͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
     Ѻǧ   ѺҨ   ѡ   PaliRoman 
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ûԮ Һ ѡ صѹԮ صڵ. . ڬڳʡ

˹ҷ .

ʹڷصڵ [] ص ͡ ھ õ Ե ൹ ¹ ʹڷ ԾھҪ šڢ - ʵ ˵ ԾھҪ ʷڸ ڨ ԾھҪ Ͷ ҹ ³ ҹ دڰ ԡڢ ¹ ǡʾ ൹ػʧڡ ҷʹҵ ʵ ԡڢ ҹڷ ڨ Ͷ ҹ ھ ԡڢ ʷڸ ¹ ǡʾ ൹ػʧڡ {.} ൹ ¹ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ˵ ԾھҪ ʷڸ Թ ˵ عڹҷԹ بڨʷڷʷڷ - ๡Ե èکҹ ඹڵ ¶շ Ҫ á ڵ ʹҡ ¡ طڸ ͹ڹ ҹ []- ¹ ҡ ڸ ҵԡ ҹ Ԥ á Եڶա []- á Ԣҡ ڰҹ ԡ ؾھ໵ ҹڵ šڢԡ طڷڢԡ Եǡ Ե ͷڷ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ڵ ҹڷ Ҥکڵ ҹ ʡ @ԧö: . šڢؤ . بڨʷڷ ʷڷ . ǵڶ @ . ʡ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʳڰ ͻڻʷڷ ˹ڵ ʷڷڶ ⤵ Ҥک ҹ ǵ ⤵ ǡ ھ ʹڵ ¹ ͭڭ ҹ ͻڻʷڷ ͻڻʷڷԹյ ͻڻʷڷ dzڳҷ ͻǹ ͻڻʷڷ ԷԵ ػʧڡԵھ ҵ Ͷ ԾھҪ س {.} Ͷ ҹ ¹ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ൹ػʧڡ Ͷ - ʹڷ ԾھҪ ڵ ҹڷ ͵Ǩ ͵ ҹ Ҥ ҹڷ ҹ ·Է ԸҤ շ ҹ Էʹ ڭڵڵ շ ҹ ڭ ʹڷ⡻ ԾھҪ ͭڭ ը ʹ ˵ ͡ڵ շ [] ͡ڵ Թڹ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ҹ ͵Ǩ صڶ ʹڷ ͵ ʹڹԹڹ ͹ڵҡ Իڻҵ ԯڰ ҹڷ ͵ ʹڹԹڹ ҹڷ ʵ کһ ǹ Ҹ ǵ ǹڵ ҹڷ ҵ Ҩ ҵ ൹ ʹڷ @ԧö: . ʷ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

س Ҹء ԡ յ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ҹڷ ڨ ҹ ͵Ǩ ڵ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ; ͡ڢҵ ڵ ͹ԡҹ ҹ ͡ڢҵҹ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ - ʹ - Źڵ []- ҹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ; ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] Ը ʹڷ ͡ ʵڶ ҷ ˵ ԯڰ ڶ Թڹ ڶ ԯڰ ڶ ص ڶ ءءڡҹ ҹ Ի ڶ ڶ - ڶ ҵ ڶ Ե ڶ ʵڵ ͻҵԡ ڶ ڤ һԻڹ ڨ š íڨ š ԭڭ ʨکԡ ෹ڵ ҵٵ · õ ԡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ⻡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ⪡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ¡ ͹໵ ͹ػک @ԧö: . ʡڡ . . ʹ ҵ ʵ . @ .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҡ Թڷҹ ʧڡڵ ʹڷԻڨ ҷ کڵ ˹ - ҹ ڭ¹ڵ ⻵ҹ ͯڰչ ǹڵ ڵ ص ڵػڭڵ ·Է ҹ بک - ࡨ ͵ڶԡҷ Ƿڵ ڱ بکԪڪڵ Թʹڵ ˹ڵ óҵ [] ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ҷ ԯڰ ڶ Թڹ ڶ ԯڰ ڶ ص ڶ ءءڡҹ ҹ Ի ڶ ڶ ڶ ҵ ڶ Ե ڶ ʵڵ ͻҵԡ ڶ ڤ һԻڹ ڨ š íڨ š ԭڭ ʨکԡ ෹ڵ ҵٵ · õ ԡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ⻡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ⪡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ¡ ͹໵ ͹ػک ҡ Թڷҹ ʧڡڵ ʹڷԻڨ ҷ کڵ ˹ ҹ ڭ¹ڵ ⻵ҹ ͯڰչ ǹڵ ڵ ص ڵػڭڵ ·Է ҹ بک ࡨ ͵ڶԡҷ Ƿڵ ڱ @ԧö: . . ˹ ͻ շ . بک ͻ շ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

