Թ ص" ԡڢԻ. Ե "Թ¸ ҹʹڵ" . @ԧö: .. ʷ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͸ҷ " ǵڶ Թ¸ ԹԨکԹʹڵ, ͷڸ ԯڰ ʵ" ͵ڵ ڢ ҵء ԡڢ ҷ ػʧڡԵ ԡڢ ¹ Ե÷, ʾھڨ ػڰҹ ù ʡڡڨ ǵڵڻǵڵ õء ͡. ͡ ػڰҹ ڵ ǹڷԵ ʪڪ⹻ ͯڰ, " ԭڨ ǵڵھ ͵ڶ" بک. " ࡹ ԡڢع ͪڬҨ Ԩڨ ͵ڶ, · ǵڶ ԸҤڵ ʵ, - ¶ԹԨک ԹԨکԹԵھ". "ʯ ǵڶ ¶ԹԨک ԹԨکԹԵ ǯگ" . " ԯڰ ڶ, һ ˵, ˻ ԹԨکԹԵڶ". - ൹ Իڻҹ ڻԨک. ԭڭ ˵ ع ڵ "ʾھ Թ¸ҹ ʹڵ ԯڰԵ" ҷ دڰص ڭ ʹ طҨõ. ҷ "Եڵ - " ԡڢԵ ҹ ԡڢ ػʧڡԵ " ʯ ǵڶ - ¶Ҹ ԹԨکԹԵھ, ໵ ͭڭڭ ͨڨ ໵ ڤ ҵھ, ǵڶ ԹԨکԹ, ڤ ͡, Թڹ". ൻ ص س "ٹ ԭڨ Ҩ ҵ". ͸ҷ ͡ Ե " ؾ `Թ¸ ҹʹڵ' , Էҹ Թ¸ҹ - ǵڶع" ҷ ̵ "ͪڪ Ҫ @ԧö: .. ਵ @ .. ԹԨکԹҵ . ʧ, . ʧ @ .. ǵڶ . ҹ Թ¸, . ҹ Թ¸ҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ҥک" ǵ ڡ. ҷ ػʧڡԵ " ʹ ͹໡ڢԵ ` ػ ' ؤڤ໡ڢԵ, - ʹ áڢԵ ؤڤ áڢԵڶ, - ͪڪ ҹ ҡ ԹԨک ԹԨکԹԵ ǯگ, ͪڪ ԹԾھ " ʷ෹ ڷԵ "ڰ ʵڶ ʹ" ڡ. Ͷ ԡڢ Ԥڤҹ " ؤڤáڢڵ ʹõ ʾ ڢԻ" ءڡبڨ ػڻ . ءڡبਹ ໵ صڵ - ʤ ԾھڵԵ ʡ⡹ڵ ͡Ҩ ǵ ھ Ծھڵ ¡⢵ , صҨ ڬڻ ҵھ ҵҤõ . ൻ ԡڢ ͹ǵڵԵ ʤ ԾھڵԵ ʡ⡹ڵ ¡ڢ ص Ծھڵ. ڨ·¡ ˯ڰ Ծھڵ. ǵҵҤ ͯڰʵ¡ڢʹһչڵ ҹ ¡ڢҪ . ¡ڢʹһչڨ :- ͯڰ ҹ ԹԨک¹ڶ ǵ ҵ Ҥǵڱ - ǵҹ ʹڹԻ ˵, ڶ ʹڹԻԵھڵ. Ͷ ҵҤǵ Ҥ ͭڭڭ ʭڪҹ, " ػڻ, ػڻ" ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ػڻڵԯڰҹڨ بکԵ Իڻ "ڰ , ؾ ʵ ҹ ͡ һ ¡ڢ¹ ػڻڹ, ҡ ڨ·¡ Ǩ Ծھڵ". @ԧö: .. ؤڤ ໡ڢԵڶ .. áڢԵڶ @ .. ػ˵µڵ . ǵԻھ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ͷ ҵҤ " ͨک¾ص, ԭڨ ͨک ص һ ". ⵻ " ڬ ͨک¾ص, ԭڨ ͨک ص һ ". ͭڭڭ ԡ ػڻڵ ԭڨԵ - ͡ طڸڵ յǵڵ, һ ͡ªԤصڵ ʷ. Ͷ ҡ ⾸ʵ ջڡûҷ Ը ʹڵêҵ, õ Ե ػڻڪԵ ڶ ǵء Է صڵ - ǵ Ҩ - ڨ šҹ ࡵ ǵҹ ਵ ǵڵ ؾھԵ ǵڵ Ը ʹڸ ͤڤ šҵ ໵, ҹ һ Ҫ¡ڢ "Թ ೹ Ծھڵҹ" ҹ. "Աڱһصڵ Ƿڷ" . ҵ Թԡڢ ⾸­ڨ. ڡڻǵڵ ڨǤڤ ൵ ǵ Իǯگ ҷҡ øڡ ǵ൹ Ԩ ؾھԵڵ үҹ ҵҤ ͷڷ. Ծھڵԡóڨ ʻ ǹڵ ػʧڡ ʹ - , ԭڨ ͸Ԥک. ? س ǵ ͹Ե "Ҥ , " ࡵ ͻʹ "ǭڨ - , ԨԵûҹ ʹ سҵ" ԡڢԵڵԵ . ͵ڶڤൻ ʹ ԯڰ. @ԧö: .. Ǫવ @ .. صڵ¹ .. Ҩ @ .. ʹ . ڨ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ͷ ҵҤ " ˵ ൹ Ҥ ʹ " ҹ˵ڶҹҹҷչ ໵ ڨ ¡ڢ ǹڵ . ⵻ ʹڸԪҵԹԡڢ⾸- ԹԾھ ǵڵ ؾھԵڵҹ ص Ԥکڵ, ïڰԵԡҹ ˹ڵ, ڡڻǵڵ ҹ ҹ ص õ تڬڵ, ǵ ͨک»ҵ " , Ҩ ھ ٵؾ, ˹ڷ ҹ ˵ Ҥ ൹ ػڼ ͹" ڬ Ҥک. Ҫ ػ Ҥڵ ͭڭڭ Ҥó بک. " , ھ ͡š ء ٵؾ, ͵ ػڼ ʷڸ ͹յ Ҥ". ҵҤ "ҹ ¹ ೹ ͡Żػڼү ҵ". ҹ ҵ. ү ǹ, ͻԨ šҵ Ծھڵ, ھط ػڻ, ͪڪ ڡ ǵ, ൹ ೹ҵ. ҵҤ ǵ طڸػڻҷ ඵ ʹڵԡ ๵ء Ҷ. ࡨ ⤵ ਵ ù ǵ ҵ ڵ "ͪڪ ڹ". [] ڶ ͪڪҵ õڵԹڷ ڢ ڹ, ػԵھ . ͪڪ ڹ , ҵطڷ , ڤ. ҵڢطͯڰڤػʻڭڵԷҷ ھ ͵ ʶʷ ǵڵ. - " ڻԹ ʶ @ԧö: .. ǵڵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

"ҷ ҵڢط ʶʷ. " ͯڰڤڹҤ ػص"ҷ - ҳҵԻҵ ҷ ͯڰ. "طڸ ʷ ڤ, طڸ ʷ"ҷ - ػ. " ҤҪ"ҷ - ڭڵ. " ڹ ʹҵ"- ҷ - . ͹ʵڶ - ԡڢԻԵ ջسڳ "ͪڪ ڹ ". үԻ صµ ͪڪ ڹ ʵ ͵. ҵ Ծ, Ծҹ - ͵ڶ ͵ڶյ Ծ. - ҹ ҹ? ٻҹ. õڵ ҹ šҵ ʹڹԻԵҹ ǵڶóҹڻ ;ҷػڡԵ ڷڻ ʡŪھط ŧڡ , ŧڡ طڸ ûڻ. ൹ "Ծ õڵ ػڰԵ". õڵԤسdzڳһʹ Եڵڻҷ ๹ طڸػڻҷ ඵ " ʵڶ ˹ڷ ⤵". ڶ ʾھҡûԻ ҵ . "تڬԵ ʨڨҹյ ط, ี ҵ ط"ҷԹ - ¹ ط⸵ , "ڤ⤵ , ڤʵ "ҷԹ - ¹ . " ھط ԪڪҨóڻ"ҷ. ԯڰԡҷ ͵ @ԧö: ͧ.ͯڰ. // () .. // .. //, @.. // .. //, .. // .. ʵڶ @ .. ҹ Ծھҹ .. Ծھ, ػԻ .. // @ (), .. // (), .. // () @ .. // ()

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͹ʵ " ˶ ҷ ǵڵ" ʵڶ. ͻԨ "ʵڶ ʵڶ, ¶ ʵڶ ʵ ڵ õ"ҷԹ - Է صڵ¹һ ʵڶ. ʵڶ. ˹ڷҵ ҹ Ի. ҵ ൹ ͵ڵҹ ʧڤ˵ ڨػڻڹǨ ⤵ڵ ⤵⤵ڵ. صڵ ˵? "ʵڶ, ʵڶ" ͡, ͡ڵ - ص ⤵ڵ. [] ص " ʵҤ ` ʵڶù' ʾھڭص ʵ, ʾھڭ , ʾھڭػԭ óҷʷ ػڷ, · ʾھڭ, ͷڸ ҷšڢڻ ʵ, ൹ Ԥڤ" Թ൵ ҷšڢ - بک "ڨ ". ڶ ڨյ بک. ⹵ Եڵ. ػ⵵ دڰ , ͨ ڻǸ. ʾ ʾھ. ҷ⹵ ҷšڢڻڵ . بک " ʵڶ ʾھ ҷ, - ط ԯ ͹ԯ ҵ . ʧڡڻҵ Եڡ. աҵ Ե. صڵ ˵? ʵڶ Ƿ, ʵڶ ڨ ҷšڢڻڵ ʾھ ػ, ط Źڻڨ , ػ µ. ʵڶ ڨ ʾھ Ե൹ ҷ, ط , ԯڰҹԯ Ҥʹ ʧڡڻ ػڻ , ڨ ա, ط Ҩ ڻ ʹ ǵڵյ. [] ҵҤ ʾھڭ Եڵ ʾ ʾھڭؤ ͹تҹ " ػ"ҷ. ڶ ػ⵵ @ԧö: .. // () . ͡ڵ @ .. ҷšڢ .. ҷ, ػԻ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

