͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ໵.. (ڶ.)

                     . . ڷ໵ǵڶdzڳ
     Ҫ ԧڤ ҵ Է ڷ໵ǵڶ.   ػڻڵ?
     ʵڶ ԹԾھҹ ʵ ͨڨ¹ ïڰ ԧڤ 
Ҫ .  ʹһ ڷ  Ԩکҷԯڰ Իյ "ڶ
Թڹ"ҷԹ ԨکҤ ڤ Ԩ.  յ صڵ  ػԡ
  Թڹ . ڷ    ԭڬү ˵
øء ҹԡ ص Ծھڵ.  š صڵ
بյŤ⸷Ե ҹ¦ ʧڢ dzڳڸڻ 
Իسڳǡڨ ͭڭ ճǵ  " ڢԳ 
Ե ػڻ" طڷ,  ൹ ๹ Ծھҹ ͻԵ  
ҵ.     Թ "һ ǵ  ,  Ҫ
`ڶ Թڹ'ҷԹ ԨکҤ , Էҹ  ԧڤ Ҫ ʡ
í ҷ - ҵ  ,     Ҥʵ, ˹ڷ ڶԡԯڰ
".   ԧڤ Ҫ ʡ í ҷ - 
Թǵڵ ڤ Իڪ.
@ԧö:  .ʡ໵ǵڶ             . ػڻҷ
     Ͷ   ͵ڵ ʹڰҹآ  ڤ Թ. Ҫ Եڬ
 ൹ ह ک.  کڵ   ʵ, ԯڰ
 ͹ڵøµ. ʾھک ک  ڤ ͹ڵԵ  
 ǹ Ե í ,  ص Ҫ  Ԥڤҹ
˵ڶԡڢ    ࡹ ໵ ʹøءڢ 
 ͤ ʷڸ çڤԹ ʹ. Ͷҹءڡ í  ҹ
  ʾھó Ҫҹ ػʧڡԵ ʹڶ  
 ҹ­ڨ . Ҫ ʻԪ ҵ  ҷԵ ҹ Ե
Իڻʷڸڤ "ǵ  ڸ"ҷԹ ໵ بک, 
ҷ ڰ ͵ڵ ǵڵ ҨԡڢԵ Ҫҹ Ԩکҷʹ ਵ -
   ԯڰ. ڶ ʵ  ʧڤյԡ:-
         [] "Ҫ ԧڤ         ïҹ ͸Ի 
               ҹ ػڰҹ ڵ     ïڰ عҤ.
         []  ڬ        Ҫ ڡ - ػҤ
               ͷڷ ڤ            ໵ҹ  dzڳػ -.
         [] ö ڵ Ҫ:-
              `              ǵڶ 
               Թ ö            ïڰҹ ʹڵ .'
         [] ൹  ï        ʹ çڤԹ
               ؾھԤڤ            ïڰ ͵.
         [] `ڤ Իڹ         ʹ ʹ
                ʵ           ک   ʵ.
@ԧö:  . ਵ           .,. ǧڡ           . dzڳһ
         [] ڤ Իڹ          ҹ ʹڵ
               ҹ µ          µ - .'
         [] Ԥ Ҫ ï       ö ͵
              `ڤ Իڹ          ʹ ʹ
                ʵ           ک   ʵ.
         [] ڤ Իڹ          ҹ ʹڵ
               ҹ µ          µ .'
         [] ˵ڶԡڢڸ           ࡹ طڷ
               ͷڷ ø  -      ҷ ڻڹ -
               ždzڳʷ              dzڳչ.
         [] ö ڵ Ҫ       `  ʵ 
               ždzڳʷ             dzڳչ.'
         []   Ҫ        ҷ ڻ
               ždzڳʷ             dzڳչ.
         [] ൹  ï        ¹   
               ždzڳʷ             dzڳչ.
         [] ˵ڶԡڢڸ          Ҫ ءڢ ػҤ
               շ ءڢ              ʻԪڪ
                ҹá -            Ե  ͷڷ.
@ԧö:  . µ    .,. ءڢ ø    . ڻڹ    .,. ҹ¡á
         []   dzڳ           ʾھó
               ػʧڡԵ Ҫҹ         ïڰ ͵.
         [] `Ҥ  Ҫ          ͷҤ
               ǵ  ҹ            ҷ Թڷ.'