بکԪڪڵ Թʹڵ ˹ڵ óҵ {.} ʵڶ ʨڨ Ǩ ͡൹ ͵ڶ ൹ ͵ڶ Ե ͵ڶ ڭ ڵ Ƿ بکԪڪ Թ óҵ ͵á ʵڶ ڤ سڱ ءڡدԡڻҹ Ũ صڵھҸ¹ ͪڬʹ ԡڷ ڨ ҤڸŻ ù ҵٻê ҷ¹ Թ ʵڶ ڻ ҹ ʹ ʵڶ ; ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ; ͡ڢ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ ҷ ˵ ԯڰ Թڷ ੷һ һ ʨ - ʨһ - һ ڷ ڷһ ҳԻҵһ - ͷԹڹ ҷ ʹڸ Թڷ Ż ͡Ҥԡ - Ի ԯڰ ÷ ک @ԧö: . è⵵ ͵ڶ ʨһ⵵ ڶ . ⵵ ͵ڶ һ⵵ . ҳԻһ . ͡Ҥ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

µ һ û¹൹ ਻ ࡹ ͡ ʢ ͡ ʻحڪ ڶ ⵹Էҹ һ ڶ һ Ҥ ڢԳ਻ ڤ ˹ ൹ Թڷ ੷໹ ਹ - ڶ ⵹Էҹ һ ڶ һ Ҥ صڵí਻ ڤ ໹ ª ª໹ ڶ ⵹Էҹ حڭ ڶ حڭ Ҥ ๹ ʭڭ ʨڨǪહ ڶ حڭ ڶ حڭ Ҥ [] ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ҷ ԯڰ Թڷ ੷һ һ ʨ ʨһ һ ڷ ڷһ ҳԻҵһ ͷԹڹ ҷ ʹڸ Թڷ Ż ͡Ҥԡ Ի ԯڰ ÷ ک µ һ û¹൹ ਻ ࡹ ͡ ʢ ͡ ʻحڪ ڶ ⵹Էҹ һ ڶ һ Ҥ ڢԳ਻ ڤ ˹ ൹ Թڷ ੷໹ ਹ ڶ ⵹Էҹ һ ڶ һ Ҥ صڵí਻ ڤ @ԧö: . ໹