دڰ , تڬహ, ػڻԯڰԵҨŹహ, Թڷ ؾھԸûҷԤ ͡ڻ¯హ. ͹ک, - Էҹ ʾھҡڻڹڵ ʾھڭ Ե ػ ͨ , èکҹٵһ Ҥҷԡ ڷڵҤ ػڻڹ ʹ Ź Էڸ ͨ , Ǹࡻ , ͭڭڶ ͵ڵ ੵ ͷ, ҡٵ ˵ ˯һ ڤ , ԸûڱԵٵ ˵ ʯڰª ̻ھ ڢԵڵһ ͭڭڶ ¡ڢʵڶ . ҵҤ " ػ". ʾھ ҷ⹵ ʾھʵ ҷšڢڻڵ ػ, ڨ յ ͵. ڶ ҷšڢ ڨ ǷԵھ. ¶:- " ڨҡ ҷ, ԯڰҹԯ ҷ, ڵյ ҷ, صڵյ ҷ, Գڳյ ҷ, ڹԷҵ ҷ. ԯڰҹԯ ҷ? ҷ". ҷ ʾھ Է - صڵ¹ ˵ھ. ҷ ͯڰ ԵڶԵ¹ ˵ھ. - "بک , ʵڶ ʾھ ҷ, ". ڻ ԡ ʾھ Եڵ ҷ ҡ ʵڶҵ ͵. آٻá ءڢһ¹ ʾھʵ Ե, ҷ ͵ڵ, ҷ . ҷ ҵ , ҷ ԭڨҳԡ. ҷ Ե ط⸷, ҷ ػڻط. @ԧö: .. ͹ک­ਵ .. // () .. ǷԵھ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҷ ص , ҷ Ǹ Ƿڵšͧڤҷ. ࡻ ҷ. ҵҤ "ʾھ ҷ". ԯ ͹ԯ ҵ ͵ڶ ͵ ڰ:- ԭڨ ԯڰ ͹ԯڰ , ʾھڻ ڶ Ҥʹ ʧڡڻ ػڻ , ͹صڵù ह Ҥҷչ չڵ ա, Ҩ ǵڵ. ͹ʧڡ صڵԵ صڵ⭵. ͵ڶ ػԵ ¹ԡ ص. ʾھٵԯڰҹԯ ҷ - µڶ , ʵڵʧڢ Ը صڵ. ʧڡڻǹ ԡ - ʻڻҹ صڵ. ػԵ Ҩطڸ, ʾھ ҷԵ Ҩطڸ, ʧڡڻǹ - Եڡšڵ Ҩ ǨҨطڸ. ػԵ ҷʾھ, ʾھ ҷԵ ڵҷԤس, - ʧڡڻǹ ԡ ͻڻԡʭڭԵҷ Էڸ, ʾھڭ ص ˵յ ǷԵ. [] ؾ ⹷ ҷ بکԵ ڨ Ԫҹڵ Ե - աڶ Էҹ õڵʹһ ؾ ʧ໹ Ǩ⹷طڸ بکԵ ڨ Ԫҹڵ Ե - աڶ Եڶùһ بک "ڨ ͷԹڹ". ڶ ҶҾڸآڶ ͷԹڹҷҹõ بک. ҷҵ ڨ Եڵʤڤ ǹ ;õ بک. " "Ի ڵ, ҵؤҵ صڵ ˵. ҹ ԭڨյ @ԧö: . ԯڰҹԯ , .. ʾھ ԯڰҹԯ @ .. ԡ . ʧڡ ǹ @ .. ڵҷԤس .. Ԫҹڵ ص

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Թ Ը ·بڨԵõ بک. ҹصڵ õ ǵ ˵յ. [] Ͷ ҵҤ ͵, ͵ൻ ͷڸ զõڵ ͷԹڹҷҹҷ , - õ ҹǹ һšڢ , "ͷԹڹҷҹ ⤵"ҷԹ ¹ dzڳ ʵ, ʯڰ Ҩ ˹ҷ " ͷԹڹ ҷµ". ͵ڶ ҡ. һ Ҷ » "ҷ " Ը . صڶ - ҹ ԭڨյ ҹ Եڵ حڭ õ, Ԩڨյ ͵ ǷԵ. [] · طڸ ص Էҹ Ǩշ طڸ بک "ڨ ". ͵ڶ ճҵյ , ʵ Ҹյ ͵. Ҩ », » ҵ ճ». ù ี بک " ճ»", ⨵ صڵ ˵. "Ңճ»"Ի , ҢճǨ⹵ ͵. Ǩ ˷ ͢ҹ - ԯڰ, ҷǨ ڨ ʵ صڵ ˵. ٵյ Թ, ٵ ʵ õ ҵ - ٵԡ, ٵԡ ٵԡ, ٵ¹ڵԻ بڨ, حڭʵ ͸Ǩ. ʵڵҹ ͭڭڭ ෹ Թ õ. صڵҹڶ. [] Ͷ ҵҤ ͵, ͵ൻ ͷڸ զõڵ ҷҷ , - õ ҹǹ һšڢ , "ҷ @ԧö: .. .. . ͢ҹ, . ճҹ @ .,. µ õ ҵ ..