         [] Ե Ҫ ҹ          ʻԪڪ
                ҷԵ Ե        ï ͵.
         [] ǵ  ڸ         ͷ - ʡ Թڷ
               ͪҹڵ  بک            ¹ڵ.
         []    ڸ      һ ʡ Թڷ
                 Ҫ          ïڰ Ը Ҥ⵵.
         []    Ҩ         ïڰ  
               ࡹ  ¹        ҹ  ҵ.
         []   Ҫ           Թڷ ïڰDZڲ
               ڨ ʪڪ            .
         [] ïڰ -           һਵ
               Ԩکҷԯڰ            .
         [] ڵҹ ùڵҹ           تڪ
               ͭ ҹҹ           ͹ڵ¡ .
         [] Ի ڶ ҹ           
               ڶ Ҩ           ͷڵ  ʵ.
@ԧö:  .,. ҷ         . ïڰ, . ïڰ, . ïڰ
         [] ҹ ٵҹ             - યڰһ
               ڶ               دڰҹ.
         [] ڶ ҹ             ี Թ
               ŷ          µ Գ. -
         [] ڶ ҵ Ե ҵ        ڶ  
               ڶ Թڹ ڶ ص          عԵ  Ԫڪ.
         [] »              Թڷ - 
                ⡨ ڨ ˹           ʵڵڹ ڵ.
         [] ͨ੪ڪ        ͯڰ ̻ڱ
               ªҹ ʵ - ڨ          ੵڵ˵.
         [] ¶ صڵ Ե         Ծహڵ µ
                           Ծహ µ.
         [] ¶  ԡڢ         ͭڭ  ʵ
                           ͭڭ ⾹ڷ - ʵ.
         [] ¶  ԡڢ         ͭڭ  ʵ
                           ͭڭ ⾹ڷ ʵ.
         [] յ - ҡڻ -   ʵҹ 
                   ڱԵ       ࢻԵҹ
               ءڢʹڵ .
@ԧö:  .      .,. Գ    .  Թ    . ªҹ ʵ
@ .,.     .,.,. յ     . ҡڻ
         [] Եҹ آءڢҹ             ԯ 
                ʾھ ҹҵ           Ե .
         [] ԯڰ             ˻
               Ԩکҷԯڰ            .
         []             š ʵ
               ͡ڵء              .
         [] ءڡڳ ط           ڵ Ҥ Ե
               »ҡû¹ڵ            ԡتڪԵ.
         []              Ե ൪ ص
               ڵ ªʵ            Ե ԯڰ ʾھ.
         [] ҹ ʵҹ           µ 
               š  Ҫ        ʵҤ⡯.
         [] ⡯ʵҹ              ڨ 
               Ԩکҷԯڰ             ٻҷ.
         [] ڶ զڸҹ           ءڢ Ƿ Ƿ
                һ            ʨ .
         []   Ҫ           Թڷ ïڰDZڲ
               յ  Ҫ          صڵ ڷڶ .
         [] õ ڷ             õ
               ʭڭ - Ҥ         Ƿڭ յک.
@ԧö:  . ҹõ
         [] ͢ڱ ԡڢ           س á 
               ػԡ ʡع          ھطڸ .
         [] ԡڢ  ڻ           Գڱ 
               ͡ڢԵڵڢ ʵ          صڵ .
         [] ʻҹ             ͤ  ʹ
               ڷ Ҫ            صڵ ڷڶ .
         []  ҹá -            Ե -   ͷ
               Ե  š       ʵ ػڻ.
         [] ڵҹطڷԯ           Ի طڪ
               حڪ            Ҫ  ¶.
         []   Ҫ           Թڷ ïڰDZڲ
               ǡ š           ط ͤ بڨ
                طڸ ó ک           ʻصڵ Թڷ.
         [] ͯڰڤࡹ ह          ʹڵ  
                 ó ک           ʻصڵ Թڷ.
         [] ڵ  Իڹ -      ڵ   Ե
                 ت           ڭ
                 ó ک            ʻصڵ Թڷ.
                 [] ҳҵԻҵ  Իڻ
                        ͷԹڹ Ǫڪ
@ԧö:  . ҹ á      . Ե      . ڵ ڤԻڹ
                      ڪ    ҳ -
                      ࡹ ù   دⰵ.