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

໹ ª ª໹ ڶ ⵹Էҹ حڭ ڶ حڭ Ҥ ๹ ʭڭ ʨڨǪહ ڶ حڭ ڶ حڭ Ҥ {.} ʵڶ ʨڨ Ǩ ͡൹ ͵ڶ ൹ ͵ڶ Ե ͵ڶ ڭ ڵ Ƿ Թڹ ص - µ һڵ ͵á ʵڶ ڤ سڱ ءڡدԡڻҹ Ũ صڵھҸ¹ ͪڬʹ ԡڷ ڨ ҤڸŻ ù ҵٻê ҷ¹ Թ ʵڶ ڻ ҹ ʹ ʵڶ ; ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ص ; ͡ڢ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ ҷ ˵ ԯڰ ڶ ˵ ڶ ڨ ʵڵҹ ʧڡ ˵ ͻڻڨ ʵڵ ʧڡʹڵ ڶ ˵ ڶ ڨ ʵڵҹ طڸ ˵ ͻڻڨ ʵڵ تڬڵ ڶ @ԧö: .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڶ ڶ ʶ ڶ ʻáڡ ʾ ʵڵ ʾ ҳ ʾ ٵ ʾ ; µʧڤǻԳ Ԫҵ آءڢ ෹ڵյ [] ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ҷ ԯڰ ڶ ˵ ڶ ڨ ʵڵҹ ʧڡ ˵ ͻڻڨ ʵڵ ʧڡʹڵ ڶ ˵ ڶ ڨ ʵڵҹ طڸ ˵ ͻڻڨ ʵڵ تڬڵ ڶ ڶ ڶ ʶ ڶ ʻáڡ ʾ ʵڵ ʾ ҳ ʾ ٵ ʾ ; µʧڤǻԳ Ԫҵ آءڢ ෹ڵյ ʵڶ ʨڨ Ǩ ͡൹ ͵ڶ ൹ ͵ڶ Ե ͵ڶ ڭ ڵ Ƿ ˵ ͻڻڨ تڬҵ ͵á ʵڶ ڤ سڱ ءڡدԡڻҹ Ũ صڵھҸ¹ ͪڬʹ ԡڷ ڨ ҤڸŻ ù ҵٻê ҷ¹ Թ ʵڶ ڻ ҹ ʹ ʵڶ ; ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԾھԪڪ ڡ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ; ͡ڢ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ ҷ ˵ ԯڰ ʵڵ ͡ ͡Ը ͹Ե ͹ҵ ǭڬ ٯڰ ԡڰԯڰԵ - ԭڪڵ ԻԳڵ ҭڭڭ Ҿูڵ ͭڭڭ آ ءڢ آءڢ ʵڵ ԡ ⻡ ⪡ ¡ ء ʵڵ - ʵڵ ͡ ͡Ը ͹Ե ͹ҵ ǭڬ ٯڰ ԡڰԯڰԵ ԭڪڵ ԻԳڵ ҭڭڭ Ҿูڵ ͭڭڭ آ ءڢ آءڢ ڶ ڶ ˹ڵ ൵ ʵ ǵ ԭڭҵ ԭڭ໵ » ˹ ʵඹ Թڷ ⡨ ڨ Ե ໵ ʵڵڹ ҹڵù ʵڶ ػڻ {.