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⤵" dzڳ ʵ, ʯڰ Ҩ ˹ҷ " ". ڶ ҵ ԹԸ ԯڰҷչ - ҷǨ, . ص» ڶʹ ճ»ⶵ, صµڶʹ Ңճ»ⶵ . صڶ ڵҵ ڭ بڨ. ڵ ԨکԹڷԵ ͵ڶ ʵ ͵ڶ ͹໵Ǩ, ڼ. ͭڭҳáڢí õڶ Ǩ طڸҹ ڶ, "ڵ ͵ڶ ʵ". ڶ ҡ. [] Ǩշطڸڻ ص Էҹ ⹷طڸ بک "ڨ êڪ " ڶ ҵ ǵڶء. ʡ êڪյ بک ͹Ԫڬص بک. ͹Źڵ بک һ෹ ʹڸ ;һҷ بک. ͵ԡڡ⵵ بک ¹ ˹ Ԩکҷԯڰ ҵ, ҵԡڡ ҷԯڰԵ بک. ڢҵ بک ʾھ ͻڻ˵ ҳڢ, ڨڢ ڨڹڻ ڢٹ ʹ ʾھڭص بک "õڵ»طڸһ ʾھڭ ˵" Թ൵. [] Ͷ ҵҤ ͻڻ ˵ڵ ͹Ҥह Ҥһҷҹ չڵ êڪ, һ෹ ŨԵ, ʵһڵ ԨکҷԯڰԻڨ ʨڨԨکҷ չڵ ͵ԡڡ, ʨڨҹ ھتڬԵ ط⸵ ڢڵԡ ¶صڵҹ ڢٹ , ⹷طڸ ʾھڭصڨ ؤʹ " êڪ ٵ. @ԧö: .. ԯڰҷչ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] õڵ»طڸ ʾھڭصڨ ص د طڸ ͵յҵ ʨڨʷ ڭ ʪڪҹǨ ص ͨک¾ص ʾھڭؤ ʵء "ڨ Ԫڪ ڻ". ڶ Ԫڪ ڻ⹵ Թ ʹڻڵ بک, طڸ⳵ Թ ڻڵ. ڷʹ ਵڶ զ ҡ, طڸ⳵ ͵. ճҵ Թ ͵ ʹڻڵ ڵھ ǡڢʭڭԵ Ծھҹҵ ڵ بک, ڶ عǵ Թ ص¹Ծھҹҵػڵڶ, ڨǡڢ๹ ڻڵ Ե. [] " ๡Ե ؾྐྵʹ"ҷԹ - ¹ ҷ Ը, " Ե ๭ڪڻ ҳʹ Եڵ Թõ"ҷ - ¹ ھڰҷ ͯڰԸ Ԫڪ صڵ, ʾھ» ʾھҡڻڹ . ਵ "Ը ҹ ڻ ˵, Թڷ صڵ ˵, ڵڭ ˵, Ҥ ͹ص ˵, ʵڵ ʷڸ ڹҤ ˵, عڹ ҹҹ ਵԡҹ ԯڰآҹ ԡ ˵" طڷԵ "ڨ ҹ ڻ ˵"ҷԹ - ¹ ʢص Էڷԯڰ ڹʻڻ ó, ʾھٻڡʻڻ๹ ͵ طڸ. » ҷ ڵ , ൻ ʾ ʻ ʹ ճ. ԪڪҨó- ڻ ճ ص "ڶ ҹ ع" ڨǡڢԵ @ԧö: .. // .. // @ .. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

, ҵҤ ʾھڭ »ඹ - Ե˷ ʾྻ ͹تҹ "Ԫڪ ڻ". [] "ھط " ԡڡ ص ҡ ǹڵ ʹ ҵҤíڨ ͹෹ - "ڻڹ ع Եڵ". ʵ:- ڻڹ ع Եڵ, " ػ" ͵ڶ صڵҷǹ سڳ ڻڹ, " ͷԹڹ ҷµ" ͵ڶ صڵ¡ع, " êڪ " ͵ڶ صڵ⹡ع سڳ ڻڹ, " " ͵ڶ صڵ»ඹ Ǩաعҵ صڵ ˵. ڻڹԵڵ ͹صڵ Ԫڪڻ óڻ ڻڹڵ ԪڪҨóڻڹ " ػ"ҷԹ ¹ , ک ٵ , ʷڸڵࡹҵ ʵ. [-] ҵҤû " , دڰ ҵ ͹Ե " ͸Իڻ¹ ǹ - "ڻڹ ع ͹". ǭڨ ǵ ع Եڶ "ڻڹ ˹ڷ ⤵". [] Ͷ ͵ڵ بԵ ҵԾʨڨŹ ǹڵ Եڶع ҵҤ "ͳԪڦ ⤵". ʵ:- ͳԤ ڦ ҵ ͳԪ. طڸҹ ͳԤ ͹ػؾھǯگ ڦ ˹ڵ, ک áبک - طڸҵ. طڸ ˹ڵ զǯگԵصڵڰ @ԧö: .. ¹ . ู, .. ู @ .. ู .. áبک

