͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ʷڸ.)

                   . ҹҹڵҳԷdzڳ
     [] ҹҹڵҳԷ ԭڭҳҵҷ  õյ
, ԭڭҳ  ԭڭҳ. ͭڭ೹ ó, ͭڭ೹ 
õ, ͭڭ  õ, ͭڭҳ  óڵ ͭڭҳ. ҳ
, ೹  , ೹  õ,   õ, ҳ
 óڵ ҳ. ʹڶҵ ٻʹڶ ǵڵ. Ǫڪ-
;ҡҵ ǧڤʹڵҹ ͻ๵ ٻ Եڵʹڵҹ Ǫવ
յ Ǫڪ, Իҡ óڵڵ , ҡʹ 
ҡҵ ;ҡ. ʹⰵ ʹڵ ൹,   ʵ, ʹ-
ڵ  ڵ ʹ, ʹ ͵ ʹ. ڢԭڭҳڵ
@ԧö:  .. //  طڸ. / ()
Իҡ  ͡Իҡ . ԯڰڵҵ ͷԯ ڻԨکڹ
 ڢԭڭ೹ ٻ ԯڰڵ. Թû Իҡ-
⹸ҵٵ ԯڰ ˵յ Թû, Իҡ ڻԨکڹ-
⹸ҵ. ԹûԵڵҵ ٻ ˵ڵ. Իҡԭڭҳҵٵ
Իҡ ʹڵóԭڭҳҵ.   ʵҷػ. ʹڵóҹڵ
ǯڰھ صൻ ͯڰҨ صڵڵ žյ ˵ھ.
Ԫҹڶҵ   ٻҷ  Ԫҹڶ.
ǪڪҾҡҵ ⹷ǪڪԵڵ. Ԫҹⰵ ڵêǹʹ
 Ԫҹ ͵,  ͭ. ػ ͡Ūǹҹ Իʹڤ-
Ūǹҹڨ   صڵڵ ʪǹҹ Ը ˵ھҹ  . " 
Իڻصڵ õյ ԭڭҳ"ҷǨ -  ԵػڻҷԵڵǹ
˵ھ.   ˵ءҹ Եڵҹ صڵڵ  Ǫڪҹ
 ڨԭڭҳҹ  ڻԨکڹҹ ճ ʹڵóҹ ͡ Եػڻҷ-
Եڵڵ ͯڰ ˵ءԵڵҹ ԭڭҳҵ ǷԵھҹ.
     [] Էҹ Ԫҹڵహ ԭڭҳҵ ʵ  Ҥ õյ-
ҷ, ԭڭҳ  Ҥҷڻ ʷڸҷڻ  ǵڶڵ һسҵ,
 ʵ ʡǵڶ ԯڰ.  ҤҷǨ๹  صڵԭڭҳҹ
ԭڭҳԨڨڵ  ʵ. ڶ ͵ ⤵ Ҥ. Ҥҵ 
һ ڵ.   êڪʹ . Ե ʹʹ .
˹ʹ . ڭʹ . Իյʹʹ ԯڰ. طڸ, ٻ-
ʹڵ  طڸڨ. ԨԡԨک صڵڶ. ͹ʹڵյ ͹. "ù"
ǵڵ ҹҵ صڵ, ǵ. دڰҹڻڵҹǵڶ 
@ԧö:  .. //
ǷԵ.   ԭڭҳ չҹҹ صڵ.   Ҥҷ-
,  Ҥҷ Իڻصڵ  ˵յ ¹ڵ÷ʹڶ Ҥ-
Իڻصڵҵҷ. ع ͭ  Իڻصڵ  ʵ   յ-
ҷ. ҹ ҤҷǪڪ ͹Ǫڪҹ. طڸǡ -
͵ڵ صڵڵ ءڡҹ. ǵڵآڵ  ط ػڻڵ ʹڵ
آطҹ, آԻҡڵ   ط DZڲ ʹڵ آطҹ. صڵ-
Իࢹ ͡ҹ વھҹ. ԭڭ õյ ԭڭ೹ ԭڭҹ
 ԭڭҵ ,  ԭڭ .  صڵ ˵?
dzڳ¤ ǵڶ  ԭڭҳ¤ ԭڭҳ  ˵, 
ԭڭ õյ ԭڭҳҵ صڵ ˵. ԭڭҳ ٻ
 ˵յ صڵڻ ԭڭҳ صڵڻ  ˵յ ͵.
"ԭڭҳ "  ʹ بڨ, ԭڭҳ    
ڶ. ԻطڸԷ Եڵ ԡڡʯహҵ Է صڵڻ Եڵ
Ҥҷԡǹ   طڸ.  Ԫҹڵ ҵ
ԭڭҳҵ صڵ ˵. ʯహҵԻ .
     ͭڭҳ һٵ  ͻ໹ڵ շڵ,   ͻڻ¹ڵ
DZಹڵյ һҹ, һҹ һҹ.  һ. ҹ 
ԯڰҹ  ˹ڵ ͹ԯڰҹ , ˳ʹ һҹ.   ԯڰ
 ͹ԯڰ  ػڻڪ. Ҥ ǹڶҵ ʹڵʹ Ҥ
ǹڶ ǵڵ. ǪڪҾҡҵ ڢط ¹ԡٵ
ǪڪҾҡ ⹸ҵ. Ҥ ǹҵ ¹ ʵڵڢڵ 
Ҥ ǵڵ, عڻع ǵ . ͭڭҳҵ ͭڭ೹ Ҥ
 ͭڭ೹ Ҥ ҵ صڵ ˵. ػ   ¹
໡ڢ ǵڶԹڵ Ҥʹ ໡ڢ ٻʧڢ
ǵڶ.  ǹڶҵ ԨԡԨکطڸڨʹ  ǹڶ.
ͭڭҳҵ ͭڭҳ ,  ͭڭ. ԹԾڸҵҷչ ҹҷչ
Ǩҹ. ڶ ԹԾڸҵ سڳʹ ԹԾڸԵ Ե.
ڰҵ ٻ ͹Ԩڨҷ ͵ԡڡԵ  Ԩڨҷ ڰ
Ե. ԡࢻҵ ٻ ԡڢԵڵ . ͹ԯڰڤҵ
ʹڹԯڰҹ . ҵ Żڻڵ. ٵ ٻҷ 
  .
     []  Ҥҷ ͭڭ೹ ˹ڵ,  Ҥҷڻह
ͭڭҳ ʹ Ҥ õյҷ. ڶ Ҥ õյ
ҹԯڰҹҹ·ԯڰҹԪڪҹªǹʹ.  ǷԵھ. 
õյ Ԫڪҹªǹʹ  õյ Ҥ-
ҹԯڰطڸڨԨԡԨکҹªǹʹ. ҹ õյ ҤˡҤ-
ҤԪڪҹªǹʹ. ʷԯڰ õյ ҤˡҤԪڪҹªǹʹ.
طڸڨ õ ԨԡԨک õյ Ԫڪҹªǹʹ. ҹ õյ
͵ڶһ صڵ ࡡ ͹    Ե žҹҹ-
ʹ ҹµ વھ. Ҥڻصڵҵҷ ҤҷǨ.
   ڻ¤ʹ  Ҥҷ ǵڵյ Ҥҷҷ ҹ
. Ҥҷ  ͡ػڻ෡มǵඡҷ  صڵҵ
Ҥڻصڵҹյҷչ ҹ .    ҷ 
Իڻصڵ, ͡ҷ  ڻصڵ, һ ͭڭҳҵ ʵ 
 յҷ. ڶ ͭڭ൵  ͭڭҳšڢڵ ¶
ǹ ͭڭ .  صڵڶ.
     [] ҳ  ǯگҹػʹҷչ ͹ڵûڨٵ
ǪڪҾҡ ڶ,   ͵ڶ ǪڪҾҡ ǵ
ǯگҹػʹҷ صڵ. ͹ҳڶ   Ǫڪ ˵, 
ǯگҹػʹڤҹ. һڵյ ਵڶ ڤҹڵê  ˵
Źڵê - ,  ͸Ի໵. Ҥ õյҷ Ҥҷչ ԡڢԻ-
ʹ ҤҷԵ ǷԵھ, ԭڭҳ Ҥҷչ ڵహ.
൵ ¶ . ͭڭ ԭڭҳҵҷ ʹڹ ҹ
ͭڭڭʵ ʵ. ԭڭҳԨڨڵʹ  ˵ءԵڵػڻҷ
ԭڭҳ, ͭڭҳԨڨǵ ҷʹڹ ͡ŨԵڵػڻҷҹ 
ͭڭҳ, ʹ ҳԨڨչ Իʹڤҹ ʹ ҳ.
Թ ͭڭڭ , Իʹ ໵ ˵ءǨáҡ
, ˵ءǨԻҡ , ٻǨٻǨáҾҡ   
Թصڵҵ ǷԵھ. Ծھҹ ǯگҹػʹ ҳ
Էڷԯڰڵ ԾھҹڤŻڨǡڢٵҹ ʡڢʡڢҹ ڨǡڢҳҹ
ҳ ʧڤԵҹյ ǷԵھҹ. ҹԻ  ʹ ҳԨڨҵ.
                  ҹҹڵҳԷdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
                          -------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=47&A=6862&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=47&A=6862&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=31&i=165 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=31&A=1912 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=31&A=2290 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=31&A=2290 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_31

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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