} طڷ ҹ ¹Իڻآʵҹ ʯڰԭڨ - ʵҹ ʵҹ ڨ ʵҹ ڨ ҹ @ԧö: ԡڰԯڰԵҵԻ . . . ʵڵ @ . ʯڰ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ճ ҹ ͱڲ ǯڰԻڻԻ ǯڰڵáڻ []- Ԫҵ ͯڰ ͡ٹڭ Ҫ ͡ٹڭ ԾھҪ ͡ٹڭ Ҥ Թڷ ڵ ⪸ҵ ʵڵ ʭڭԤ ʵڵ ʭڭԤ ʵڵ Ԥڶ ʵڵ - ʵڵ ҹ ʵڵ Ҩ ʵڵ ʵڵ د - ʵڵ ҳ - ʵڵ ҵ ʵڵ ҵʵҹ ʵڵ ػԹ ʵڵ ػԹʵҹ յ ҡڻ ʵҹ ҹ {.} ڱ ʹڸԵ Ե ءڢʹڵ ʹڵ ڶ ڶ Թ Ź ǵ൹ ໹ ¹ ͻڻԻڡ Ի Իڡ ¹ڵայ ڶ ⷳ آء ¹ڵ ڶ ¹DZڲ ڶ ءڡǡ ¶һ صڵ Ե Ծྸҹ ŵ ڱ ʹڸԵ Ե ءڢʹڵ ʹڵյ [] ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ҷ ԯڰ ʵڵ ͡ ͡Ը ͹Ե ͹ҵ ǭڬ ٯڰ ԡڰԯڰԵ ԭڪڵ ԻԳڵ ҭڭڭ Ҿูڵ ͭڭڭ آ ءڢ آءڢ @ԧö: . . Ծھ . ʼد . ʵڵ ҳҵ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʵڵ ա ⻡ ⪡ ¡ ء ʵڵ ʵڵ ͡ ͡Ը ͹Ե ͹ҵ ǭڬ ٯڰ ԡڰԯڰԵ ԭڪڵ ԻԳڵ ҭڭڭ Ҿูڵ ͭڭڭ آ ءڢ آءڢ ڶ ڶ ˹ڵ ൵ ʵ ǵ ԭڭҵ ԭڭ໵ » ˹ ʵඹ Թڷ ⡨ ڨ Ե ໵ ʵڵڹ ҹڵù ʵڶ ػڻ {.} طڷ ҹ ¹Իڻآʵҹ ʯڰԭڨ ʵҹ ʵҹ ڨ ʵҹ ڨ ҹ ճ ҹ ͱڲ ǯڰԻڻԻ ǯڰڵáڻ Ԫҵ ͯڰ ͡ٹڭ Ҫ - ͡ٹڭ ԾھҪ ͡ٹڭ Ҥ Թڷ ڵ ⪸ҵ ʵڵ ʭڭԤ ʵڵ ʭڭԤ ʵڵ Ԥڶ ʵڵ ʵڵ ҹ ʵڵ Ҩ ʵڵ ʵڵ د ʵڵ ҳ ʵڵ ҵ ʵڵ ҵʵҹ ʵڵ ػԹ ʵڵ ػԹʵҹ յ ҡڻ ʵҹ ҹ {.} ڱ ʹڸԵ Ե ءڢʹڵ ʹڵ ڶ ڶ Թ Ź ǵ൹ ໹ ¹ @ԧö: . Ҫǡ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͻڻԻڡ Ի Իڡ ¹ڵայ ڶ ⷳ آء ¹ڵ ڶ ¹DZڲ ڶ ءڡǡ ¶һ صڵ Ե Ծྸҹ ŵ ڱ ʹڸԵ Ե ءڢʹڵ ʹڵյ - ʵڶ ʨڨ Ǩ ͡൹ ͵ڶ ൹ ͵ڶ Ե ͵ڶ ڭ ڵ Ƿ ʹڸԵ Ե ءڢʹڵ ҵ ͵á - ʵڶ ڤ سڱ ءڡدԡڻҹ Ũ صڵھҸ¹ ͪڬʹ ԡڷ ڨ ҤڸŻ ù ҵٻê ҷ¹ Թ ʵڶ ڻ ҹ ʹ ʵڶ ; ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ص ; ͡ڢ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ; @ԧö: . ʷ ڶ . ͵á