         [] ͵ڶ  ¡ڢ         Ե 
                 Ǩ             Ҩ .
         []  ó طڸ            ڨһ ͹صڵ
               ڨ             ک ó .
                 [] ҳҵԻҵ  Իڻ
                        ͷԹڹ Ǫڪ
                       ڪ    
                       ࡹ ù   د.
         [] ͼع            զ
                һԡ ԯڰ           طڸҹ  .
         [] Է ǵҹ ï         Ե һʹ -
                            ö"
Ҷ Ǩ .
    #[-] ڶ Ҫ ԧڤ , ïڰҹ ͸Ի ٵ ԧڤŨڢص
"ԧڤ" ҡ ïڰ  Ҫ . ҹڵ
Ҫٹ, ʡ ʹڸ Ƿ. ïڰ عҤҵ ïڰ 
طڷ ïڰڤ ڨҤک. - ڡڵ ط -. dzڳػڵ
൹ Ե ڤ. -
@ԧö:  .         . һʹ        .. ڨҤک
@ . ǧڡڵ      .,. dzڳһڵ ൹ Ե طڤ
    #[]  Ծ. ǵڶ⡵ ʵڶ. ǵ ͹ػڷ.
ïڰҹ ʹڵ ⵵ Թ ह کڵ  ïڰ .
    #[-] ïⰵ ïڰҸԻ. ؾھԤڤ⻵ صڵ. ʹڵ
ª. ʹڵ ʹǹ ҹ һ.
   #[] ҹ ʹڵࡵ ໵ҹ  ǵڵ. ҹ µ
⸵ ໵ҹ ä µ.  µ ⳵ ਡ ó
ҹҹ ʵڵҹ õ ʷ µ.
    #[] ҷڵ ҷʷ  ط ǹ "ҷ"
ŷڸ  . ڻڹڵ ڻڹک. ždzڳʷʹڵ dz೹
ʷ. dzڳչڵ dzڳʳڰҹ ص ҹ.
    #[]  ҹáڵ ҹ¹ سڳ ҹҪ. ǵ ڪ.
Ե൵ ԵڵԪ  ح    õ Ե ͷڷ.
    #[]   ͷҤڵ ͵ڶ ⶵ Իҵڵ, Ǹó
, Ҫ  Ҥ Ҥ  ˵, Ͷ  Ҥҵ 
ڻԨکҵ ͵. Թڷҵ չ .
    #[] ڨ ʪڪҵ ڨ ʪڪ  Ǩ سڵ,
     سҵٵ ª.
    #[] ïڰ ˹ڵ ïڰ . ҵ Ҫҹ Ż.
Ԩکҷԯڰյ ڶԡԯڰ Իյ. ŵ . µ
ڸک. ⡵ ҹ ͡.
    #[] ʹڵ . ͹ڵ¡ ˹ڵ ҹ ڵҹ ػ
ùڵҹ ͹ڵ¡ ص ͭʭڨ  ҹ ҹҹ ҹ»حڭ
 ت  Թڵ ª.
    #[] Ի ڶ ҹҵҷ Եҡ÷ʹ. ڶ Ի
ڶ ҹҵ ҹ   Ի µ ڵھ ڶյ Իҡ
Ծ˵.   Źڵ     , -  ʾྐྵ ʾھ
 ڶյ ͸Իڻ. ڶ Ҩ ҵ ҨҨԡڢһ Ҩ
 ⡨ ڶ.    ʵڵ ڵ  ͷڵ  ˹ڵյ
͸Իڻ. ൹ "ͷڵ  ʵ".
    #[] ҹ ٵҹյ  ʵڵ ʾྻ ͭڭڭ ,
 ય  ڶ,  યڰһ -, યڰ ¹حڭ 
ڶյ ͵. ڶ Źڵ  ͵ڵ  ԯڰԵ ʵڵ  
µ ҷ   ˵ڵ ڻڵ һسڵ,  ¾
ԡڢԻ.   ڶ  دڰҹʹڵ Է  ¹
ʡù ǵڵڵ  ǵڵҷԡࢻʹ صڵ.