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ٻ ͧڤڨڤڻڵ, û - . ڭ ŢԵʵڵ - . ͪڬڵԡʻڵԷڸʹ . ͡ʹԵ ԵԵ ͻڻ, ԵڵڵŻԵ. ¶:- " ط ͻ໡ Թ ൹ Եڵԡڻ حڪ, » حڪ. `ͻڻ ⤵ ͻڻõ dzڳҷ' Ե ط ǡ ʡڡ ء , ʡڡ ء ػ . ط ǡ ʡһ ͱڲʡһ һ ͱڲһ, Թ ʡڡ ػ ع". - ڷҤǹ ػ ͯڰڤڹҤ ùڵ. ڻڵ ع. ͹Ҥԡ ǡԹڹҹʵ ¹ڵ. ൹ ¡ "ͳԪڦ ⤵". [] ǭڨ ǵ ع ʹڵ ʵء "ǡù" Ҷ. ʵ:- ҵ ʷహ హ Ծ¯హ ʷ. " ص " بڨ, ǹ ͡, ͡ šҵ Թڹ طڸҹ ͹ػڻڵ⵻ ͡. ڤҳص صڵ¹һ ਵڶ ͵ ڰ. Ҥڵ ع ڵ Ҥڵ. Ͷ Ҥ ùڵյԻ . ҵԻ . Ҥ. ͹໡ڢԹڵ ػ @ԧö: .. Ǩû .. ԢԵ... @ .. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڷҤǹ ͹໡ڢԹ. ػʧڡ بک, ڨػʻڻڵ ٻ ػʧڡ ǯگ ڨػ ǯگ Ծھҹ بک, ¹ ػ¹ ءڢطʧڢҵ ڨػ بڨ, ڨػʻڻ بکҵ. Ҷ ҵҤ ҵҤû ͵ڵ ʹڸ . ൹ ¹ Ҫ - ˹ڢڵ Ե . Ͷ ڵ ŧڡڻµ ǹ ڨڵ Ҫ æԡ ػԡ ҷ ˻ڪ Ե - ෹ڵ ҵڻ صؤڤ˳ڶ Ե ¡ڢʹһչ طڸسڻصڵ ҷڬҹ , ص " ԸسڹҤ طڸ" طڸ յ ػڻ෵ óҹ ԡڢԵ Ե ʵһڵԼ ԯڰ. ǵ "͵ڤ ԡڢ ԡҹ ػԡҹ ͹ǻڻʹڹҹ, ·Է ػԡ æԡ" - ͵ Ե. [] ൻ ¡ڢʹһ ¡ڢ ڬ Ի ڡڻǵڵԵŧ Թڹ ǹڵ ػʧڡ ǹڷԵ Ҷ ǹڵ ԵڶԵ ͡ "͡ڢҵ ǵڵù". ʵ:- ໵ "Է ԡڢ ءڢ ʨڨ"ҷԹ - ¹ ʨڨҹ ǵڶҹ ͡ڢҵ. " Է ءڢ ʨڨ ԭ¹ڵ ԡڢ"ҷԹ - ¹ Ԩڨҳ- ҳǵڵ๹ ǵڵ. ¶ Եھ, @ԧö: .. ʵ . @ ͧ.͡. //// .. //, .. //-

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

á๹ ͡ڢҵ, ҹ ʵڵҹٻ ǵڵ. ؤڦԵڭԻڨԵڭٹ ʹ ͡ڢҵ, ҹ Իҷ๹ ǵڵ. طʹ ͡ڢҵ, ह Ǩ ǵڵ. ⾸Իڢҹ šڢ๹ ͡ڢҵ, ʵڵҹ Եڵʹڵ ǵڵ๹ ǵڵ. ʧࢻ ǯ ʨڨҹ ๹ ͡ڢҵ, Եڶ ǵڵ. "ʷڸԹڷҷ , ǵ൵յ ڡ" - ҷԹ Էҹ¹ ԵڶԵ ǵڵ๹ - ǵڵ. ʾھҹڵ ҹ. äعڵ ҡ ä ԭڭ ԭڭ ๹ ǹ ʨکԡ һڵ. ʾھ Ԫҹ ⵵ ԭڭһä, ڨػҷҹڢ Ԫҹ ⵵ ԭڭһä, ʾھ ˹ ⵵ ҹä, ڵ ǹ ⵵ ǹһä, ø ʨکԡù ⵵ ʨکԡһä, ʾھһڵ һڪ ⵵ һڵԻä. ʾھҹ ä . طڸ ҵյڵ ͭڭҳ¹ Ծطڸڵ طڸ, ʾྐྵ - ódzڳ ص൹ඹ طڸ, ڨҹ ͵յڵ ҵյ. ǹڵ Եڶǹڵ " بک ⤵" ͡. [] Ͷ ¡ڢҹ હ ڭ ͵ڶ - ͤ ¶ҸԻ໵ بکԵھ بک " " Ҷ. ҷԻ Թڵ ǹ šڢ Ǩ, ػڻ ػڻ ˵, - ͵ڶ ͸Իڻ. ʵڵšʧڢ ʹڸ @ԧö: .. // .. ǵڵ .. @ .. ʵ .. ˵յ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

بک. ؾھ ʹڶǹڵ ˹ڵ ڵ ҷԯڰʹڶ ؾھ, ͸ԡó Ǩ. ⡵ ػ¤ Ǩ, ػҷ ⡵ ʧڢ کյ ͵ڶ ͸Իڻ. ⡵ ǹ šڢҸԡó - Ǩ. ʵ ࡹ ೹ ˭ڭ µ Ҹµյ ͵ڶ ͸Իڻ. [] Ͷ ͪڬڵԡ µ ػڻ ʵڵ ڭҷʹ ʧڢ ػڻ ˵, ਵڶ ʵڵ Ըڻ ʹڶ õ. ڢµ " " ˹ - ҵ ͭڭ. ¶ "ڢ ͵ڵҵ , ػڪ"ҷ. - ͵ҹ ػҷ ⸻ ⡵ ʧڢ ک, ʵ ʵڵ ءڢҵǹ ˭ڭ, ¶:- "˵ ԡڢ ʵ ҷҹԡࢻ ˵, ʵ ԡڡԡڡ ˵, ʵ ԭڪó ˵, بک ʵ ԦکһԻ ˵, ԡڢ ڢ ʵ ڢڼʻڨ ػڻڪ. ͪڬڵ آءڢ"ҷ. - Ҹ ʧڢ ˭ڭ. ¶:- "ڢ ͹Է ʻڻ ˭ڭ "Ե "ڢ ԡڢ ˭ڭ һ " - ҷ. @ԧö: .. ǹšڢó .. ʵ @ .. // .. /-/- () @ .. //

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ó ⸻ ˭ڭ. ¶:- "ڢ ԭڪ - һһ - " , "ڢ ԡڢ ҷԵڵ, ٻ ҷԵڵ, ࡹ ҷԵڵ, ҤڤԹ" - ҷ. ͪڬڵԡµʹ بک ʪહ " ػڻ". [] Ͷ ¡ ͵ڵ ǯگʹ دڰ ǵ ҷµʹ - ʧڢԻԵ ʪڪԵ دڰ ػšࢵ ڨ ͵ڶ ڻԻڢڨ ҵء ʧ ǯگǯگ بک " ". ڶ ػҷҵھඹ ػҷҹ, ءڢʨڨʵ ͸Ǩ. µڶ ˭ڭյ " ˭ڭ" ǵ µڶ ھ ػҷ ˭ڭյ ص, ػҷҹڵ ػڲҶ ءڢʨڨ بک. طʨڨ óǹ Ե ˵. ҹ بک⵵ ػڲҶ ڤʨڨ بک. ڤʨਹ ءڢ Ԫҹ, ط ˹, ø ʨکԡù, ڤ ǹ - š ҵ, ҹڵ بڨ. ڵ ࡹ ù. ءڢ بڨյ "ػҷҹ" صڵ ǯگءڢ ڢ һسҵ. ڶ ڤʨڨ بک, øʨڨ ǹ Ե ˵. [] ¡ࢹ ໹ ʵ ͷʵ ʨڨʹ د ¹ ʪહ "ڨ س". @ԧö: .. ˭ڭ ..... @ .. //-, .. //- () @ .. µʹ .. ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڶ ڨسʧڢҵ⤨äڤ೹ ⤨ҹ ڨµҹ Ե ˹ڵ. ʹڵ ⹩ڰ. ǷԵҵ Ե. ͵ڶ ͪڬڵ ڰ µ ೹ ٵ µ Ե ˵. " ػҷҹ" ʪહ ع د - ҷµ ءڢʨڨ . ⹤೹ ʵڵڹ ԭڭҳҵٹ Եڵ ڨԭڭҳҵؤڤ೹ ǵڶٹ ڨ ڢµҷչ µҹ, ⹸ҵԭڭҳҵؤڤ೹ ǵڶ⤨ µ Եҵ ڻ ҷµʹ ءڢʨڨ . šصڵµµ๡ ๵ڶ µڶ ˭ڭ, ʹڸ Էڷԯڰڵ ʧڤ˵. ͵ڶ ڷ વҵ ͵ڶ ҷµ ءڢʨ µҹ ڸ ҵ ٻ⵵ ǵڶ໵ šڢ ໵ Իʹ ˵ڵڤҹ Իʹ ʧڢҵ ڷ ʾھ વ ๵ Էڸʵҵ ͵. ءڢ بڨյ Թ ù ͵ ǯگءڢ بڨյ. ػڲҶ "ҹ بک , ءڢ بڨ" ʪڪ ˵, ڤʨڨڨ Ե. ط¹øʨڨҹ ๵ڶ ʧڤԵڵ Ե ˹ڵյ ǷԵھҹ. ػڲҶ ءڢʨڨ, ෹ طʨڨ. "વ" ͵ڶ ह øʨڨ, "Ҥ بڨ" Ǩ - ڤʨڨ. "ǹ" ػҷ Է๹ ڤʨڨ, @ԧö: .. ʵ .. Ǩ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ءڢøڵ Ǩ . "ءڢ بڨ" ءڢࢹ øʨڨڵ ਵڶ ڵ ʨڨҹ Եҹ ˹ڵյ ǷԵھҹ. [] ʨڨ Ҷ šڢ ҹ ʵ ع ࡹ صڵ໹ Ԥ "͵ š ҹ". ͵ڶ ͵ڵ ؾ صڵ Է, šҵ ൸ҵš. ¶ҵڵ Իյ. ͵ ڢյ ਻ ʡڢڵ بҶ, ͵ ڢ, ͭڭ ? ءڢ بڨ, ͭڭҵ ͸Իڻ. Ͷ ൹ ๹ ͡ǵڵԡڢڵ Ԥڤҹڻ ͵ ڢ, ػҸԤ» ͵ ڢյ ͵. ? ءڢ بڨ ʹҵ ˵ڵԡ௹ ʹ ԯڰ. ʹһ ǻ ¡ڢʹһ ʵһڵԼ ԯڰ ʷڸ ¡ڢʹ. [] Ͷ һ , Էҹ ԯڰ دڰص ͵Ե ԨԵûҹ ʹ ǹڵ ʡڢʡڢ بک " ٸ õ - ͦڵ Ҷ . ڶ ٸ õ ͦڵ Թ æ õյ ʡڢ بک ʹ. ͳڳǹڵ Եڶڵ һ ڵ, ͻԨ Եڶíڨ õíڨ بڨ, ҷ óڳ. - ڵ ¹ڵǹ Եڶ, ˯ڰ ԯڰǹ ػ ھǹ , " Ը õ ͳڳ, ͻڻԯ ͹ ڶ ͳڳ շ" ʡڢ بک. @ԧö: .. õյ .. ҷ óڳ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] Ͷ ԡڢ Ե˵ػ յԡڡ ͡ù ʾھ ڻ ššصڵ ڭ ڭ, ػûڻҸԹ һ˯ڰڤ , šڢ ໵ Իʹ ¡ڬڵԹڵ, ҵڨ - ͻڻҷʵ ڹҤ, صڶह طصڵ ͦ ͹ õ, ʡڢ ʪહ "ʾھ ڻ" ԡڢҤҶ. ͵ڶ ڻ ͸ԡڢ, ʵҸ ͸ԨԵڵԡڢ, ͪڬڵԹڵԵһڭ ͸Իڭԡڢҵ ԡڢ ػ ҹ صڵ. ػ ԡڢҹ š»ڭ ʵ , ҹ ڭҹյ. [] Ҷ ʡڢ ʵ Էҹ ʡڢ ʹ ص¤Ҷ. ʵ:- ʭڭҵ Ҩ ʭڭ, ʾھ صڶڤڻصڵ ب੷õ . "õ"Ի , "ʭڭ" Ǩ ˵, ʤҶǤ "ʭڭ"Ի - . Ի ʹڹ ªҹ ͵յڵ ʾھªҵ, ص طڸҤʾھªҵ, - õ- ڷԹյʧڢҵ ڷ Գڳ ҹ ԡڢճڵ ڷǻԡڢ ҷ ճ ԡڢ óڳ շ ڷԻԡڢ¹ - ػҷ, ǻԡڢ¹ ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵؼ - һڪ - ʻڻڵҵ. [] Ͷ ­ڨ ¡ڢʭڨ ࡵ յʪ "ûڭ" ҷ Ҷ ǹڵ ԵڶԵ @ԧö: . ҵڨڻ .. // @ . طҤªҵ .. ʷ ʵ @ .. Ծھҹ . ʪڪ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʾھǵ ¹ ʷڸ ෵ ڢԳ ͵ڵ ʹڰҹ ͤ. Ҷҹ ͵ڶdzڳ:- ûڭڵ ڭ ڹҤ. ڶ Է