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] ͨک ҹڷ ;ٵ ҹڷ ǭڨԷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ; ҹ - ;ҵ ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ - ҹ ҹ ҹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ͹ԡҹ ҹ ͡ڢҵҹ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] Ը ʹڷ ͡ ʵڶ ʾھڭ ʾھ ͻ ҳʹ Ԫҹҵ ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե ҳʹ ڨػڰԵڵ حڭڻ ͤ ʵ Գڱڻ ءڡû ʵ ౹ ˵ڶԹ Ҥک ౹ ʹ Ҥک ౹ ೹ Ҥک Եڶһ ʻ ڻ ⤵ڵڻ بک ʻ Ԥʻ ڻ ڤڻ بک Էڵ د حڭ ͤ Եھ ൹ Գڱ - ŷڸھ @ԧö: . ҹ ;ҵյ ڶ . Źڵ @ . Գڱ ŷڸھ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

൹ŷڸ - ءڡù Եھ ൹ - ౹ ˵ڶԹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ ౹ ʹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ ౹ ೹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ Եڶһ ʻ ڻ ⤵ڵڻ بکԵھ ൹ بک ʻ Ԥʻ ڻ ڤڻ بکԵھ ൹ بکԹڵ {.} - ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ʾھڭ ʾھ ͻ ҳʹ Ԫҹҵ ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե ҳʹ ڨػڰԵڵ حڭڻ ͤ ʵ Գڱڻ ءڡû ʵ ౹ ˵ڶԹ Ҥک ౹ ʹ Ҥک ౹ ೹ Ҥک Եڶһ ʻ ڻ ⤵ڵڻ بک ʻ Ԥʻ ڻ ڤڻ بک Էڵ د حڭ ͤ Եھ ൹ Գڱ ŷڸھ ൹ŷڸ ءڡù Եھ ൹ ౹ ˵ڶԹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ ౹ ʹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ ౹ ೹ Ҥڵھ ൹ Ҥ Եڶһ ʻ ڻ ⤵ڵڻ بکԵھ ൹ بک ʻ Ԥʻ @ԧö: . ൹ ŵڶ . ൹ ŷڸ . ൹ @ . ʹڷ ... بکԹڵյ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڻ ڤڻ بکԵھ ൹ بکԹڵ ͹ԡ Է ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ Է ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ͹ԡ ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ ͹ ˵ ͹ʨ ͹ǹ Եյ˻ڻ ԯڻ ʵ ͹ԡ ʹڷ ʵڶ ͹ʨڨ صڻ ˵ صڻ ˵ һ ˵ ͭڭһ ˵ ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ͹ ͹ʨ ͹ǹ Եյ˻ڻ ԯڻ ʵ ͹ԡ ʹڷ ʵڶ ͹ʨڨ صڻ ˵ صڻ ˵ һ ˵ ͭڭһ ˵ ͹ԡ Է ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ Է ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ص ͹ԡ ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ ڡ ˵ ڡ˵ ҹبԵ ҹ ʵ ڡ ʹڷ ʵڶ صڡԵڻ ˵ صڵڡԵڻ ˵ һ ˵ ͭڭһ ˵ ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ڡ - ڡ˵ ҹبԵ ҹ ʵ ڡ ʵڶ صڡԵڻ ˵ صڵڡԵڻ ˵ һ ˵ ͭڭһ ˵ ͹ԡ Է ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ Է ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ͹ԡ ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] ع ʹڷ ม ʵڶ []- ڷڵ ˵ڵ - د Ҩԡࢻ һڪ ԡࢻ ǹڵԻ ҵԻ ͭڭҵԻ ⹵Ի ⹵Ի ⹵ ʹڷ ԭڭ Ե ʭڨԡڢ ʵڶ ڷڵ ˵ڵ د Ҩԡࢻ һڪ ԡࢻ @ԧö: . . . ˵ . ڶ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ǹڵԻ ҵԻ ͭڭҵԻ ⹵Ի ⹵Ի ⹵ ͹ԡ Է ¹ڵ Ե ԷԵ ԾھԪڪ ڡ Է ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู صڶ ͹ԡ ͡ڢҵ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ {.} ҹ ʹڷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ͹ԡҹ ҹ ͡ڢҵҹ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] ͨک ҹڷ ;ٵ ҹڷ ǭڨԷ ൹ ǵ ҹ ʵ ˵ ھطู ڵ ͹ԡ - ҹ ͹ԡҹ - ҹյ ͡ڢҵҹ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ ҹڷ ʵڶ ҷ ڢ µڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] Ը ʹڷ Ҥ ػڻڪ ھط ԪڪҨóڻ ؤ šԷ ͹صڵ ʷö ʵڶ ҹ ط @ԧö: . ͹ԡҹ . ͹ԡҹ ҹյյ Ұ @ʹڵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڨ ਵ ػڡ ڭ ؾھա Ԩ Ԩڨ ͡ Եڡ Ԩ ǡ յآ ҹ ػڻڪ õ - ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} ع ʹڷ ԡڢ ԵڡԨҹ ٻ ص ҹ ػڻڪ õ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} ع ʹڷ ԡڢ յ Ҥ ҹ ػڻڪ õ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} ع ʹڷ ԡڢ آ ҹ ءڢ ҹ صڶ ҹ ػڻڪ õ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ [] Ե ط · @ԧö: . . ʵڵ ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͹ڤ Ԥٻڡ ط ๭ڪڻ - ؾྐྵҹʵԭҳ Եڵ ԹԹڹ ๡Ե ؾྐྵ ͹õ ¶շ ͡ڻ ҵ ǻ ҵ Ե ҡ ط ๡Ե ؾྐྵ ͹õ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} Ե ط · ͹ڤ Ԥٻڡ ط ๭ڪڻ - ʵڵҹ صٻҵҳ Եڵ ԹԹڹ Ծྐྵ ڢع طู ͵ԡڡڵҹࡹ ʵ ʵ ػڪ dz ؾھ ؤ ؤڤ ¶ҡٻ ʵ ҹҵ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ {.} Ե ط · ͹ڤ Ԥٻڡ ط ๭ڪڻ - ҹ ­ҳ Եڵ Թڹ Է ءڢڵ ¶ٵ ҹҵ ءڢطµ ¶ٵ ҹҵ ءڢ⸵ ¶ٵ ҹҵ ءڢøԹ Իҵ ¶ٵ ҹҵ ǹøԹ @ԧö: -- . ๪ڪڻ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Իҵ ¶ٵ ҹҵ ҹ һ Եڵ بڨ һ Եڵ بڨ Ԫڪһ Եڵ بڨ صڵ صڵԵ ҳ ˵ ճ ҵ Ե ó һ Եڶڵҵ ҹҵ ʹڷ ʵڶ ٻ ͸Ԥک ڶ ԭڭ ʡڡ ʹ Źڵ [] ҹڷ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡڢճʭ⭪ ڭ ص ح ʹڷ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡڢճʭ⭪ ڭ ص ڨ ҹҹ ͪڬҨԵ ճ ԡڢ ʭڨԨڨ Ե ໵ ճ ԡڢ ͷԹڹ ʧڢҵ ҷҵ ճ ԡڢ ع Ե ճ ԡڢ ڻҹ Ե ճ ԡڢ ʹڹԸԡá حڪԵ ¶һ ؾ Ҥ ʹڷ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡڢճʭ⭪ ڭ ص