    #[] ڶ ҹ ҵ ҹ   ԭڨ ڶ,
¸Ԩڨ Ե  Իڼ ҵ ͵.  ี Թڵ
͵ڶ Թڵ ǹڵ ҹ ʹ ҳҵԻҵҷչ ʹ  һ ؤڤ
ҹҷǵ  ี, ҨԻ طڸ  õ. ؾ "Ի ڶ
ҹ"ҷ ҹҷ ͵ڵ  Եҡ÷ʹ, "ڶ ҹ
"ҷ  ͵ڵ ԨکԹʷʹڵ ڰھ. ŷ¹ڵ ŷڸھ.
  ŷڸھڵ  "µԻԳ".  ʵ آ  ءڢ
  µԻԳ - ,   ڵ,  ҷԹ
ҵ ͸Իڻ.
@ԧö:  .,.         . યڰһ⡵        . µԻԳ
    #[] ڶ ҵ Ե ҵҵ ҵҷ һԻڵԨکһԻڵչ
 ʹڸ Ƿ.  ڶ  ùڵ  Ըš  
⡨ ڶ, ڶ  ʵڵ بکԪڪڵյ ͸Իڻ. Թڹڵ ҷҹ.
صڵ ˳ʡڡ -, ڻ  ʹڸ "ڶ" ԡڢԻ.
عԵڵ دڰ Ե.  Ԫڪյ  ҹ ҹ 
"͹ؤԡԸ" - Ƿڵ,   Ԫڪ,   Ҩǵڶڵҵ -
͸Իڻ.
    #[]  ⡨ ڨ ˹յ     , 
  Թ, ڶ ڶ  ⡨ ڨ ˹, ʵڵڹ
ҹ Էڷ ˹  ˵.  ʵڶõ  "ʵڵڹ
ڵ". ҷչ ʵڵڹ ҹ  ͹ڵ Է ʵڶ ʵ,
൹ ʵڵ ҷ ˵  ˹ڵ,    ʡһ Ԩڨǵڵ
 Ԫڪڵյ ͸Իڻ.
    #[] ͨ੪ڪ  ǵ  ʵڵҹ  ʵڶҷ 
ԹڷԵ  ԹڷԵ Ԩڨǵڵ. ͯڰ ̻ڱŵ  
 Ҩ ͯڰ ˵ Ҩ ̻ڱ. ªҹ ʵ ڨҵ 
 - ڨªʵؾ ˵.   ੵڵ˵յ Ԩڨ Ծھԡ 
  ʵڶҷ ԹڷԵ  ˵,   ࡹ ⡻µ Ƿ.
    #[] صڵ̵ వ صڵ. Ե൵ Ծྰʹ Ե.
Ծహڵ µյ ھ  ءڢ   Ծྰҹ Եڵ
صڵ Ծహڵ ک, ص   ک. ǹڵ ¶ 
@ԧö:  . ˹ʡڡ           .,. ͹ؤԡ Էҹڵ
@ . Ҩ صڵڵҵ        .  ǻڻ
صڵ Ծྰҹ ک, ص   ک,   
"յ ҡڻ ʵҹ" صڵ ͵ڵǤ Ծహ
µ ǵڵ,  طڸ  ǵڵ.
    #[]    ǵ ¶ ⡨  ͵ڵ ʤ
ԡڢԵ  ͭڭ  ʵ ࡹ ó¹,   
  - ԡڢԵ ͭڭ ͻ  µʹ ʵյ ͸Իڻ.
⾹ڷԹڵ .
    #[] յյ յ. ҡڻ⹵ ҡڻҹ. ڶ "͡
 ⹵ڵҷ   ʤह ࡡ طԹڷ  ù -
Թ ػڡ ʵڵڢڵ    ط   ҡ 
˵" ǵ "ٻҹ ҡڻҹ յʵҹ 
ҳ" Ƿڵ.     ڱԵҵ  ͹ڸ,  
ʻڻڭ, ʾྻ .  ࢻԵҹҵ ¶صڵŻԨ੷ 
ͻһػڻڵʹ ໵. ءڢʹڵ õ ǯگءڢ ¹ڵ
ҹ ʹڵ. ڱԵһ ͹ڵ تڬԵ   ʡ⡹ڵ, һ 
طڸ ڻǵڵڵյ  ŷڸ.
    #[] Եҹ آءڢҹ,  ԯ ҵ ʵڵҹ آءڢҹ
  ԯ ҹҪ Եҹ  ¶صڵŻԨ
Եڵ - ਡڨ   ʵڵҹ ҹ µԻԳҹ Եҹ -.
Է  ʾھ ҹҵ Թ   ҹҵ 
ԡڡڵڵ.   Ծ  Ե .
@ԧö:  .    . ùڵ, . ù൹  . ԾԵڵ
@ . ԳԵҹ
    #[] ԯڰ  Թڵ ¶صڵڶԡԯڰ ؾ  .
 ˻⵵ ¶صڵ ԯڰ ˵൹ ˹ ,
 ˪൹  ˹ , ԨکҷԵž⪵ ͸Իڻ.
    #[]  ؾ  ͵ڵ ػڻڹ һԯڰ,  ʹ
 һ ʵ Էҹ ͵ڵ µ ͹Եھ   ʹ
"   "ҷ.
    #[-] ڶ ҹ ʵҹյ - ҹ ʵҹ, ͵ԡڡԵҵ
Ǩ,   ͵ ڨڵǨ,  ʵ յǵٵ
͵.  µ ෵ · ͵ڵ  ͵ԡڡ ˵, 
  "Ը ڨڵҹ   ʵʻ  ͵"
   ʷ µ. š  Ҫ, ʵҤ⡯µ
ʵҤ ʵ⡯ڰ ⡯ - Ҫ  ڨڵҹ ʵڵҹ 
 š  Ԩⷵ ͵. Է صڵ ˵:- ʷʡ ʵ ,
 ʵҹ  ,  ҹ ʵ , ʵʵҹ
⡯ ,  ⡯չ ʹ ʵ⡯ ʵҤ ⡯.
   ԡҹ ʤʹ ǷԵھ,  ҹ, ҹ
. շҹ ๡ҹ ⡯ʵҹ ԡҹ . ൹
"⡯ʵҹ,  ڨ ҵ. ҷʹ  ໹ ʵڵ  
ڨڵ,  Ԥʹ ʵ  "Ԩکҷԯڰ  ,   ٻҷ⹵
صڵ. Ƿʹڵ ͹.
    #[-]  µ ͵ڵ ͹Եھ һ ʵ Էҹ
"ࡹ  ¹, ҹ  " íڭ - بکԵڶ ҨԡڢԵ
@ԧö:  .,. ʵҹյ   . ʵ⡯ڰ⡯   .,. í
     ԯڰ໵ء "  Ҫ"ҷ.
ڶ  - õҵ Ԩڨ  ʶ  õ. ͷҵ ͷ.
 ڵ  ͯڰڤԡ ڤ ڨ.
    #[-]  ൹    ҷ Ҫ ʹڹҹ
൹ ͵ڵ  ػ  Ե൵ óҷ ԯڰ˹ "͵ڶ"-
ҷԡ  Ҷ ǵ ؾ ͵ڵ Ե һԡ ԯڰ Թʯڰ
ʹ "ͼع" Ҷ.
     ڶ ͼع ൵ ˹  ¹    һ
ԯڰ ¡ڢ  ʹ ͼع Էڸع -.   զҵ
զʵ ҹ  Գڰڳʯ  һԡ ԯڰ յ
͸Իڻ.  һԡ ԯڰԹڵ  آ һԡ ԯڰ بکڱ.
ڶ ó "طڸҹ  ".  ͡ʹ  طڸҹ
ǹڵҹ   ,   ԯڰʧڢҵ  յ ª.
    #[] Է ǵҹҵ ҹҶ ʧڤյԡ Ե. ڶ ⢵
Ҩչ ص. öյ Ҫ ʪڪ ͵ڵ Ҫö ,
 - ¡ڢҹǹ   ͵ڵ   - Ҫǹ .
 ͻù ¹  ǵڵ ԡڢٹ , ԡڢ  ҹ  ,
 ʧڤյ ʧڤ  .
                     ڷ໵ǵڶdzڳ ԯڰԵ.
                        ----------------
@ԧö:  .     . ͹Էڸع   .,.  ö
@ .,. ͹ػڻ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=31&A=5808&modeTY=2 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=31&A=5808&modeTY=2 ҹö :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=26&i=123 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=26&A=4590 ûԮѺѡ :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=26&A=4916 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=26&A=4916 úѭûԮ http://84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_26

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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