صڵ ûڭ ǷԵھ. صڵ ڶ " ҳ ǵڵյ ûڭ"ҷ. - Ե ûڭ. - ԻسڶԹڵ Ի ڵ»ڱԵҷ ʧڢҹ ҹ ͵ڶ, ͵ڵҹ ҹ Իسҹ óҹ ػڻԪڬҹ ͭ ๹ Իسڶ. Ҥҷԡԭڨǹ ͡ԭڨ. Ťڤ๹ ʵڵ. ڸҷԻڻ ʾھ ڷҤڸǹ ʾھ Իڻصڵ. Ծ ҹڵ ͯڰһڵ Ծ һڪʹ ڡڵ. ڶ ԭڨһ Ծ , ͻԨ ؾ ػҷ ʵڵǹ ڶ ŷڸǵ بڨ. Ͷ طڸ ˹, ʹڵ - ๹໵ صڵ. ˹ڵҹ سҹ ๹ . [] ص¤Ҷ ͻù ¹ ص ÷ڸҵ ع ԻسڶԤڤ˳ Էʵ. - Ͷ Իس ʵùڵ ͵. ڭҷڵ ڭһǵڵԡ Իڵ ๹ ڭҷ¡. ʵڵڵ ҷԯڰʹ , ڶ ʵڵ. ʾھԷعڵ ʾھԷ , ʾھڭعڵ صڵ ˵. ڵ ʾھڭ ڤٵ Իڭʧڢҵ ڹҤ. @ԧö: .. // .. ʵ @ . ʵڵ . ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ඵ ͯڰڤ , һڵ . ҹڵ ڭ ͪ⬤ҹ ڤšڢ ʹ, ҹ һڵһڪ, ؾھԸڤǹʧڢҵ - ʵڵ Եؾھ . [] طԯڰ ǵ ͪڪҵ ͪڪ عڷ ԯڰ, ͪڪ ҡ عڷ ԯڰ, ʹڵ ͵. ػڻҵ دڰԵڵ ͪڪ ҡ دڰ ҵ, ҵ , ͪڪ ǵ عڷ دڰԵ , ͹ػø¹ دڰԵ. - ó? ͷڷ ھطڸ, ھطڸ ͷڷҵ ͵ڵ ڻڵ þ ڪ ෵. [] Էڸ⵵ ԻҡԷڸ ڹҤ. ⹵ ڤäڤڻڹ. ó ¹ڵյ ԭڨһ , һ ʵһڹǻԷջڶ ҷʹڶ - Ҩ Թڷ. [] ڵ Ǥ Ǥ. ڵ ǻھ ǻھ. ҹ ھطڸ, ظڵ "ھط ǵ , ҡڢ ǵ ǵ "ҷԹ ¹ طڸ⾸Եڨ ظڨ, "ػڻԻ ǵ ǡ"ҷԹ ػڻԻڵԭڨ ԵڶԵ - ҹ ʡ ص Ԩҵ صڵ ˵. ڶ صڵҹҵ. õڶ⪵ԡ طڷڰ صڵԻҵڰ ǵصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ. ------------- @ԧö: . ؾھ ǹʧڢҵ . ͹ػڻ ¹ دڰԵ, @ . ͹ػڻ ¹ دڰҹ . ҷػʹڶڨ @ . ҷҹٻʹڶ .. ԵڶԵ ԵڶԵ


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=28&A=5287&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=28&A=5287&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=309 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=7410 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=7371 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=7371 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com