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҹ ڨ ҹҹ ͪڬҨԵعڵ [] ҹڷ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡճʭ⭪ ڭ ص ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե ҳʹ ڨػڰԵ ճ ҵ ൹ ʹڷ ػ ػ»ม ԭڭ Ե ͵ڶ Ҫҹڵ ¶һ ʹڷ ˵ڶҷ Թڹ ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե Թڹ ˵ڶҷ ͻԨ - ڨǡڢ ҹҵ Թڹ ˵ڶҷҵ ʹڷ ԡڢ ճ Ե ó Ե ͹ػڻڵʷ ԡڢճʭ⭪ ڭ ص ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե ճ ͻԨ - ڨǡڢ ҹҵ ճ ҵ [] ء ҹڷ Թ ҵõ ʹڷ ͡ ʵ ʵҹ ճ ʵҹ ڵ ʵҹ ڨ ʵҹ Ͷ Թ ҵõ ͨک ҹڷ ;ٵ ҹڷ ʸڡʹ ʵ @ԧö: - .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ø µ - ʹ ء ҵ ڭʹڵ Ҫǡ صڵ صڵ ͵ڵҹ ءڡʹڵ ڵ ҵ ڭ໹ڵ ¶շ ڷ Ǩک ʧڡԨڨ ڢ Źڵ Ͷ ʹڷ ԾھҪ ʡ ùڵ ⤵ ҹ ء ʡڡ- ԨڨԵعڵ Ե Է ʹڷ ԾھҪ ʡ ǵ µ ʹڷصڵ ԯڰԵ ڰ ----------- @ԧö: . .


ͤûԮѺҺ ѡ ˹ҷ -. https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=13&A=5909&w=&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮѺҺ ѡѹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=13&A=5909&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹºûԮ©Ѻǧ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/byitem.php?book=13&item=293&items=21 ҹºûԮѺҨ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/m_siri.php?B=13&siri=26 ֡öҹ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=13&i=293 ҹöҺѡ :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=9&A=4112 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- https://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=9&A=4112 úѭûԮ https://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_13 https://84000.org/tipitaka/english/?index_13

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ ѹҤ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡûԮѺҺ ѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س